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Countries

Poland

Poland’s history as a state began near the middle of the 10th century. By the mid-16th century, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth ruled a vast tract of land in Central and Eastern Europe. During the 18th century, internal disorders weakened the nation, and in a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland among themselves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union “Solidarity” that over time became a political force with over 10 million members. Free elections in 1989 and 1990 won Solidarity control of the parliament and the presidency, bringing the communist era to a close. A “shock therapy” program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the EU in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic, market-oriented country largely completed and with large investments in defense, energy, and other infrastructure, Poland is an increasingly active member of Euro-Atlantic organizations.

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Poland Tourism Information…

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The Best of Poland…

Central Poland
Greater Poland
Lesser Poland
Northeastern Poland
Pomerania
Silesia

Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  


Bialowieza Forest
Crooked Forest – Gryfino
Gdansk
Slowinski Sand Dunes-Kluki
 Krakow Market Square & Old Town
Wawel Castle & Cathedral
Jewish District & Schindler’s Factory
Majdanek Nuseum – Lublin
Malbork Castle
Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum-Oswiecim
Poznan
Torun
Warsaw Old Town Market Square
POLIN Museum
Warsaw Rising Museum
Wieliczka Salt Mine
Wroclaw
Zakopane

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Poland Country Information…

Capital:

Warsaw

Largest City:

Warsaw

Government:

Parliamentary Republic

Currency:

Złoty (PLN)

Area:

Total: 312,685 sq km land: 304,255 sq km ( 120,733 sq mi) – Ranked: 71st water: 8,430 sq km

Climate:

Temperate with cold, cloudy, moderately severe winters with frequent precipitation; mild summers with frequent showers and thundershowers

Population:

38,523,261 (July 2016 est.) ranked 35th

Language:

Polish (official) 98.2%, Silesian 1.4%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.3%
note: data represents the language spoken at home; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census; Poland ratified the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages in 2009 recognizing Kashub as a regional language, Czech, Hebrew, Yiddish, Belarusian, Lithuanian, German, Armenian, Russian, Slovak, and Ukrainian as national minority languages, and Karaim, Lemko, Romani (Polska Roma and Bergitka Roma), and Tatar as ethnic minority languages (2011 est.)

Ethnic Groups:

Polish 96.9%, Silesian 1.1%, German 0.2%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other and unspecified 1.7%
note: represents ethnicity declared first (2011 est.)

Religion:

Catholic 87.2% (includes Roman Catholic 86.9% and Greek Catholic, Armenian Catholic, and Byzantine-Slavic Catholic .3%), Orthodox 1.3% (almost all are Polish Autocephalous Orthodox), Protestant 0.4% (mainly Augsburg Evangelical and Pentacostal), other 0.4% (includes Jehovah’s Witness, Buddhist, Hare Krishna, Gaudiya Vaishnavism, Muslim, Jewish, Mormon), unspecified 10.8% (2012 est.)

Electricity:

230V, 50Hz (European plug C, E )

Telephone Code:

+48

Local Emergency Phone Number:

112, 999

Internet TLD:

.pl

Time Zone:

CET (UTC+1) / Summer CEST (UTC+2) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March, ends last Sunday in October

Road DrivingSide:

Right

Anthem:

Mazurek Dąbrowskiego “Poland Is Not Yet Lost”

President:

Andrzej Duda

Prime Minister:

Mateusz Morawiecki

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Holidays and Observances in Poland in 2020

Date NameType
Jan 1WednesdayNew Year’s DayNational holiday
Jan 6MondayEpiphanyNational holiday
Feb 14FridayValentine’s DayObservance
Mar 20FridayMarch EquinoxSeason
Apr 10FridayGood FridayObservance
Apr 11SaturdayHoly SaturdayObservance
Apr 12SundayEaster SundayNational holiday
Apr 13MondayEaster MondayNational holiday
May 1FridayLabor Day / May DayNational holiday
May 2SaturdayDay of the FlagObservance
May 3SundayConstitution DayNational holiday
May 26TuesdayMother’s DayObservance
May 31SundayWhit SundayNational holiday
Jun 11ThursdayCorpus ChristiNational holiday
Jun 20SaturdayJune SolsticeSeason
Jun 23TuesdayFather’s DayObservance
Aug 15SaturdayAssumption of MaryNational holiday
Sep 22TuesdaySeptember EquinoxSeason
Nov 1SundayAll Saints’ DayNational holiday
Nov 11WednesdayIndependence DayNational holiday
Dec 21MondayDecember SolsticeSeason
Dec 24ThursdayChristmas EveObservance
Dec 25FridayChristmas DayNational holiday
Dec 26SaturdaySecond Day of ChristmasNational holiday
Dec 31ThursdayNew Year’s EveObservance