Europe is one of seven continents. It is the second smallest continent in size with only Oceania being smaller. Europe is a large peninsula that extends westerly out from the Eurasia super-continent land mass. Through the centuries the boundaries have shifted, that define Europe from Asia. Unlike other continents, mountains and rivers have been used to define the European-Asia boarders and Europe can be described as a sub-continent. Today it is excepted that the Ural Mountains and Ural river to the Caspian Sea define the border on the east. On the south the watershed of the Caucasus mountains from the Caspian to the Black Sea and through the Bosporus Strait to the Aegean Sea. On the south the Mediterranean Sea defines it from Africa west to the Atlantic Ocean. On the west the Atlantic Ocean forms a natural boundary as the Arctic Ocean does on the the north.

Europe is actually a collection of peninsulas with the two primary ones being the Fennoscandia in the north separated from the main European peninsula by the Baltic Sea in the south. The Fennoscandia has two major peninsulas, the Scandinavian and Kola. It is bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the west by the Atlantic Ocean and on the east by the White sea, gulf of Finland and Russia. 

The primary European peninsula is bounded on the north by the Baltic Sea, on the west by the Atlantic Ocean, on the east by the Ural mountains and in the south the Mediterranean Sea separates it from Africa. The European peninsula has three major peninsulas extending for it, Iberia, Italy and the Balkan. Even these peninsulas have smaller ones that form the geographical shape of Europe.

This extraordinary shape of seas and land allowed early civilizations easy navigation between one settlement and others, allowing for easier communication and trade which spurred growth over the continent between its peoples. It isn’t surprising that over the centuries, ethnic peoples from the east in Asia, migrated west to the European continent.

Geographical Features…

Click on the buttons to access detailed geographical information.

Continents by Size

The total size of the land mass of earth is 148,429,00 Sq. Km (75,308,738 sq. miles). Europe is one of the smallest continents in size, only making up 6.7 % of earth’s total land mass.


Asia w/Middle East
North America
South America

area sq. km


area sq. mi


% of earth

30.0 %
20.3 %
16.3 %
12.0 %
8.9 %
6.7 %
5.2 %

Listed below is the total land area for European countries and dependents . You may sort the table below by alpha country name, size or rank. Source: Central Intelligence Agency 2017.

CountryLand Area (km2)Land (mi2)Eur. Rank World RankWater Area (km2)
🇷🇺 Russia16,377,742 6,323,481
🇷🇺 Europe only Russia(3,992,500)(1542512)
🇹🇷 Turkey769,632297,15723718,170
🇫🇷 France549,970212,3443431,530
🇺🇦 Ukraine579,330223,68044624,200
🇪🇸 Spain498,980192,6575526,390
🇸🇪 Sweden410,335158,43165639,960
🇩🇪 Germany348,672134,6237638,350
🇫🇮 Finland303,815117,30386534,330
🇳🇴 Norway304,282117,48396819,520
🇲🇨 Poland304,255117,47310708,430
🇮🇹 Italy294,140113,56811727,200
🇬🇧 United Kingdom241,93093,40912801,680
🇷🇴 Romania238,39192,04313838,500
🇧🇾 Belarus207,60080,15414864,700
🇬🇷 Greece131,95750,94815971,310
🇧🇬 Bulgaria110,87942,810161052,390
🇮🇸 Iceland103,000 39,768171082,750
🇭🇺 Hungary93,02835,918181103,420
🇵🇹 Portugal92,09035,55619111620
🇦🇹 Austria83,87132,382201141,426
🇨🇿 Czechia78,876 30,454211161,620
🇷🇸 Serbia77,47429,912221170
🇮🇪 Ireland70,27327,132231201,390
🇱🇹 Lithuania65,300 25,212241232,620
🇱🇻 Latvia64,58924,937251242,340
🇳🇴 Svalbard61,02223,56126
🇭🇷 Croatia56,59421,85126127620
🇧🇦 Bosnia Herzegovina51,19719,7672712910
🇸🇰 Slovakia49,03518,93228131930
🇪🇪 Estonia45,22817,462291332,840
🇩🇰 Denmark43,09416,63830134660
🇳🇱 Netherlands41,54316,039311357,650
🇨🇭 Switzerland41,22715,917321361,280
🇲🇩 Moldova33,85113,06933140960
🇧🇪 Belgium30,52811,78634141250
🇦🇱 Albania28,74811,099351451,350
🇲🇰 North Macedonia25,7139,92736150280
🇸🇮 Slovenia20,2737,82737155122
🇲🇪 Montenegro13,8125,33238162360
🇽🇰 Kosovo10,8774,199391690
🇨🇾 Cyprus9,2513,5714017110
🇱🇺 Luxembourg2,586998411790
🇫🇴 Faroe Islands1,393538420
🇮🇲 Isle of Man572221430
🇦🇩 Andorra468181441960
🇳🇴 Jan Mayen377146450
🇲🇹 Malta316122462080
🇱🇮 Liechtenstein16062472190
🇯🇪 Jersey11645480
🇬🇬 Guernsey7830490
🇸🇲 San Marino6124502290
🇬🇮 Gibraltar6.82.6510
🇲🇨 Monaco1.980.76522540
🇻🇦 Holy See - Vatican0.440.169532570

Latitude Position

Europe’s vs. United States

In relation to cities in the United States, one of our northernmost cities, Seattle lies at 47° latitude north, compared to London at 51°and Paris 48° north. One of continental Europe’s northernmost major cities is Helsinki at 59°north.

In the south Austin at 30° north lies parallel with Cairo, Egypt and Miami below that at 25° north. View the map and table to compare the equivalent latitudes of European cities to that of the United States. 

The following table is the comparative latitude of major European cities to major cities in the U.S. starting with the northernmost location and heading south.

Europe Location

🇳🇴Cape Fligely [1]

🇳🇴North Cape [2]

🇷🇺St. Petersburg








🇪🇸Punta de Tarifa [4]

🇬🇷Gavdos [5]


81° 50′ N
71° 23′ N
71° 10′ N
64° 04′ N
61° 13′ N
59° 57′ N
59° 56′ N
59° 20′ N
55° 55′ N
55° 45′ N
55° 40′ N
53° 20′ N
52° 30′ N
52° 22′ N
52° 14′ N
51° 32′ N
50° 52′ N
50° 05′ N
50° 04′ N
48° 48′ N
48° 08′ N
48° 14′ N
47° 21′ N
47° 37′ N
47° 30′ N
45° 31′ N
45° 27′ N
45° 26′ N
44° 58′ N
43° 47 N
42° 38′ N
42° 21′ N
41° 54′ N
41° 50′ N
41° 23′ N
41° 00′ N
40° 47′ N
41° 23′ N
39° 44′ N
38° 43′ N
38° 43′ N
37° 59′ N
37° 47′ N
36 00′ N
36° 10′ N
34° 03′ N
34° 50′ N
33° 45′ N
33° 27′ N
32° 46′ N
29° 57′ N
29° 45′ N
29° 45′ N
21° 18′ N
18° 55′ N

U.S. Location

🇺🇸 Pt. Barrow, AK [3]

🇺🇸 Anchorage, AK

🇺🇸 Seattle, WA

🇺🇸 Portland, OR

🇺🇸 Minneapolis, MN

🇺🇸 Boston, MA

🇺🇸 Chicago, IL

🇺🇸 New York, NY

🇺🇸 Denver, CO
🇺🇸 Washington, D.C.

🇺🇸 San Francisco, CA

🇺🇸 Las Vegas, NV
🇺🇸 Los Angeles, CA

🇺🇸 Atlanta, GA
🇺🇸 Phoenix, AZ
🇺🇸 Dallas, TX
🇺🇸 New Orleans, LA
🇺🇸 Houston, TX
🇺🇸 Miami, FL
🇺🇸 Honolulu, HI
🇺🇸 Ka Lee, HI [6]

[1] Northernmost extreme point of Europe
[2] Northernmost mainland point of Europe
[3] Northernmost extreme point of U.S.

[4] Southernmost mainland point of Europe
[5] Southernmost extreme point of Europe
[6] Southernmost extreme point of U.S.

Europe’s Seas…

As previously mentioned the European continent is a western extension of the Eurasia landmass surrounded by water. This physical shape forms thousands of miles of coastline with gulfs, bays, straits, channels, fjords and inland lagoons or boddens. Many of these areas have safe harbors or coves which became ideal locations for port settlements and cities. Its coastlines have panoramic views and miles of beaches for enjoyment. They are also home to many of Europe’s flora and fauna species and an interesting place for naturalists to visit.
The list below shows the two major seas that boarder the European continent, the Atlantic on the west and the Arctic on the north. Listed under each are their marginal seas and other bodies of water that lie within each.

Atlantic Ocean

◼︎Bantry Bay
◼︎Clew Bay
◼︎Dingle Bay
◼︎Donegal Bay
◼︎Faxa Bay
◼︎Galway Bay
◼︎Kenmare Bay

◼︎Baltic Sea

◼︎Gulf of Bothnia
◼︎Bothnian Sea
◼︎South Kvarken
◼︎Sea of Åland
◼︎Archipelago Sea
◼︎Gulf of Finland
◼︎Vyborg Bay
◼︎Neva Bay
◼︎Koporye Bay
◼︎Luga Bay
◼︎Narva Bay
◼︎Väinameri Sea
◼︎Gulf of Riga
◼︎Kaliningrad Bay
◼︎Curonian Lagoon
◼︎Vistula Lagoon
◼︎Strait of Baltiysk 
◼︎Gdańsk Bay
◼︎Bay of Pomerania
◼︎Szczecin Lagoon
◼︎Bay of Greifswald
◼︎Rügischer Bodden
◼︎Bay of Lübeck
◼︎Bay of Kiel
◼︎Kalmar Strait
◼︎Bight of Hanö
◼︎Veerse Gat
Danish straits
◼︎Oresund Strait
◼︎Fehmarn Belt
◼︎Great Belt
◼︎Little Belt

◼︎Bay of Biscay

◼︎Cantabrian Sea

◼︎Black Sea

◼︎The Bosporus
◼︎The Dardanelles
◼︎Gulf of Burgas
◼︎Karkinit Bay
◼︎Kalamita Bay
◼︎Sea of Azov
◼︎Taganrog Bay

◼︎Gulf of Cádiz

◼︎Bay of Cádiz

◼︎Celtic Sea

◼︎Bristol Channel
◼︎Iroise Sea

◼︎English Channel

◼︎Gulf of Saint-Malo
◼︎Strait of Dover

◼︎Irish Sea

◼︎Cardigan Bay
◼︎Kyles of Bute
◼︎Morecambe Bay
◼︎Firth of Lorn
◼︎Firth of Clude
◼︎Solway Firth
◼︎North Channel
◼︎St. Georges Channel

◼︎Mediterranean Sea

◼︎Alboran Sea
◼︎Mar Menor
◼︎Balearic Sea
◼︎Gulf of Valencia
◼︎Gulf of Lion
◼︎Étang de Thau
◼︎Ligurian Sea
◼︎Gulf of Genoa
◼︎Tyrrhenian Sea
◼︎Gulf of Naples
◼︎Gulf of Salerno
◼︎Gulf of Cagliari
◼︎Levantine Sea
◼︎Gulf of Antalya
◼︎Gulf of Alexandretta
◼︎Strait of Sicily
◼︎Inland Sea, Gozo
◼︎Sea of Sardinia
◼︎Gulf of Asinara

◼︎Adriatic Sea

◼︎Gulf of Ambracian (Actium)
◼︎Channel of Vivari
◼︎Bay of Kotor
◼︎Split Channel
◼︎Vinodol Channel
◼︎Gulf of Venice
◼︎Gulf of Trieste
◼︎Venetian Lagoon
◼︎Kvarner Gulf

◼︎Aegean Sea

◼︎Myrtoan Sea
◼︎Argolic Gulf
◼︎Saronic Gulf
◼︎Petalioi Gulf
◼︎South Euboean Gulf
◼︎North Euboean Gulf
◼︎Malian Gulf
◼︎Gulf of Kiparissia
◼︎Pagasetic Gulf
◼︎Thermaic Gulf
◼︎Thracian Sea
◼︎Strymonian Gulf
◼︎Gulf of Saros
◼︎Edremit Gulf
◼︎Gulf of İzmir
◼︎Icarian Sea
◼︎Gulf of Gökova
◼︎Sea of Crete
◼︎Sea of Marmara
◼︎Gulf of İzmit

◼︎Ionian Sea

◼︎Strait of Oranto ◼︎Gulf of Taranto
◼︎Gulf of Corinth
◼︎Messenian Gulf
◼︎Laconian Gulf

◼︎Norwegian Sea

◼︎ Hardangerfjord

◼︎North Sea

◼︎Wadden Sea
◼︎The Wash
◼︎Dormoch Firth
◼︎Cromarty Firth
◼︎Firth of Fouth
◼︎Moray Firth
◼︎Firth of Tray
◼︎The Wash

Arctic Ocean
◼︎Kara Sea
◼︎Barents Sea 

◼︎Kara Strait
◼︎Pechora Sea
◼︎White Sea
◼︎Queen Victoria Sea

◼︎ Lagoons

Europe has much to choose from when you are seeking activities in the great outdoors. That is because Europeans are as  enthusiastic when it comes to outdoor activities as Americans. Hiking, Bicycling, Water & Winter Sports, etc. are all meshed into the fabric of their lives from the days when their societies relied on those functions for their survival. At one time walking, long distances, skiing over snow, riding a horse or using some sort of aquatic vehicle where the only forms of transportation.

The geography of the European continent also provides a variety of environments that make it extremely attractive to visit and observe. Whatever your particular niche of enjoyment may be Europe can fill your desire.

Because Europe’s shape is on the forms of peninsulas it has thousands of miles of coastlines that meet the seas.

Natural Coast Areas– Many of these coastlines offer extremely natural beauty where breathtaking mountains and cliffs meet the sea. Others have inland sea bays and majestic fjords.

Seaside Resort Areas – Some areas offer miles of beaches and these areas have been destinations for the sun seekers. Over the years these areas have also developed into tourists areas for Europeans to enjoy their holidays.

Major Coastal Cities – These have a long relationship with the sea and have played a pivotal part in Europe’s history. Through the decades, some have become havens for those seeking a seaside retreat.  

Also listed are Popular Coastal Towns & Villages – Some almost like they where frozen in time and unaffected by the changes to the modern world. The architecture and ambiance make can make you fell you are living a century ago. Others that cling to the rocks and are perched high above the sea are wonderful to see.

🇦🇱 Albania

Length: 362 km
Coastlines: Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea

🇧🇪 Belgium

Length: 66.5 km
Coastlines: English Channel

🇧🇦 Bosnia & Herzegovina

Length: 20 km
Coastlines: Adriatic Sea

🇧🇬 Bulgaria

Length: 354 km
Coastlines: Black Sea

🇭🇷 Croatia

Length: 5,835 km
Coastlines: Adriatic Sea

🇨🇾 Cyprus

Length: 648 km
Coastlines: Mediterranean Sea, Levantine Sea

🇩🇰 Denmark

Length: 7,314 km
North Sea, Baltic Sea

🇪🇪 Estonia

Length: 3,794 km
Coastlines: Baltic Sea

🇫🇮 Finland

Length: 1,250 km
Coastlines: Baltic Sea

🇫🇷 France

Length: 3,427 km
Coastlines: Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, English Channel, Celtic Sea

🇩🇪 Germany

Length: 2,389 km
North Sea, Baltic Sea

🇬🇷 Greece

Length: 13,676 km
Coastlines: Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea

🇮🇸 Iceland

Length: 4,970 km
Coastlines: Atlantic Ocean

🇮🇪 Ireland

Length: 1,448 km
Atlantic Ocean, Irish Sea, Celtic Sea

🇮🇹 Italy

Length: 7,600 km
Coastlines: Mediterranean Sea, Adriatic Sea, Tyrrhenian, Liguria Sea

🇱🇻 Latvia

Length: 498 km
Coastlines: Baltic Sea

🇱🇹 Lithuania

Length: 90 km
Coastlines: Baltic Sea

🇲🇹 Malta

Length: 196.8 km
Coastlines: Mediterranean Sea

🇲🇨 Monaco

Length: 4.1 km
Coastlines: Mediterranean Sea

🇲🇪 Montenegro

Length: 293.5 km
Coastlines: Adriatic Sea

🇳🇱 Netherlands

Length: 451 km
Coastlines: North Sea

🇳🇴 Norway

Length: 25,148 km
Coastlines: Norwegian Sea

🇵🇱 Poland

Length: 440 km
Baltic Sea

🇵🇹 Portugal

Length: 1,793 km
Coastlines: Atlantic Ocean

🇷🇴 Romania

Length: 225 km
Coastlines: Black Sea

🇷🇺 Russia

Length: 37,653
Coastlines: Arctic Ocean, Baltic Sea, Black Sea

🇸🇮 Slovenia

Length: 46.6 km
Coastlines: Adriatic Sea

🇪🇸 Spain

Length: 4,964 km
Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Coastlines: Sea, Balearic Sea

🇸🇪 Sweden

Length: 3,218 km
Coastlines: North Sea, Baltic Sea

🇹🇷 Turkey

Length: 7,200 km
Coastlines: Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea, Black Sea, Levantine Sea

🇺🇦 Ukraine

Length: 2,782 km
Coastlines: Black Sea

🇬🇧 United Kingdom

Length: 12,429 km
Coastlines: Atlantic Ocean, North Sea, Irish Sea, English Channel, Celtic Sea

Landlocked European Countries with No Coastlines…

🇦🇩 Andorra
🇦🇹 Austria
🇧🇾 Belarus
🇨🇿 Czechia
🇻🇦 Holy See
🇭🇺 Hungary
🇽🇰 Kosovo
🇱🇮 Liechtenstein

🇱🇺 Luxembourg
🇲🇩 Moldova
🇲🇰North Macedonia
🇸🇲 San Marino
🇷🇸 Serbia
🇸🇰 Slovakia
🇨🇭 Switzerland

As in America lakes are a wonderful palace for water recreation and relaxing. In addition to water activity some Europe’s lakes are sights of natural beauty with some being adored by castles and villas along their shorelines. The alpine lakes of Northern Italy and Switzerland are especially a desirable place for the rich and famous to reside because of their natural beauty.

Europe’s Most Desirable Lakes to Visit…

Albano – Italy
Annecy – France
Attersee – Austria
Lake Balaton – Hungary
Bled – Slovenia
Bolsena – Italy
Bracciano – Italy
Braies – Italy
Brienz – Switzerland
Caumasee – Switzerland
Lake Como – Italy
Constance/Bodensee – Austria, Germany, Switzerland
Eibsee – Germany
Eye of the Sea – Poland
Fuschisee – Austria
Garda – Italy
Gèneva – France, Switzerland
Green – Austria
Halstattsee – Austria
Hornavan – Sweden
Ijsselmeer – Netherlands
Inari – Finland
Kallavesi – Finland
Kerid – Iceland
Killarney Lakes – Ireland
Konigsee – Germany
Kuybyshevskoye – Russia

Lac dćAllos – France
Lagoda – Russia
The Lake District – UK England
Loch Ard – UK Scotland
Loch Awe – UK Scotland
Loch Duich – UK Scotland
Loch Horun – UK Scotland
Loch Linnhe – UK Scotland
Loch Lomond – UK Scotland
Loch Ness – UK Scotland
Loch Tummel – UK Scotland
Llangorse- UK Wales
Llyn Geirionydd – UK Wales
L Sainte-Croix – France
Lucerne – Switzerland
Lugano – Italy, Switzerland
Maggiore – Italy, Switzerland
Masurian Lakes – Poland
Misurina – Italy
Mondsee – Austria
Mývatn – Iceland
Nasijarvi – Finland
Nedre Noren – Sweden
Neusiedler See – Austria, Hungary
Neutchâtel – Switzerland

Ohrid – Albania, North Macedonia
Oneda – Russia
Orta – Italy
Peipus – Estonia, Russia
Perića – Croatia
Piora Lakes – Switzerland
Plitvice – Croatia
Prespa – Albania, Greece, North Macedonia
Saimaa – Finland
Skadar –  Albania  Montenegro 
Starnberger See – Germany
Thun – Switzerland
Tisnaren – Sweden
Titisee – Germany
Torneträsk – Sweden
Lake Trasimeno – Italy
Vänern – Sweden
Varna – Croatia
Vattern – Sweden
Walchensee – Germany
Lake Windemere – UK Scotland
Zürich – Switzerland

Europe’s rivers have played a big role in providing navigable transportation of goods and services throughout the centuries. This ability to provide easy transportation for trade and military movement help shape the face of the European continent. Today one can enjoy the breathtaking scenery of these rivers with their quint villages, medieval castles and lush vineyards.

Volga 🇷🇺
Danube 🇦🇹🇧🇬🇨🇿🇩🇪🇭🇺🇷🇸🇸🇰🇷🇴
Don 🇷🇺
Diester 🇺🇦
Desna 🇺🇦🇷🇺
Elbe 🇨🇿🇩🇪
Daugava 🇷🇺🇱🇻
Tagus 🇪🇸🇵🇹
Loire 🇫🇷
Tisza 🇺🇦🇭🇺🇷🇴🇭🇷
Prut 🇷🇴🇲🇩🇺🇦
Meuse/Maas 🇫🇷🇧🇪🇳🇱
Sava 🇷🇸🇭🇷🇧🇦🇸🇮
Neuman 🇧🇾🇷🇺
Ebro 🇪🇸
Douro 🇪🇸🇵🇹
Oder 🇩🇪🇵🇱
Guadiana 🇪🇸🇵🇹
Warta 🇵🇱
Southern Bug 🇺🇦
Seine 🇫🇷
Western Bug 🇵🇱🇧🇾🇺🇦
Guadiana 🇪🇸🇵🇹
Po 🇮🇹
Garonne 🇫🇷
Siret 🇷🇴🇺🇦
Kimijoki 🇫🇮
Dalälven 🇸🇪
Inn 🇨🇭🇩🇪🇦🇹
Marne 🇫🇷
Júcar 🇪🇸
Dordogne 🇫🇷
Ume 🇸🇪
Ångerman 🇸🇪
Lule 🇸🇪
Narew (Bug) 🇵🇱
Chorokhi/Çoru 🇹🇷🇬🇪
Tiber 🇮🇹
Vltava 🇨🇿
Scheldt 🇳🇱🇧🇪🇫🇷
Severn 🇬🇧🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿
Thames 🇬🇧🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿

3,690 km (2,290 mi)
2,860 km (1,780 mi)
1,870 km (1,161 mi)
1,352 km (840 mi)
1,236 km (768 mi)
1,130 km (702 mi)
1,094 km (680 mi)
1,047 km (651 mi)
1,038 km (645 mi)
1,007 km (626 mi)
1,006 km (625 mi)
965 km (600 mi)
953 km (592 mi)
950 km (590 mi)
933km (580 mi)
914 km (568 mi)
910 km (565 mi)
897 km (557 mi)
854 km (531 mi)
818 km (508 mi)
813 km (505 mi)
808 km (502 mi)
806 km (501 mi)
776 km (482 mi)
772 km (480 mi)
657 km (408 mi)
652 km (405 mi)
575 km (357 mi)
559 km (347 mi)
552 km (343 mi)
542 km (337 mi)
518 km (322 mi)
514 km (319 mi)
498 km (309 mi)
483 km (300 mi)
467 km (290 mi)
463 km (288 mi)
461 km (286 mi)
446 km (277 mi)
438 km (272 mi)
406 km (252 mi)
431 km (268 mi)
413 km (257 mi)
354 km (220 mi)
346 km (215 mi)

Caspian Sea
Black Sea
Black Sea
Black Sea
North Sea
Black Sea
North Sea
Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
Atlantic Ocean
Atlantic Ocean
Danube River
Black Sea
North Sea
Danube River
Baltic Sea
Mediterranean Sea
Atlantic Ocean
Baltic Sea
Atlantic Ocean
Mediterranean Sea
Vistula River
Bug estuary
English Channel
Narew River
Gulf of Cádiz
Adriatic Sea
Gironde estuary
Danube River
Bothnian Bay
Gulf of Bothnia
Danube River
Seine River
Balearic Sea
Gironde estuary
Gulf of Bothnia
Gulf of Bothnia
Bothnian Bay
Vistula River
Black Sea
Tyrrhenian Sea
Elbe River
North Sea
Bristol Channel
North Sea

The mountain ranges of Europe are a big impact on its climate and ecosystem. Their melting snow is the source of Europe’s most important rivers and waterways. The mountains are also a destination for summer and winter activities.
In winter many of these areas are meccas for winter sports like skiing, snowboarding and more. There are many resorts that provide some of the worlds best skiing. Resorts with plenty of runs and lifts to accommodate the skills of beginners or pros.
In summer these areas may attract just as many if not more visitors because of their natural beauty. Hiking trails provide miles of paths that offer incredible scenery and alpine wildlife. Many mountain villages offer accommodation for the traveler who just wants to get away from the busy cities.

Europe’s Favorite Mountain Destinations
🇦🇩 Andorra

Cities / Villages: Grandvalira

 🇦🇹 Austria

Cities / Villages: 
Bad Gastein, Ellmau, Engelberg, Hallstatt, Innsbruck, Ischgl, Kitzbühel, Lech am Arlberg, Saalbach and Hinterglemm, Saas-Fee, Saint Anton am Alberg, Saint Wolfgang, Salzburg, Seefled, Zell am See

Altausee, Attersee, Eisriesenwelt Cave, Großglockner Alpine Road, Hohenwerfen Castle, Mondsee , Schafberg, Wolfgangsee, Zeller See

🇧🇬  Bulgaria

Cities / Villages: 

 🇨🇿 Czechia

Cities / Villages: 

 🇫🇷 France

Cities / Villages: 
Albertville, Alpe D’huez, Annecy, Chamonix, Châtel, Courchevel, Grenoble ,La Plagne, La Chinaillon, Les Deux Alpes ,Les Houches, Mègve ,Méribel, Morzine, Notre dame de Bellecombe, Rougen, Saint Gervais les Bains, Saint Jean d’Arves, Samoens, Tignes, Val-d’sère, Val Thorens

Mount Blanc, Lake Geneva

 🇩🇪 Germany

Cities / Villages:
Füssen, Garmisch-Partenkirchen
, Mittenwald

Koingsee, Neuschwanstein & Hohenschwangau Castles, Zugspitze

🇮🇹  Italy

Cities / Villages: 
Bardonecchia, Bormio, Breuil Cervina, Canazei, Cavalese, Cortina d’Ampezzo, Courmayeur, Leeco, Livigno, Madonna di Campiglio, Merano, Moena, San Martino di Castrozza, Tarvisio, Val de Funes, Val Gardena

Lake Misurina, Tri Cime National Park

 🇲🇪 Montenegro

Cities / Villages:

🇳🇴 Norway

Cities / Villages: 
Beitostølen, Flåm, Geiranger, Lillehammer, Narvik, Olden, Reine, Undredal

Flåm Railway, Geirangerfjord, Hardangerfjord, Jostedalsbreen Glacier National Park, Jotunheimen National Park, Lake Gjende, Lysefjorden & Pulpit Rock, Sognefjord, Trolltunga, Vøringfossen Falls

 🇵🇱 Poland

Cities / Villages: 

Szczeliniec Wielki

 🇵🇹 Portugal

Cities / Villages: 

 🇷🇴 Romania

Cities / Villages: 
Brab, Cheia, Pestera, Predeal, Sinaia, Viscri

Bran Castle, Făgăraș Mountains, Poenari Castle, Transfagarasan Road

 🇸🇰 Slovakia

Cities / Villages: 
Jasná Nízke Tatry

 🇸🇮 Slovenia

Cities / Villages: 

Sights: Kranjska Gora, Lake Bled, Lake Jasna, Soca River, Triglav National Park

 🇪🇸 Spain

Cities / Villages: 
Arties, Baqueira-Beret, Covagonga, Granada, Ronda, Torla

 🇸🇪 Sweden

Cities / Villages:

 🇨🇭 Switzerland

Cities / Villages: 
Andermatt, Basse-Nendaz, Davos, Grindewald, Gruyére, Gstaadt, Guarda, Interlaken, Lucerne, Murren, St. Moritz, Wengen, Zermatt, Zürich

Bernina Express, Furkas Pass, Great St. Bernard Pass, 
Jungfraujoch, Lauterbrunnen Valley, Matterhorn, Mount Pilatus, Schlithorn

The Alps are comprised of many different ranges and groups of mountains. Historically these have been classified differently by countries and organizations. The Partizione delle Alpi of 1926 is used in this table. A SOIUSA plan has been proposed but, not made official.


Maritime Alps
🇫🇷 France
🇮🇹 Italy
🇲🇨 Monaco
Monte Argentera 10,817

Cottian Alps
🇫🇷 France
🇮🇹 Italy
Monte Viso 12,602

Graian Alps
🇫🇷 France
🇮🇹 Italy
🇨🇭 Switzerland
Grand Paradiso 13,323

Provence Alps
🇫🇷 France
Tête de l’Estrop 9,715

Dauphiné Alps
🇫🇷 France
Barre des Écrins 13,458

Provence Prealps
🇫🇷 France
Haute Cime 3,257

Dauphiné Prealps
🇫🇷 France
l’Obiou 9,150

Savoy Alps
🇫🇷 France
Mt. Blanc 15,781


Pennine Alps
🇮🇹 Italy
🇨🇭 Switzerland
Dufourspitze 15,203

Lepontine Alps
🇮🇹 Italy
🇨🇭 Switzerland
Monte Leone 11,657

Rhaertian Alps
🇮🇹 Italy
🇱🇮 Liechtenstein
🇨🇭 Switzerland
Piz Bernina 13,284

Bernese Alps
🇨🇭 Switzerland
Finsteraarhorn 14,022

Glarus Alps
🇨🇭 Switzerland
Tödi 11,857

Swiss Prealps
🇨🇭 Switzerland
Schilthorn 9,740

Bavarian Alps
🇩🇪 Germany
 Zugspitze 9,718

Lombard Prealps
🇮🇹 Italy
🇨🇭 Switzerland
Pizzo di Coca 10,010


Noric Alps
🇦🇹 Austria
🇸🇮 Slovenia
Eisenhut 8,009

🇮🇹 Italy
Marmolada 10,968

Carnic Alps
🇦🇹 Austria
🇮🇹 Italy
Coglians 9,127

Julian Alps
🇮🇹 Italy
🇸🇮 Slovenia
Triglav 9,396

🇦🇹 Austria
🇸🇮 Slovenia
Hochstuhl/ Stol 7,336

Salzburg Alps
🇦🇹 Austria
🇩🇪 Germany
Hoher Dachstein 9,826

Austrian Alps
🇦🇹 Austria
Hochschwab 7,470

Styrian Alps
🇦🇹 Austria
🇸🇮 Slovenia
Hochter 7772

Venetian Alps
🇮🇹 Italy
Col Nudo 8,110

Other European Mountain Ranges


Outer Western
🇨🇿 Czechia
🇵🇱 Poland
Lysá hora 4,341

Inner Western

🇭🇺 Hungary
🇸🇰 Slovakia
Gerlachovský štít 8,711

Outer Eastern

🇵🇱 Poland
🇷🇴 Romania
🇺🇦 Ukraine
Hoveria 6,762

Inner Eastern

🇵🇱 Poland
🇷🇴 Romania
🇺🇦 Ukraine
Pietrosu Peak 6,896


🇷🇴 Romania
Moldoveanu 8,346


🇷🇴 Romania
Bihorul 6,066

APENNINE Mountains

🇮🇹 Italy
Corno Grande 9,554

🇮🇹 Italy
Monte Amaro 9,164


🇮🇹 Italy
Serra Dolcedormeonte 7,438

Other Ranges

The Ardennes
🇧🇪 Belgium
🇫🇷 France
🇱🇺 Luxembourg
Signal de Batrange 2,277

Balkan Mountains
🇧🇬 Bulgaria
🇷🇸 Serbia
Botev Peak 7,795

Böhmerwald – Bohemian Forest

🇦🇹 Austria
🇨🇿 Czechia
🇩🇪 Germany
Großer Arber 4,777

Cambrian Mountains

🇬🇧 United Kingdom
🏴󠁧󠁢󠁷󠁬󠁳󠁿 Wales
Pen Pumlumon Fawr  2,467

Cantabrian Mountians

🇪🇸 Spain
Torre de Cerredo 8,668

The Caucasus

🇦🇲 Armenia
🇦🇿 Azerbaijan
🇬🇪 Georgia
🇷🇺 Russia
Mt. Elbrus 18,510

Dinaric Alps

🇦🇱 Albania
🇧🇦 Bosnia Herzegovina
🇭🇷 Croatia
🇮🇹 Italy
🇲🇪 Montenegro
🇷🇸 Serbia
🇸🇮 Slovenia
Jezerce 8,839

Erzgebirge – Ore Mountains

🇨🇿 Czechia
🇩🇪 Germany
Klínovec 4,081

Grampian Mountains

🇬🇧United Kingdom
🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Scotland
Ben Nevis 4,409

Other Ranges

Harz Highland
🇩🇪 Germany
Brocken 3,743

Jura Mountains
🇫🇷 France
🇨🇭 Switzerland
Crêt de la Neige 5,640

Pindus Mountians

🇦🇱 Albania
🇬🇷 Greece
Smolikas 8,652

The Pyrenees

🇦🇩 Andorra
🇫🇷 France
🇪🇸 Spain
Aneto 11,168

Scandinavian Mountains

🇫🇮 Finland
🇳🇴 Norway
🇸🇪 Sweden
Galdhópiggen 8,100

Sierra Morena 

🇪🇸 Spain
Bañuela 4,370

Sierra Nevada

🇪🇸 Spain
Mulhacén 11,411

The Sudetes

🇨🇿 Czechia
🇩🇪 Germany
🇵🇱 Poland
Sněžka 5,259

Taurus Mountains

🇹🇷 Turkey
Demirkazik 12,323

Ural Mountains

🇷🇺 Russia
Mount Narodnaya 6,217

The Vosages

🇫🇷 France
🇩🇪 Germany
Grand Ballon 4,671

Peninsulas of Europe and the Countries…

 🇹🇷 Turkey


🇦🇱 Albania
🇧🇦 Bosnia & Herzegovina
🇧🇬 Bulgaria
🇲🇰 North Macedonia
🇭🇷 Croatia
🇬🇷 Greece
🇮🇹 Italy
🇷🇴 Romania 
🇷🇸 Serbia
🇸🇮 Slovenia


🇬🇷 Greece


🇫🇷 France


🇺🇦 Ukraine




🇹🇷 Turkey


🇦🇩 Andorra
🇬🇮 Gibraltar
🇵🇹 Portugal 
🇪🇸 Spain


🇻🇦Holy See
🇮🇹 Italy
🇸🇲 San Marino


🇭🇷 Croatia
🇸🇮 Slovenia


🇩🇰 Denmark






🇬🇷 Greece


🇳🇴 Norway
🇸🇪 Sweden

Some Islands in Europe have played a significant part in its history. Of those Great Britain, Ireland, Sicily, Crete, Rhodes have contributed immensely to the advancement of European culture. Islands where also strategically importance for transportation and defense. Today many of those islands are tourists havens for the sun worshipers and social crowds.  

Islands of Europe

Noted Tourist Islands…

🇩🇰 Ærø
🇫🇮 Åland Islands
🇮🇪 Aran Islands
🇵🇹 The Azores
– Corvo
– Faial
– Flores
– Pico
– São Miguel
– Terceira
🇪🇸 Balearic Islands
– Formentera
– Ibiza
– Majorca
– Minorca
🇫🇷 Belle Île
🇮🇹 Burano
🇪🇸 Canary Islands
– Fuerteventura
– Grand Canaria
– Lanzarote
– La Palma
– Tenerife
🇲🇹 Comino
🇫🇷 Corsica
🇬🇷 Crete
– Elafonisi
🇬🇷 The Cyclades
– Delos
– Floegandros
– Ios
– Koufonisia
– Mílos
– Mykonos
– Naxos
– Páros
– Santorini

🇭🇷 Dalmatian Islands
– Brač
– Hvar
– Korčula
– Mljet
– Vis
🇬🇷 Dodecanese Islands
– Kos
– Patmos
– Rhodes
🇮🇹 Elba
🇫🇴 Faroe Islands
– Eysturoy
– Mykines
– Vágar
🇩🇰 Funen
🇸🇪 Gotland
🇬🇧🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿🏴󠁧󠁢󠁷󠁬󠁳󠁿🇲🇹 Gozo
Great Britain
🇬🇬 Guensey
🇪🇪 Hiiumaa
🇬🇷 Hydra
🇯🇪 Jersey
🇬🇧🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Inner Hebrides
– Colonsay
– Isle of Skye
– Isle of Mull
– Jura Island
🇬🇷 Ionian Islands
– AntoPaxos
– Kefalonia
– Kerkyra (Corfu)
– Lefkada
– Zakynthos

🇮🇹 Ischia
🇮🇹 Isle of Capri
🇮🇲 Isle of Man
🇬🇧🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Isle of Wight
🇮🇲 Isle of Man
🇭🇷 Krk
🇳🇴 Lofoten Islands
🇵🇹 Madeira
🇲🇹 Malta
🇳🇴 Moskenesøya
🇫🇷 Mont-Saint-Michel
🇬🇷 North Aegean Islands
– Lesbos
– Samos
🇬🇧🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Orkney Islands
– Mainland
🇬🇧🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Outer Hebrides
– Berneray
– Lewis & Harris
– North Uist
– South Uist
🇭🇷 Pag
🇭🇷 Rab
🇩🇪 Rügen
🇮🇹 Sardinia
🇬🇧🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 Isles of Scilly
🇬🇧🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Shetland Islands
– Mainland
🇮🇹 Sicily
🇸🇪 Stockholm Archipelago
🇮🇹 Stromboli
🇬🇷 The Sporades
– Skiathos
– Skopelos
🇩🇪 Sylt
🇩🇰 Zealand

Largest Islands…

Great Britain
Severny Island
Yuzhny Island
Kolguyev Island
North Jutlandic
Vaygach Island
Zemlya Georga

🇬🇧United Kingdom
🇮🇪 Ireland 🇬🇧UK
🇷🇺 Russia
🇳🇴 Svalbard/Norway
🇷🇺 Russia
🇮🇹 Italy
🇮🇹 Italy
🇳🇴 Svalbard/Norway
🇨🇾 Cyprus
🇫🇷 France
🇩🇰 Denmark
🇳🇴 Svalbard/Norway
🇷🇺 Russia
🇩🇰 Denmark
🇬🇷 Greece
🇪🇸 Spain
🇷🇺 Russia
🇩🇰 Denmark
🇷🇺 Russia
🇪🇪 Estonia

Sq. miles


Tri-points are where the borders of three countries meet at one point. Some of these locations are very remote while others very accessible. The easy to get locations have monuments or markers where one can have a little fun by standing in three countries at one time.


Marker: No
Location: In Lake Prespa , boat accessible only
Country Boarders: 🇦🇱 Albania, 🇬🇷 Greece, 🇲🇰 North Macedonia


Marker: No
Location: Considerable drive and difficult hike from Plav, ME or Junik, RS
Country Boarders: 🇦🇱 Albania, 🇲🇪Montenegro, 🇷🇸 Serbia


Marker: Yes
Location: Easy drive or hike from Arnoldstein, AT
Country Boarders: 🇦🇹 Austria, 🇮🇹 Italy, 🇸🇮 Slovenia


Marker: Yes
Location: Short drive or hike from Ruggell, LI
Country Boarders: 🇦🇹 Austria, 🇱🇮 Liechtenstein, 🇨🇭 Switzerland


Marker: Yes
Location: No easy access, difficult climb located at 7739 ft on top of Mt. Naafkopf
Country Boarders: 🇦🇹 Austria, 🇱🇮 Liechtenstein, 🇨🇭 Switzerland


Marker: Yes
Location: Remote drive and hike from Neureichenau, Germany or Oberschwarzberg, AT
Country Boarders: 🇦🇹 Austria, 🇨🇿Czechia, 🇩🇪 Germany


Marker: No
Location: Drive from Hohenau an der March, AT and short hike to confluence of Dyje & Moravy rivers
Country Boarders: 🇦🇹 Austria, 🇨🇿 Czechia, 🇸🇰 Slovakia


Marker: Yes
Location: Short drive Bratislava, SK
Country Boarders: 🇦🇹 Austria, 🇭🇺 Hungary, 🇸🇰 Slovakia


Marker: No
Location: In the middle of Sava river downstream from Brčko, BA. Boat accessible only
Country Boarders: 🇧🇦 Bosnia Hercegovina, 🇭🇷Croatia, 🇷🇸 Serbia


Marker: No
Location: Drive from Cajniče, BA, long hike from border crossing to Pejka
Country Boarders: 🇧🇦 Bosnia Herzegovina, 🇲🇪 Montenegro, 🇷🇸 Serbia


Marker: Yes
Location: Drive from Platanakia, GR & long hike & climb to site.
Country Boarders: 🇧🇬 Bulgaria, 🇬🇷 Greece, 🇲🇰 North Macedonia


Marker: Yes
Location: Short walk from Bugarian/Turkish border crossing at Kaptian Andreeevo, BG
Country Boarders: 🇧🇬 Bulgaria, 🇬🇷 Greece, 🇹🇷 Turkey


Marker: Yes
Location:Drive from Turmantas, LT
Country Boarders: 🇧🇾 Belarus, 🇱🇻 Latvia, 🇱🇹 Lithuania


Marker: Yes
Location: Drive from Zelwa,PL
Country Boarders: 🇧🇾 Belarus, 🇱🇹 Lithuania, 🇵🇱 Poland


Marker: Yes
Location: Easy access from Latvia side- south of Zilupe, LV
Country Boarders: 🇧🇾 Belarus, 🇱🇻 Latvia, 🇷🇺 Russia


Marker: No
Location: Boundry in the Bug River short drive from Wlodawa, PL
Country Boarders: 🇧🇾 Belarus, 🇵🇱 Poland, 🇺🇦 Ukraine


Marker: Yes
Location: Easy drive & short walk from Hrčava, CZ
Country Boarders: 🇨🇿 Czechia, 🇵🇱 Poland, 🇸🇰 Slovakia


Marker: Yes
Location: Easy walk access in Klybeck, CH, actual border in Rhine River
Country Boarders: 🇫🇷 France, 🇩🇪 Germany, 🇨🇭 Switzerland


Marker: Yes
Location:Easy drive from Ouren, LU, actual border in Our River on footbridge.
Country Boarders: 🇧🇪 Belgium, 🇩🇪 Germany, 🇱🇺 Luxembourg


Marker: No
Location: Drive from Aluksne, LT and a short walk
Country Boarders: 🇪🇪 Estonia, 🇱🇻 Latvia, 🇷🇺 Russia


Marker: No
Location: Short drive & from Hercegzántó, HU or Backi Breg, RS and hike to river.
Country Boarders: 🇨🇿 Croatia, 🇭🇺 Hungary, 🇷🇸 Serbia


Marker: No
Location: Drive & Hike from Novakovec, HR. Boundry in Spust River
Country Boarders: 🇨🇿 Croatia, 🇭🇺Hungary, 🇷🇸 Serbia


Marker: Yes
Location: Short drive from Beba Veche, Romania
Country Boarders: 🇭🇺 Hungary, 🇷🇴 Romania, 🇷🇸 Serbia


Marker: Yes
Location: Drive from Nová Sedlica, SK & long hike to site
Country Boarders: 🇵🇱 Poland, 🇸🇰 Slovakia, 🇺🇦Ukraine

Lake Constance-ATCHDE

Marker: No
Location: Lake has easy access, actual border is in the lake, boat accessible only
Country Boarders: 🇦🇹 Austria, 🇩🇪 German, 🇨🇭Switzerland


Marker: No
Location: Drive from Zytkiejmy, PL & short walk
Country Boarders: 🇱🇹 Lithuania, 🇵🇱 Poland, 🇷🇺 Russia


Marker: No
Location: 5km hike access from Grensefoss, NO
Country Boarders: 🇫🇮 Finland, 🇳🇴 Norway, 🇷🇺 Russia

Mt. Dolent-CHFRIT

Marker: No
Location: In-accssible, lies at 3,749 metres, nw of the summit of Mont Dolent
Country Boarders: 🇫🇷 France, 🇮🇹 Italy, 🇨🇭 Switzerland


Marker: Yes
Location:Easy walk access in Schengen, LU, actual border in Moselle, River.
Country Boarders: 🇫🇷 France, 🇩🇪 Germany, 🇱🇺 Luxembourg

Three-Country Cairn-FINOSE

Marker: Yes
Location: Accessible drive from Skibotn, NO or Kilpisjärvi, FI
Country Boarders: 🇫🇮 Finland, 🇳🇴 Norway, 🇸🇪 Sweden


Marker: Yes
Location: Easy drive from Vaalserquartier, NL or Gemmenich, BE
Country Boarders: 🇧🇪 Belgium, 🇩🇪 Germany, 🇳🇱 Netherlands


Marker: Yes
Location: Easy drive or hike from Zittau, DE, actual border in Lausiter Neisse River
Country Boarders: 🇨🇿 Czechia, 🇩🇪 Germany, 🇵🇱 Poland