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About Europe

War History

Europe’s history is lined with wars and conflicts recorded as far back as the dawn of Greece through to the current time today. The results of some of these wars has such an impact that Europe would not be what it is today. Such pivotal events actually affected the whole world and had they had different results, we may not even recognize the world as it is today.

Had the Spanish Armanda defeated the English, Spain would have ruled the high seas and most likely gained colonies in North America. Canada’s and the US official language could be Spanish and not English. What if Germany won the first World War and not the Allies. What European countries, like Poland and Czechia would not exist but, be a part of a Germany today. Outcomes of these conflicts can change the whole course of history more they we could possibly imagine.

You can go to the following pages ➾ Battlefields & Fortifications /  ➾ Cemeteries / ➾ War and Remembrance and find war related locations to visit while in Europe. Many museums across Europe may also have exhibits that address wars and the actions that have shaped Europe’s past history and future. 

Historical Conflicts in Europe…

Historical Conflicts in Europe...
Pre 500 BCE
Conflict NameVictors / ResultsBelligerents
c. 1104–900 BCE Dorian invasionPeace TreatyRoman Republic  Clusium
c. 753–351 BCE Roman–Etruscan Wars Roman Republic 
c. 753–494 BCE Roman–Sabine warsRoman RepublicRoman RepublicSabines
743–724 BCE First Messenian WarSpartaSpartaMessenia
710–650 BCE Lelantine WarDebatedEretriaChalcis
circa 700–601 BCE Alban war with RomeRoman RepublicRoman RepublicAlba Longa
685–668 BCE Second Messenian WarSpartaSpartaMessenia
669–668 BCE Sparta–Argos WarArgive SpartaArgo
600–265 BCE Greek–Punic WarsStalemateCarthageGreek City States
595–585 BCE First Sacred WarDelphiDelphi & SicyonKirrha
560 BCE Second Arcadian WarGreek  
540 BCE Battle of AlaliaGreekGreek Phocaean ColoniesCarthage & Etruscans
538–522 BCE Polycrates wars   
500 – 200 BCE
Conflict NameVictors / ResultsBelligerents
509–396 BCE Early Italian campaigns   
500–499 BCE Persian invasion of Naxos   
492–490 BCE First Persian invasion of Greece    
482–479 BCE Second Persian invasion of Greece   
480–307 BCE Sicilian Wars   
460–445 BCE First Peloponnesian War   
449–448 BCE Second Sacred War   
440–439 BCE Samian War   
431–404 BCE Second Peloponnesian War   
395–387 BCE Corinthian War   
390–387 BCE Celtic invasion of Italia   
335 BCE Alexander’s Balkan campaignMacedonia MacedoniansThracians Illyrians Getae Ancient Thebes (Boeotia)
323–322 BCE Lamian War   
280–275 BCE Pyrrhic War   
267–261 BCE Chremonidean War    
264–241 BCE First Punic WarRoman VictoryRoman RepublicCarthage, Syracuse
229–228 BCE First Illyrian War   
220–219 BCE Second Illyrian War    
218–201 BCE Second Punic WarRoman VictoryRoman RepublicCarthage, Syracuse, Macedon
214–205 BCE First Macedonian WarStalemateRoman RepublicMacedonia Acheaen League
200 BCE onwards
Conflict NameVictors / ResultsBelligerents
200–197 BCE Second Macedonian WarRoman VictoryRoman RepublicAntigonid Macedonia
191–189 BCE Aetolian War   
171–168 BCE Third Macedonian War Roman VictoryRoman RepublicKingdom of Macedon
135–132 BCE First Servile WarRoman VictoryRoman RepublicSlaves of Sicily
113–101 BCE Cimbrian War    
113 BCE – CE 439 Germanic Wars    
104–100 BCE Second Servile War Roman VictoryRoman RepublicSlaves of Sicily
91–88 BCE Social War   
88–87 BCE Sulla’s first civil war   
85 BCE Colchis uprising against Pontus   
83–72 BCE Sertorian War   
82–81 BCE Sulla’s second civil war   
78 BCE Marcus Aemilius Lepidus    
73–71 BCE Third Servile War Roman victoryRebel ArmyRoman Republic
73–63 BCE Roman Expansion in Syria & Judea   
65–63 BCE Pompey’s campaign in Iberia and Albania   
63–62 BCE Second Catilinarian conspiracy   
55–54 BCE Caesar’s invasions of BritainRoman VictoryRoman RepublicBritons
58–51 BCE Gallic Wars Roman VictoryRoman RepublicGaullic, Germanic, Briton, Aquitanian & Iberian Tribes
49–45 BCE Caesar’s Civil War   
44–36 BCE Sicilian revolt    
43 BCE Battle of Mutina   
43–42 BCE Liberators’ civil war   
41–40 BCE Perusine War   
32–30 BCE Final War of the Roman Republic   
1st – 10th Century CE
Conflict NameVictors / ResultsBelligerents
35–41 Iberian-Parthian war    
49–96 Roman conquest of Britain   
51 Armenian–Iberian war   
69 Year of the Four Emperors   
69–70 Revolt of the Batavi   
193 Year of the Five Emperors    
208–210 Roman invasion of Caledoni   
238 Year of the Six Emperors   
271–278 Colchis–Roman War   
284–285 Roman civil war   
306–324 Civil wars of the Tetrarchy    
350–351 Roman civil war   
360–361 Roman civil war    
367–368 Great Conspiracy   
376–382 Gothic War Roman Pyrrhic victoryEastern & Western Roman EmpireTherving Goths / Greuthungi Goths / Alanic raiders / Hunnic raiders
387–388 Roman civil war    
394 Roman civil war of 394 AD   
482–484 Iberian-Persian War   
526–532 Iberian War    
535–554 Gothic War    
541–562 Lazic War   
582–602 Maurice’s Balkan campaigns    
c. 600–793 Frisian–Frankish wars    
650–799 Arab–Khazar wars    
680–1355 Byzantine–Bulgarian wars    
711–718 Umayyad conquest of Hispania   
715–718 Frankish Civil War (715–718)   
722–1492 ReconquistaCatholic Monarchs All Iberian Muslim territories reclaimed by SpainAsturias, Galiza, León, Castile, Navarre, Aragon, Portugal Umayyad Caliphate, Emirate of Córdoba, Banu Qasi, Caliphate of Córdoba, Almoravid Empire, Almohad Caliphate, Marinid Empire, Emirate of Granada
735–737 Georgian-Umayyad Caliphate War    
772–804 Saxon Wars    
c. 800/862–973 Hungarian invasions of Europe   
830s Paphlagonian expedition of the Rus’   
839–1330 Bulgarian–Serbian Wars   
854–1000 Croatian–Bulgarian wars   
860 Rus’–Byzantine War   
865–878 Invasion of the Great Heathen Army   
907 Rus’–Byzantine War   
914 Arab-Georgian War   
939 Battle of Andernach   
941 Rus’–Byzantine War   
955 Battle of Recknitz    
970–971 Sviatoslav’s invasion of Bulgaria   
982 Battle of Stilo   
983 Great Slav Rising   
11 Century
Conflict NameVictors / ResultsBelligerents
1002–1018 German–Polish War    
1014–1208 Byzantine–Georgian wars    
1015–1016 Pisan–Genoese expeditions to Sardinia    
1015–1016 Cnut’s invasion of England    
1018 Battle of Vlaardingen   
1024 Battle of Listven   
1024 Rus’–Byzantine War    
1043 Rus’–Byzantine War    
1044 Battle of Ménfő    
1048–1064 Invasion of Denmark   
1050–1185 Byzantine–Norman wars    
1057 Battle of Petroe    
1060 Battle of the Theben Pass    
1066 Norwegian invasion of England   
1066–1088 Norman conquest of England

 

  • 1067–1194 Norman invasion of Wales 
  • 1075 Revolt of the Earls 
NormansNormansAnglo-Saxon England
1067–1194 Norman invasion of Wales    
1067 Battle on the Nemiga River    
1068 Battle of the Alta River   
1073–1075 Saxon Rebellion    
    
1077–1088 Great Saxon Revolt    
1078 Battle of Kalavrye   
1088 Rebellion of 1088   
1093 Battle of Schmilau   
1093 Battle of the Stugna River   
1097 Battle of Gvozd Mountain   
1099–1204 Georgian–Seljuk wars   
12th Century
Conflict NameVictors / ResultsBelligerents
1109 Battle of Głogów   
1115 Battle of Welfesholz   
1121 Battle of Didgori   
1126 Battle of Chlumec    
1130–1240 Civil war era in Norway   
1135–54 The Anarchy   
1142–1445 Swedish–Novgorodian Wars Treaty of NöteborgSwedenRepublic of Novgorod
1144–1162 Baussenque Wars    
1159–1345 Wars of the Guelphs and Ghibellines   
1164 Battle of Verchen   
1169–1175 Norman invasion of Ireland   
1173–1174 Revolt of 1173–74   
1185–1204 Uprising of Asen and Peter   
1198 Battle of Gisors   
1198–1290 Livonian Crusade   
13th Century
Conflict NameVictors / ResultsBelligerents
1201 Battle of Stellau   
1202 Siege of Zadar    
1202–1214 Anglo–French War   
1205 Battle of Zawichost   
1208–1227 Conquest of Estonia   
1209–1229 Albigensian Crusade   
1211 Welsh uprising of 1211   
1215–1217 First Barons’ War    
1216–1222 War of Succession of Champagne   
1220–1264 Age of the Sturlungs    
1223–1241 Mongol invasion of Europe    
1223–1480 Tatar raids in Russia   
1224 Siege of La Rochelle    
1227 Battle of Bornhöved    
1231–1233 Friso-Drentic War   
1234–1238 Georgian-Molgol War    
1239–1245 Teltow War    
1242 Saintonge War    
1256–1258 War of the Euboeote Succession   
1256–1381 Venetian–Genoese Wars    
1256–1422 Friso-Hollandic WarsHolland captures West FrisiaHolland / Zeeland /HainautFrisia
1260 Battle of Kressenbrunn   
1262–1266 Scottish–Norwegian War    
1264–1267 Second Barons’ War    
1265 Battle of Isaszeg    
1275–1276 The war against Valdemar Birgersson   
1276–1278 6000-mark war   
1276 War of Navarra   
1277–1280 Uprising of Ivaylo   
1278 Battle on the Marchfeld   
1282–1302 War of the Sicilian Vespers   
1283–1289 War of the Limburg Succession   
1288–1295 War of the Outlaws   
1296–1357 Wars of Scottish Independence   
1297–1305 Franco-Flemish War   
1298 Battle of Göllheim   
14th Century
Conflict NameVictors / ResultsBelligerents
1302 Battle of the Golden SpursFlemish VictoryCounty of FlandersKingdom of France
1304–1310 The Swedish brother’s feud    
1307 Battle of Lucka   
1311–1312 Rebellion of mayor Albert    
1312 Battle of Rozgony    
1321–1322 Despenser War   
1321–1328 Byzantine civil war of 1321–28    
1322 Battle of Bliska   
1323–1328 Peasant revolt in Flanders    
1324 War of Saint-Sardos    
1326–1332 Polish–Teutonic War Treaty of Kalisz (1343)Kingdom of Poland /Grand Duchy of Lithuania /Kingdom of HungaryTeutonic Order / Kingdom of Bohemia / Duchy of Masovia
1333–1338 Burke Civil War    
1337–1453 Hundred Years’ War   
1340–1392 Galicia–Volhynia Wars    
1340–1396 Bulgarian–Ottoman wars    
1341–1347 Byzantine civil war of 1341–47   
1342–1350 Zealot’s Rebellion    
1343–1345 St. George’s Night Uprising    
1347–1352 Neapolitan campaigns of Louis the Great    
1350–1498 Wars of the Vetkopers and Schieringers    
1350–1490 Hook and Cod wars    
1356–1358 Jacquerie   
1356–1375 War of the Two Peters    
1362 Battle of Helsingborg    
1362–1457 War of the Bands    
1366–1369 Castilian Civil War   
1366–1526 Ottoman–Hungarian Wars   
1369–1370 First Fernandine War    
1371–1913 Serbian–Ottoman wars    
1371 Battle of Baesweiler   
1371–1379 War of the Guelderian Succession    
1371–1381 War of Chioggia    
1372–1373 Second Fernandine War    
1373–1379 Byzantine civil war of 1373–79   
1375 Gugler War    
1375–1378 War of the Eight Saints   
1381 Peasants’ Revolt    
1381–1382 Third Fernandine War   
1381–1384 Lithuanian Civil War (1381–84)   
1382 Harelle and Maillotins Revolt    
1381–1404 Second Georgian–Mongol War   
1389 Battle of Kosovo    
1389–1392 Lithuanian Civil War (1389–92)    
1395 Battle of Nicopolis   
15th Century
Conflict NameVictors / ResultsBelligerents
1400–1415 Glyndŵr Rising   
1401–1429 Appenzell Wars   
1407–1468 Georgian-Turkoman War    
1409–1411 Polish–Lithuanian–Teutonic War   
1410–1435 War of Slesvig    
1414 Hunger War    
1419–1434 Hussite Wars Compromise between Hussites & Catholic ChurchHussite Coalition & Grand Duchy of LithuaniaHoly Roman Empire
1422 Gollub War    
1422 Battle of Arbedo   
1425–1454 Wars in Lombardy    
1431–1435 Polish–Teutonic War Peace of Brześć Kujawski, decline of Teutonic OrderPolish Crown / Duchy of Stopl / Principality of MoldaviaState of Teutonic Order
1434–1436 Engelbrekt rebellion    
1437 Budai Nagy Antal revolt   
1438–1556 Russo-Kazan Wars   
1440–1446 Old Zürich War   
1441 Battle of Samobor    
1443–1444 Long campaign    
1445 First Battle of Olmedo    
1447–1448 Albanian–Venetian War    
1449–1450 First Margrave War   
1449 Battle of Castione   
1449–1453 Revolt of Ghent   
1450 Jack Cade’s Rebellion   
1451–1455 Navarrese Civil War   
1453–1454 Morea revolt   
1454–1466 Thirteen Years’ War   
1455–1485 Wars of the RosesYorkist VictoryHouse of LancasterHouse of York
1462–1485 Rebellion of the Remences   
1462–1472 Catalan Civil War   
1463–1479 Ottoman–Venetian War   
1465 Battle of Montlhéry   
1465–1468 Wars of Liège   
1466–1469 Irmandiño Wars   
1467 Second Battle of Olmedo   
1467–1479 War of the Priests   
1468 Waldshut War   
1468–1478 Bohemian War   
1470–1471 Dano-Swedish War   
1470–1474 Anglo-Hanseatic War   
1475–1479 War of the Castilian Succession   
1477–1488 Austrian–Hungarian War   
1478 Carinthian Peasant Revolt   
1478 Battle of Giornico   
1479 Battle of Guinegate   
1482–1484 War of Ferrara   
1484 Battle of Lochmaben Fair   
1485–1488 Mad War   
1487 Battle of Crevola   
 1487 War of Rovereto   
1488 Battle of Sauchieburn   
1492–1583 Muscovite–Lithuanian Wars   
1493 Battle of Krbava Field   
1493–1593 Hundred Years’ Croatian–Ottoman War   
1494–1559 Italian Wars

 

  • 1494-1498 King Charles VII’s war
  • 1499-1505 King Louis XII’s war
  • 1508-1516 League of Cambrai war
  • 1521-1526 4th Italian war
  • 1526-1530 League of Cognac war 
  • 1536-1538 6th Italian war
  • 1542-1546 7th Italian war
  • 1551-1559 8th Italian war
Treaties of 1516- Noyon & Brussels, 1530 Bologna, 1559 Cateau-Cambrésis  France / England / Ottoman Empire /Holy Roman Empire / Spain / Papal States / Kingdom of Naples / Duchy of Milan / Republic of Florence
1495–1497 Russo-Swedish War   
1497 Cornish Rebellion of 1497   
1497 Battle of Rotebro   
1499 Swabian War   
1499–1504 Second Italian WarSpanish victoryFrance / Papal States / VeniceDuchy of Milan / Naples
16th Century
Conflict NameVictors / ResultsBelligerents
1500–1854 Lekianoba   
1502–1543 Guelders Wars   
1503–1505 War of the Succession of Landshut   
1508–1516 War of the League of CambraiPart of Italian Wars / French & Venetian victoryPapal States  / Holy Roman EmpireVenice / France
1509–1510 Polish–Moldavian War   
1514 Poor Conrad’s Rebellion   
1514 Dózsa rebellion   
1514–1517 Saxon feud   
1515 Slovene Peasant Revolt   
1515–1523 Frisian peasant rebellion   
1519–1521 Polish–Teutonic War   
1520–1521 Revolt of the Comuneros   
1521–1523 Revolt of the Brotherhoods   
1521–1523 Swedish War of Liberation   
1521–1718 Ottoman–Habsburg wars   
1522–1523 Knights’ Revolt   
1522–1559 Habsburg-Valois Wars   
1524–1525 German Peasants’ War   
1526 Revolt of Espadán   
1529 First War of Kappel   
1531 Second War of Kappel   
1534 Silken Thomas Rebellion   
1534–1535 Münster Rebellion   
1534–1536 Count’s Feud   
1536–1537 Pilgrimage of Grace   
1540 Salt War   
1542–1543 Dacke War   
1543–1550 Rough Wooing   
1546–1547 Schmalkaldic War   
1549 Kett’s Rebellion   
1549 Prayer Book Rebellion   
1550 Battle of Sauðafell   
1552–1555 Second Margrave War   
1554 Wyatt’s rebellion   
1554–1557 Russo-Swedish War   
1558–1583 Livonian War   
1560 Siege of Leith   
1562–1598 French Wars of Religion   
1563–1570 Northern Seven Years’ War   
1565 Great Siege of Malta   
1566 Siege of Szigetvár   
1568–1570 Morisco Revolt   
1568–1648 Eighty Years’ War   
1569–1570 Rising of the North   
1569–1573 First Desmond Rebellion   
1573 Croatian–Slovene Peasant Revolt   
1578 Georgian-Ottoman War   
1579–1583 Second Desmond Rebellion   
1580–1583 War of the Portuguese Succession   
1583–1588 Cologne War   
1585–1604 Anglo-Spanish WarTreaty of LondonSpanish EmpireKingdoms of England, Ireland, France
1588–1654 Dutch–Portuguese War   
1587–1588 War of the Polish Succession   
1590–1595 Russo-Swedish War   
1593 Battle of Sisak   
1593–1606 Long Turkish War   
1593–1617 Moldavian Magnate Wars   
1594–1603 Nine Years’ War (Ireland)   
1595–1621 Moldavian Magnate Wars   
1596–1597 Cudgel War   
1598–1599 War against Sigismund   
17th Century
Conflict NameVictors / ResultsBelligerents
600–1629 Polish–Swedish War   
1602 Savoyard escalade of Geneva   
1605–1618 Polish–Muscovite War   
1606–1607 Bolotnikov Rebellion   
1606–1608 Zebrzydowski Rebellion   
1610–1617 Ingrian War   
1611–1613 Kalmar War   
1615–1618 Uskok War   
1618–1648 Thirty Years’ War   
 1618–1639 Bündner Wirren   
1620–1621 Polish–Ottoman War   
1625 Zhmaylo Uprising   
1627–1629 Anglo-French War   
1628–1631 War of the Mantuan Succession   
1630 Fedorovych Uprising   
1632–1634 Smolensk War   
1637 Pavlyuk Uprising   
1638 Ostryanyn Uprising   
1639–1653 Wars of the Three Kingdoms   
1640–1668 Portuguese Restoration War   
1648–1657 Khmelnytsky Uprising   
1651 Kostka-Napierski Uprising   
1651–1986 Three Hundred and Thirty Five Years’ War   
1652–1674 Anglo-Dutch Wars   
1653 Swiss peasant war of 1653   
1654 First Bremian War   
1654–1667 Russo–Polish War   
1655–1660 Second Northern War   
1656 War of Villmergen   
1663–1664 Austro-Turkish War   
1666 Second Bremian War   
1666–1671 Polish–Cossack–Tatar War   
1667–1668 War of Devolution   
1670–1671 Razin’s Rebellion   
1672 First Kuruc Uprising   
1672–1678 Franco-Dutch War   
1672–1673 Second Genoese–Savoyard War   
1675–1679 Scanian War   
1676–1681 Russo-Turkish War   
1679 Covenanter Rebellion   
1683–1684 War of the Reunions   
1683–1699 Great Turkish War   
1685 Monmouth Rebellion   
1688–1697 Nine Years’ War   
1689–1692 First Jacobite Rising   
18th Century
Conflict NameVictors / Results  
1700 Lithuanian Civil War   
1700–1721 Great Northern War    
1701–1713 War of the Spanish Succession    
1703–1711 Rákóczi’s War of Independence    
1707–1708 Bulavin Rebellion   
1712 Toggenburg War   
1714–1718 Ottoman-Venetian War   
1715–1716 Jacobite rising of 1715    
1716–1718 Austro-Turkish War    
1718–1720 War of the Quadruple Alliance   
1722–1723 Russo-Persian War   
1727–1729 Anglo-Spanish War   
1733–1738 War of the Polish Succession   
1735–1739 Russo-Turkish War   
1737–1739 Austro-Turkish War    
1740–1748 War of the Austrian Succession    
1740–1763 Silesian Wars    
1741–1743 Russo-Swedish War   
1745–1746 Jacobite rising of 1745    
1756–1763 Seven Years’ War   
1757 Georgian-Ottoman Battle    
1763–1864 Russo-Circassian War    
1768–1772 War of the Bar Confederation   
1768–1774 Russo–Turkish War   
1770 Georgian–Ottoman Battle   
1770 Orlov Revolt    
1774–1775 Pugachev’s Rebellion    
1775–1783 American Revolutionary War    
1778–1779 War of the Bavarian Succession   
1784 Kettle War   
1784–1785 Revolt of Horea, Cloșca and Crișan    
1785 Battle of the Sunja    
1787 Dutch Patriot Revolt    
1787–1792 Russo-Turkish War   
1788–1791 Austro-Turkish War   
1788–1790 Russo-Swedish War    
1790 Saxon Peasants’ Revolt    
1792 Polish–Russian War of 1792   
1792–1802 French Revolutionary Wars    
1794 Kościuszko Uprising    
1795 Battle of Krtsanisi    
1798 Irish Rebellion of   
1798 1798 Peasants’ War   
19th Century
Conflict NameVictors / ResultsBelligerents
1803 Irish Rebellion of 1803Rebellion Crushed United Irishmen  British Army
1803–1815 Napoleonic Wars

 

  • War between Britain and France 1803-1814
  • War of the Third Coalition 1805
  • War of the Fourth Coalition 1806–1807
    • Scandinavia and Finland
    • Poland
  • War of the Fifth Coalition 1809
  • The Invasion of Russia 1812
  • War of the Sixth Coalition 1812–1814
  • War of the Seventh Coalition 1815
Coalition Victory  United Kingdom, Hanover, French Royalists, Austrian Empire, Russia, Prussia, Sweden, Spanish Empire, Portuguese Empire, Papal States, Ottoman Empire, Persian Empire, Sicily, Hungary, Bavaria, Württemberg, Saxony, Sardinia, United Netherlands, Brunswick, Tuscany, Nassau, Montenegro  French Republic(1792-1804)  First French Empire(1804-1815)

 

 

 

1803 Souliote War    
1804–1813 First Serbian Uprising    
1804–1813 Russo-Persian War    
1806–1812 Russo-Turkish War   
1808–1809 Finnish War  
1809 Polish–Austrian War   
1815–1817 Second Serbian Uprising   
1817–1864 Russian conquest of the Caucasus   
1821–1832 Greek War of Independence   
1821 Wallachian uprising    
1823 French invasion of Spain    
1826–1828 Russo-Persian War    
1827 War of the Malcontents    
1828–1829 Russo-Turkish War    
1828–1834 Liberal Wars    
1830 Ten Days’ Campaign (following the Belgian Revolution)    
1830–1831 November Uprising   
1831 Canut revolts    
1831–1832 Bosnian Uprising   
1831–1836 Tithe War    
1832 War in the Vendée and Chouannerie of 1832    
1832 June Rebellion    
1833–1839 First Carlist War   
1833–1839 Albanian Revolts of 1833–39   
1843–1844 Albanian Revolt of 1843–44   
1846 Galician slaughter    
1846–1849 Second Carlist War   
1847 Albanian Revolt of 1847    
1847 Sonderbund War    
1848–1849 Hungarian Revolution and War of Independence   
1848–1851 First Schleswig War   
1848–1849 First Italian War of Independence    
1853–1856 Crimean War Allied Victory; Treaty of ParisOttoman, British & French Empires, Kingdom of SardiniaRussian Empire, Greece
1854 Epirus Revolt of 1854    
1858 Mahtra War    
1859 Second Italian War of Independence   
1861–62 Montenegrin–Ottoman War (1861–62)    
1863–1864 January Uprising   
1864 Second Schleswig War    
1866 Austro-Prussian War   
1866–1869 Cretan Revolt    
1866 Third Italian War of Independence    
1867 Fenian Rising    
1870–1871 Franco-Prussian War    
1872–1876 Third Carlist War    
1873–1874 Cantonal Revolution   
1875–77 Herzegovina Uprising (1875–77)    
1876–78 Serbian–Ottoman War (1876–78)    
1876–78 Montenegrin–Ottoman War (1876–78)   
1877–1878 Russo-Turkish War   
1878 Epirus Revolt of 1878    
1885 Serbo-Bulgarian War    
1897 Greco-Turkish War   
20th Century
Conflict NameVictors / ResultsBelligerents
1903 Ilinden–Preobrazhenie Uprising    
1904–1908 Macedonian Struggle    
1904–1905 Russo-Japanese War    
1905 Łódź insurrection    
1905 Revolution of 1905   
1906–1908 Theriso revolt 1907    
1907 Romanian Peasants’ Revolt    
1910 Albanian Revolt of 1910    
1910 5 October   
1910 revolution   
1910 Portuguese Monarchist Civil War    
1911 Albanian Revolt of 1911   
1911–1912 Italo-Turkish War    
1912–1913 Balkan Wars   
1912–1913 First Balkan War   
1913 Second Balkan War    
1913 Tikveš Uprising    
1913 Ohrid–Debar Uprising    
1914 Peasant Revolt in Albania   
1914–1918 World War I

 

  • 1916 Noemvriana
  • 1917 Toplica Uprising
  • 1918 Judenburg mutiny
  • 1918 Cattaro MutinyAlle
  • 1918 Aster Revolution
  • 1918 Radomir Rebellion
  • 1918 Finnish Civil War
Allied Powers victoryFrance, British Empire, Russia, Serbia, Belgium, Montenegro, Japan, Italy, United States, Romania, Portugal, GreeceGerman, Austro-Hungarian, Ottoman Empires, Bulgaria

 

 

1916 Easter Rising   
1917 Russian Revolution   
1917 February Revolution   
1917 July Days    
1917 Polubotkivtsi uprising    
1917 Kornilov affair    
1917 October Revolution    
1917 Junker mutiny    
1917 Kerensky–Krasnov uprising    
1917–1921 Russian Civil War    
1917–1918 Soviet-Turkish War    
1917–1921 Ukrainian War of Independence   
1917–1921 Ukrainian–Soviet War    
1918–1919 Polish–Ukrainian War    
1918–1924 Left-wing uprisings against the Bolsheviks   
1918 Left SR uprising    
1921 Kronstadt rebellion    
1918–1922 Heimosodat    
1918–1920 Estonian War of Independence    
1918 Viena expedition    
1918 Aunus expedition    
1918–1920 Petsamo expeditions    
1918–1920 National revolt of Ingrian Finns    
1921–1922 East Karelian Uprising    
1918–1925 Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War    
1918–1920 North Russia Intervention   
1918–1922 Siberian Intervention    
1918 Georgian–Armenian War    
1918–1920 Georgian–Ossetian conflict (1918–20)   
1918–1919 Georgian-Russian conflict over Sochi    
1918–1920 Armenian–Azerbaijani War    
1918–1920 Latvian War of Independence    
1918–1920 Lithuanian Wars of Independence    
1918–1919 Lithuanian–Soviet War    
1919 Lithuanian War of Independence (War against the Bermontians)    
1920 Polish–Lithuanian War   
1919–1921 Polish–Soviet War    
1921 Georgian–Russian War    
1924 Georgian Uprising against Soviet Union    
1919–1920 Revolutions and interventions in Hungary   
1918–1919 Hungarian–Romanian War    
1919 Sejny Uprising   
1919 Khotin Uprising    
1918 Georgian–Turkish War   
1918–1919 Austro-Slovene conflict in Carinthia    
1918–1958 Polish–Czechoslovak border conflicts   
1919 Polish-Czech war for Teschen Silesia    
1918–1919 German Revolution   
1918–1919 Greater Poland Uprising   
1919–1923 Turkish War of Independence   
1919–1922 Greco-Turkish War   
1918–1921 Franco-Turkish War   
1920 Turkish–Armenian War    
1919–1923 Royalist and separatist revolts   
1919 Christmas Uprising   
1919–1920 Italo-Yugoslav War   
1919–1920 Czechoslovakia–Hungary War   
1919–1921 Silesian Uprisings   
1919 First Silesian Uprising   
1920 Second Silesian Uprising   
1921 Third Silesian Uprising    
1919–1922 Irish War of Independence    
1920 Husino rebellion   
1920 Vlora War    
1920 Kapp Putsch    
1920 Ruhr Uprising   
1920 Slutsk Defence Action    
1920–1924 Biennio Rosso    
1921 Uprising in West Hungary    
1921 February Uprising    
1922–1923 Irish Civil War   
1923 Corfu incident    
1923 September Uprising    
1923 Klaipėda Revolt    
1923 Leonardopoulos–Gargalidis coup d’état attempt    
1924 1924 Estonian coup d’état attempt   
1924 August Uprising    
1925 Incident at Petrich 1932 Mäntsälä rebellion    
1933 Casas Viejas incident    
1933 Anarchist uprising in Spain (1933)    
1934 Asturian miners’ strike of 1934   
1934 Austrian Civil War   
1935 Greek coup d’état attempt    
1936–1939  Spanish Civil War    
1938 Greek coup d’état attempt   
1939 Hungarian Invasion of the Carpatho-Ukraine   
1939–1965 Spanish Maquis   
1939–1945 World War II

 

  • 1939 Nazi German invasion of Poland
  • 1939 Soviet invasion of Poland
  • 1939–1940 Winter War (Soviet invasion of Finland)
  • 1940 Soviet invasion of the Baltic States
  • 1940–1941 Greco-Italian War
  • 1941–1945 Soviet–German War
  • 1941–1944 Continuation War
  • 1942–1956 Ukrainian Insurgent Army
  • 1944 Slovak National Uprising
  • 1944 Warsaw Uprising
Allied victory

 

  • Collapse of Nazi Germany
  • Fall of Italian Empire
  • Dissolution of the League of Nations
  • Creation of the United Nations
  • Emergence of the United States and the Soviet Union as rival superpowers
  • Beginning of the Cold War
United States, Soviet Union, United Kingdom, France, Poland, Yugoslavia, Greece, Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, CzechoslavakiaNazi Germany, Empire of Japan, Kingdom of Italy
1944–1956 Guerrilla war in the Baltic states    
1945–1949 Greek Civil War    
1947–1962 Romanian anti-communist resistance movement   
1953 Uprising in East Germany    
1956 Uprising in Poznań   
1956 Hungarian Revolution   
1956–1962 Operation Harvest    
1958 Opération Corse   
1958 First Cod War   
1959–2011 Basque conflict    
1967 Greek coup d’état    
1968 Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia   
1968–1998 The Troubles   
1970–1984 Unrest in Italy    
1972 Bugojno group   
1972–1973 Second Cod War    
1974 Turkish invasion of Cyprus   
1974 Carnation Revolution    
1975–1976 Third Cod War    
1975 Portuguese coup d’état attempt    
1976–present Corsican Insurgency    
1981 Spanish coup d’état attempt    
1988–1994 Nagorno-Karabakh War    
1989 Romanian Revolution   
1990–1991 Soviet attacks on Lithuanian border posts   
1991 January Events    
1991 The Barricades    
1991 Ten-Day War (Slovenia)   
1991–1992 Georgian war against Russo-Ossetian alliance   
1991–1993 Georgian Civil War    
1991–1995 Croatian War of Independence    
1992 Transnistria War    
1992 East Prigorodny Conflict   
1992–1993 First Georgian war against Russo-Abkhazian alliance   
1992–1995 Bosnian War   
1993 Cherbourg incident    
1993 Russian constitutional crisis    
1994–1996 First Chechen War    
1995–1996 Imia/Kardak military crisis    
1997–1998 Cyprus Missile Crisis   
1997 Albanian civil war of 1997   
1998–1999 Kosovo War   
1998–present Dissident Irish Republican campaign   
1998 Second Georgian war against Russian-Abkhazian alliance   
1999 War of Dagestan   
1999–2009 Second Chechen War   
1999–2001 Insurgency in the Preševo Valley   
21st Century
Conflict NameVictors / ResultsBelligerents
2001 Insurgency in the Republic of Macedonia    
2002 Perejil Island crisis   
2004–2013 Unrest in Kosovo   
2004 unrest in Kosovo   
2008 unrest in Kosovo   
2011–2013 North Kosovo crisis   
2004 Georgia, Adjara crisis   
2006 Georgia, Kodori crisis   
2007–2015 Civil war in Ingushetia  
2008 Russia–Georgia war   
2009–2017 Insurgency in the North Caucasus   
2013–2014 Euromaidan and pro-Russian unrest in Ukraine   
2014 Crimean crisis   
2014–present War in Donbass   
2015 Kumanovo clashes   
 
  • 1992–1995 Bosnian War – (Military stalemate)
    •  Bosnia and Herzegovina  Herzeg-Bosnia  Croatia
    • Flag of the Republika Srpska.svg Republika Srpska  Serbian Krajina