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Switzerland

The Swiss Confederation was founded in 1291 as a defensive alliance among three cantons. In succeeding years, other localities joined the original three. The Swiss Confederation secured its independence from the Holy Roman Empire in 1499. A constitution of 1848, subsequently modified in 1874, replaced the confederation with a centralized federal government. Switzerland’s sovereignty and neutrality have long been honored by the major European powers, and the country was not involved in either of the two world wars. The political and economic integration of Europe over the past half century, as well as Switzerland’s role in many UN and international organizations, has strengthened Switzerland’s ties with its neighbors. However, the country did not officially become a UN member until 2002. Switzerland remains active in many UN and international organizations but retains a strong commitment to neutrality.

Tourism Information...
myswitzerland
www.myswitzerland.com/en-us
The Best of Switzerland...
 Switzerland's Most Popular Sights...
Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  
  • Basel
  • Bern
  • Genéva
  • Interlaken
  • Jungfraujoch
    • Lauterbrunnen Valley
    • Grindelwald
    • Eiger Trail
  • Lake Lugano& Ticino
  • Lausanne
  • Lucerne
  • Montreux
  • Rhine Falls-Schaffhausen
  • St. Moritz
  • The Matterhorn-Zermatt
  • Zürich 

Flag_of_SwitzerlandCantons of Switzerland…

Flag_of_Canton_of_Aargau.svg
Aargau
Flag_of_Canton_of_Appenzell_Ausserrhoden.svg
Appenzell Ausserrhoden
Flag_of_Canton_of_Appenzell_Innerrhoden.svg
Appenzell Innerrhoden
Flag_of_Canton_of_Basel_Land.svg
Basel-Landschaft
Flag_of_Canton_of_Basel.svg
Basel-Stadt
Flag_of_Canton_of_Bern.svg
Bern
Flag_of_Canton_of_Fribourg.svg
Fribourg
Flag_of_Canton_of_Geneva.svg
Geneva
Flag_of_Canton_of_Glarus.svg
Glarus
Flag_of_Canton_of_Graubünden.svg
Graubünden
Flag_of_Canton_of_Jura.svg
Jura
Flag_of_Canton_of_Lucerne.svg
Lucerne
Flag_of_Canton_of_Neuchâtel.svg
Neuchâtel
Flag_of_Canton_of_Nidwalden.svg
Nidwalden
Flag_of_Canton_of_Obwalden.svg
Obwalden
Flag_of_Canton_of_Schaffhausen.svg
Schaffhausen
Flag_of_Canton_of_Schwyz.svg
Schwyz
Flag_of_Canton_of_Solothurn.svg
Solothurn
Flag_of_Canton_of_Sankt_Gallen.svg
St. Gallen
Thurgau flag
Thurgau
Flag_of_Canton_of_Tessin.svg
Ticino
Flag_of_Canton_of_Uri.svg
Uri
Flag_of_Canton_of_Valais.svg
Valais
Flag_of_Canton_of_Vaud.svg
Vaud
Flag_of_Canton_of_Zug.svg
Zug
Flag_of_Canton_of_Zürich.svg
Zürich
 
 

Country Information...
 
Capital Bern
Largest City Zurich
Government Federal Republic
Currency Swiss franc (CHF)
Area 41,285 km² – ranked 133rd water:4.2%
Population 8,179,294 (July 2016 est.) ranked 98th
Language German (official) 63.5%, French (official) 22.5%, Italian (official) 8.1%, English 4.4%, Portuguese 3.4%, Albanian 3.1%, Serbo-Croatian 2.5%, Spanish 2.2%, Romansch (official) 0.5%, other 6.6% note: German, French, Italian, and Romansch are all national and official languages; totals more than 100% because some respondents indicated more than one main language (2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%, Romansch 1%, other 6%
Religion Roman Catholic 38.2%, Protestant 26.9%, other Christian 5.6%, Muslim 5%, other 1.6%, none 21.4%, unspecified 1.3% (2013 est.)
Electricity 230V, 50Hz
Country code +41
Internet TLD .ch
Time Zone UTC+1
Drives on the Right
Anthem Swiss Psalm
Motto Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno (Latin) “One for all, all for one”
President Simonetta Sommaruga
Holidays and Observances in Switzerland in 2020
Date   Name Type Details
Jan 1 Wednesday New Year’s Day Common local holiday All
Jan 2 Thursday Berchtold Day Common local holiday 15 cantons
Jan 6 Monday Epiphany Common local holiday GR*, SZ, TI, UR
Feb 14 Friday Valentine’s Day Observance  
Mar 1 Sunday Republic Day Common local holiday Neuchâtel
Mar 19 Thursday Saint Joseph’s Day Common local holiday GR*, LU*, NW, SO*, SZ, TI, UR, VS, ZG*
Mar 20 Friday March Equinox Season  
Mar 29 Sunday Daylight Saving Time starts Clock change/Daylight Saving Time  
Apr 2 Thursday Näfelser Fahrt Common local holiday Glarus
Apr 10 Friday Good Friday Common local holiday All except TI, VS
Apr 12 Sunday Easter Sunday Observance  
Apr 13 Monday Easter Monday Common local holiday All except NE
Apr 20 Monday Sechseläuten Observance Zurich
May 1 Friday May Day Common local holiday AG, BL, BS, FR*, JU, SH, SO*, TG, TI, ZH
May 21 Thursday Ascension Day Common local holiday All
May 31 Sunday Pentecost Observance All
Jun 1 Monday Pentecost Monday Common local holiday All except NE
Jun 11 Thursday Corpus Christi Common local holiday 14 cantons
Jun 20 Saturday June Solstice Season  
Jun 23 Tuesday Jura Independence Day Common local holiday Jura
Jun 29 Monday St. Peter and St. Paul Common local holiday GR*, SO*, TI
Aug 1 Saturday Swiss National Day National holiday  
Aug 15 Saturday Assumption of Mary Common local holiday 14 cantons
Sep 10 Thursday Jeune Genevois Common local holiday Geneva
Sep 12 Saturday Knabenschiessen Observance Zurich
Sep 13 Sunday Knabenschiessen Observance Zurich
Sep 14 Monday Knabenschiessen Observance Zurich
Sep 20 Sunday Swiss Federal Fast Common local holiday All except GE
Sep 21 Monday Federal Fast Monday Common local holiday Vaud
Sep 22 Tuesday September Equinox Season  
Sep 22 Tuesday Mauritius Day Common local holiday AI*, Solothurn*
Sep 25 Friday St. Nicholas of Flüe Common local holiday Obwalden
Oct 25 Sunday Daylight Saving Time ends Clock change/Daylight Saving Time  
Nov 1 Sunday All Saints’ Day Common local holiday 15 cantons
Dec 8 Tuesday Immaculate Conception Common local holiday 12 cantons
Dec 21 Monday December Solstice Season  
Dec 24 Thursday Christmas Eve Observance  
Dec 25 Friday Christmas Day Common local holiday All
Dec 26 Saturday St. Stephen’s Day Common local holiday All except GE, JU, VD
Dec 31 Thursday New Year’s Eve Observance  
Dec 31 Thursday Restoration Day Common local holiday Geneva