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Cyprus

A former British colony, Cyprus became independent in 1960 following years of resistance to British rule. Tensions between the Greek Cypriot majority and Turkish Cypriot minority communities came to a head in December 1963, when violence broke out in the capital of Nicosia. Despite the deployment of UN peacekeepers in 1964, sporadic intercommunal violence continued, forcing most Turkish Cypriots into enclaves throughout the island. In 1974, a Greek Government-sponsored attempt to overthrow the elected president of Cyprus was met by military intervention from Turkey, which soon controlled more than a third of the island. In 1983, the Turkish Cypriot administered area declared itself the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (“TRNC”), but it is recognized only by Turkey. An UN-mediated agreement, the Annan Plan, failed to win approval by both communities in 2004. In February 2014, after a hiatus of nearly two years, the leaders of the two communities resumed formal discussions under UN auspices aimed at reuniting the divided island. The most recent round of negotiations to reunify the island were suspended in July 2017 after failure to achieve a breakthrough. The entire island entered the EU on 1 May 2004, although the EU acquis – the body of common rights and obligations – applies only to the areas under the internationally recognized government, and is suspended in the “TRNC.” However, individual Turkish Cypriots able to document their eligibility for Republic of Cyprus citizenship legally enjoy the same rights accorded to other citizens of EU states.

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Cyprus Tourism Information…

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The Best of Cyprus…

Cyprus
Northern Cyprus

Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  

Nissi Beach-Ayia Napa
Karpas Peninsula
Kolossi Castle-Kolossi
Kykkos Monastery
St. Hilarion Castle-Kyrenia
Church of St. Lazarus- Larnaca 
Kourion Arcxhaelogical Site-Lemesos
Limassol Castle-Limassol
Mt. Olympus & Troodos Mountains
Paphos Kato Archaeological Park
Paphos Castle
Petra tou Romiou
Tomb of the Kings
Fig Tree Bay-Protaras
Salamis Ancient Site

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Cyprus Country Information…

Capital:

Nicosia

Largest City:

Limassol

Government:

Unitary Presidential Constitutional Republic

Currency:

Euro (€)

Area:

9,250 km 2 – (3,572 Sq. Mi.) ranked 168th

Climate:

Temperate; Mediterranean with hot, dry summers and cool winters

Population:

1,205,575 (July 2016 est.) Rank 161st

Language:

Greek (official) 80.9%, Turkish (official) 0.2%, English 4.1%, Romanian 2.9%, Russian 2.5%, Bulgarian 2.2%, Arabic 1.2%, Filipino 1.1%, other 4.3%, unspecified 0.6% note: data represent only the government-controlled area of Cyprus (2011 est.)Greek (official), Turkish (official)

Ethnic Groups:

Greek 98.8%, other 1% (includes Maronite, Armenian, Turkish-Cypriot), unspecified 0.2% note: data represent only the government-controlled area of Cyprus (2011 est.)

Religion:

Orthodox Christian 89.1%, Roman Catholic 2.9%, Protestant/Anglican 2%, Muslim 1.8%, Buddhist 1%, other (includes Maronite, Armenian Church, Hindu) 1.4%, unknown 1.1%, none/atheist 0.6%

Electricity:

230V, 50Hz (European plug G)

Telephone Code:

+357

Local Emergency Phone Number:

112

Internet TLD:

.cy

Time Zone:

EET (UTC+2) / Summer EEST (UTC+3) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March, ends last Sunday in October

Road Driving Side:

Right

Anthem:

Hymn to Liberty

President:

Nikos Anastasiadis

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Holidays and Observances in Cyprus in 2020

Date NameType
Jan 1WednesdayNew Year’s DayNational holiday
Jan 6MondayEpiphanyNational holiday
Mar 2MondayGreen MondayNational holiday
Mar 20FridayMarch EquinoxSeason
Mar 25WednesdayGreek Independence DayNational holiday
Mar 29SundayDaylight Saving Time startsClock change/Daylight Saving Time
Apr 1WednesdayCyprus National HolidayNational holiday
Apr 17FridayGood Friday (Orthodox)National holiday, Orthodox
Apr 18SaturdayHoly Saturday (Orthodox)Observance, Orthodox
Apr 19SundayEaster Sunday (Orthodox)Observance, Orthodox
Apr 20MondayEaster Monday (Orthodox)National holiday, Orthodox
Apr 21TuesdayOrthodox Easter Tuesday (banks only)Bank holiday
May 1FridayLabour Day/May DayNational holiday
Jun 8MondayOrthodox Pentecost MondayNational holiday, Orthodox
Jun 21SundayJune SolsticeSeason
Aug 15SaturdayAssumption of the Virgin MaryNational holiday
Sep 22TuesdaySeptember EquinoxSeason
Oct 1ThursdayCyprus Independence DayNational holiday
Oct 25SundayDaylight Saving Time endsClock change/Daylight Saving Time
Oct 28WednesdayOchi DayNational holiday
Dec 21MondayDecember SolsticeSeason
Dec 24ThursdayChristmas EveObservance
Dec 25FridayChristmas DayNational holiday
Dec 26SaturdayBoxing DayNational holiday
Dec 31ThursdayNew Year’s EveObservance