Test

Rome
Italy
Amsterdam

U. S. Airports with Non-Stop Flights to Europe

ATL

Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson International Airport

  • To: Amsterdam AMS
  • Delta Airlines
  • KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
  • To: Athens ATH
  • Delta Airlines
  • To: Barcelona BCN
  • Delta Airline (Seasonal)
  • To: Dublin DUB
  • Delta Airlines
  • To: Edinburgh EDI
  • Delta Airlines
  • To: Frankfurt FRA
  •  Lufthansa
  • To: Istanbul IST
  • Turkish Airlines
  • To: London LHR
  • Delta Airlines
  •  British Airways
  • Virgin Atlantic
  • To: Madrid MAD
  • Delta Airlines
  • To: Manchester MAN
  • Virgin Atlantic
  • To: Milan MXP
  • Delta Airlines
  • To: Munich MUC
  • Delta Airlines
  • To: Paris CDG
  • Delta Airlines
  •   Air France
  • To: Rome FCO
  • Delta Airlines
  • To: Stuttgart STR
  • American Airlines
  • To: Venice VCE
  • Delta Airlines (Seasonal)

BOS

Boston Logan International Airport

  • To: Amsterdam AMS
  • Delta Airlines
  • KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
  • To: Athens ATH
  • Delta Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Copenhagen CPH
  • SAS Scandinavian
  • To: Dublin DUB
  • Aer Lingus
  • Delta Airlines
  • To: Edinburgh EDI
  • Delta Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Frankfurt FRA
  • Delta Airlines
  • To: Istanbul IST
  • Turkish Airlines
  • To: Lisbon LIS
  • TAP Portugal
  • Delta Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: London Gatwick LGW
  • Jet Blue
  • To: London LHR
  • Delta Airlines
  •  British Airways
  • Virgin Atlantic
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Paris CDG
  • Delta Airlines
  •   Air France
  • To: Ponta Delgada PDL
  • Azores Airlines
  • To: Praia da Vitoria TER
  • Azores Airlines
  • To: Reykjavik KEF
  • Icelandair
  • Delta Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Rome FCO
  • Ital Airways (Seasonal)
  • To: Shannon SNN
  • Aer Lingus

ORD

Chicago O Hare International Airport

  • To: Amsterdam AMS
  • Delta Airlines
  • KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
  • To: Athens ATH
  •   American Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Barcelona BCN
  •   American Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Brussels BRU
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Copenhagen CPH
  • SAS Scandinavian
  • To: Dublin DUB
  • Aer Lingus
  •   United Airlines
  •   American Airlines
  • To: Edinburgh EDI
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Frankfurt FRA
  •   United Airlines
  •  Lufthansa
  • To: Helsinki HEL
  • Finnair
  • To: Istanbul IST
  • Turkish Airlines
  • To: Kraków KRK
  • LOT Polish Airline
  • To: Lisbon LIS
  • TAP Portugal
  • To: London LHR
  •  British Airways
  •   United Airlines
  •   American Airlines
  • To: Madrid MAD
  •   Iberia Airlines
  • To: Munich MUC
  •   United Airlines
  •  Lufthansa
  • To: Paris CDG
  •   Air France
  •   United Airlines
  •   American Airlines
  • To: Reykjavik KEF
  • Icelandair
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Rome FCO
  • Ital Airways
  •   American Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Stockholm ARN
  • SAS Scandinavian
  • To: Vienna VIE
  • Austrian Airlines
  • To: Warsaw WAW
  • LOT Polish Airline
  • To: Zürich ZRH
  • Swiss Airlines
  •   United Airlines

LAX

Los Angeles Tom Bradley International Airport

  • To: Amsterdam AMS
  • Delta Airlines
  • KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
  • To: Athens ATH
  •   American Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Barcelona BCN
  •   Iberia Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Copenhagen CPH
  • SAS Scandinavian
  • To: Barcelona BCN
  •   American Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Brussels BRU
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Dublin DUB
  • Aer Lingus
  • To: Frankfurt FRA
  •  Condor Flugdienst
  •  Lufthansa
  • To: Helsinki HEL
  • Finnair
  • To: Istanbul IST
  • Turkish Airlines
  • To: London LHR
  •  British Airways
  •   United Airlines
  • Air New Zealand
  •   American Airlines
  • Virgin Atlantic
  • To: Moscow Sheremetyevo
  • Aerflot (Flights Suspended)
  • To: Madrid MAD
  •   Iberia Airlines
  • To: Munich MUC
  •  Lufthansa
  • To: Paris CDG
  •   Air France
  • Air Tahiti Nui
  •   American Airlines
  • To: Paris Orly ORY
  • French Bee
  • To: Rome FCO
  • Ital Airways
  •   American Airlines
  • To: Stockholm ARN
  • Finnair
  • To: Vienna VIE
  • Austrian Airlines
  • To: Warsaw WAW
  • LOT Polish Airline
  • To: Zürich ZRH
  • Swiss Airlines

MIA

Miami International Airport

  • To: Amsterdam AMS
  • KLM Royal Dutch Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Brussels BRU
  • TUIfly (Seasonal)
  • To: Copenhagen CPH
  • SAS Scandinavian
  • To: Dublin DUB
  • Aer Lingus
  • To: Frankfurt FRA
  •   United Airlines
  •  Lufthansa
  • To: Helsinki HEL
  • Finnair (Seasonal)
  • To: Istanbul IST
  • Turkish Airlines
  • To: Lisbon LIS
  • TAP Portugal
  • To: London LHR
  •  British Airways
  • Virgin Atlantic
  •   American Airlines
  • To: Madrid MAD
  •   Iberia Airlines
  • Air Europa
  • To: Moscow Sheremetyevo
  • Aerflot (Flights Suspended)
  • To: Munich MUC
  •  Lufthansa
  • To: Oslo Gardermeon OSL
  • SAS Scandinavian
  • To: Paris CDG
  •   Air France
  •   American Airlines
  • To: Paris Orly ORY
  • French Bee
  • To: Reykjavik KEF
  • Icelandair
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Rome FCO
  • Ital Airways
  • To: Stockholm ARN
  • SAS Scandinavian
  • Finnair (Seasonal)
  • To: Vienna VIE
  • Austrian Airlines
  • To: Warsaw WAW
  • LOT Polish Airline
  • To: Zürich ZRH
  • Swiss Airlines
  •   United Airlines

EWR

Newark Liberty International Airport

  • To: Amsterdam AMS
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Athens ATH
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Barcelona BCN
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Bergen BGO
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Berlin BER
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Brussels BRU
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Copenhagen CPH
  • SAS Scandinavian
  • To: Dublin DUB
  • Aer Lingus
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Dubrovnik DBV
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Edinburgh EDI
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Frankfurt FRA
  •   United Airlines
  •  Lufthansa
  • To: Genéva GVA
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Istanbul IST
  • Turkish Airlines
  • To: Kraków KRK
  • LOT Polish Airline
  • To: Lisbon LIS
  • TAP Portugal
  •   United Airlines
  • To: London LHR
  •  British Airways
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Madrid MAD
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Madrid MAD
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Milan MXP
  •   United Airlines
  • La Compagnie
  • To: Manchester MAN
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Munich MUC
  •   United Airlines
  •  Lufthansa
  • To: Naples NAP
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Nice NCE
  • La Compagnie (Seasonal)
  • To: Oslo Gardermeon OSL
  • SAS Scandinavian
  • To: Palma De Mallorca PMI
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Paris CDG
  •   Air France
  •   United Airlines
  •   American Airlines
  • To: Paris Orly ORY
  • French Bee
  • La Compagnie
  • To: Ponte Delgada PDL
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Porto OPO
  • TAP Portugal
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Prague PRA
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Reykjavik KEF
  • Icelandair
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Rome FCO
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Rzeszow RZE
  • LOT Polish Airline
  • To: Shannon SNN
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Stockholm ARN
  • SAS Scandinavian
  • To: Tenerife South TFS
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Venice VCE
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Vienna VIE
  • Austrian Airlines
  • To: Warsaw WAW
  • LOT Polish Airline
  • To: Zürich ZRH
  • Swiss Airlines
  •   United Airlines

JFK

John F. Kennedy International Airport

  • To: Amsterdam AMS
  • Delta Airlines
  • KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
  • To: Athens ATH
  • Delta Airlines
  •   American Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Barcelona BCN
  • Delta Airlines
  •   American Airlines
  • To: Belgrade BEG
  • Air Serbia
  • To: Berlin BER
  • Delta Airlines
  • To: Brussels BRU
  • Brussels Airlines
  • Delta Airlines
  • To: Budapest BUD
  • LOT Polish Airline
  • To: Copenhagen CPH
  • Delta Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Dublin DUB
  • Aer Lingus
  • Delta Airlines
  • To: Edinburgh EDI
  • Delta Airlines
  • To: Funchal FNC
  • Azores Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Frankfurt FRA
  • Delta Airlines
  •  Lufthansa
  • Singapore Airlines
  • To: Genéva GVA
  • Swiss Airlines
  • To: Helsinki HEL
  • Finnair
  • To: Istanbul IST
  • Turkish Airlines
  • To: Kraków KRK
  • LOT Polish Airline
  • To: Kyiv KBP
  • UIA (flights suspended)
  • To: Lisbon LIS
  • TAP Portugal
  • Delta Airlines
  • To: London LGW
  •  British Airways
  • Jet Blue
  • Virgin Atlantic
  • To: London LHR
  •  British Airways
  • Delta Airlines
  •   American Airlines
  • Virgin Atlantic
  • To: Madrid MAD
  •   Iberia Airlines
  • Delta Airlines
  • Air Europa
  • To: Manchester MAN
  • Aer Lingus
  • Virgin Atlantic
  • To: Milan Malpensa MXP
  • Delta Airlines
  •   American Airlines
  • Ital Airways
  • Neosair
  • To: Moscow Sheremetyevo
  • Aerflot (Flights Suspended)
  • To: Munich MUC
  •  Lufthansa
  • To: Nice NCE
  •   Air France
  • To: Paris CDG
  •   Air France
  • Delta Airlines
  •   American Airlines
  • To: Paris Orly ORY
  •   Air France
  • To: Ponte Delgada
  • Azores Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Prague PRA
  • Delta Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Praia da Vitoria TER
  • Azores Airlines
  • To: Reykjavik KEF
  • Icelandair
  • To: Rome FCO
  • Ital Airways
  • Delta Airlines
  • To: Shannon SNN
  • Aer Lingus (Seasonal)
  • To: Stockholm ARN
  • Finnair
  • Delta Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Venice VCE
  • Delta Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Vienna VIE
  • Austrian Airlines
  • To: Warsaw WAW
  • LOT Polish Airline
  • To: Zürich ZRH
  • Swiss Airlines
  • Delta Airlines

SFO

San Francisco International Airport

  • To: Amsterdam AMS
  • KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Copenhagen CPH
  • SAS Scandinavian
  • To: Dublin DUB
  • Aer Lingus
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Frankfurt FRA
  •   United Airlines
  •  Lufthansa
  • To: Helsinki HEL
  • Finnair
  • To: Istanbul IST
  • Turkish Airlines
  • To: Lisbon LIS
  • TAP Portugal
  • To: London LHR
  •  British Airways
  •   United Airlines
  • Aer Lingus
  • To: Madrid MAD
  •   Iberia Airlines
  • To: Munich MUC
  •   United Airlines
  •  Lufthansa
  • To: Paris CDG
  •   Air France
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Paris Orly ORY
  • French Bee
  • To: Rome FCO
  • Ital Airways
  • To: Stockholm ARN
  • SAS Scandinavian
  • To: Zürich ZRH
  • Swiss Airlines
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)

IAD

Washington Dulles International Airport

  • To: Amsterdam AMS
  • KLM Royal Dutch Airlines
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Athens ATH
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Barcelona BCN
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Berlin BER
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Brussels BRU
  • Brussels Airlines
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Copenhagen CPH
  • SAS Scandinavian
  • To: Dublin DUB
  • Aer Lingus
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Edinburgh EDI
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Frankfurt FRA
  •   United Airlines
  •  Lufthansa
  • To: Genéva GVA
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Helsinki HEL
  • Finnair
  • To: Istanbul IST
  • Turkish Airlines
  • To: Lisbon LIS
  • TAP Portugal
  •   United Airlines
  • To: London LHR
  •  British Airways
  •   United Airlines
  • Virgin Atlantic
  • To: Madrid MAD
  •   Iberia Airlines (Seasonal)
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Moscow Sheremetyevo
  • Aerflot (Flights Suspended)
  • To: Munich MUC
  •   United Airlines
  •  Lufthansa
  • To: Paris CDG
  •   Air France
  •   United Airlines
  • To: Reykjavik KEF
  • Icelandair
  • To: Rome FCO
  •   United Airlines (Seasonal)
  • To: Vienna VIE
  • Austrian Airlines
  • To: Zürich ZRH
  •   United Airlines

Additional Non-Stop Services

These cities have limited non-stop service to European airports

AUS

Auston – Bergstrom International Airport

BWI

Baltimore – Washington International Airport

CLT

Charlotte – Douglas International Airport

CVG

Cincinnati – Northern Kentucky Airport

DFW

Dallas – Fort Worth International Airport

DEN

Denver International Airport

DTW

Detroit Metro Wayne County Airport

RSW

Fort Meyers Southwest Florida Airport

IAH

Houston George H. Bush Intercontinental Airport

LAS

Las Vegas – McCarran International Airport

MSP

Minneapolis – St. Paul International Airport

BNA

Nashiville International Airport

MSY

New Orleans – Louis Armstrong International Airport

MCO

Orlando International Airport

PHX

Phoenix – Sky Harbor International Airport

PIT

Pittsburg International Airport

PDX

Portland International Airport

RDU

Raleigh – Durham International Airport

STL

St. Louis – Lambert International Airport

SLC

Salt Lake City International Airport

SAN

San Diego International Lindbergh Field

SJC

San Jose Norma Y. Mineta International Airport

SEA

Seattle – Tacoma International Airport

TPA

Tampa International Airport

Indo-European Languages

Language hierarchy are separated into their sub-divisions and dialects. Those in all caps are dominant languages with variant dialects spoken regionally. Click on the arrow(s) to open or close the tree branches.

  • Balto-Slavic languages
    • Baltic
      • Latvian 🇱🇻 🇪🇺 – Official language of Latvia and the European Union.
      • Lithuanian 🇱🇹 🇪🇺 – Official language of Lithuania and the European Union. Recognized minor language in Poland.
    • Slavic
      • Eastern Slavic
        • Belarusian 🇧🇾 – Official language of Belarus and some areas of Poland. Recognized minority language in Czechia, Russia and the Ukraine
        • RUSSIAN 🇷🇺 🇧🇾 – Official state language of Russia, Belarus. Also in some de facto entities and recognized as a minority language in Ukraine, Moldova, Poland and Romania.
        • Rusyn – Recognized minority language in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Czechia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Slovakia.
        • UKRAINIAN 🇺🇦 – Official language in Ukraine. Recognized minority language in Belarus, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czechia, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Slovakia.
      • Southern Slavic
        • Eastern
          • Bulgarian 🇧🇬 🇪🇺 Official language of Bulgaria and the European Union. Recognized minority language in Albania, Czechia, Hungary, Moldova, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine.
          • Macedonian 🇲🇰 – Official language of North Macedonia.Recognized minority language in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania and Serbia.
        • Western
          • Serbo-Croatian
            • Bosnian 🇧🇦 – Official language of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro. Recognized minority language in Croatia, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Serbia and Slovenia.
            • Burgenland-Croatian
            • Croatian 🇭🇷 🇪🇺– Official language of Croatia, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and the European Union. Recognized minority language in Czechia, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro and Slovakia.
            • Montenegrin 🇲🇪 – Official language of Montenegro. Recognized minority language in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
            • Serbian 🇷🇸 – Official language of Serbia, co-official in Kosovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro.Recognized minority language in Croatia, Czechia, Hungary, North Macedonia, Romania and Slovakia.
          • Slovene 🇸🇮 🇪🇺 – Official language of Slovenia and the European Union.
      • Western Slavic
        • Czech-Slovak
          • Czech 🇨🇿 🇪🇺 – Official language of the Czechia and the European Union. Recognized minority language in Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia.
          • Slovak 🇸🇰 🇪🇺 – Official language of Slovakia and the European Union. Recognized minority language in Croatia, Czechia, Hungary, Poland, Serbia, Ukraine.
        • Lecthitic
          • Kashubian – Recognized minority language in Poland
          • POLISH 🇵🇱 🇪🇺 – Official language of Poland and the European Union.Recognized minority language in Czechia, Hungary, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Ukraine.
          • Pomeranian – Recognized minority language in Poland
          • Silesian – Recognized regional language of Poland
        • Sorbian
          • Lower Sorbian – endangered minority language in easter Germany
          • Upper Sorbian – Minority language spoken in the Saxony part of Germany
  • Celtic languages
    • Breton – Recognized minority language of the providence of Brittany in France
    • Cornish – Minority language in Cornwall, England
    • IRISH 🇮🇪 🇪🇺 – Official language of the Republic of Ireland and the European Union. Recognized minority language of Northern Ireland, UK.
    • Manx 🇮🇲– Official language of the Isle of Man
    • Scottish Gaelic – Recognized minority language of Scotland
    • Welsh 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁷󠁬󠁳󠁿 🇬🇧 – Official language of Wales
  • Germanic languages
    • Northern Germanic
      • DANISH 🇩🇰 🇫🇴 🇪🇺 – Official language of Denmark, Faroe Islands and the European Union. Recognized minority language in Greenland and Germany.
      • Faroese 🇫🇴 – Co-Official language in the Faroe Islands. Recognized minority language in Denmark and Greenland.
      • Icelandic 🇮🇸 – Official language of Iceland.
      • NORWEGIAN 🇳🇴 – Official language of Norway
      • SWEDISH 🇸🇪 🇫🇮 🇦🇽 🇪🇺 – Official language of Sweden, Finland, Âland Islands and the European Union.
    • Western Germanic
      • DUTCH 🇧🇪 🇳🇱 🇪🇺 – Official language in Belgium, the Netherlands and the European Union.
      • ENGLISH 🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 🇮🇪 🇪🇺 – Official language in the UK, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Jersey, Malta co-official in Ireland and the European Union. .English is also the second primary language spoken in most European countries.
      • Elfdanian 🇸🇪 – Isolated language spoken by about 3,000 people in Älvdalen,Sweden.
      • Frisian 🇳🇱 🇩🇪 – Regional language spoken by about 500,000 people in the Netherlands and Germany.
      • GERMAN 🇩🇪 🇦🇹 🇧🇪 🇱🇮 🇱🇺 🇨🇭 🇪🇺 – Official language of Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland and the European Union. German has three main subdivisions divided into multiple dialects.
        • Low German – German spoken in northern Germany with 14 dialects regionally across northern Germany, Belgium and the Nehterlands.
        • Central German – Eleven dialects of German spoken throughout central Germany and Luxembourg
          • Erzgebirgisch – German dialect around Czechia boarder.
          • HessianGerman dialect around Frankfurt.
          • Lorraine-Franconian – German dialect in small area of France on German boarder.
          • Lusatian-Silesian – German dialect along boarder with Poland.
          • Luxembourgish 🇱🇺 – Official language of Luxembourg. Dialect of High German Franconian
          • Moselle-Franconian – German dialect around Koblenz, Trier and Moselle river valley
          • Palatinate-German – German dialect around Kaiserslautern.
          • Ripuarian – German dialect around Cologne.
          • South Marchian – German dialect around Berlin
          • Thuringian – German dialect around Efurt and Eisenach.
          • Upper Saxon – German dialect around Dresden and Leipzig.
        • Upper German with eight dialects spoken regionally.
          • East Franconian – German dialect spoken around Heidelberg and Strasbourg, France areas.
          • South Franconian – German dialect spoken around Nuremberg and Wurzburg.
          • Swabian – German dialect spoken around Stuttgart.
          • Low Alemannic – German dialect spoken in south Germany along Swiss boarder and Liechtenstein.
          • High Alemannic 🇨🇭 – Official language of Switzerland and German dialect used in German speaker Switzerland.
          • Northern-Bavarian – Small German dialect between Nuremberg and Regensburg.
          • Central-Bavarian 🇦🇹 – German dialect of Bavaria spoken in Southeast Germany and Austria. Includes Munich Salzburg and Vienna regions.
          • Southern-Bavarian (Cimbrian) 🇮🇹 – German dialect spoken in Tyrol region of Austria and Italy.
      • Limburgish 🇧🇪 🇩🇪 🇳🇱 – Recognized minority language of the Netherlands. Also spoken in Belgium and Germany.
      • Scots 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 – Minority language spoken in Scotland and Northern Ireland
      • Yiddish – West Germanic language historically spoken by Ashkenazi Jews. Official language in the Jewish Autonomous Oblast of Russia. Recognized minority language in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia, Sweden and Ukraine.
  • Hellenic languages
    • GREEK 🇬🇷 🇨🇾 🇪🇺 – Official language of Greece, Cyprus and the European Union.Four modern dialects are Northern, Ionian-Peloponnesian, Southern and Southeasten.
    • Tsakonian – Form of Greek sparsely spoken in the eastern Peloponnese.
  • Italic (Romance) languages
    • Eastern
      • ROMANIAN 🇷🇴 🇪🇺 – Official language of Romania, Moldova,and the European Union.
      • Aromanian – Recognized minority language of Albania and North Macedonia.
      • Magleno-Romanian – Language spoken in the Moglena region that spans the border between the Greek region of Macedonia and North Macedonia.
      • Istro-Romanian – Recognized minority language of Albania and North Macedonia.
    • Gallo-Romance
      • Gallo-Italic (Cisalpine)
        • Emilian-Romagnol – Language spoken in the Northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna.
        • Ligurian Language spoken the region of Liguria in Northern Italy as well as, France and Monaco.
        • Lombard – Spoken by millions of speakers in Northern Italy and Southern Switzerland,
        • Piedmontese – Recognized minority language in Itlay is spoken by some 2,000,000 people mostly in Piedmont, northwestern region of Italy
        • Venetian – Spoken native language by Venetians, by almost four million people in the northeast of Italy
      • Franco-Provençal (Arpitan) Recognized minority language spoken in east-central France, western Switzerland and northwestern Italy.
      • Langue d’oïl – A dialect continuum that includes standard French
        • FRENCH 🇫🇷 🇨🇭 🇲🇨 🇪🇺 – Official language of France, Monaco, Switzerland and the European Union.
        • Langue d’oïl French dialects
          • Frankish Zone dialects – Eastern Champenois, Lorrain, Northern Norman and Walloon 🇧🇪 – Official language of Belgium
          • Francien Zone dialects – Berrichon, Bourdonais, Orléanais, Tourangeau , Western Champenois
          • Burgundian Zone dialects – Bourguignon, Franc-Comtois
          • Amorican Zone dialects – Angevin, Gallo, Southern Norman
          • Poitevin-Saintongeais Zone dialects – Poitevin, Saintongeais
      • Occitino-Romance
        • Catalan 🇦🇩 – Official language of Andorra and the communities of the Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia in Spain.
        • Gascon – Official language in Catalonia, Spain. Predominantly spoken in southwest France.
        • Occitan – Official language in Catalonia, Spain. Recognized minority language in Italy, Monaco and 5 regions of France.
      • Rhaeto-Romance
        • Frulian – Official language of the autonomous region of Friuli,Italy.
        • Ladin – Recognized by both provincial and national law in Italy, spoken in the south Tyrol.
        • Romansh 🇨🇭 – Official language in areas of southern Switzerland.
    • West Iberian
      • Astur-Leonese
        • Asturian – Recognized minority language spoken in the Principality of Asturias, Spain
        • Extremaduran – Dialect related to the Asturleonese language, spoken in adjoining areas in the province of Salamanca.
        • Leonese – Official language spoken in Spanish autonomous community of Castile and León of Spain.
        • Mirandese – Sparsely spoken and Co-official language in Miranda do Douro, Portugal
      • Castilian
        • SPANISH 🇪🇸 🇪🇺 – Official language in Spain and the European Union as well as 20 other countries in Central and South America.
        • Ladino (Judeo-Spanish) – Language derived from Old Spanish. Recognized minority language in Bosnia and Herzegovina, France, Israel and Turkey
      • Galician-Portuguese
        • Eonavian 🇪🇸
        • Fala 🇪🇸 – Sparsely spoken language by 10,000 peopole in western Spain on Portuguese boarder.
        • Galician 🇪🇸 – Official language in Galicia, an autonomous community in northwestern Spain.
        • PORTUGUESE 🇵🇹 🇪🇺 – Official language of Portugal and the European Union as well as nine countries out of Europe. Recognized minority status in Portuguese communities throughout the wolrd.
      • Pyranean-Mozarabic-Portuguese
        • Aragonese Language spoken by about 12,000 people in the Pyrenees valleys of Aragon, Spain.
    • Italo-Dalamtion
      • Coriscan
      • Istriot
      • ITALIAN 🇮🇹 🇨🇭 🇪🇺 – Official language of Italy, San Marino, southern Switzerland and the European Union. .
      • Neopolitan
      • Sassarese
      • Silician 🇮🇹
      • Tuscan-Corsican
    • Sardinian – Recognized minority language in Italy and Sardinia. Campidanese and Logudorese are the two dialects spoken.
  • Independent
    • ALBANIAN 🇦🇱 🇲🇰 🇲🇪 🇽🇰 – Official language of Albania and co-official in North Macedonia, Montenegro and Kosovo. Recognized minority language of Croatia, Italy, Romania and Serbia.

Non-Indo-European Languages

Language hierarchy are separated into their sub-divisions and dialects. Those in all caps are dominant languages with variant dialects spoken regionally. Click on the arrow(s) to open or close the tree branches.

  • Semitic languages
    • Hebrew - Old language from the Kingdom of Israel and used in religious practices of Judaism.
    • Maltese 🇲🇹 🇽🇰 - Official language of Malta and the European Union.
  • Turkic languages
    • Southwestern Turkic
      • Azerbaijani 🇧🇾 - Official language of Azerbaijan and Dagestan in the Russian Federation.
      • Crimean Tartar 🇷🇺 🇧🇾 - Official language in the Crimean peninsula.
      • Gagauz 🇲🇩 - Official language in Moldova. Recognized minority language in Ukraine.
      • TURKISH 🇹🇷 🇨🇾 - Official language in Turkey, Cyprus and Northern Cyprus. Recognized minority language in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Iraq, Kosovo, North Macedonia and Romania.
  • Uralic languages
    • Balto-Finnic
      • Estonian (Northern-Standard) 🇪🇪 🇪🇺 - Official language of Estonia and the European Union.
      • FINNISH 🇫🇮 🇪🇺 - Official language of Finland and the European Union. recognized minority language in Norway, Sweden and Russia.
      • Karelian - Recognized minority language in Finland and Karelia of Russian Federation.
      • South Estonian - Language spoken in Southeast Estonia around Tartu.
      • Veps - Recognized minority language in Karelia of Russian Federation.
      • Voltic - Language spoken by the Votes of Ingria in Russia.
    • Sami
      • Central Sami 🇩🇰 🇫🇴 🇪🇺 - Official language of Denmark, Faroe Islands and the European Union. Recognized minority language in Greenland and Germany.
      • Eastern Sami 🇫🇴 - Co-Official language in the Faroe Islands. Recognized minority language in Denmark and Greenland.
      • Western Sami - Official language of Iceland.
    • Hungarian 🇭🇺 🇪🇺 - Official language of Hungary anf the European Union. Recognized minority language in Austria, Croatia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenian and Ukraine.
  • Independent
    • Basque - Official language of Basque Autonomous Community in Spain. Recognized minority language in France.

🇦🇹 Austria
🇩🇰 Denmark
🇫🇷 France
🇩🇪 Germany
🇧🇦 Bosnia & Herzegovina
🇮🇹 Italy
🇳🇱 Netherlands
🇵🇱 Poland
🇬🇧 United Kingdom
🇦🇹 Austria
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🇩🇰 Denmark
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🇫🇷 France
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🇩🇪 Germany
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🇧🇦 Bosnia & Herzegovina
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🇮🇹 Italy
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🇳🇱 Netherlands
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🇵🇱 Poland
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🇬🇧 United Kingdom
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🇩🇪 Berlin
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🇫🇷 France
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🇩🇰 Choose Your Destination
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Map Your Route
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Traveling to Europe can be one of life's most rewarding and memorable experiences. Having important information and a good understanding of European characteristics, prior to your visit, will help you to avoid the common mistakes and pitfalls. The information on this web site, and some of its links, will hopefully provide the traveler with a comprehensive overview on how to travel to and throughout Europe. Having the knowledge about those will only enhance and make your trip easier.

Landmarks
Ancient Sites
Museums
Castles
UNESCO
Religious Sites
War Memorials
cemeteries
Battlefields
routes
Homes & Mansions
Industrial Heritage
National parks
Cave

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🇦🇱 Albania
🇦🇩 Andorra
🇦🇹 Austria

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