Once the center of power for the large Austro-Hungarian Empire, Austria was reduced to a small republic after its defeat in World War I. Following annexation by Nazi Germany in 1938 and subsequent occupation by the victorious Allies in 1945, Austria’s status remained unclear for a decade. A State Treaty signed in 1955 ended the occupation, recognized Austria’s independence, and forbade unification with Germany. A constitutional law that same year declared the country’s “perpetual neutrality” as a condition for Soviet military withdrawal. The Soviet Union’s collapse in 1991 and Austria’s entry into the EU in 1995 have altered the meaning of this neutrality. A prosperous, democratic country, Austria entered the EU Economic and Monetary Union in 1999.
The Best of Austria...
Austrias Most Popular Sights...
Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.
Danube Wachau Valley
Eisriesenwelt Ice Cave – Tenneck
Grossglockner Alpine Road – Ferleiten
Hochosterwitz Castle – Launsdorf
Hohenwerfen Castle – Werfen
Mirabell Palace & Gardens
St. Anton am Alberg
Hofburg Imperial Palace
Spanish Riding School
St. Stephan’s Cathedral
Zell am See
States of Austria…
Federal Parliamentary Republic
total: 83,871km2 ranked 107th water: 1,426 km2 land: 82,445 km2
8,711,770 (July 2016 est.) ranked 95th
German (official nationwide) 88.6%, Turkish 2.3%, Serbian 2.2%, Croatian (official in Burgenland) 1.6%, other (includes Slovene, official in South Carinthia, and Hungarian, official in Burgenland) 5.3% (2001 est.)
Austrians 91.1%, former Yugoslavs 4% (includes Croatians, Slovenes, Serbs, and Bosniaks), Turks 1.6%, Germans 0.9%, other or unspecified 2.4% (2001 census)
Catholic 73.8% (includes Roman Catholic 73.6%, other Catholic 0.2%), Protestant 4.9%, Muslim 4.2%, Orthodox 2.2%, other 0.8% (includes other Christian), none 12%, unspecified 2% (2001 est.)
230V, 50Hz (European plug)
Drives on the
“Land der Berge, Land am Strome” (German) Land of Mountains, Land by the River