Famous Sights & More

What comes into your mind first when you think about Europe? Places like the Eiffel Tower, the Roman Colosseum, the Parthenon in Athens, the Alps in Switzerland, Big Ben in London or a the Grand Canal in Venice with its gondolas? Maybe you imagine castles, royal palaces, gothic cathedrals, medieval villages and much more. All of the places that at one time or another that you’ve read about in books and magazines or seen on TV and in the movies. Europe is all that and much more. The list of historic sights to see is far beyond your imagination so let’s just focus on that for a little.

Historic sites of all types are scattered across Europe from the wide steppes in the east to the British Isles in the west and from the warm Mediterranean in the south to the icy Arctic Ocean in the north. Earliest sites from Stone Age to Classical Antiquity, Medieval, Gothic, Renaissance, Colonialism, the 20th century and today can be visited and enjoyed. Sites can be old structures or ruins with significant historical or cultural value like, Castles, Fortifications, Homes, Palaces, Industrial sites, etc.

Religion has also played a big part in Europe’s history and there are many sites associated with it, Abbeys, Cathedrals, Churches, Monasteries, Mosques, Synagogues and Temples. Go to our ➾ Religious Sites page to view a comprehensive list by country.

Conflicts between the European peoples has left it scared through the ages with Battlefields, Cemeteries, Concentration Camps, Monuments and Memorials that can pay honor to an historic event or people who where victims of these tragic events. Some sites can also pay of honor to those who contributed positively to civilization. Go to our ➾ Places of Remembrance page to view a comprehensive list by country.

Even if you do not visit many sites there are the literally, thousands of Museums. Europe does have some of the best museums in the world, not only exhibiting and telling their history but, those from all over the world. From the antiquities of ancient cultures to the documentation of todays modern world. The worlds greatest collection of art is displayed in its galleries and museums for all to enjoy. Go to our ➾ Museum page to view a comprehensive list by country.

The names of sites can vary in their usage as they span the ages. In more recent times the upper class would build large mansions and dub them with a castle or palace name for prestige so name can be some what get mis-used at times.


A fortified, usually walled residence for nobility in feudal times. It cold also have been the strongest fortification of a medieval city. Normally built with high walls and towers. They can be called Burg’s in German, Alcázars in Moorish Spain. Go to our ➾ Castles – Fortifications page to view a comprehensive list by country.


Is fortified city with bastions or the fortified center of a city. Citadels are usually larger than a castle as they contain a whole city within its parameters. An Acropolis was a high fortified area in ancient Greece. Go to our ➾ Castles – Fortifications page to view a comprehensive list by country.


The word château is sometimes used interchangeably with castle and palace.  Earlier in history they were reinforced residences like castles. Later they became more like palaces or country estates, especially in France without any fortifications. They can be called Manors in Britain and Villas in Italy. Go to our ➾ Palaces & Historic Homes page to view a comprehensive list by country.


Is fortified city with bastions or the fortified center of a city. Citadels are usually larger than a castle as they contain a whole city within its parameters. An Acropolis was a high fortified area in ancient Greece. Go to our ➾ Castles – Fortifications page to view a comprehensive list by country.


Is a grand residence, especially a royal residence, or the home of a head of state or some other high-ranking dignitary, such as a bishop or archbishop. They can be called Schloss in German, Palazzo in Italian, Palais in French and Palacio in Spanish. Go to our ➾ Palaces & Historic Homes page to view a comprehensive list by country.

Please go below to see Europe’s Most Visited Places and then view the specific pages dedicated to other significant categories of sights.

Government & Private Heritage Associations…

In most countries these sites come under the supervision of the State Ministry of Culture or they may be private historical societies and charities whose purpose is to identify and preserve sites of cultural and historical value to their country and community. You may find links below to their web sites if available.

  • Heritage Gazetteer of Cyprus
  • National Register of Intangible Cultural Heritage (Moldova)

Throughout Europe you’ll see those iconic landmarks & monuments, which identify the exact destination where certain historical events occurred or are remembered. The man-made structures may have been created to provide an important function, one that commemorates a person or important event which has gained significant importance and remembrance. They may be a buildings, cenotaphs, columns, fountains, monoliths, mounds, obelisks, palaces, plaques, statues or triumphal arches

The famous landmarks like the Eiffel Tower and Atomium, are symbolic structures left standing from World Fairs held by Paris and Belgium respectively.  Big Ben, the clock in the Elizabeth Tower of parliament building is the recognized symbol of London, The Rialto Bridge of Venice or the Brandenburg Gate in Berlin are all landmarks everyone wants to have their picture taken by to show family and friends. These landmarks always seem to somehow grab our imagination more than others and sometimes leave us with the biggest and most lasting memories. Because these sites are always on the top of everyone’s to see list, they can be very crowded and that make a discouraging visit. However, you will also see sites that aren’t as well know or popular. Small villages in the country and mountains or city neighborhoods, located away from major tourist sites, can take your breath away.
Europe is also very diversified with natural beauty and landscapes. Spectacular natural landmarks, like the Alps, are something of awe to see. The mountains and their valleys below cradle lush forests, meadows and the pristine lakes. The seas surrounding Europe create incredible coast lines, like Italy’s Amalfi Coast and England’s White Cliffs of Dover. Mountains caress the seacoast of Montenegro and the majestic fjords of Norway. Beautiful beaches are everywhere from Portugals Algarve to Turkey’s Antalya. Sandy beaches can also be found on the Greek islands in the Aegean Sea and all along the Mediterranean Sea from Cyprus to the Balearic Islands of Spain. The Danube and Rhine are just two rivers that whine through beautiful landscapes of castles, vineyards and medieval cities.

Europe’s Most Visited Places…

Because of the variety of sites to visit it is hard to establishing accurate counts of actual visitors to a location. The annual visitor attendance some locations is based admission tickets purchased for entry. Locations that are open to the public may have no ability to count visitors, we include some of them separately below. Please go to our ➾ Museum page for a comprehensive list of museums.

City, Country
Marne-la-Vallée, France
Paris, France
Vatican City-Holy See
Paris, France
Versailles, France
 Rome, Italy
 Athens, Greece
Paris, France
 Venice, Italy
 Cologne, Germany
Lourdes, France
 San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy
 Assisi, Italy
 St. Petersburg, Russia
 Pisa, Italy
Istanbul, Turkey
 Barcelona, Spain
 Vatican City, Holy See
 Tsarskoye Selo, Russia
 Naples, Italy
 Warsaw, Poland
 Vienna, Austria
 Barcelona, Spain
 Istanbul, Turkey
London, England, UK
 Granada, Spain
 Berlin, Germany
 Valencia, Spain
Normandy, France
Lisbon, Portugal
 Moscow, Russia
Istanbul, Turkey
Edinburgh, Scotland, UK
 Warsaw, Poland
 Oswięcim, Poland
 Córdoba, Spain
 Sevilla, Spain
 Lika-Senj County, Croatia
Prague, Czechia
Amesbury, England, UK
Colleville-sur-Mer, France
Copenhagen, Denmark
Paris, France
 Madrid, Spain
 Lisse, Netherlands
 Schwangau, Germany
 Rome, Italy
 Amsterdam, Netherlands

Annual Visitors

Public Sites With No Visitor Estimates. 

The Amalfi Coast – Italy
Brandenburg Gate – Berlin, Germany
Belém Tower – Lisbon, Portugal
Charles Bridge – Prague, Czechia
Dubrovnik Old Town Walls – Dubrovnik, Croatia
Elizabeth Tower w/Big Ben & Parliament – London , England, UK

Florence Duomo – Florence, Italy
Gama Stan – Stockholm, Sweden
The Grand Canal – Venice, Italy
Le Grand Place – Brussels, Belgium
Milan Cathedral – Milan, Italy
Országgyűlés Parliament – Budapest, Hungary
Trevi Fountain – Rome, Italy

Europe’s Museums are also high on many tourists list of things to see and do while visiting. You can view a detailed list of museums at our ➾ Museum page.
Something as simple as the Abbey Road pedestrian crosswalk, made famous by The Beatles on their Abbey Road album cover. Today, hundreds of people come everyday to this spot and just to walk across and have their picture taken like The Beatles. These landmarks become memorials and monuments on their own because of their uniqueness or because people can identify with them personally. Some of these can also be important to people of faiths as several religious sites play an important role for personal pilgramages. 
Centuries of civilizations living throughout the lands have created some of the most interesting cities and cultures, that leave us with some of the most fantastic experiences.