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Poland

Rzeczpospolita Polska

Republic of Poland

Poland’s history as a state began near the middle of the 10th century. By the mid-16th century, the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth ruled a vast tract of land in Central and Eastern Europe. During the 18th century, internal disorders weakened the nation, and in a series of agreements between 1772 and 1795, Russia, Prussia, and Austria partitioned Poland among themselves. Poland regained its independence in 1918 only to be overrun by Germany and the Soviet Union in World War II. It became a Soviet satellite state following the war, but its government was comparatively tolerant and progressive. Labor turmoil in 1980 led to the formation of the independent trade union “Solidarity” that over time became a political force with over 10 million members. Free elections in 1989 and 1990 won Solidarity control of the parliament and the presidency, bringing the communist era to a close. A “shock therapy” program during the early 1990s enabled the country to transform its economy into one of the most robust in Central Europe. Poland joined NATO in 1999 and the EU in 2004. With its transformation to a democratic, market-oriented country largely completed and with large investments in defense, energy, and other infrastructure, Poland is an increasingly active member of Euro-Atlantic organizations.

Tourism Information...
Polska
www.poland.travel/en
The Best of Poland...

Poland's Most Popular Sights...

Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  

  • Bialowieza Forest
  • Crooked Forest – Gryfino
  • Gdansk
  • Slowinski Sand Dunes-Kluki
  •  Krakow
    • Market Square & Old Town
    • Wawel Castle & Cathedral
    • Jewish District & Schindler’s Factory
  • Majdanek Nuseum – Lublin
  • Malbork Castle
  • Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum-Oswiecim
  • Poznan
  • Torun
  • Warsaw
    • Old Town Market Square
    • POLIN Museum
    • Warsaw Rising Museum
  • Wieliczka Salt Mine
  • Wroclaw
  • Zakopane

Flag_of_PolandVoivodeships of Poland…

Greater Poland
Greater Poland
Kuyavian-Pomeranian
Kuyavian-Pomeranian
Lesser Poland
Lesser Poland
łódz_flag.svg
Łódź
Lower Silisian
Lower Silesian
Lublin
Lublin
Lubusz
Lubusz
Masovian
Masovian
Oposkie-
Opole
Podlaskie
Podlaskie
Pomeranian
Pomeranian
Silisian
Silesian
świętokrzyskie_flag.svg
Świętokrzyskie
Warmian-Masurian
Warmian-Masurian
West Pomeranian
West Pomeranian
 

 
Country Information...
 
Capital Warsaw
Largest City Warsaw
Government Parliamentary Republic
Currency Złoty (PLN)
Area 312,685km² Water 3.07% ranked 70th
Population 38,523,261 (July 2016 est.) ranked 35th
Language Polish (official) 98.2%, Silesian 1.4%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.3%
note: data represents the language spoken at home; shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census; Poland ratified the European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages in 2009 recognizing Kashub as a regional language, Czech, Hebrew, Yiddish, Belarusian, Lithuanian, German, Armenian, Russian, Slovak, and Ukrainian as national minority languages, and Karaim, Lemko, Romani (Polska Roma and Bergitka Roma), and Tatar as ethnic minority languages (2011 est.)
Ethnic Groups Polish 96.9%, Silesian 1.1%, German 0.2%, Ukrainian 0.1%, other and unspecified 1.7%
note: represents ethnicity declared first (2011 est.)
Religion Catholic 87.2% (includes Roman Catholic 86.9% and Greek Catholic, Armenian Catholic, and Byzantine-Slavic Catholic .3%), Orthodox 1.3% (almost all are Polish Autocephalous Orthodox), Protestant 0.4% (mainly Augsburg Evangelical and Pentacostal), other 0.4% (includes Jehovah’s Witness, Buddhist, Hare Krishna, Gaudiya Vaishnavism, Muslim, Jewish, Mormon), unspecified 10.8% (2012 est.)
Electricity 230V, 50Hz (European plug)
Country code +48
Emergencies dial 112
Internet TLD .pl
Time Zone UTC+1
Drives on the Right
Anthem Mazurek Dąbrowskiego “Poland Is Not Yet Lost”
President Andrzej Duda
Prime Minister Beata Szydło
Holidays and Observances in Poland in 2020
Date   Name Type
Jan 1 Wednesday New Year’s Day National holiday
Jan 6 Monday Epiphany National holiday
Feb 14 Friday Valentine’s Day Observance
Mar 20 Friday March Equinox Season
Apr 10 Friday Good Friday Observance
Apr 11 Saturday Holy Saturday Observance
Apr 12 Sunday Easter Sunday National holiday
Apr 13 Monday Easter Monday National holiday
May 1 Friday Labor Day / May Day National holiday
May 2 Saturday Day of the Flag Observance
May 3 Sunday Constitution Day National holiday
May 26 Tuesday Mother’s Day Observance
May 31 Sunday Whit Sunday National holiday
Jun 11 Thursday Corpus Christi National holiday
Jun 20 Saturday June Solstice Season
Jun 23 Tuesday Father’s Day Observance
Aug 15 Saturday Assumption of Mary National holiday
Sep 22 Tuesday September Equinox Season
Nov 1 Sunday All Saints’ Day National holiday
Nov 11 Wednesday Independence Day National holiday
Dec 21 Monday December Solstice Season
Dec 24 Thursday Christmas Eve Observance
Dec 25 Friday Christmas Day National holiday
Dec 26 Saturday Second Day of Christmas National holiday
Dec 31 Thursday New Year’s Eve Observance