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Greece

Greece achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories, most with Greek-speaking populations. In World War II, Greece was first invaded by Italy (1940) and subsequently occupied by Germany (1941-44); fighting endured in a protracted civil war between supporters of the king and other anti-communist and communist rebels. Following the latter’s defeat in 1949, Greece joined NATO in 1952. In 1967, a group of military officers seized power, establishing a military dictatorship that suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country. In 1974 following the collapse of the dictatorship, democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy. In 1981, Greece joined the EC (now the EU); it became the 12th member of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) in 2001. Greece has suffered a severe economic crisis since late 2009, due to nearly a decade of chronic overspending and structural rigidities. Since 2010, Greece has entered three bailout agreements with the European Commission, the European Central Bank (ECB), and the IMF. The Greek Government agreed to its current, $96 billion bailout in July 2015, which will conclude in August 2018.

Tourism Information...
Greece Classic
www.visitgreece.gr
 The Best of Greece...
 Greece's Most Popular Sights...

Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  

  • Athens
    • The Acropolis
      • Erechtheion
      • New Acropolis Museum
      • Temple of Nike
      • Parthenon
    • Ancient Agora
    • Nat. Archaeological Museum
    • Plaka District
    • Syntagma Square
    • Temple of Hephaestus
  • Cyclades Islands
    • Delos
    • Milos
    • Mykonos
    • Naxos
    • Paros
    • Santorini
  • Crete
    • Elafonissi
    • Knossos 
    • Samaria Gorge
  • Delphi
  • Dodecaneses Islands
    • Patmos
    • Rhodes
  • Epidarius
  • Ioanian Islands
    • Corfu
    • Kefalonia
      • Melissani Cave
      • Myrtos Beach
    • Zakynthos
  • Lindos
  • Meteora
  • Mt. Athos
  • Mycenae
  • Mystras
  • Olympia
  • Peloponnese
  • Thessaloniki
  • Zagori

Flag_of_GreeceDivisions of Greece…

Attica
Attica
 
Central Greece
Central Greece
Flag_of_Greek_Macedonia.svg
Central Macedonia
Crete
Crete
 
Flag_of_Greek_Macedonia.svg
East Macedonia & Trace
Region.Epirus
Epirus
Flag_of_the_Ionian Islands.svg
Ionian Islands
 
Flag_of_the_Greek_Orthodox_Church.svg
Mt. Athos
 
North_Aegean
North Aegean
Coat_of_arms_of_Greece.svg
Peloponnese
South_Aegean_Region_flag.svg
South Aegean
Thessaly-prefecture-flag.svg
Thessaly
 
Western.Greece
West Greece
Flag_of_Greek_Macedonia.svg
West Macedonia
 
  

 

Country Information...
 
Capital Athens
Largest City Athens
Government Parliamentary Republic
Currency Euro (€)
Area total: 131,957 km2 ranked 97th water: 1,310 km2 land: 130,647 km2
Population 110,773,253 (July 2016 est.) ranked 85th
Language Greek (official) 99%, other (includes English and French) 1%
Ethnic Groups population: Greek 93%, other (foreign citizens) 7% (2001 census)
note: data represent citizenship, since Greece does not collect data on ethnicity
Religion Greek Orthodox (official) 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%
Electricity 220V/50Hz (European plug)
Country code +30
Internet TLD .gr
Time Zone CET (UTC+2)
Drives on the Right
Anthem Il : Ὕμνος εἰς τὴν Ἐλευθερίαν
“Hymn to Liberty”
Motto Ελευθερία ή Θάνατος, “Freedom or Death” (traditional)
President Ekaterini Sakellaroulou
Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis
Holidays and Observances in Greece in 2020
Date   Name Type
Jan 1 Wednesday New Year’s Day De facto holiday
Jan 6 Monday Epiphany De facto holiday
Jan 30 Thursday The Three Holy Hierarchs Observance
Feb 14 Friday Valentine’s Day Observance
Mar 2 Monday Clean Monday De facto holiday
Mar 20 Friday March Equinox Season
Mar 25 Wednesday 25th of March (national holiday) National holiday
Mar 25 Wednesday Annunciation of the Lord National holiday
Apr 17 Friday Orthodox Good Friday De facto holiday
Apr 19 Sunday Orthodox Easter Sunday Observance
Apr 20 Monday Orthodox Easter Monday National holiday
May 1 Friday Labor Day / May Day De facto holiday
Jun 7 Sunday Orthodox Holy Spirit Sunday Observance
Jun 8 Monday Orthodox Holy Spirit Monday De facto holiday
Jun 21 Sunday June Solstice Season
Jul 24 Friday The Restoration of Democracy Observance
Aug 15 Saturday Dormition of the Holy Virgin National holiday
Sep 22 Tuesday September Equinox Season
Oct 28 Wednesday The Ochi day De facto holiday
Nov 17 Tuesday Polytechneio Observance
Nov 21 Saturday Armed Forces Day Observance
Dec 21 Monday December Solstice Season
Dec 25 Friday Christmas Day National holiday
Dec 26 Saturday Synaxis of the Mother of God De facto holiday