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War & Remembrance Memorials

Through the centuries Europe has had great turmoil with warring fractions that have led to horrific wars of great destruction and death. As small kingdoms would create alliances with other kingdoms their adversaries would do the same in fear that they wouldn’t be secure against their adversaries. This would lead to a very competitive environment which unified kingdoms into countries like Germany & Italy. The revolution in France toppled a monarchy and the ideas of democracy spread throughout the rest of Europe.  The average person would rise up against the power of not only the monarchies but, those of wealth and influence. Many of these conflicts are commemorated and memorialized usually at the very location they occurred.

The greatest of these are the two world wars that were fought primarily on European soil. These wars impacted all of Europe in one way or another. Across the countries of Europe are museums that document these events and landmarks at the actual locations. Memorials are scattered across the face of Europe to honor the dead and the cemeteries where they rest.

The most moving of these memorials are the concentration camps of WW II. While some were destroyed and merely have markers to show where they existed, others like Auschwitz still have the buildings and grounds where some of the evilest crimes against humanity were committed. These stand in remembrance of all those who suffered and died under the brutality of an oppressive Nazi regime.

Also of high interests these days are the sights of the “Cold War” such as the Berlin Wall, Checkpoint Charley, Cold War museums, old Soviet locations in the prior Soviet areas and more.

Memorials…

🇦🇹 Austria
  • Soviet war memorial-  Vienna
🇧🇾 Belarus
  • Brest Fortress – Brest
  • Khatyn massacre
🇧🇪 Belgium
  • Memorial de Mardasson –  Bastogne
  • Malmedy Massacre Memorial – Baugnez
  • Saint Julien Memorial – Langemark
  • Island of Ireland Peace Park – Messines
  • Lion’s Mound – Waterloo
  • Menin Gate Memorial – Ypres
🇨🇿 Czechia
🇪🇪 Estonia
  • Independence War Victory Column – Tallinn
🇫🇷 France
  • Notre Dame de Lorette – Ablain St.-Nazaire
  • Newfoundland Memorial Park – Beaumont-Hamel
  • Normandy American Cemetery and Memorial – Colleville-sur-Mer
  • Douaumont Ossuary Verdun – Douaumont
  • Verdun Memorial – Fleury-devant-Douaumont
  • Welsh Memorial at Mametz Wood – Mametz
  • Oradour-sur-Glane Massacre Memorial – Oradour-sur-Glane
  • Thiepval Memorial to the Missing of the Somme – Thiepval
  • Villers–Bretonneux Australian National Memorial – Villers–Bretonneux
  • Vimy Ridge Memorial -Vimy
🇩🇪 Germany
  • Soviet War Memorial in Treptower Park – Berlin
  • Hermannsdenkmal – Detmold
  • Befreiungshalle – Kelheim
  • Völkerschlachtdenkmal – Leipzig
🇬🇷 Greece
🇮🇪 Ireland
  • Garden of Remembrance – Dublin
  • National War Memorial – Dublin
🇮🇹 Italy

Sacrario militare di Redipuglia –  Fogliano Repdipuglia

🇳🇱 Netherlands
  • National Monument  – Amsterdam
  • Groesbeek Memorial, Canadian War Cemetery – Groesbeek
  • Netherlands American Cemetery – Margraten
  • Liberty Monument Welberg – Welberg Steenbergen
🇵🇱 Poland
  • Tannenberg Memorial – Olsztynek
  • Bohaterom Warszawy –  Warsaw
  • Monument to the Heroes of the Ghetto –  Warsaw
  • Ochota Massacre Memorial –  Warsaw
  • The Warsaw Uprising Memorial –  Warsaw
  • Wola Massacre Memorial –  Warsaw
🇷🇴 Romania
  • Tomb of the Unknown Soldier- Bucharest
  • Mausoleum of Mărăşeşti – Mărăşeşti
🇷🇺 Russia
  • Piskarevskoye Memorial Cemetery – Leningrad
  • Tomb of the Unknown Soldier – Moscow
  • Poklonnaya Hill – Moscow
  • Mamayev Kurgan – Stalingrad
🇷🇸 Serbia
🇪🇸 Spain
  • Fossar de les Moreres – Barcelona
  • Valle de los Caídos (Valley of the Fallen) – San Lorenzo de El Escorial,
🇹🇷 Turkey
  • Zafer Anıtı-Turkish İndependence War Glory Memorial – Alagöz
  • Ulus Cumhuriyet Anıtı-Ulus Turkish Republic Memorial -Ankara
  • Gelibolu Peninsula (Gallipoli) – Anzac
  • Guven Anıtı-Turkish Soldiers Memorial – Kizilay
  • Turkish İndependence War Memorial
🇬🇧 United Kingdom
🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 England
  • The National Armed Forces Memorial – Alrewas, England
  • Shot at Dawn Memorial – – Alrewas, England
  • Hall of Memory –  Birmingham, England
  • The Cenotaph, Whitehall – London, England
  • National Firefighters Memorial – London, England
  • Nelson’s Column Trafalgar Square –  London
  • Women of World War II – London, England
  • The Unknown Warrior in Westminster Abbey – London, England
  • Animals in War Memorial – London, England
Northern Ireland
  • The Cenotaph – Belfast, Northern Ireland
  • Northern Ireland War Memorial – Belfast, Northern Ireland
🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Scotland
  • Scottish National War Memorial, Edinburgh Castle – Edinburgh, Scotland
  • Commando Memorial – Spean Bridge, Scotland
  • Lewis War Memorial – Stornoway, Scotland
  • Lockerbie Garden of Remembrance  – Lockerbie
🏴󠁧󠁢󠁷󠁬󠁳󠁿 Wales
  • Welsh National War Memorial – Cardiff, Wales
  • War memorials in Monmouth – Monmouth, Wales

Additional Listings for European Memorial sites;
 » Memorials Museums 
    »Traces of War

Concentration Camps of WW II…

The Nazis used Concentrations Camps for several purposes. 

  • Forced Labor – These camps the earliest of camps where people the Nazis considered undesirable were put to work as cheap labor to build infrastructure projects but, primarily military manufacturing. 
  • Transit or Holding – These were camps used as collections points for the apprehension of civilians and then staged for deportation to concentration camps.
  • Concentration
  • Extermination
🇦🇹 Austria
🇧🇾 Belarus
  • Koldichevo – Labor camp
  • Maly Trostenets – Extermination camp
🇧🇪 Belgium
  • Breendonk – Prison & labor camp
  • Mechelen – Transit camp
🇭🇷 Croatia
  • Jasenovac camp – Extermination camp
🇨🇿 Czechia
🇪🇪 Estonia
  • Klooga – Labor camp
  • Vaivara – Concentration & transit camp
🇫🇷 France
  • Drancy – Internment camp, transit
  • Fort de Romainville – Prison and transit camp
  • Le Vernet – Internment camp
  • Natzweiler-Struthof – Labor camp & extermination camp
  • Alderney – Labor camps located on the Channel Islands off the coast of France
🇩🇪 Germany
  • Arbeitsdorf – Labor camp
  • Berga an der Elster – Labor camp
  • Bergen-Belsen – Collection point
  • Berlin-Marzahn – Labor camp
  • Bernburg – Collection point
  • Breitenau – Labor camp
  • Buchenwald – Labor camp
  • Dachau – Labor camp
  • Flößberg – Labor camp
  • Flossenbürg – Labor camp
  • Hinzert – Collection point
  • Kaufering – Labor camp
  • Kemna – Concentration camp
  • Langenstein-Zwieberge – Buchenwald subcamp
  • Malchow – Labor and Transit camp
  • Mittelbau-Dora – Labor camp
  • Neuengamme – Labor camp
  • Niederhagen  – Prison and labor camp
  • Oberer Kuhberg – Concentration camp
  • Ohrdruf – Labor and concentration camp
  • Oranienburg – Concentration camp
  • Osthofen – Collective point
  • Ravensbrück – Labor camp
  • Sachsenhausen – Labor camp
🇮🇹 Italy
  • Bolzano – Transit camp
  • Fossoli – Prison and transit camp
  • Risiera di San Sabba – Detainment camp
🇱🇻 Latvia
  • Kaiserwald – Labor camp
  • Salaspils – Labor camp
🇱🇹 Lithuania
  • Kauen – Internment camp
🇳🇱 Netherlands
  • Amersfoort – Transit camp and prison
  • Herzogenbusch – Concentration camp
  • Westerbork – Transit camp
🇳🇴 Norway
  • Bardufoss – Concentration camp
  • Bredtvet – Concentration camp
  • Falstad – Prison camp
  • Grini – Prison camp
🇵🇱 Poland
  • Auschwitz-Birkenau – Extermination and labor camp
  • Bełżec – Extermination camp
  • Chełmno– Extermination camp
  • Fort VII  – Concentration camp
  • Gross-Rosen – Labor camp
  • Lamsdorf – Łambinowice
  • Majdanek  – Extermination camp
  • Mittelsteine – Labor camp
  • Płaszów – Labor camp
  • Sobibór – Extermination camp
  • Soldau- Labor & transit camp
  • Stutthof – Labor camp
  • Treblinka  – Extermination camp
  • Warsaw  – Extermination and labor camp
🇷🇸 Serbia
  • Banjica- Concentration camp
  • Crveni krst – Concentration camp
  • Sajmište- Extermination camp
🇺🇦 Ukraine
  • Bogdanovka- Concentration camp
  • Janowska – Transit , labor & extermination camp

More information can be found at;
 » The Central Database of Shoah Victims’ Names
Locate tour operators that specialize in war remembrance, battlefield & military tours at out
» Tour Types post