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Countries

Czechia

At the close of World War I, the Czechs and Slovaks of the former Austro-Hungarian Empire merged to form Czechoslovakia. During the interwar years, having rejected a federal system, the new country’s predominantly Czech leaders were frequently preoccupied with meeting the increasingly strident demands of other ethnic minorities within the republic, most notably the Slovaks, the Sudeten Germans, and the Ruthenians (Ukrainians). On the eve of World War II, Nazi Germany occupied the territory that today comprises Czechia, and Slovakia became an independent state allied with Germany. After the war, a reunited but truncated Czechoslovakia (less Ruthenia) fell within the Soviet sphere of influence. In 1968, an invasion by Warsaw Pact troops ended the efforts of the country’s leaders to liberalize communist rule and create “socialism with a human face,” ushering in a period of repression known as “normalization.” The peaceful “Velvet Revolution” swept the Communist Party from power at the end of 1989 and inaugurated a return to democratic rule and a market economy. On 1 January 1993, the country underwent a nonviolent “velvet divorce” into its two national components, the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the European Union in 2004. The country changed its short-form name to Czechia in 2016.

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Czechia Tourism Information…

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The Best of the Czechia…

Bohemia
The Highlands
Moravia

Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  

Brno
Cesky Krumlov
Karlovy Vary
Olomouc
Ostrava
Pilsen
Prague Charles Bridge
Lobkowicz Palace
New Town
Municipal House Hall
Powder Tower
 Prague Old Town Square
Stare Mesto
Town Hall Clock
Spanish Synagogue
Petrin Hill
Prague Castle
St. Vitus Cathedral
Terezin
St. Barbara Cathedral -Kutna Hora

  

 

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Czechia Country Information…

Capital:

Prague

Largest City:

Prague

Government:

parliamentary democracy

Currency:

Czech crown (CZK) – “koruna”

Area:

total: 78,866 km² ranked 116th water: 2%

Climate:

Temperate; humid and overcast; mild, windy winters and cool summers

Population:

10,644,842 (July 2016 est.) ranked 87th

Language:

Czech (official) 95.4%, Slovak 1.6%, other 3% (2011 census)

Ethnic Groups:

Czech 64.3%, Moravian 5%, Slovak 1.4%, other 1.8%, unspecified 27.5% (2011 est.)

Religion:

Roman Catholic 10.4%, Protestant (includes Czech Brethren and Hussite) 1.1%, other and unspecified 54%, none 34.5% (2011 est.)

Electricity:

230V, 50Hz (European plug C,E)

Telephone Code:

+420

Local Emergency Phone Number:

Ambulance: 112, 155; Fire: 150; Police: 158

Internet TLD:

.cz

Time Zone:

CET (UTC+1) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March, ends last Sunday in October

Road Driving Side:

Right

Anthem:

“Kde domov müj?” (Where is my home)

Motto:

“Pravda vîtezí (Truth Prevails)

President:

Miloš Zeman

Prime Minister:

Andrej Babis

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Holidays and Observances in Czechia in 2020

Date NameType
Jan 1WednesdayNew Year’s DayNational holiday
Jan 1WednesdayRestoration of the Czech Independence DayNational holiday
Feb 14FridaySt. Valentine’s DayObservance
Feb 26WednesdayCarnival / Ash WednesdayChristian
Mar 8SundayInternational Women’s DayObservance
Mar 20FridayMarch EquinoxSeason
Apr 5SundayPalm SundayChristian
Apr 9ThursdayMaundy ThursdayChristian
Apr 10FridayGood FridayNational holiday
Apr 11SaturdayHoly SaturdayChristian
Apr 12SundayEaster SundayChristian
Apr 13MondayEaster MondayNational holiday
May 1FridayLabor Day / May DayNational holiday
May 8FridayVictory in Europe DayNational holiday
May 10SundayMother’s DayObservance
May 21ThursdayAscension DayChristian
May 31SundayWhit SundayChristian
Jun 1MondayWhit MondayChristian
Jun 1MondayChildren’s DayObservance
Jun 7SundayTrinityChristian
Jun 20SaturdayJune SolsticeSeason
Jun 21SundayFather’s DayObservance
Jul 5SundaySaints Cyril and MethodiusNational holiday
Jul 6MondayJan Hus DayNational holiday
Sep 22TuesdaySeptember EquinoxSeason
Sep 28MondaySt. Wenceslas DayNational holiday
Oct 28WednesdayIndependent Czechoslovak State DayNational holiday
Nov 17TuesdayStruggle for Freedom and Democracy DayNational holiday
Dec 21MondayDecember SolsticeSeason
Dec 24ThursdayChristmas EveNational holiday
Dec 25FridayChristmas DayNational holiday
Dec 26SaturdaySt. Stephen’s DayNational holiday