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Country Flags

The Countries

We list 46 European countries for reference in Europe Traveler Guide. The largest being European Russia to the smallest the Holy See – Vatican City. Parts of Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan and Kazakstan overlap into what is considered by geographers continental Europe. We may include them in the future. Also now omitted are Kosovo, who has declared its independence, Crimea’s alliance as a part of the Russian Federation and Transnistria the breakaway state of Moldova. At this time the UN as well as most countries have not recognized their autonomous status.

European Union Member Countries

Austria

Belgium

Bulgaria

Croatia

Cyprus

Czechia

Denmark

Estonia

Finland

France

Germany

Greece

Hungary

Ireland

Italy

Latvia

Lithuania

Luxembourg

Malta

Netherlands

Poland

Portugal

Romania

Slovakia

Slovenia

Spain

Sweden

While these European microstates are not members of the EU, they include use of the Euro and other areas of cooperation

Andorra

Holy See

Monaco

San Marino

Non-European Union Countries

Albania

Belarus

Bosnia & Herzegovina

Iceland

Liechtenstein

Moldova

Montenegro

North Macedonia

Norway

Russia

Serbia

Switzerland

Turkey

Ukraine

United Kingdom

Country Statistics

The following table shows a quick snapshot of important information all European countries, excluding those mentioned above.

CountryCapitolArea (mi2)PopulationSymbolCurrencyEUSchengenTime Zone
 ALBANIATirana11,0822,878,549ALALL- LekNoNoCET
 ANDORRAAndorra la Vella17974,794ADEUR – €
 AUSTRIAVienna32,3868,857,960AEUR – €19951995CET
 BOSNIA and HERZEGOVINASarajevo19,7723,511,372BABAM – KMNoNoCET
 BELGIUMBrussels11,78711,449,656BEEUR – €19521985CET
 BULGARIASofia42,8587,000,039BGBNG – лв2007NoEET
 BELARUSMinsk80,1559,477,100BYBYN – BrNoNoMSKS
  SWITZERLANDBern15,9408,526,932CHCFH- CHFNo2004CET
 CYPRUSNicosia2,276864,200CYEUR – €2004NoEET
 CZECHIAPrague30,45110,627,794CZCZK- Kč20042004CET
 GERMANYBerlin137,90383,122,889DEEUR – €19521985CET
 DENMARKCopenhagen16,6405,837,213DKDKK – kr19731996CET
 ESTONIATallinn17,5051,328,976EEEUR – €20042004EET
 SPAINMadrid195,36447,733,038ESEUR – €19861992CET
 FINLANDHelsinki130,6665,522,015FIEUR – €19951996EET
 FRANCEParis210,02667,076,000FREUR – €19521985CET
 UNITED KINGDOMLondon93,78866,796,807GBGBP – £NoNoGMT
 GREECEAthens50,94910,768,193GREUR – €19811992CET
 CROATIAZagreb21,8314,105,493HRHRK – kn2013NoCET
 HUNGARYBudapest35,9199,771,000HUHUF – Ft20042004CET
 IRELANDDublin27,1334,921,500IEEUR – €1973NoGMT
 ICELANDReykjavik39,682342,773ISISK – krNo1996GMT
 ITALYRome116,33660,390,560ITEUR – €19521990CET
 LIECHTENSTEINVaduz6238,194LICFH- CHFNo2008CET
 LITHUANIAVilnius25,2122,794,090LTEUR – €20042004EET
 LUXEMBOURGLuxembourg City998626,108LUEUR – €19521985CET
 LATVIARiga24,9281,921,300LVEUR – €20042004EET
 MONACOMonte Carlo0.7839,419MCEUR – €NoNoCET
 MOLDOVAChișinău13,0672,681,735MDMDL – LNoNoEET
 MONTENEGROPodgorica5,333622,359MEEUR – €NoNoCET
 NORTH MACEDONIASkopje9,9282,075,301MKEUR – €NoNoCET
 MALTAValletta122514,564MTEUR – €20042004CET
 NETHERLANDSAmsterdam16,03317,417,600NLEUR – €19521985CET
 NORWAYOslo125,0135,323,933NONOK – krNo1996CET
 POLANDWarsaw120,72838,433,600PLPLN – Zł20042004CET
 PORTUGALLisbon35,55610,276,617PTEUR – €19861992GMT
 ROMANIABucharest92,04319,523,621RORON – lei2007NoEET
 SERBIABelgrade29,9136,963,764RSRSD – ДинNoNoCET
 RUSSIAMoscow3,992,500108,949,694RURUB – ₽NoNo*(1)
 SWEDENStockholm173,86010,319,601SESEK + kr 19951996CET
 SLOVENIALjubljana7,8272,070,050SIEUR – €20042004CET
 SLOVAKIABratislava18,9335,445,087SKEUR – €20042004CET
 SAN MARINOSan Marino2433,407SMEUR – €NoNoCET
 TURKEYAnkara302,53583,154,997TRTL – ₺NoNoEET
 UKRAINEKyiv232,82041,660,982USгрн – ₴NoNoEET
 HOLY SEEVatican City0.17799VAEUR – €NoNoCET

Country Prosperity Index

The Legatum Prosperity Index is an annual ranking developed by the Legatum Institute, an independent educational charity founded and part-funded by the private investment firm Legatum. The ranking is based on a variety of factors including wealth, economic growth, education, health, personal well-being, and quality of life. 
As of the 2021 rankings, 167 countries and territories were ranked, and Denmark topped the list, followed by Norway and Sweden. South Sudan was in last place at 167th.

The Best Countries Overall Ranking for Quality of Living

Denmark scores highest with a 83.86 and South Sudan had the lowest at 28.70. The United States scored 77.15 ranking it the 13th best country to live in overall. Only European countries are list in the overall ranking below.

  1.  DENMARK (1)
  2.  NORWAY (2)
  3.  SWEDEN (3)
  4.  FINLAND (4)
  5.   SWITZERLAND (5)
  6.  NETHERLANDS (6)
  7.  LUXEMBOURG (7)
  8.  GERMANY (9)
  9.  ICELAND (10)
  10.  AUSTRIA (11)
  11.  IRELAND (14)
  12.  UNITED KINGDOM (15)
  1.  ESTONIA (17)
  2.  FRANCE (22)
  3.  BELGIUM (23)
  4.  SPAIN (24)
  5.  MALTA (25)
  6.  SLOVENIA (26)
  7.  CZECHIA (27)
  8.  PORTUGAL (28)
  9.  LATVIA (30)
  10.  ITALY (31)
  11.  LITHUANIA (33)
  1.  CYPRUS (34)
  2.  SLOVAKIA (35)
  3.  POLAND (36)
  4.  CROATIA (40)
  5.  GREECE (43)
  6.  HUNGARY (44)
  7.  ROMANIA (47)
  8.  BULGARIA (48)
  9.  MONTENEGRO (49)
  10.  SERBIA (52)
  11.  NORTH MACEDONIA (60)
  • #69  ALBANIA (69)
  • #70  RUSSIA (70)
  • #72  MOLDOVA (72)
  • #78  UKRAINE (78)
  • #93  TURKEY (93)

The micro-state countries below were not ranked in the report.

  •  ANDORRA
  •  HOLY SEE
  •  LIECHTENSTEIN
  •  MONACO

The following categories comprise the areas that where used to score each country. Those individual scores where complied into an overall score.

Personal Freedom
  1.  NORWAY
  2.  DENMARK
  3.  SWEDEN
  4.  FINLAND
  5.  NETHERLANDS
  6.  IRELAND
  7.  LUXEMBOURG
  8. Canada
  9.  ICELAND
  10.   SWITZERLAND
  11. New Zealand
  12.  GERMANY
  13.  PORTUGAL
  14.  AUSTRIA
  15. Australia
  16. Uruguay
Governance
  1.  FINLAND
  2.  DENMARK
  3.  NORWAY
  4.  NETHERLANDS
  5. New Zealand
  6.  SWEDEN
  7. SWITZERLAND
  8.  LUXEMBOURG
  9.  GERMANY
  10. Australia
  11.  ICELAND
  12. Canada
  13.  AUSTRIA
  14.  UNITED KINGDOM
  15.  IRELAND
  16.  BELGIUM
Social Capital
  1.  DENMARK
  2.  NORWAY
  3.  FINLAND
  4. New Zealand
  5.  SWEDEN
  6.  ICELAND
  7.  NETHERLANDS
  8. Australia
  9.   SWITZERLAND
  10. Singapore
  11. Canada
  12.  AUSTRIA
  13. United States
  14. Turkmenistan
  15. Indonesia
  16.  GERMANY
Investment Environment
  1. Singapore
  2. Hong Kong
  3.  FINLAND
  4.  DENMARK
  5.  NORWAY
  6. New Zealand
  7.  UNITED KINGDOM
  8.  SWEDEN
  9. Japan
  10.  NETHERLANDS
  11.  AUSTRIA
  12. Australia
  13.   SWITZERLAND
  14. Taiwan
  15. United States
  16.  GERMANY
Enterprise Conditions
  1. Hong Kong
  2.   SWITZERLAND
  3. Singapore
  4. United States
  5.  DENMARK
  6.  LUXEMBOURG
  7.  NETHERLANDS
  8. Japan
  9.  NORWAY
  10. Taiwan
  11.  FINLAND
  12.  UNITED KINGDOM
  13.  GERMANY
  14. New Zealand
  15.  SWEDEN
  16. ESTONIA
Market Access Infrastructure
  1. Singapore
  2.  NETHERLANDS
  3. Hong Kong
  4. United States
  5.  GERMANY
  6.  SWEDEN
  7. Japan
  8.  UNITED KINGDOM
  9.  DENMARK
  10.  FINLAND
  11.  LUXEMBOURG
  12.  SPAIN
  13. SWITZERLAN
  14. SWITZERLAN
  15. SWITZERLAND
  16.  FRANCE
Economic Quality
  1.   SWITZERLAND
  2.  LUXEMBOURG
  3. Hong Kong
  4.  IRELAND
  5. Singapore
  6.  NETHERLANDS
  7.  SWEDEN
  8.  DENMARK
  9. South Korea
  10.  GERMANY
  11.  NORWAY
  12.  CZECHIA
  13. Taiwan
  14.  MALTA
  15. ESTONIA
  16. United States
Living Conditions
  1.  NETHERLANDS
  2.  GERMANY
  3.  DENMARK
  4. Singapore
  5.  SWEDEN
  6.   SWITZERLAND
  7.  NORWAY
  8.  LUXEMBOURG
  9.  FINLAND
  10.  UNITED KINGDOM
  11.  ICELAND
  12. Japan
  13. Australia
  14.  MALTA
  15.  BELGIUM
  16. Canada
Health
  1. Japan
  2. Singapore
  3. South Korea
  4.  NORWAY
  5. Taiwan
  6. Israel
  7. China
  8.  NETHERLANDS
  9.  ICELAND
  10.  SWEDEN
  11.  MALTA
  12.  LUXEMBOURG
  13.   SWITZERLAND
  14.  FINLAND
  15. Hong Kong
  16.  GERMANY
Education
  1. Singapore
  2. South Korea
  3.  DENMARK
  4.  FINLAND
  5. Canada
  6. Hong Kong
  7.  NETHERLANDS
  8. SWITZERLAND
  9. Australia
  10.  NORWAY
  11. Japan
  12. New Zealand
  13.  IRELAND
  14.  SWEDEN
  15.  ICELAND
  16.  UNITED KINGDOM
Natural Environment
  1.  SWEDEN
  2.  FINLAND
  3.  SLOVENIA
  4. New Zealand
  5. ESTONIA
  6.  AUSTRIA
  7.   SWITZERLAND
  8.  DENMARK
  9.  LATVIA
  10.  NORWAY
  11.  LUXEMBOURG
  12.  FRANCE
  13.  IRELAND
  14.  GERMANY
  15.  LITHUANIA
  16. Japan
Safety & Security
  1.  NORWAY
  2.   SWITZERLAND
  3.  LUXEMBOURG
  4. Taiwan
  5. Japan
  6.  ICELAND
  7.  DENMARK
  8. Singapore
  9.  NETHERLANDS
  10.  SWEDEN
  11.  AUSTRIA
  12.  CZECHIA
  13.  IRELAND
  14.  SLOVENIA
  15. Qatar
  16. Hong Kong