Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 from the remnants of the defeated Ottoman Empire by national hero Mustafa KEMAL, who was later honored with the title Ataturk or “Father of the Turks.” Under his leadership, the country adopted radical social, legal, and political reforms. After a period of one-party rule, an experiment with multi-party politics led to the 1950 election victory of the opposition Democrat Party and the peaceful transfer of power. Since then, Turkish political parties have multiplied, but democracy has been fractured by periods of instability and military coups (1960, 1971, 1980), which in each case eventually resulted in a return of formal political power to civilians. In 1997, the military again helped engineer the ouster – popularly dubbed a “post-modern coup” – of the then Islamic-oriented government. An unsuccessful coup attempt was made in July 2016 by a faction of the Turkish Armed Forces.

Turkey intervened militarily on Cyprus in 1974 to prevent a Greek takeover of the island and has since acted as patron state to the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus,” which only Turkey recognizes. A separatist insurgency begun in 1984 by the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), a US-designated terrorist organization, has long dominated the attention of Turkish security forces and claimed more than 40,000 lives. In 2013, the Turkish Government and the PKK conducted negotiations aimed at ending the violence, however intense fighting resumed in 2015. Turkey joined the UN in 1945 and in 1952 it became a member of NATO. In 1963, Turkey became an associate member of the European Community; it began accession talks with the EU in 2005. Over the past decade, economic reforms, coupled with some political reforms, have contributed to a growing economy, although economic growth slowed in recent years.

From 2015 and continuing through 2016, Turkey witnessed an uptick in terrorist violence, including major attacks in Ankara, Istanbul, and throughout the predominantly Kurdish southeastern region of Turkey. On 15 July 2016, elements of the Turkish Armed forces attempted a coup that ultimately failed following widespread popular resistance. More than 240 people were killed and over 2,000 injured when Turkish citizens took to the streets en masse to confront the coup forces. The government accused followers of the Fethullah Gulen transnational religious and social movement (“Hizmet”) for allegedly instigating the failed coup and designates the movement’s followers as terrorists. Since the attempted coup, Turkish Government authorities arrested, suspended, or dismissed more than 130,000 security personnel, journalists, judges, academics, and civil servants due to their alleged connection to Gulen’s movement. Following the failed coup, the Turkish Government instituted a State of Emergency from July 2016 to July 2018. The Turkish Government conducted a referendum on 16 April 2017 in which voters approved constitutional amendments changing Turkey from a parliamentary to a presidential system. The amendments went into effect fully following the presidential and parliamentary elections in June 2018.


Turkey Tourism Information…


The Best of Turkey…

Aegean Turkey
Black Sea Turkey
Mediterranean Turkey

Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  

Pergamon ruins – Bergama
Bursa Castle
Cappadocia & Goreme
Selimiye Mosque-Edirne
Ephesus & Selcuk
Heriopolis & Pamukkale
Istanbul Blue Mosque
Bosphorus Strait
Grand Bazzar
Hagia Sophia
Tokapi Palace
Ani ruins- Kars
Mt. Nemrut

Flag_of_TurkeyRegions & Provinces of Turkey…

Aegean Region
Black Sea Region
ÇorumDüzceGiresun Kastamonu
Central Anatolia Region
NevşehirSivas Yozgat

 Eastern Anatolia Region

Ağri ArdahanBingöl Elaziğ 
Erzurum HakkariIğdir Kars 
Marmara Region 
Mediterranean Region
 AdanaAntalya BurdurHatay 
Isparta Kahramanmaraş KilisMersin 
Southeastern Anatolia Region


Turkey Country Information…



Largest City:



Presidental Republic


Türk Lirası/Turkish Lira


Total: 783,562 km2 water: 13,930 km2 land: 769,632 km2 ranked 37th


Temperate; hot, dry summers with mild, wet winters; harsher in interior


80,274,604 (July 2016 est.) ranked 20th


Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages

Ethnic Groups:

Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 18%, other minorities 7-12% (2008 est.)


Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)


230V, 50Hz (European plug C, F)

Telephone Code:


Local Emergency Phone Number:

Ambulance: 101, 112; Fire: 102; Police: 100

Internet TLD:


Time Zone:


Road Driving Side:



İstiklal Marşı  (Turkish) “Independence March”


Egemenlik, kayıtsız şartsız Milletindir “Sovereignty unconditionally belongs to the Nation”


Recep Tayyip Erdoğan


Holidays and Observances in Turkey in 2020

Date NameType
Jan 1WednesdayNew Year’s DayNational holiday
Mar 20FridayMarch EquinoxSeason
Apr 23ThursdayNational Sovereignty and Children’s DayNational holiday
May 1FridayLabor and Solidarity DayNational holiday
May 19TuesdayCommemoration of Atatürk, Youth and Sports DayNational holiday
May 23SaturdayRamadan Feast EveHalf Day
May 24SundayRamadan FeastNational holiday
May 25MondayRamadan Feast Day 2National holiday
May 26TuesdayRamadan Feast Day 3National holiday
Jun 21SundayJune SolsticeSeason
Jul 15WednesdayDemocracy and National Unity DayNational holiday
Jul 30ThursdaySacrifice Feast EveHalf Day
Jul 31FridaySacrifice FeastNational holiday
Aug 1SaturdaySacrifice Feast Day 2National holiday
Aug 2SundaySacrifice Feast Day 3National holiday
Aug 3MondaySacrifice Feast Day 4National holiday
Aug 30SundayVictory DayNational holiday
Sep 22TuesdaySeptember EquinoxSeason
Oct 28WednesdayRepublic Day EveHalf Day
Oct 29ThursdayRepublic DayNational holiday
Nov 10TuesdayAtaturk Memorial DayObservance
Dec 21MondayDecember SolsticeSeason
Dec 31ThursdayNew Year’s EveObservance