Modern Turkey was founded in 1923 from the remnants of the defeated Ottoman Empire by national hero Mustafa KEMAL, who was later honored with the title Ataturk or “Father of the Turks.” Under his leadership, the country adopted radical social, legal, and political reforms. After a period of one-party rule, an experiment with multi-party politics led to the 1950 election victory of the opposition Democrat Party and the peaceful transfer of power. Since then, Turkish political parties have multiplied, but democracy has been fractured by periods of instability and military coups (1960, 1971, 1980), which in each case eventually resulted in a return of formal political power to civilians. In 1997, the military again helped engineer the ouster – popularly dubbed a “post-modern coup” – of the then Islamic-oriented government. An unsuccessful coup attempt was made in July 2016 by a faction of the Turkish Armed Forces.

Turkey intervened militarily on Cyprus in 1974 to prevent a Greek takeover of the island and has since acted as patron state to the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus,” which only Turkey recognizes. A separatist insurgency begun in 1984 by the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), a US-designated terrorist organization, has long dominated the attention of Turkish security forces and claimed more than 40,000 lives. In 2013, the Turkish Government and the PKK conducted negotiations aimed at ending the violence, however intense fighting resumed in 2015. Turkey joined the UN in 1945 and in 1952 it became a member of NATO. In 1963, Turkey became an associate member of the European Community; it began accession talks with the EU in 2005. Over the past decade, economic reforms, coupled with some political reforms, have contributed to a growing economy, although economic growth slowed in recent years.

From 2015 and continuing through 2016, Turkey witnessed an uptick in terrorist violence, including major attacks in Ankara, Istanbul, and throughout the predominantly Kurdish southeastern region of Turkey. On 15 July 2016, elements of the Turkish Armed forces attempted a coup that ultimately failed following widespread popular resistance. More than 240 people were killed and over 2,000 injured when Turkish citizens took to the streets en masse to confront the coup forces. The government accused followers of the Fethullah Gulen transnational religious and social movement (“Hizmet”) for allegedly instigating the failed coup and designates the movement’s followers as terrorists. Since the attempted coup, Turkish Government authorities arrested, suspended, or dismissed more than 130,000 security personnel, journalists, judges, academics, and civil servants due to their alleged connection to Gulen’s movement. Following the failed coup, the Turkish Government instituted a State of Emergency from July 2016 to July 2018. The Turkish Government conducted a referendum on 16 April 2017 in which voters approved constitutional amendments changing Turkey from a parliamentary to a presidential system. The amendments went into effect fully following the presidential and parliamentary elections in June 2018.

Tourism Information...
The Best of Turkey...
Turkey's Most Popular Sights...

Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  

  • Ankara
  • Antalya
  • Pergamon ruins – Bergama
  • Bodrum
  • Bursa Castle
  • Cappadocia & Goreme
  • Selimiye Mosque-Edirne
  • Ephesus & Selcuk
  • Heriopolis & Pamukkale
  •  Istanbul
    • Blue Mosque
    • Bosphorus Strait
    • Grand Bazzar
    • Hagia Sophia
    • Tokapi Palace
  • Ani ruins- Kars
  • Mt. Nemrut
  • Ölüdeniz
  • Troy-Truva

Flag_of_TurkeyRegions & Provinces of Turkey…

Aegean Region
Afyonkarahisar Aydin Denzil İzmir
Kütahya Manisa Muğla Uşak
Black Sea Region
Amasya Artvin Bartin Bayburt
Çorum Düzce Giresun  Kastamonu
Karabük Ordu Rize Samsun
Sinop Tokat Zonguldak   
Central Anatolia Region
Aksaray Ankara Çankiri Eskişehir
Karaman Kayseri Kırşehir Konya
Nevşehir Sivas  Yozgat

 Eastern Anatolia Region

Ağri  Ardahan Bingöl  Elaziğ 
Erzurum  Hakkari Iğdir  Kars 
Şirnak Tunceli Van  
Marmara Region 
Balikesir Bilecik Bursa Çanakkale
Edirne Istanbul Kirklareli Kocaeli
Sakarya Tekirdağ Yalova  
Mediterranean Region
 Adana Antalya  Burdur Hatay 
Isparta  Kahramanmaraş  Kilis Mersin 
Southeastern Anatolia Region
Adiyaman Batman Diyarbakir Gaziantep
Mardin Şanliurfa Siirt  

Country Information...
Capital Ankara
Largest City Istanbul
Government Parliamentary Republic
Currency Türk Lirası/Turkish Lira
Area total: 783,562 km2 water: 13,930 km2 land: 769,632 km2 ranked 37th
Population 80,274,604 (July 2016 est.) ranked 20th
Language Turkish (official), Kurdish, other minority languages
Ethnic Groups Turkish 70-75%, Kurdish 18%, other minorities 7-12% (2008 est.)
Religion Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews)
Electricity 230V, 50Hz (European or Italian plug)
Calling code +90
Emergencies dial 155 for police / 110 for fire / 112 for medical
Internet TLD .tr
Time Zone UTC+2
Drives on the Right
Anthem İstiklal Marşı  (Turkish)Independence March”
Motto Egemenlik, kayıtsız şartsız Milletindir “Sovereignty unconditionally belongs to the Nation”
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
Prime Minister Binali Yıldırım
Holidays and Observances in Turkey in 2020
Date   Name Type
Jan 1 Wednesday New Year’s Day National holiday
Mar 20 Friday March Equinox Season
Apr 23 Thursday National Sovereignty and Children’s Day National holiday
May 1 Friday Labor and Solidarity Day National holiday
May 19 Tuesday Commemoration of Atatürk, Youth and Sports Day National holiday
May 23 Saturday Ramadan Feast Eve Half Day
May 24 Sunday Ramadan Feast National holiday
May 25 Monday Ramadan Feast Day 2 National holiday
May 26 Tuesday Ramadan Feast Day 3 National holiday
Jun 21 Sunday June Solstice Season
Jul 15 Wednesday Democracy and National Unity Day National holiday
Jul 30 Thursday Sacrifice Feast Eve Half Day
Jul 31 Friday Sacrifice Feast National holiday
Aug 1 Saturday Sacrifice Feast Day 2 National holiday
Aug 2 Sunday Sacrifice Feast Day 3 National holiday
Aug 3 Monday Sacrifice Feast Day 4 National holiday
Aug 30 Sunday Victory Day National holiday
Sep 22 Tuesday September Equinox Season
Oct 28 Wednesday Republic Day Eve Half Day
Oct 29 Thursday Republic Day National holiday
Nov 10 Tuesday Ataturk Memorial Day Observance
Dec 21 Monday December Solstice Season
Dec 31 Thursday New Year’s Eve Observance