Address
304 North Cardinal St.
Dorchester Center, MA 02124

Work Hours
Monday to Friday: 7AM - 7PM
Weekend: 10AM - 5PM

Practical Information

While the United States is more similar to Europe than any other place in the world, they of course do some things differently than we do in America. That is why it is important to have some knowledge of the most common differences. The ability to convert and comprehend that information, while traveling in Europe, will only aid your traveling experience. In addition to the data listed below you will find pages about the:

Dates

Abbreviated dates in Europe
are written using the day
first, the month and then the
year. Be very careful when
reviewing bookings or tickets
on trains, hotels, tours,
events, etc.

Holiday
Armistices Day
Bastille Day
Christmas Day

Independence Day
VE Day

Date
November 11, 1918
July 14, 1788
December 25, 2022
July 4, 1776
May 8, 1945

USA
11/11/918
7/14/1788
12/25/2022
7/4/1776
5/8/1945

Europe
11/11/1918
14/7/1788
25/12/2022
4/7/1776
8/5/1945

Time Zones

When traveling, east to west or west to east, one can easily get jet lag. That’s when your body has been condition to eat or sleep at a certain time and your now in a different time zone when those activities are hours apart. Your body is telling to eat and sleep at your normal time but, you are now doing those activities at a different time. You’ll most likely be able to stay up late at night but, getting up in the morning could be a challenge.

As a reference the grid below reflects the difference in hours between Europe and US time zones. When Greenwich or Universal Time is 12:00 noon the corresponding times are displayed for the other US and european times zones. As an example, at that same time New York is 7:00 am (EST), Rome is 1:00 pm or 13:00 (CET)

Times in Major Cities

Greenwich Mean Time UTC

Belfast
Canary Islands
Dublin
Edinburg
Glasgow
Lisbon
Liverpool
London
Manchester
Porto
Reykjavik

Central Europe Time UTC+1

Amsterdam
Barcelona
Berlin
Brussels
Budapest
Copenhagen
Madrid
Paris
Prague
Rome
Stockholm
Venice
Vienna
Warsaw
Zürich

Eastern Europe Time UTC+2

Athens
Cyprus
🇷🇴 Bucharest
Helsinki
Kyiv
Riga
Sofia
Tallinn
Vilnius

Turkey Time / Moscow Time UTC+3

Ankara
Antalya
Istanbul
🇧🇾 Minsk
Moscow
St. Petersburg

indicates these cities do not recognize Daylight Savings Time

Eastern Time UTC-5

Atlanta
Baltimore
Boston
Charlotte
Detroit
Miami
Nashville
New York
Orlando
Philadelphia
Tampa
Washington DC

Central Time UTC-6

Chicago
Dallas
Houston
Kansas City
Milwaukee
Minneapolis
New Orleans
Omaha
St. Louis

Mountain Time UTC-7

Albuquerque
Boise
Denver
El Paso
Missoula
Phoenix

Salt Lake City
Tucson

These cities do not observe Daylight Savings

Pacific Time UTC-8

Las Vegas
Los Angles
Portland
Sacramento
San Diego
San Francisco
Seattle

UTC - Coordinated Universal Time

GMT = Greenwich Mean Time UTC +0 (BST = British Summer Time, WEST = Western European Summer Time, WET = Western European Time)
CET = Central European Time UTC +1 (CEST Central European Summer Time)
EET = Eastern European Time UTC +2 (EEST = Eastern European Summer Time)
MSKS = Moscow Time UTC +3
TRT = Turkey Time UTC +3

Change to Daylight Savings Time at 2 am- March 28, 2021
Change to Regular Time at 2 am - October 31, 2021
Belarus, Iceland and Russia have no time change to daylight savings in the summer months. Autonomous Republic of the Crimea has recently changed their time to MSK Moscow Time


24 Hour Clock

Europe uses a 24-hour clock (military time)
for official timetables. Things that use
schedules like buses, trains, etc., use the
24-hour clock. Instead of using two 12-hour
segments, am and pm, it is one 24-hour
segment. After 12:00 midnight hours
start from 1:00 to 12:00 noon just like
in the US but instead of 1:00 pm it will
now be 13:00. The hours go up
accordingly, until 24:00 or 12:00 midnight.

USA am
1:00
2:00
3:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00

Europe am
1:00
2:00
3:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00

USA pm
1:00
2:00
3:00
4:00
5:00
6:00
7:00
8:00
9:00
10:00
11:00
12:00

Europe pm
13:00
14:00
15:00
16:00
17:00
18:00
19:00
20:00
21:00
22:00
23:00
24:00

To quickly calculate afternoon times just subtract 12 from the time. If the time is 15:30 subtract 12 from that and you get 3:30 pm.

Temperature Conversion Table...

 In the US we use the fahrenheit scale to measure temperature but, in Europe they use the celsius scale. The following table converts Celsius to Fahrenheit.

Celsius

-18o
-10o
-5o
0o
5o
10o
20o
30o

Fahrenheit

0o
14o
23o
32o
41o
50o
59o
86o

0º Celsius = 32º Fahrenheit water freezes / 100º = 212º water boils

Units & Measurements ...

Metric to Imperial

• 1 Centimeter = 0.393700787 Inches
• 1 Meter = 3.2808399 Feet
• 1 Kilometer = 1.0936133 Yards
• 1 Gram = 0.0352739619 Ounce
• 1 Kilogram = 35.27 Ounces / 2.204 Pounds
• 1 Litre = 35.2739619 Fluid Ounces

Imperial conversion to Metric

• 1 Inch = 2.54 Centimeters
• 1 Foot = 30.48Centimeters
• 1 Yard = 0.9144 Meters
• 1 Mile = 1.609344 Kilometers
• 1 Ounce = 28.3495231 Grams
• 1 Pound = 0.45359237 Kilogram
• 1 Pint = 0.473176473 Liter
• 1 Quart = 0.946352946 Litre
• 1 Gallon = 3.7854118 Liters

When shopping for clothes and shoes in Europe you will find those sizes vary in the UK and continental Europe from US sizes. For a conversion table of sizes on our ➾ Shopping page.

Alphabets & Letters...

It is one challenge to read and pronounce another language using the latin alphabet it is another thing when using a different alphabet. Several countries use different alphabets and will be almost impossible for the average person to decipher. Greece uses the Greek alphabet while Belarus, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Russia, Ukraine use the Cyrillic. Bosnia Hercegovina, Croatia, Montenegro and Serbia use both the Latin and Cyrillic. All other European countries use the latin alphabet.Subtitle

LATIN
Aa Bb Cc Dd Ee Ff Gg H h Ii Jj Kk Ll Mm Nn Oo Pp Qq Rr Ss Tt Uu Vv Ww Xx Yy Zz
GREEK
Αα Ββ Γγ Δδ Εε Ζζ Ηη Θθ Ιι Νν Κκ Λλ Μμ Ξξ Οο Ρρ Σσ Ττ Υυ Φφ Χχ Ψψ Ωω
CYRILLIC
Аа Бб Вв Гг Д д Ее Ёё Жж Зз Ии Йй Кк Лл Мм Нн Оо Пп Рр Сс Тт Уу Хх Цч Шш Щщ Бъ Ьь Ээ Юю Яя

Most European countries use the latin alphabet and use all 26 letters as used in the US. However, several countries have extended their alphabets with ligatures, modified letters or digraphs.

Acute - Á á Ć ć É é Í í  Ĺ ĺ Ó ó Ú ú Ý ý

Ash - Æ æ

Breve - Ă ă Ğ ğ

Caron - Č č Ě ě Ň Ř ř Š š Ť ť Ž ž

Caudata - Ą ą Ę ę Į į Ų ų

Cedilla - Ç ç Ģ ģ Ļ ļ Ņ ņ Ş ş Ț ț Ž ž

Circumflex - Â â Ê ê Î î Ô ô Û û

Dot - Ė ė Ġ ġ İ i

Double Acute - Ő ő

Eth - Ð ð

Grave - À à È è Ì ì Ò ò Ù ù

Macron - Ā ā Ē ē Ī ī Ō ō Ū ū

O & E Ligature - Œ œ

Ogonek - Ą ą Į į 

Ring - Å å Ů ů

Slash - Ø ø

Stroke - Đ đ Ħ ħ Ł ł

Thorn - Þ  þ

Tilde - Ã ã Ñ ñ

Umlaut - Ä ä Ë ë Ï ï Ö ö Ü ü Ÿ ÿ

Country Codes

ISO Country Codes are internationally recognized codes for each country. Depending on the situation they can be a Alpha 2 or 3 letter code or a numerical code.
Two letter suffixes like (.fr for France or .de for Germany) are used in top levels domains. Three letter codes are usually used in international events like sports, contests, etc.
The numerical code is the United Nations M49 for identification of countries, dependencies and other areas.Subtitle

Country
European Union
Åland Islands
Albania
Andorra
Austria
Belarus
Belgium
Bosnia & Herzegovina
Bulgaria
Croatia
Cyprus
Czechia
Denmark
Estonia
Faroe Islands
Finland
France
Germany
Gibraltar
Greece
Guernsey
Holy See
Hungary
Iceland
Ireland
Isle of Man
Italy
Jersey
Latvia
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malta
Moldova
Monaco
Montenegro
Netherlands
North Macedonia
Norway
Poland
Portugal
Romania
Russia
San Marino
Serbia
Slovakia
Slovenia
Spain
Svalbard/Jan Mayen
Sweden
Switzerland
Turkey
Ukraine
United Kingdom

Alpha 2 code
EU
AX
AL
AD
AT
BY
BE
BA

BG
HR
CY
CZ
DK
EE
FO
FI
FR
DE
GI
GR
GG
VA
HU
IS
IE
IM
IT
JE
LV
LI
LT
LU
MT
MD
MC
ME
NL
MK
NO
PL
PT
RO
RU
SM
RS
SK
SI
ES
SJ
SE
CH
TR
US
GB

Alpha 3 code
EUE
ALA
ALB
AND
AUT
BLR
BEL
BIH

BGR
HRV
CYP
CZE
DNK
EST
FRO
FIN
FRA
DEU
GIB
GRC
GGY
VAT
HUN
ISL
IRL
IMN
ITA
JEY
LVA
LIE
LTU
LUX
MLT
MDA
MCO
MNE
NLD
MKD
NOR
POL
PRT
ROU
RUS
SMR
SRB
SVK
SVN
ESP
SJM
SWE
CHE
TUR
UKR
GBR

Numeric code
150
248
008
020
040
112
056
070

100
191
196
203
208
233
234
246
250
276
292
300
831
336
348
352
372
833
380
832
428
438
440
442
470
498
492
499
528
807
578
616
630
642
643
666
688
703
705
724
744
752
756
792
804
826

European Vernaculars & Customs...

As we said to be in Europe is to be in another country in which they will label, say and do things differently from the US. You can find it very helpful to gain a little understanding  on some common everyday uses.

Floor Levels on multiple storied buildings are labeled slightly different. While the ground floor is always the main floor the one above in Europe is the 1st floor, not the second floor as we called it here. This will be good for you to know so you can remember what floor your hotel room is on.

EuropeUnited States
Ground or Main floor1st floor or Main floor
1st Floor2nd Floor
2nd Floor3rd Floor
3rd Floor4th Floor
Make sure you take the lift (elevator) to the correct hotel room floor.

Local Names

Countries and Cities in their language will vary from our pronunciation and spelling. Listed are names with our English version as opposed to the local version.

Countries

Albania is Shqipëri
Andorra is Andorre (French)
Austria is Österreich
Belarus is Bielaruś (Беларусь)
Belgium is Belgique ( French)
België (Dutch)
Belgien (German)
Bosnia & Hercegovina is Bosna i Hercegovina
Bulgaria is Bŭlgariya (България)
Croatia is Hrvatska
Cyprus is Κύπρος (Greek)
Czechia is Česko
Denmark is Danmark
Germany is Deutschland (German)
Dútslân (Frisian)
Estonia is Eesti
Finland is Suomi

France is Francia (Corsican)
Greece is Elláda (Ελλάδα)
Hungary is Magyarország
Iceland is Ísland
Ireland is Éireann
Italy is Italia
Latvia is Latvija
Lithuania is Lietuva
Luxembourg is Lëtzebuerg (Luxembourgish)
Montenegro is Crna Gora
Netherlands is Nederland (Dutch)
Nederlân (Frisian)
North Macedonia is Severna Makedonija (Северна Македонија)
Norway is Norge
Poland is Polska
Romania is România



Russia is Rossiya (Россия)
Serbia is Srbija (Србија)
Slovakia is Slovensko
Slovenia is Slovenija
Spain is  España (Spanish)
Espainiako (Basque)
Espanya (Catalan)
Sweden is Sverige
Switzerland is Schwiez (German)
Suisse (French)
Svizzera (Italian)
Turkey is Türkiye
Ukriane is Ukrayiny (Україна)
Scotland is Alba (Gaelic)
Wales is Cymru
Vatican City is Città del Vaticano (Italian)

Cities

Alicante is Alacant
Antwerp is Antwerpen
Athens is Athena (Αθήνα)
Auschwitz is Owieçim
Basel is Bâle
Belfast is Béal Feirste
Belgrade is Beograd (београд)
Bruges is Brugge
Brussels is Bruxelles
Bucharest is București
Cardiff is Caerdydd
Cologne is Köln
Copenhagen is København
Corfu is Kérkyra
Corinth is Kórinthos
Cork is Coraigh
Dublin is Baile Ath Cliath
Dunkirk is Dunkerque

Florence is Firenze
Galway is Gaillimh
Geneva is Genéve
Genoa is Genova
Ghent is Gent
Gothenburg is Göteborg
Hanover is Hannover
Heraklion is Iráklio
Killarney is Cill Airnie
Kilkenny is Cill Chainnigh
Kiev is Kyyiv (Київ)
Lisbon is Lisboa
Lucerne is Luzerne
Milan is Milano
Minsk (Мінск)
Moscow is Moskva (Москва)
Munich is München


Naples is Napoli
Nuremberg is Nürnberg
Patras is Pátra
Pilsen is Plzen
Pireaus is Píreás
Prague is Praha
Porto is Oporto
Rome is Roma
St. Petersburg is Sankt-Peterburg (Санкт-Петербург)
Seville is Sevilla
Sofia is Sofiya (София)
The Hague is Den Haag
Turin is Torino
Vienna is Wien
Venice is Venezia
Warsaw is Warszawa
Ypres is leper
Zurich is Zürich

Variable Word Definitions...

Even when you converse with English speakers you will find they can use different nouns or verbs to describe the same object or action. While we may use multiple words to describe things in the States, there may be only the single use in some areas of Europe. Here are but a few for your traveling terms. 

An Apartment  is a FLAT
A Beltway or By Pass Road is the RING ROAD
Cafeteria is a CANTEEN 
Cell Phones are called MOBILE PHONES
Collect Call is a REVERSE CHARGE
Cookie is a BISCUIT
When asking for Discounts say Concessions
Elevators are typically called LIFTS
Faucet is a TAP
French Fries are CHIPS (in the UK) and Frites elsewhere
Gasoline is PETROL
Garbage is TRASH
Over Pass on a road is a FLYOVER
Parking Lot is a CAR PARK 
To Pass in traffic is to OVERTAKE

Pharmacists  is a CHEMIST
To Pick Up somebody is to COLLECT
Potato Chips are CRISPS
To Rent something like a car is to HIRE
Round Trip Ticket or Journey is a RETURN TICKET or RETURN JOURNEY
A taxi or car Ride is to get a LIFT
Sidewalk is a FOOTPATH
Silverwareis CUTLERY
Sneakers are TRAINERS
Socceris FOOTBALL
Stores are SHOPS
Suspenders for pants are BRACES
To Go as food TO TAKE or TAKE AWAY
Restrooms are TOILETS
A Truck can be a LORRY
The Trunk of a car is a BOOT
Vacation is a HOLIDAY