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Countries

Greece

Greece achieved independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1830. During the second half of the 19th century and the first half of the 20th century, it gradually added neighboring islands and territories, most with Greek-speaking populations. In World War II, Greece was first invaded by Italy (1940) and subsequently occupied by Germany (1941-44); fighting endured in a protracted civil war between supporters of the king and other anti-communist and communist rebels. Following the latter’s defeat in 1949, Greece joined NATO in 1952. In 1967, a group of military officers seized power, establishing a military dictatorship that suspended many political liberties and forced the king to flee the country. In 1974 following the collapse of the dictatorship, democratic elections and a referendum created a parliamentary republic and abolished the monarchy. In 1981, Greece joined the EC (now the EU); it became the 12th member of the European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) in 2001. Greece has suffered a severe economic crisis since late 2009, due to nearly a decade of chronic overspending and structural rigidities. Since 2010, Greece has entered three bailout agreements with the European Commission, the European Central Bank (ECB), and the IMF. The Greek Government agreed to its current, $96 billion bailout in July 2015, which will conclude in August 2018.

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Greece Tourism Information…

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 The Best of Greece…

Central Greece
Greek Islands
Northern Greece
Peloponnese
Thessaly

Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  

Cyclades Islands Delos
Milos
Mykonos
Naxos
Paros
Santorini
Crete Elafonissi
Knossos 
Samaria GorgeDelphi
Dodecaneses Islands Patmos
Rhodes
Epidarius
Ioanian Islands Corfu
Kefalonia Melissani Cave
Myrtos Beach
Zakynthos
Lindos
Meteora
Mt. Athos
Mycenae
Mystras
Olympia
Peloponnese
Thessaloniki
Zagori

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Greece Country Information…

Capital:

Athens

Largest City:

Athens

Government:

Parliamentary Republic

Currency:

Euro (€)

Area:

Total: 131,957 km2 land: 130,647 km2 – Ranked 97th water: 1,310 km2 

Climate:

temperate; mild, wet winters; hot, dry summers

Population:

110,773,253 (July 2016 est.) ranked 85th

Language:

Greek (official) 99%, other (includes English and French) 1%

Ethnic Groups:

Population: Greek 93%, other (foreign citizens) 7% (2001 census)
note: data represent citizenship, since Greece does not collect data on ethnicity

Religion:

Greek Orthodox (official) 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7%

Electricity:

230V, 50Hz (European plug C, F, )

Telephone Code:

+30

Local Emergency Phone Number:

Ambulance: 112, 166; Fire: 112, 199; Police: 112, 100

Internet TLD:

.gr

Time Zone:

EET (UTC+2) / Summer EEST (UTC+3) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March, ends last Sunday in October

Road DrivingSide:

Right

Anthem:

Il : Ὕμνος εἰς τὴν Ἐλευθερίαν

Motto:

Ελευθερία ή Θάνατος, “Freedom or Death” (traditional)

President:

Ekaterini Sakellaroulou

Prime Minister:

Kyriakos Mitsotakis

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Holidays and Observances in Greece in 2021

Date NameType
Jan 1FridayNew Year’s DayDe facto holiday
Jan 6WednesdayEpiphanyDe facto holiday
Jan 30SaturdayThe Three Holy HierarchsObservance
Feb 14SundayValentine’s DayObservance
Mar 15MondayClean MondayDe facto holiday
Mar 20SaturdayMarch EquinoxSeason
Mar 25Thursday25th of March (national holiday)National holiday
Mar 25ThursdayAnnunciation of the LordNational holiday
Apr 30FridayOrthodox Good FridayDe facto holiday
May 1SaturdayLabor Day / May DayNational holiday
May 2SundayOrthodox Easter SundayObservance
May 3MondayOrthodox Easter MondayNational holiday
May 4TuesdayDay off for Labor Day / May DayNational holiday
Jun 20SundayOrthodox Holy Spirit SundayObservance
Jun 21MondayOrthodox Holy Spirit MondayDe facto holiday
Jun 21MondayJune SolsticeSeason
Jul 24SaturdayThe Restoration of DemocracyObservance
Aug 15SundayDormition of the Holy VirginNational holiday
Sep 22WednesdaySeptember EquinoxSeason
Oct 28ThursdayThe Ochi dayDe facto holiday
Nov 17WednesdayPolytechneioObservance
Nov 21SundayArmed Forces DayObservance
Dec 21TuesdayDecember SolsticeSeason
Dec 25SaturdayChristmas DayNational holiday
Dec 26SundaySynaxis of the Mother of GodNational holiday