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Cyprus

A former British colony, Cyprus became independent in 1960 following years of resistance to British rule. Tensions between the Greek Cypriot majority and Turkish Cypriot minority communities came to a head in December 1963, when violence broke out in the capital of Nicosia. Despite the deployment of UN peacekeepers in 1964, sporadic intercommunal violence continued, forcing most Turkish Cypriots into enclaves throughout the island. In 1974, a Greek Government-sponsored attempt to overthrow the elected president of Cyprus was met by military intervention from Turkey, which soon controlled more than a third of the island. In 1983, the Turkish Cypriot administered area declared itself the “Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus” (“TRNC”), but it is recognized only by Turkey. An UN-mediated agreement, the Annan Plan, failed to win approval by both communities in 2004. In February 2014, after a hiatus of nearly two years, the leaders of the two communities resumed formal discussions under UN auspices aimed at reuniting the divided island. The most recent round of negotiations to reunify the island were suspended in July 2017 after failure to achieve a breakthrough. The entire island entered the EU on 1 May 2004, although the EU acquis – the body of common rights and obligations – applies only to the areas under the internationally recognized government, and is suspended in the “TRNC.” However, individual Turkish Cypriots able to document their eligibility for Republic of Cyprus citizenship legally enjoy the same rights accorded to other citizens of EU states.

Tourism Information...
Cyprus
www.visitcyprus.com
cyprus
www.cyprus.com

 

Cyprushighlights
www.cyprushighlights.com

 

Your Cyprus Portal www.yourcyprusportal.com
The Best of Cyprus...
 Cyprus's Most Popular Sights...

Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  

  • Nissi Beach-Ayia Napa
  • Karpas Peninsula
  • Kolossi Castle-Kolossi
  • Kykkos Monastery
  • St. Hilarion Castle-Kyrenia
  • Church of St. Lazarus- Larnaca 
  • Kourion Arcxhaelogical Site-Lemesos
  • Limassol Castle-Limassol
  • Mt. Olympus & Troodos Mountains
  • Paphos
    • Kato Archaeological Park
    • Paphos Castle
    • Petra tou Romiou
    • Tomb of the Kings
  • Fig Tree Bay-Protaras
  • Salamis Ancient Site

Flag_of_CyprusDistricts of Cyprus…

Famagusta
Kyrenia
Larnaca
Limassol
Nicosia
Paphos
 
 

Country Information...
 
Capital Nicosia
Largest City Limassol
Government Unitary presidential constitutional republic
Currency Euro (€)
Area 9,250 km 2 – ranked 168th
Population 1,205,575 (July 2016 est.) Rank 161st
Language Greek (official) 80.9%, Turkish (official) 0.2%, English 4.1%, Romanian 2.9%, Russian 2.5%, Bulgarian 2.2%, Arabic 1.2%, Filipino 1.1%, other 4.3%, unspecified 0.6% note: data represent only the government-controlled area of Cyprus (2011 est.)Greek (official), Turkish (official)
Ethnic Groups Greek 98.8%, other 1% (includes Maronite, Armenian, Turkish-Cypriot), unspecified 0.2% note: data represent only the government-controlled area of Cyprus (2011 est.)
Religion Orthodox Christian 89.1%, Roman Catholic 2.9%, Protestant/Anglican 2%, Muslim 1.8%, Buddhist 1%, other (includes Maronite, Armenian Church, Hindu) 1.4%, unknown 1.1%, none/atheist 0.6%
Electricity 240V/50Hz (UK plug)
Country code +357
Emergencies Dial 112
Internet TLD .cy
Time Zone UTC+2
Drives on the Left
Anthem Hymn to Liberty
President Nikos Anastasiadis
Holidays and Observances in Cyprus in 2020
Date   Name Type
Jan 1 Wednesday New Year’s Day National holiday
Jan 6 Monday Epiphany National holiday
Mar 2 Monday Green Monday National holiday
Mar 20 Friday March Equinox Season
Mar 25 Wednesday Greek Independence Day National holiday
Mar 29 Sunday Daylight Saving Time starts Clock change/Daylight Saving Time
Apr 1 Wednesday Cyprus National Holiday National holiday
Apr 17 Friday Good Friday (Orthodox) National holiday, Orthodox
Apr 18 Saturday Holy Saturday (Orthodox) Observance, Orthodox
Apr 19 Sunday Easter Sunday (Orthodox) Observance, Orthodox
Apr 20 Monday Easter Monday (Orthodox) National holiday, Orthodox
Apr 21 Tuesday Orthodox Easter Tuesday (banks only) Bank holiday
May 1 Friday Labour Day/May Day National holiday
Jun 8 Monday Orthodox Pentecost Monday National holiday, Orthodox
Jun 21 Sunday June Solstice Season
Aug 15 Saturday Assumption of the Virgin Mary National holiday
Sep 22 Tuesday September Equinox Season
Oct 1 Thursday Cyprus Independence Day National holiday
Oct 25 Sunday Daylight Saving Time ends Clock change/Daylight Saving Time
Oct 28 Wednesday Ochi Day National holiday
Dec 21 Monday December Solstice Season
Dec 24 Thursday Christmas Eve Observance
Dec 25 Friday Christmas Day National holiday
Dec 26 Saturday Boxing Day National holiday
Dec 31 Thursday New Year’s Eve Observance