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Languages of Europe

There are over 80 languages use in Europe with every country having an official language and some secondary ones. Some of these secondary languages are recognized as regional dialects only.  European countries recognize 23 total official languages.

Languages used mostly use are of the Indo-European family with just several languages from the non-Indo-European family. Of the Indo-European languages English is the most common language used throughout most of Europe. Other widely used languages are French, German, Italian and Spanish.

Each country has it’s official language and several countries have two or more. Belgium has Dutch and French as it’s official languages while Switzerland recognized four. Each official country language is more prevalent in one area than another.

There are also regional languages spoken in small areas throughout Europe. These languages can be official languages of the region along with the official language of the country. In the northeast section of Spain, around Barcelona, Catalan is an official language, as well as Spanish the official language of Spain. In Wales, English and Welsh are both official languages.

Indo-European Languages

  • BALTO-SLAVIC Languages
    • Baltic – branch
      • Latvian 🇱🇻🇪🇺 – Official language of Latvia and the European Union.
      • Lithuanian 🇱🇹 🇪🇺 – Official language of Lithuania and the European Union. Recognized minor language in Poland.
    • Slavic – branch
      • Eastern Slavicregional sub group
        • Belarusian 🇧🇾 – Official language of Belarus and some areas of Poland. Recognized minority language in Czechia, Russia and the Ukraine
        • Russian 🇷🇺 🇧🇾 – Official state language of Russia, Belarus. Also in some de facto entities and recognized as a minority language in Ukraine, Moldova, Poland and Romania.
        • Rusyn – Recognized minority language in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Czechia, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Slovakia.
        • Ukrainian 🇺🇦 – Official language in Ukraine. Recognized minority language in Belarus, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Croatia, Czechia, Hungary, Moldova, Poland, Romania, Serbia and Slovakia.
      • Southern Slavic – regional sub group
        • Eastern – dialects
          • Bulgarian 🇧🇬 🇪🇺 Official language of Bulgaria and the European Union. Recognized minority language in Albania, Czechia, Hungary, Moldova, Romania, Serbia and Ukraine.
          • Macedonian 🇲🇰 – Official language of North Macedonia.Recognized minority language in Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Romania and Serbia.
        • Western – dialects
          • Serb-Croation
            • Bosnian 🇧🇦 – Official language of Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro. Recognized minority language in Croatia, Kosovo, North Macedonia, Serbia and Slovenia.
            • Burgenland-Croatian
            • Croatian 🇭🇷 🇪🇺– Official language of Croatia, Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia and the European Union. Recognized minority language in Czechia, Hungary, Italy, Montenegro and Slovakia.
            • Montenegrin 🇲🇪 – Official language of Montenegro. Recognized minority language in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
            • Serbian 🇷🇸 🇧🇦 – Official language of Serbia, co-official in Kosovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina and Montenegro.Recognized minority language in Croatia, Czechia, Hungary, North Macedonia, Romania and Slovakia.
          • Slovene 🇸🇮 🇪🇺 – Official language of Slovenia and the European Union.
      • Western Slavic – regional sub group
        • Czech-Slovak –dialects
          • Czech 🇨🇿 🇪🇺 – Official language of the Czechia and the European Union. Recognized minority language in Austria, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Poland, Romania, Slovakia.
          • Slovak 🇸🇰 🇪🇺 – Official language of Slovakia and the European Union. Recognized minority language in Croatia, Czechia, Hungary, Poland, Serbia, Ukraine.
        • Lecthitic – dialects
          • Kashubian – Recognized minority language in Poland
          • Polish 🇵🇱 🇪🇺 – Official language of Poland and the European Union.Recognized minority language in Czechia, Hungary, Lithuania, Romania, Slovakia and Ukraine.
          • Pomeranian – Recognized minority language in Poland
          • Silesian – Recognized regional language of Poland
        • Sorbian – dialects
          • Lower Sorbian – endangered minority language in easter Germany
          • Upper Sorbian – Minority language spoken in the Saxony part of Germany
  • CELTIC Languages
    • Breton – Recognized minority language of the providence of Brittany in France
    • Cornish – Minority language in Cornwall, England
    • Irish 🇮🇪 🇪🇺 – Official language of the Republic of Ireland and the European Union. Recognized minority language of Northern Ireland, UK.
    • Manx 🇮🇲– Official language of the Isle of Man
    • Scottish Gaelic – Recognized minority language of Scotland
    • Welsh 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁷󠁬󠁳󠁿 🇬🇧 – Official language of Wales
  • GERMANIC Languages
    • Northern Germanicbranch
      • Danish 🇩🇰 🇫🇴 🇪🇺 – Official language of Denmark, Faroe Islands and the European Union. Recognized minority language in Greenland and Germany.
      • Faroese 🇫🇴 – Co-Official language in the Faroe Islands. Recognized minority language in Denmark and Greenland.
      • Icelandic 🇮🇸 – Official language of Iceland.
      • Norwegian 🇳🇴 – Official language of Norway
      • Swedish 🇸🇪 🇫🇮 🇦🇽 🇪🇺 – Official language of Sweden, Finland, Âland Islands and the European Union.
    • Western Germanicbranch
      • Dutch 🇧🇪 🇳🇱 🇪🇺 – Official language in Belgium, the Netherlands and the European Union. 
      • English 🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 🇮🇪 🇪🇺 – Official language in the UK, Gibraltar, Guernsey, Jersey, Malta co-official in Ireland and the European Union. .English is also the second primary language spoken in most European countries.
      • Elfdanian 🇸🇪 – Isolated language spoken by about 3,000 people in Älvdalen,Sweden.
      • Frisian 🇳🇱 🇩🇪 – Regional language spoken by about 500,000 people in the Netherlands and Germany.
      • German 🇩🇪 🇦🇹 🇧🇪 🇱🇮 🇱🇺 🇨🇭 🇪🇺 – Official language of Germany, Austria, Liechtenstein, Switzerland and the European Union. German has three main subdivisions divided into multiple dialects. 
      • Limburgish 🇧🇪 🇩🇪 🇳🇱 – Recognized minority language of the Netherlands. Also spoken in Belgium and Germany.
      • Scots 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 – Minority language spoken in Scotland and Northern Ireland
      • Yiddish – West Germanic language historically spoken by Ashkenazi Jews. Official language in the Jewish Autonomous Oblast of Russia. Recognized minority language in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Russia, Sweden and Ukraine.
  • HELLENIC Languages
    • Greek 🇬🇷 🇨🇾 🇪🇺 – Official language of Greece, Cyprus and the European Union.Four modern dialects are Northern, Ionian-Peloponnesian, Southern and Southeasten.
    • Tsakonian – Form of Greek sparsely spoken in the eastern Peloponnese.
  • ITALIC (Romance) Languages
    • Eastern branch
      • Romanian 🇷🇴 🇲🇩 🇪🇺 – Official language of Romania, Moldova and the European Union.
      • Aromanian – Recognized minority language of Albania and North Macedonia.
      • Magleno-Romanian – Language spoken in the Moglena region that spans the border between the Greek region of Macedonia and North Macedonia.
      • Istro-Romanian – Recognized minority language of Albania and North Macedonia.
    • Gallo-Romance branch
      • Gallo-Italic (Cisalpine)regional sub group
        • Emilian-Romagnol – Language spoken in the Northern Italian region of Emilia-Romagna.
        • Ligurian Language spoken the region of Liguria in Northern Italy as well as, France and Monaco.
        • Lombard – Spoken by millions of speakers in Northern Italy and Southern Switzerland,
        • Piedmontese – Recognized minority language in Itlay is spoken by some 2,000,000 people mostly in Piedmont, northwestern region of Italy
        • Venetian – Spoken native language by Venetians, by almost four million people in the northeast of Italy
      • Langue d’oil regional sub group
        • French 🇫🇷 🇨🇭 🇲🇨 🇪🇺 – Official language of France, Monaco, Switzerland and the European Union.
        • Langue d’oil French dialects
          • Frankish Zone dialects – Eastern Champenois, Lorrain, Northern Norman and Walloon 🇧🇪 – Official language of Belgium
          • Francien Zone dialects – Berrichon, Bourdonais, Orléanais, Tourangeau , Western Champenois
          • Burgundian Zone dialects – Bourguignon, Franc-Comtois
          • Amorican Zone dialects – Angevin, Gallo, Southern Norman
            • Poitevin-Saintongeais Zone dialects – Poitevin, Saintongeais
      • Occitino-Romance regional sub group
        • Catalan 🇦🇩 – Official language of Andorra and the communities of the Balearic Islands, Catalonia and Valencia in Spain. 
        • Gascon – Official language in Catalonia, Spain. Predominantly spoken in southwest France. 
        • Occitan – Official language in Catalonia, Spain. Recognized minority language in Italy, Monaco and 5 regions of France.
      • Rhaeto-Romance regional sub group
        • Frulian – Official language of the autonomous region of Friuli,Italy. 
        • Ladin – Recognized by both provincial and national law in Italy, spoken in the south Tyrol.
        • Romansh 🇨🇭 – Official language in areas of southern Switzerland.
    • West Iberian branch
      • Atur-Leonese regional sub group
        • Asturian – Recognized minority language spoken in the Principality of Asturias, Spain
        • Extremaduran – Dialect related to the Asturleonese language, spoken in adjoining areas in the province of Salamanca. 
        • Leonese – Official language spoken in Spanish autonomous community of Castile and León of Spain.
        • Mirandese – Sparsely spoken and Co-official language in Miranda do Douro, Portugal
      • Castilianregional sub group
        • Spanish 🇪🇸 🇪🇺 – Official language in Spain and the European Union as well as 20 other countries in Central and South America. 
        • Ladino (Judeo-Spanish) – Language derived from Old Spanish. Recognized minority language in Bosnia and Herzegovina, France, Israel and Turkey
        • Galician-Portuguese
        • Eonavian 🇪🇸
        • Fala 🇪🇸 – Sparsely spoken language by 10,000 peopole in western Spain on Portuguese boarder.
        • Galician 🇪🇸 – Official language in Galicia, an autonomous community in northwestern Spain. 
        • Portuguese 🇵🇹 🇪🇺 – Official language of Portugal and the European Union as well as nine countries out of Europe. Recognized minority status in Portuguese communities throughout the wolrd.
      • Pyranean-Mozarabic-Portugueseregional sub group
        • Aragonese Language spoken by about 12,000 people in the Pyrenees valleys of Aragon, Spain.
    • Italo-Dalmation branch
      • Coriscan – spoken on Corsica, is thought to be descended from Tuscan.
      • Istriot – Language spoken by about 400 people in the Istrian peninsula in Croatia.
      • ITALIAN 🇮🇹 🇨🇭 🇪🇺 – Official language of Italy, San Marino, southern Switzerland and the European Union. .
      • Neopolitan – Southern language spoken across parts of southern Italy.
      • Sassarese – Language spoken primarily in northeast Sardinia.
      • Silician 🇮🇹 – Regional language spoken on the island of Sicily; and in the south of both Calabria and Apulia; and in Cilento, in the southernmost of Campania
      • Tuscan-Corsican – spoken in the Italian region of Tuscany, and the French island of Corsica.
    • Sardinian – Recognized minority language in Italy and Sardinia. Campidanese and Logudorese are the two dialects spoken.
  • INDEPENDENT
    • Albanian 🇦🇱 🇲🇰 🇲🇪 🇽🇰 – Official language of Albania and co-official in North Macedonia, Montenegro and Kosovo. Recognized minority language of Croatia, Italy, Romania and Serbia.

Non-Indo-European Languages

  • SEMITIC Languages
    • Hebrew – Old language from the Kingdom of Israel and used in religious practices of Judaism.
    • Maltese 🇲🇹 🇽🇰 – Official language of Malta and the European Union.
  • TURKIC Languages
    • Southwest Turkicsub branch
      • Azerbaijani 🇧🇾 – Official language of Azerbaijan and Dagestan in the Russian Federation.
      • Crimean Tartar 🇷🇺 🇧🇾 – Official language in the Crimean peninsula.
      • Gagauz 🇲🇩 – Minority language in Moldova. Recognized minority language in Ukraine.
      • Turkish 🇹🇷 🇨🇾 – Official language in Turkey, Cyprus and Northern Cyprus. Recognized minority language in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Greece, Iraq, Kosovo, North Macedonia and Romania.
  • Uralic Languages
    • Balto-Finnic – subdivisions
      • Estonian (Northern-Standard) 🇪🇪 🇪🇺 – Official language of Estonia and the European Union.
      • Finnish 🇫🇮 🇪🇺 – Official language of Finland and the European Union. recognized minority language in Norway, Sweden and Russia. 
      • Karelian – Recognized minority language in Finland and Karelia of Russian Federation.
      • South Estonian – Language spoken in Southeast Estonia around Tartu.
      • Veps – Recognized minority language in Karelia of Russian Federation. 
      • Voltic – Language spoken by the Votes of Ingria in Russia.
    • Sami – subdivisions
      • Central Sami 🇩🇰 🇫🇴 🇪🇺 – Official language of Denmark, Faroe Islands and the European Union. Recognized minority language in Greenland and Germany.
      • Eastern Sami 🇫🇴 – Co-Official language in the Faroe Islands. Recognized minority language in Denmark and Greenland.
      • Western Sami – Official language of Iceland.
    • Hungarian 🇭🇺 🇪🇺 – Official language of Hungary anf the European Union. Recognized minority language in Austria, Croatia, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenian and Ukraine.
  • Independent Languages
    • Basque  – Official language of Basque Autonomous CommunityT in Spain. Recognized minority language in France.

Europe is very multi-lingual and in some countries they may have several official languages. In addition they may have other languages that are the official language for that region along with the national language. This accommodates minor ethnic groups who have no country but, whose indigenous people’s home has resided within the boundries of another country for many years. This preserves the language by being  taught in schools as well as, used in legal documentation and records.

Language Translating…

Before you leave on your adventure, learn some common phrases for the language of the country you will be visiting. Locals appreciate when you make a little effort to communicate in their native language. Not to worry though, many Europeans speak english well. Other than English, the main languages spoken across many western European boarders are French, Spanish, German and Italian.

In those old eastern block communist countries, Russian has a high recognition. Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian all use the Cryllic alphabet and the Greek alphabet is used in Greece. Unless you can read those alphabets the translator may not be of much help. However, even in those countries major signage can also be labeled with the latin alphabet and sometimes in English.

French

English word appears first followed by its French translation after the hash mark (English / French). Note some words in French have a feminine and masculine definition. They will be separated by a dash (English / feminine-masculine). Some translations may have multiple words because variable categories may apply to the word , they are separated by comas.

Salutations
Hello / Bonjour
Good Bye / Au revoir
Good Morning / Bonjour
Good Day / Bonne journée
Good Evening / Bonsoir
Good Night / Bonne nuit

Phrases
I do not speak French / je ne parle pas français
How are you? / comment ça va
Do you have _______? / Avez-vous_____?
Check please / Vérifiez, s’il vous
Checking In / enregistrement
Checking Out / vérifier
What is the price? / quel est le prix
Cash only / En espèces seulement
What is the time? / quelle heure est-il

Nouns
Women / Femme
Girl / Fille
Man / Homme
Boy Graçon
Child / Enfant
Mrs. / Madame
Mr. / Monsieur
Miss / Mademoiselle
friend / Amie-Ami
Police / Police
Fire / Feu
Emergency / Urgency
Doctor / Docteur
North / Nord
South / Sud
East / Est
West / Ouest
Exit / Sortir
Entrance / Entrée
Price / le Prix
Fare / Tarif
Ticket / Billet
Money / Argent
Credit Card / Carte de Crédit
Passport / Passeport
Computer / l’ordinateur
Phone / Téléphoner

Pronouns
He – il
She – elle
They / elles-ils
Them / leur
Our / notre
Your / ton
You / vous
Me / moi
It / ce
Us / nous
We / nous

Adjectives
Good / Bien
Bad / Mal
Sorry / Désolé, Pardon
Large / Grande-grand
Small / Petite-petit




Physical Locations
Hotel / Hôtel
Inn / Auberge
Room / Chambre
Restaurant / Restaurant, Bistro, Café, Brasserie, Bouchon, Auberge
Bakery /Pâtisserie, Boulangerie
Butcher / Bouchere
Bank /Banque
ATM / Distributeur automatique de billets
Store / Boutique
Market / Marché
Pharmacy / Pharmacie
Toilet / Toilette
Train station: Gare
Museum / Musée
Library / Bibiothèque
Garden / Jardin
Church / Eglise
Cathedral / Cathédrale
Chapel / Chapelle
Landmark / Repère
Monument / Monument
House / Loder
Mansion / Château
Palace / Palais
Castle / Château
Bridge /Ppont
Fortress / Forteresse
Tower / la Tour
City / Ville
Town / Ville
Village / Village
Avenue / Rue
Street / Rue
Boulevard / Boulevard
Square / Place
Sea / Mer
Beach / Plage
Lake / Lac
Mountain / Montagne
River / Fleuve
Valley / Vallée
Tram / Tram
Train / Train
Subway / Métro
Airport / Aéroport
Bus / Autobus
Car / Auto
Taxi / Taxi
Gasoline / de l’Essence

Verbs
Excuse me / Pardon
Thank You / Merci
Help / Aider
Stop / Arrêt
Go / Aller
Walk / Marche
Understand / Comprendre

Adverbs
Yes / Oui
No / Non
Please / s’il vous
Up / en Haut
Down / Vers le bas


Food Words
Breakfast / petit Déjeuner
Lunch / Déjeuner
Dinner / Dîner
Beer / Biére
Wine / Vin
Water / l’Eau
Coffee / Café
Chicken / Poulette-Poulet
Pork / Porc
Beef / Bœuf
Fish / Poisson
Shrimp / Crevette
Mussel / Moules
Oyster / Huître
Clams / Palourde
Eggs / Oeuf
French Fries / Frites
Cheese / Fromage
Bread / Pain
Soup / le Potage
Dessert / Dessert
Appetizer / Appetizer
Butter / Beurre
Fork / Fourchette
Knife / Couteau
Spoon / Cuillère

Preposition
On / Sur
Off / Á l’arrêt
In / Dans
Out / Dehors

Numbers
One / Une-un
Two / Deux
Three / Trois
Four / Quatre
Five / Cinq
Six / Six
Seven / Sept
Eight / Huit
Nine / Neuve-neuf
Ten / Dix

Days
Sunday / Diamanche
Monday / Lundi
Tuesday / Mardi
Wednesday / Mercredi
Thursday / Jeudi
Friday / Vendredi
Saturday / Samedi

Months
January / Janvier
February / Février
March / Mars
April / Avril
May / Peut
June / Juin
July / Juillet
August / Août
September / Septembre
October / Octobre
November / Novembre
December / Décembre

German

English word appears first followed by its French translation after the hash mark (English / German). Note some words in German have a feminine and masculine definition. They will be separated by a dash (English / feminine-masculine). Some translations may have multiple words because variable categories may apply to the word , they are separated by comas.

Salutations
Hello / Hallo
Good Bye / Auf Wiedersehen
Good Morning / Guten Morgen
Good Day / Guten Tag
Good Evening / Guten Abend
Good Night / Gute Nacht

Phrases
I do not speak French / Ich spreche kein Deutsch 
How are you? / Wie geht es dir? 
Do you have _______? / Haben Sie _______?
Check please / Bitte überprüfen
Checking In / Einchecken
Checking Out / auschecken
What is the price? / Was ist der Preis?
Cash only / Nur Barzahlung 
What is the time? / Wie spät ist es?

Nouns
Women / Frau
Girl / Mädchen
Man / Mann
Boy / Junge
Child / Kind
Mrs. / Frau
Mr. / Herrin-Herr
Miss / Fehlschlagen
friend / Freundin-Freund
Police / Polizei
Fire / Feuer
Emergency / Notfall
Doctor / Ärztin-Arzt
North / Norden
South / Süden
East / Ost
West / Westen
Exit / Ausfahrt
Entrance / Eingang
Price / Preis
Fare / Fahrpreis
Ticket / Fahrkarte
Money / Geld
Credit Card / Kreditkarte
Passport / Reisepass
Computer / Computer
Phone / Telefon

Pronouns
He / Er
She / Sie
They / Sie
Them / Sie
Our / Unser
Your / Dein
You / Sie
Me / Mich
It / Es
Us / Uns
We / Wir

Adjectives
Good / Gut
Bad / Mal
Sorry / Verzeihung
Large / Groß
Small / Klein




Physical Locations
Hotel / Hotel
Inn / Gasthaus
Room / Zimmer
Restaurant / Restaurant
Bakery / Bäckerei
Butcher / Metzger
Bank / Banque
ATM / Geldautomat
Store / Geschäft
Market / Markt
Pharmacy / Apotheke
Toilet / Toilette
Train station: Bahnhof
Museum / Museum
Library / Bibliothek
Garden / Garten
Church / Kirche
Chapel / Kapelle
Cathedral / Kathedrale
Landmark / Wahrzeichen
Monument / Monument
House / Haus
Mansion / Herrenhaus
Palace / Palast, Schloss
Castle / Schloss, Burg
Bridge / Brücke
Fortress / Festung
Tower / Turm
City / Stadt
Town / Stadt, Dorf
Village / Dorf
Avenue / Allee
Street / Straße
Boulevard / Boulevard
Highway / Autoroute
Highway / Autobahn
Square / Platz
Sea / Meer
Beach / Strand
Lake / See
Mountain / Berg
River / Fluss
Valley / Senke
Tram: Straßenbahn
Train: Zug
Subway / U Bahn
Airport / Flughafen
Bus / Autobus
Car / Auto
Taxi / Taxi
Gasoline / Benzin

Verbs
Excuse me / Entschuldigung
Thank You / Danke
Help / Hilfe
Stop / pause
Go / Gehen
Walk / Spaziergangunderstand
Understand / verstehe

Adverbs
Yes / Ja, Jawohl
No / Nein
Please / Bitte
Up / Hoch
Down / Niedersorry


Food Words
Breakfast / Frühstück
Lunch / Mittagessen
Dinner / Abendessen
Beer / Bier
Wine / Wein
Water / Wasser
Coffee / Kaffee
Chicken / Huhn
Pork / Schweinefleisch
Beef / Rindfleisch
Fish / Fisch
Shrimp / Garnelen
Mussel / Muscheln
Oyster / Auster
Clams / Venusmuscheln
Eggs / Eier
French Fries / Pommes Frites 
Cheese / Käse
Bread / Brot
Soup / Suppe
Dessert / Dessert
Appetizer / Vorspeise
Butter / buttermonuemnt
Fork / Gabel
Knife / Messer
Spoon / Löffel

Preposition
On / Ein
Off / Aus
In / In
Out / aus

Numbers
One / Eines
Two / Zwei
Three / Drei
Four / Vier
Five / Fünf
Six / Sechs
Seven / Sieben
Eight / Acht
Nine / Neun
Ten / Zehnmusee

Days
Sunday / Sonntag
Monday / Montag
Tuesday / Dienstag
Wednesday / Mittwoch
Thursday / Donnerstag
Friday / Freitag
Saturday / Samstag

Months
January / Januar
February / Februar
March / März
April /
May / Mai
June / Juni
July / Juli
August /
September /
October / Oktober
November /
December / Dezcember

Italian

English word appears first followed by its French translation after the hash mark (English / Italian). Note some words in Italian have a feminine and masculine definition. They will be separated by a dash (English / feminine-masculine). Some translations may have multiple words because variable categories may apply to the word , they are separated by comas.

Salutations
Hello / Ciao
Good Bye / Arrivederci
Good Morning / Buongiorno
Good Day / Buona giornata
Good Evening / Buona sera
Good Night / Buona notte

Phrases
I do not speak Italian / Non parlo francese
How are you? / Come stai?
Do you have _______? / Hai _______? 
Check please /
Checking In / enregistrement
Checking Out / vérifier
What is the price? / Qual è il prezzo?
Cash only / Solo contanti
What is the time? / Che ore sono?

Nouns
Woman / Donna
Girl / Ragazza
Man / Uomo
Boy / Ragazzo
Child / Bambina-Bambino
Mrs. / Signora
Mr. / Signor
Miss / Signorina
friend / Amica
Police / Polizia
Fire / Vigili del fuoco
Emergency / Emergenza
Doctor / Dottore
North / Nord
South / Sud
East / Est
West / Ovest
Exit / Uscita
Entrance / Entrata
Price / Prezzo
Fare / Tariffa
Ticket / Biglietto
Money / I soldi
Credit Card / Carta di credito
Passport / Passaporto
Computer / Computer
Phone / Telefono

Pronouns
He / Lui
She / Lei
They / Esse-essi
Them / Loro
Our / i Nostri
Your / Tua-Tuo
You / Tu
Me / Me
It / Essa-Esso
Us / Noi
We / Noi

Adjectives
Good / Buono
Bad / Male
Sorry / Scusa
Large / Di grandi dimensioni
Small /- Piccola-Piccolo


Physical Locations
Hotel / Hotel
Inn / Locanda
Room / Camera
Restaurant / Ristorante, Trattoria, Osteria
Bakery / Panetteria
Butcher / Macelleria
Bank / banca
ATM / Bancomat
Store / Negozio
Market / Mercato
Pharmacy / Farmacia
Toilet / Toilette
Train station: Stazione ferroviaria
Museum / Museo
Library / Biblioteca
Garden / Giardino
Church / Cattedrale di Eglise
Chapel / Cappella
Cathedral / Cattedrale di Eglise
Landmark / Repère
Monument / Monumento
House / Casa
Mansion / Dimora
Palace / Palzzo
Castle / Castello
Bridge / ponte
Fortress / Fortezza
Tower / Torre
City / Città
Town / Cittadina-Cittadino
Village / Villaggio
Avenue / Viale
Street / Autostrada
Boulevard / Viale
Highway / Strada
Square / Piazza
Sea / Mare
Beach / Spiaggia
Lake / Lago
Mountain / Montagna
River / Fiume
Valley / Valle
Tram / Tram
Train / Treno
Subway / Metropolitana
Airport / Aeroporto
Bus / Autobus
Car / Auto
Taxi / Taxi
Gasoline / Benzina

Verbs
Excuse me / Scusi
Thank You / Grazie
Help / Aiuto
Stop / Fermare
Go / Andare
Walk / Camminare
Understand / Capire

Adverbs
Yes / Si
No / No
Please / Per favore
Up / Su
Down / Fuori uso


Food Words
Breakfast / Colazione
Lunch / Pranzo
Dinner / Cena
Beer / Birra
Wine / Vino
Water / Acqua
Coffee / Caffè
Chicken / Pollo
Pork / Maiale
Beef / Manzo
Fish / Pesce
Shrimp / Gamberetti
Mussel / Cozze
Oyster / Ostriche
Clams / Vongole
Eggs / Uova
French Fries / Patatine fritte
Cheese / Formaggio
Bread / Pane
Soup / Zuppa
Dessert / Dessert
Appetizer / Antipasto
Butter / Burro
Fork / Forchetta
Knife / Coltello
Spoon / Cucchiaio

Preposition
On / Su
Off / Spento
In / Nella-Nel
Out / Fuori

Numbers
One / Una-uno
Two / Due
Three / Tre
Four / Quattro
Five / Cinque
Six / Sei
Seven / Sette
Eight / Otto
Nine / Nove
Ten / Dieci

Days
Sunday / Domenica
Monday / Lunedì
Tuesday / Martedì
Wednesday / Mercoledì
Thursday / Giovedì
Friday / Venerdì
Saturday / Sabato

Months
January / Gennaio
February / Février
March / Marzo
April / Aprile
May / Maggio
June / Giugno
July / Luglio
August / Agosto
September / Settembre
October / Ottobre
November / Novembre
December / Dicembre

Spanish

English word appears first followed by its French translation after the hash mark (English / Spanish). Note some words in Spanish have a feminine and masculine definition. They will be separated by a dash (English / feminine-masculine). Some translations may have multiple words because variable categories may apply to the word , they are separated by comas.

Salutations
Hello / Hola
Good Bye / Adiós
Good Morning / Buenos dias
Good Day / Buenos días
Good Evening / Buenas noches
Good Night / Buenos noches

Phrases
I do not speak Spanish / No hablo español
How are you? / cómo estás
Do you have _______? / Tienes_____?
Check please / Comprueba, por favor
Checking In / registrándose
Checking Out / el registro de salida
What is the price? / Cuál es el precio
Cash only / Solamente efectivo
What is the time? / Qué hora es

Nouns
Women / Mujer
Girl / Chica
Man / Hombre
Boy / Chico
Child / Niña-Niño
Mrs. / Señora
Mr. / Señor
Miss / Señorita
friend / amiga-amigo
Police / Policía
Fire / Fuego
Emergency / Emergencia
Doctor / Médica-Médico
North / Norte
South / Sur
East / Este
West / Oeste
Exit / Salida
Entrance / Entrada
Price / Oeste
Fare / Tarifa
Ticket / Boleto
Money / Dinero
Credit Card / Tarjeta de crédito
Passport / Pasaporte
Computer / Computadora
Phone / Teléfono

Pronouns
He – Él
She – Ella
They / Ellas-Ellos
Them / Ellas-Ellos
Our / Nuestra-Nuestro
Your / Su
You / Tú
Me / Yo
It / Eso
Us / Nosotras-Nosotros
We / Nosotras-Nosotros

Adjectives
Good / Buena-Bueno
Bad / Mala-Malo
Sorry / Perdón
Large / Larga-Largo, Grande-Grand
Small / Perdón-Pequeño




Physical Locations
Hotel / Hôtel
Inn / Posada
Room / Habitación
Restaurant / Restaurante
Bakery / Panadería
Butcher / Carnicera-Carnicero
Bank / Banco
ATM / Cajero automático
Store / Tienda
Market / Mercado
Pharmacy / Farmacia
Toilet / Inodoro
Train Station: Estación de tren
Museum / Museo
Library / Biblioteca
Garden / Jardín
Church / Iglesia
Chapel / Capilla
Cathedral / Catedral
Landmark / Punto de referencia
Monument / Monumento
House / Casa
Mansion / Mansión
Palace / Palacio
Castle / Castillo
Bridge / Puente
Fortress / Fortaleza
Tower / Torre
City / Ciudad
Town / Pueblo
Village / Aldea
Avenue / Avenida
Street / Calle
Boulevard / Bulevar
Highway / Carrettera
Square / Plaza
Sea / Mar
Beach / Playa
Lake / Lago
Mountain / Montaña
River / Río
Valley / Valle
Tram: Tranvía
Train: Tren
Subway / Metro, Subterraneo
Airport / Aeropuerto
Car / Coche
Bus / Autobús
Taxi / Taxi
Gasoline / Gasolina, Petróleo

Verbs
Excuse me / Perdóneme
Thank You / Perdóneme
Help / Ayuda
Stop / Deténgase
Go / Vamos
Walk / Caminar
Understand / Entender

Adverbs
Yes / Sí
No / No
Please / Por favor
Up / Arriba
Down / Abajo


Food Words
Breakfast / Desayuno
Lunch / Almuerza-Almuerzo
Dinner / Cena
Beer / Cerveza
Wine / Vino
Water / Agua
Coffee / Café
Chicken / Pollo
Pork / Cerda-Cerdo
Beef / Carne de res
Fish / Pez
Shrimp / Camarón
Mussel / Mejillones
Oyster / Ostras
Clams / Almejas
Eggs / Huevos
French Fries / Papas fritas
Cheese / Queso
Bread / Pan de molde
Soup / Sopa
Dessert / Postre
Appetizer / Aperitivo
Butter / Manteca
Fork / Tenedora-Tenedor
Knife / Cuchillo
Spoon / Cuchara

Preposition
On / En
Off / Apagada-Apagado
In / En
Out / Afuera

Numbers
One / Una-uno
Two / Dos
Three / Tres
Four / Cuatro
Five / Cinco
Six / Seis
Seven / Siete
Eight / Ocho
Nine / Nueve
Ten / Diez

Days
Sunday / Domingo
Monday / Lunes
Tuesday / Martes
Wednesday / Miércoles
Thursday / Jueves
Friday / Viernes
Saturday / Sábado

Months
January / Enero 
February / Febrero
March / Marzo
April / Abril
May / Mayo
June / Junio
July / Julio
August / Agosto
September / Septiembre
October / Octubre
November / Noviembre
December / Diciembre

You can find a language translator apps for your mobile device at one of the app stores or go to Goggle Translate on the internet.

Local Names

Countries

Countries and Cities in their language will vary from our pronunciation and spelling. Listed are names with our English version as opposed to the local version.

Albania is Shqipëri
Andorra is Andorre (French)
Austria is Österreich
Belarus is Bielaruś (Беларусь)
Belgium is Belgique ( French)
België (Dutch)
Belgien (German)
Bosnia & Hercegovina is Bosna i Hercegovina
Bulgaria is Bŭlgariya (България)
Croatia is Hrvatska
Cyprus is Κύπρος (Greek)
Czechia is Česko
Denmark is Danmark
Germany is Deutschland (German)
Dútslân (Frisian)
Estonia is Eesti
Finland is Suomi

France is Francia (Corsican)
Greece is Elláda (Ελλάδα)
Hungary is Magyarország
Iceland is Ísland
Ireland is Éireann
Italy is Italia
Latvia is Latvija
Lithuania is Lietuva
Luxembourg is Lëtzebuerg (Luxembourgish)
Montenegro is Crna Gora
Netherlands is Nederland (Dutch)
Nederlân (Frisian)
North Macedonia is Severna Makedonija (Северна Македонија)
Norway is Norge
Poland is Polska
Romania is România



Russia is Rossiya (Россия)
Serbia is Srbija (Србија)
Slovakia is Slovensko
Slovenia is Slovenija
Spain is  España (Spanish)
Espainiako (Basque)
Espanya (Catalan)
Sweden is Sverige
Switzerland is Schwiez (German)
Suisse (French)
Svizzera (Italian)
Turkey is Türkiye
Ukriane is Ukrayiny (Україна)
Scotland is Alba (Gaelic)
Wales is Cymru
Vatican City is Città del Vaticano (Italian)

Cities

Alicante is Alacant
Antwerp is Antwerpen
Athens is Athena (Αθήνα)
Auschwitz is Owieçim
Basel is Bâle
Belfast is Béal Feirste
Belgrade is Beograd (београд)
Bruges is Brugge
Brussels is Bruxelles
Bucharest is București
Cardiff is Caerdydd
Cologne is Köln
Copenhagen is København
Corfu is Kérkyra
Corinth is Kórinthos
Cork is Coraigh
Dublin is Baile Ath Cliath
Dunkirk is Dunkerque

Florence is Firenze
Galway is Gaillimh
Geneva is Genéve
Genoa is Genova
Ghent is Gent
Gothenburg is Göteborg
Hanover is Hannover
Heraklion is Iráklio
Killarney is Cill Airnie
Kilkenny is Cill Chainnigh
Kiev is Kyyiv (Київ)
Lisbon is Lisboa
Lucerne is Luzerne
Milan is Milano
Minsk (Мінск)
Moscow is Moskva (Москва)
Munich is München


Naples is Napoli
Nuremberg is Nürnberg
Patras is Pátra
Pilsen is Plzen
Pireaus is Píreás
Prague is Praha
Porto is Oporto
Rome is Roma
St. Petersburg is Sankt-Peterburg (Санкт-Петербург)
Seville is Sevilla
Sofia is Sofiya (София)
The Hague is Den Haag
Turin is Torino
Vienna is Wien
Venice is Venezia
Warsaw is Warszawa
Ypres is leper
Zurich is Zürich