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Iceland

Settled by Norwegian and Celtic (Scottish and Irish) immigrants during the late 9th and 10th centuries A.D., Iceland boasts the world’s oldest functioning legislative assembly, the Althingi, established in 930. Independent for over 300 years, Iceland was subsequently ruled by Norway and Denmark. Fallout from the Askja volcano of 1875 devastated the Icelandic economy and caused widespread famine. Over the next quarter century, 20% of the island’s population emigrated, mostly to Canada and the US. Denmark granted limited home rule in 1874 and complete independence in 1944. The second half of the 20th century saw substantial economic growth driven primarily by the fishing industry. The economy diversified greatly after the country joined the European Economic Area in 1994, but Iceland was especially hard hit by the global financial crisis in the years following 2008. Literacy, longevity, and social cohesion are first rate by world standards.

Tourism Information...
Visit Iceland
www.visiticeland.com
The Best of Iceland...
Iceland's Most Popular Sights...
Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  
  • Aurora Borealis
  • The Great Geysir Strokkur
  • Godafoss
  • Blue Lagoon-Grindavík
  • Gullfoss-Blaskogabyggd
  • Harpa
  • Jökulsárlón
  • Landmannalaugar National Park
  • Lake Mývatn Geothermal Area and Reserve
  • Reykjavik
    • Hallgrímskirkja Church
  • Skógafoss -Skógar
  • Þingvellir 
  • Vaynajökull National Park
    • Skaftafell Ice Cave
    • Dettifoss Waterfall
    • Askja Caldera
  • Vik

Flag_of_IcelandRegions of Iceland…

Austurland East Region) Höfuðborgarsvæði Capitol Region) Norðurland eystra (Northeast Region) Norðurland vestra (Northwest Region)
Suðurland (Southern Region) Suðurnes Southern Peninsula) Vestfirðir (Westfjords) Vesturland (West Region)

Country Information...
 
Capital Ryekjavik
Largest City Ryekjavik
Government Republic
Currency Icelandic króna (ISK)
Area 103,001 km2  ranked 108th
Population 335,878 (July 2016 est.) ranked 179th
Language Icelandic, English, Nordic languages, German widely spoken
Ethnic Groups homogeneous mixture of descendants of Norse and Celts 94%, population of foreign origin 6%
Religion Evangelical Lutheran Church of Iceland (official) 73.8%, Roman Catholic 3.6%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.9%, Hafnarfjorour Free Church 2%, The Independent Congregation 1%, other religions 3.9% (includes Pentecostal and Asatru Association), none 5.6%, other or unspecified 7.2% (2015 est.)
Electricity 230V, 50Hz (European plug)
Country code +354
Internet TLD .is
Time Zone /Summer CET (UTC)
Drives on the Right
Anthem Lofsöngur
President Gudni Thoriacius Jóhannesson
Prime Minister Katrin Jakobsdottir
Holidays and Observances in Iceland in 2020
Date   Name Type
Jan 1 Wednesday New Year’s Day National holiday
Jan 6 Monday Twelfth Night Observance
Feb 14 Friday Valentine’s Day Observance
Feb 26 Wednesday Ash Wednesday Observance
Mar 20 Friday March Equinox Season
Apr 9 Thursday Maundy Thursday National holiday
Apr 10 Friday Good Friday National holiday
Apr 11 Saturday Holy Saturday Observance
Apr 12 Sunday Easter Sunday National holiday
Apr 13 Monday Easter Monday National holiday
Apr 23 Thursday First Day of Summer National holiday
May 1 Friday Labour Day National holiday
May 10 Sunday Mothers’ Day Observance
May 21 Thursday Ascension Day National holiday
May 31 Sunday Whit Sunday National holiday
Jun 1 Monday Whit Monday National holiday
Jun 17 Wednesday Icelandic Republic Day National holiday
Jun 20 Saturday June Solstice Season
Aug 3 Monday Commerce Day National holiday
Sep 22 Tuesday September Equinox Season
Oct 31 Saturday Halloween Observance
Nov 8 Sunday Fathers’ Day Observance
Dec 1 Tuesday Independence Day Observance
Dec 21 Monday December Solstice Season
Dec 24 Thursday Christmas Eve (from noon) National holiday
Dec 25 Friday Christmas Day National holiday
Dec 26 Saturday Second Day of Christmas National holiday
Dec 31 Thursday New Year’s Eve (from noon) National holiday