“Information for Your Destination”

Seas – Coastlines – Islands


Europe’s Seas…

As previously mentioned the European continent is a western extension of the Eurasia landmass surrounded by water. This physical shape forms thousands of miles of coastline with gulfs, bays, straits, channels, fjords and inland lagoons or boddens. Many of these areas have safe harbors or coves which became ideal locations for port settlements and cities. Its coastlines have panoramic views and miles of beaches for enjoyment. They are also home to many of Europe’s flora and fauna species and an interesting place for naturalists to visit.
The list below shows the two major seas that boarder the European continent, the Atlantic on the west and the Arctic on the north. Listed under each are their marginal seas and other bodies of water that lie within each.

◼︎Seas ◼︎Straits ◼︎Channels ◼︎Bays ◼︎Fjords/Firths ◼︎Gulfs ◼︎ Lagoons

Aegean Sea

◼︎Myrtoan Sea
◼︎Argolic Gulf
◼︎Saronic Gulf
◼︎Petalioi Gulf
◼︎South Euboean Gulf
◼︎North Euboean Gulf
◼︎Malian Gulf
◼︎Gulf of Kiparissia
◼︎Pagasetic Gulf
◼︎Thermaic Gulf
◼︎Thracian Sea
◼︎Strymonian Gulf
◼︎Gulf of Saros
◼︎Edremit Gulf
◼︎Gulf of İzmir
◼︎Icarian Sea
◼︎Gulf of Gökova
◼︎Sea of Crete
◼︎Sea of Marmara
◼︎Gulf of İzmit

Adriatic Sea

◼︎Gulf of Ambracian (Actium)
◼︎Channel of Vivari
◼︎Bay of Kotor
◼︎Split Channel
◼︎Vinodol Channel
◼︎Gulf of Venice
◼︎Gulf of Trieste
◼︎Venetian Lagoon
◼︎Kvarner Gulf

Arctic Ocean

◼︎Barents Sea 
◼︎Kara Strait
◼︎Kara Sea
◼︎Pechora Sea
◼︎White Sea
◼︎Queen Victoria Sea

Atlantic Ocean

◼︎Bantry Bay
◼︎Clew Bay
◼︎Dingle Bay
◼︎Donegal Bay
◼︎Faxa Bay
◼︎Galway Bay
◼︎Kenmare Bay

◼︎Bay of Biscay

◼︎Cantabrian Sea

◼︎Black Sea

◼︎The Bosporus
◼︎The Dardanelles
◼︎Gulf of Burgas
◼︎Karkinit Bay
◼︎Kalamita Bay
◼︎Sea of Azov
◼︎Syvash
◼︎Taganrog Bay

Baltic Sea

◼︎Gulf of Bothnia
◼︎Kvarken
◼︎Bothnian Sea
◼︎South Kvarken
◼︎Sea of Åland
◼︎Archipelago Sea
◼︎Gulf of Finland
◼︎Vyborg Bay
◼︎Neva Bay
◼︎Koporye Bay
◼︎Luga Bay
◼︎Narva Bay
◼︎Väinameri Sea
◼︎Gulf of Riga
◼︎Kaliningrad Bay
◼︎Curonian Lagoon
◼︎Vistula Lagoon
◼︎Dziwna
◼︎Strait of Baltiysk 
◼︎Gdańsk Bay
◼︎Bay of Pomerania
◼︎Szczecin Lagoon
◼︎Bay of Greifswald
◼︎Rügischer Bodden
◼︎Strelasund
◼︎Bay of Lübeck
◼︎Bay of Kiel
◼︎Kalmar Strait
◼︎Bight of Hanö
◼︎Veerse Gat
Danish straits
◼︎Oresund Strait
◼︎Fehmarn Belt
◼︎Great Belt
◼︎Little Belt

◼︎Gulf of Cádiz

◼︎Bay of Cádiz

◼︎Celtic Sea

◼︎Bristol Channel
◼︎Iroise Sea

English Channel

◼︎Gulf of Saint-Malo
◼︎Strait of Dover

◼︎Irish Sea

◼︎Cardigan Bay
◼︎Kyles of Bute
◼︎Morecambe Bay
◼︎Firth of Lorn
◼︎Firth of Clude
◼︎Solway Firth
◼︎North Channel
◼︎St. Georges Channel

Ionian Sea

◼︎Strait of Oranto
◼︎Gulf of Taranto
◼︎Gulf of Corinth
◼︎Messenian Gulf
◼︎Laconian Gulf

◼︎Mediterranean Sea

◼︎Alboran Sea
◼︎Mar Menor
◼︎Balearic Sea
◼︎Gulf of Valencia
◼︎Gulf of Lion
◼︎Étang de Thau
◼︎Ligurian Sea
◼︎Gulf of Genoa
◼︎Tyrrhenian Sea
◼︎Gulf of Naples
◼︎Gulf of Salerno
◼︎Gulf of Cagliari
◼︎Levantine Sea
◼︎Gulf of Antalya
◼︎Gulf of Alexandretta
◼︎Strait of Sicily
◼︎Inland Sea, Gozo
◼︎Sea of Sardinia
◼︎Gulf of Asinara

Norwegian Sea

◼︎Andsfjord
◼︎Aurlandsfjord
◼︎Boknafjord
◼︎Geirangerfjord
◼︎ Hardangerfjord
◼︎Hjørundfjord
◼︎Isfjord
◼︎Kongsfjord
◼︎Lyngenfjord
◼︎Lysefjord
◼︎Melfjord
◼︎Nærøyfjord
◼︎Nordfjord
◼︎Oslofjord
◼︎Porsangerfjord
◼︎Sognefjord
◼︎Romsdalsfjord
◼︎Trollfjord
◼︎Trondheimfjord
◼︎Varangerfjord
◼︎Vestfjord

North Sea

◼︎Vlirstroom
◼︎Kattegat
◼︎Skagerrak
◼︎Wadden Sea
◼︎The Wash
◼︎Dormoch Firth
◼︎Cromarty Firth
◼︎Firth of Fouth
◼︎Moray Firth
◼︎Firth of Tray
◼︎The Wash

Europe has much to choose from when you are seeking activities in the great outdoors. That is because Europeans are as  enthusiastic when it comes to outdoor activities as Americans. Hiking, Bicycling, Water & Winter Sports, etc. are all meshed into the fabric of their lives from the days when their societies relied on those functions for their survival. At one time walking, long distances, skiing over snow, riding a horse or using some sort of aquatic vehicle where the only forms of transportation.

The geography of the European continent also provides a variety of environments that make it extremely attractive to visit and observe. Whatever your particular niche of enjoyment may be Europe can fill your desire.

Because Europe’s shape is on the forms of peninsulas it has thousands of miles of coastlines that meet the seas.

Natural Coast Areas– Many of these coastlines offer extremely natural beauty where breathtaking mountains and cliffs meet the sea. Others have inland sea bays and majestic fjords.

Seaside Resort Areas – Some areas offer miles of beaches and these areas have been destinations for the sun seekers. Over the years these areas have also developed into tourists areas for Europeans to enjoy their holidays.

Major Coastal Cities – These have a long relationship with the sea and have played a pivotal part in Europe’s history. Through the decades, some have become havens for those seeking a seaside retreat.  

Popular Coastal Towns & Villages – Some almost like they where frozen in time and unaffected by the changes to the modern world. The architecture and ambiance make can make you fell you are living a century ago. Others that cling to the rocks and are perched high above the sea are wonderful to see.

 ALBANIA

Length: 362 km
Coastlines: Adriatic Sea, Ionian Sea

 BELGIUM

Length: 66.5 km
Coastlines: English Channel

 BOSNIA and HERZEGOVINA

Length: 20 km
Coastlines: Adriatic Sea

 BULGARIA

Length: 354 km
Coastlines: Black Sea

 CROATIA

Length: 5,835 km
Coastlines: Adriatic Sea

 CYPRUS

Length: 648 km
Coastlines: Mediterranean Sea, Levantine Sea

 DENMARK

Length: 7,314 km
North Sea, Baltic Sea

 ESTONIA

Length: 3,794 km
Coastlines: Baltic Sea

 FINLAND

Length: 1,250 km
Coastlines: Baltic Sea

 FRANCE

Length: 3,427 km
Coastlines: Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, English Channel, Celtic Sea

 GERMANY

Length: 2,389 km
North Sea, Baltic Sea

 GREECE

Length: 13,676 km
Coastlines: Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea

 ICELAND

Length: 4,970 km
Coastlines: Atlantic Ocean

 IRELAND

Length: 1,448 km
Atlantic Ocean, Irish Sea, Celtic Sea

 ITALY

Length: 7,600 km
Coastlines: Mediterranean Sea, Adriatic Sea, Tyrrhenian Sea , Liguria Sea

 LATVIA

Length: 498 km
Coastlines: Baltic Sea

 LITHUANIA

Length: 90 km
Coastlines: Baltic Sea

 MALTA

Length: 196.8 km
Coastlines: Mediterranean Sea

 MONACO

Length: 4.1 km
Coastlines: Mediterranean Sea

 MONTENEGRO

Length: 293.5 km
Coastlines: Adriatic Sea

 NETHERLANDS

Length: 451 km
Coastlines: North Sea

 NORWAY

Length: 25,148 km
Coastlines: Norwegian Sea

 POLAND

Length: 440 km
Baltic Sea

 PORTUGAL

Length: 1,793 km
Coastlines: Atlantic Ocean

 ROMANIA

Length: 225 km
Coastlines: Black Sea

 RUSSIA

Length: 37,653
Coastlines: Arctic Ocean, Baltic Sea, Black Sea

 SLOVENIA

Length: 46.6 km
Coastlines: Adriatic Sea

 SPAIN

Length: 4,964 km
Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Coastlines: Sea, Balearic Sea

 SWEDEN

Length: 3,218 km
Coastlines: North Sea, Baltic Sea

 TURKEY

Length: 7,200 km
Coastlines: Mediterranean Sea, Aegean Sea, Black Sea, Levantine Sea

 UKRAINE

Length: 2,782 km
Coastlines: Black Sea

 UNITED KINGDOM

Length: 12,429 km
Coastlines: Atlantic Ocean, North Sea, Irish Sea, English Channel, Celtic Sea

Landlocked European Countries with No Coastlines…

Andorra
Austria
Belarus
Czechia
Holy See

Hungary
Kosovo
Liechtenstein
Luxembourg
Moldova

North Macedonia
San Marino
Serbia
Slovakia
Switzerland

Some Islands in Europe have played a significant part in its history. Of those Great Britain, Ireland, Sicily, Crete, Rhodes have contributed immensely to the advancement of European culture. Islands where also strategically importance for transportation and defense. Today many of those islands are tourists havens for the sun worshipers and social crowds.  

Noted Tourist Islands…

Ærø
Åland Islands
Aran Islands
The Azores
– Corvo
– Faial
– Flores
– Pico
– São Miguel
– Terceira
Balearic Islands
– Formentera
– Ibiza
– Majorca
– Minorca
Belle Île
Burano
Canary Islands
– Fuerteventura
– Grand Canaria
– Lanzarote
– La Palma
– Tenerife
Comino
Corsica
Crete
– Elafonisi
The Cyclades
– Delos
– Floegandros
– Ios
– Koufonisia
– Mílos
– Mykonos
– Naxos
– Páros
– Santorini

Dalmatian Islands
– Brač
– Hvar
– Korčula
– Mljet
– Vis
Dodecanese Islands
– Kos
– Patmos
– Rhodes
Elba
Faroe Islands
– Eysturoy
– Mykines
– Vágar
Funen
Gotland
Great Britain
Gozo
Guensey
🇪🇪 Hiiumaa
Hydra
Jersey
Iceland
Inner Hebrides
– Colonsay
– Isle of Skye
– Isle of Mull
– Jura Island
Ionian Islands
– AntoPaxos
– Kefalonia
– Kerkyra (Corfu)
– Lefkada
– Zakynthos

Ireland
Ischia
Isle of Capri
Isle of Man
Isle of Wight
Krk
Lofoten Islands
Madeira
Malta
Moskenesøya
Mont-Saint-Michel
North Aegean Islands
– Lesbos
– Samos
Orkney Islands
– Mainland
Outer Hebrides
– Berneray
– Lewis & Harris
– North Uist
– South Uist
Pag
Rab
Rügen
Sardinia
Isles of Scilly
Shetland Islands
– Mainland
Sicily
Stockholm Archipelago
Stromboli
The Sporades
– Skiathos
– Skopelos
Sylt
Zealand

Largest Islands…

Name
Great Britain
Iceland
Ireland
Severny Island
Spitsbergen
Yuzhny Island
Sicily
Sardinia
Nordaustlandet
Cyprus
Corsica
Crete
Zealand
Edgeøya
Kolguyev Island
North Jutlandic
Eubiea
Majorca
Vaygach Island
Funen
Zemlya Georga
Saaremaa

Country
United Kingdom
Iceland
Ireland UK
Russia
Svalbard/Norway
Russia
Italy
Italy
Svalbard/Norway
Cyprus
France
Greece
Denmark
Svalbard/Norway
Russia
Denmark
Greece
Spain
Russia
Denmark
Russia
Estonia

Sq. miles
80,823
39,315
32,595
18,177
15,051
12,836
9,908
9,247
5,586
3,565
3,375
3,220
2,715
1,959
1,918
1,809
1,431
1,416
1,285
1,153
1,089
1,032