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United Kingdom

The United Kingdom has historically played a leading role in developing parliamentary democracy and in advancing literature and science. At its zenith in the 19th century, the British Empire stretched over one-fourth of the earth’s surface. The first half of the 20th century saw the UK’s strength seriously depleted in two world wars and the Irish Republic’s withdrawal from the union. The second half witnessed the dismantling of the Empire and the UK rebuilding itself into a modern and prosperous European nation. As one of five permanent members of the UN Security Council and a founding member of NATO and the Commonwealth, the UK pursues a global approach to foreign policy. The Scottish Parliament, the National Assembly for Wales, and the Northern Ireland Assembly were established in 1998.

The UK has been an active member of the EU since its accession in 1973, although it chose to remain outside the Economic and Monetary Union. However, motivated in part by frustration at a remote bureaucracy in Brussels and massive migration into the country, UK citizens on 23 June 2016 narrowly voted to leave the EU. The UK is scheduled to depart the EU on 31 January 2020, but negotiations on the future EU-UK economic and security relationship will continue throughout 2020 and potentially beyond.

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United Kingdom Tourism Information…

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The Best of England

Southern England
Midlands
Northern England

The Best of Northern Ireland…

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The Best of Scotland

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The Best of Wales

United Kingdom Dependencies …

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GIBRALTAR

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GUERNSEY

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ISLE of MAN

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JERSEY

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United Kingdom Country Information…

Capital:

London

Largest City:

London

Government:

Unitary Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy

Currency:

British Pound Sterling GBP (£)

Area:

Total: 243,61km ranked 80th water: 1,680km land: 241,930km

Climate:

Temperate; moderated by prevailing southwest winds over the North Atlantic Current; more than one half of the days are overcast

Population:

64,430,428 (July 2016 est.) ranked 23rd

Language:

English note: the following are recognized regional languages: Scots (about 30% of the population of Scotland), Scottish Gaelic (about 60,000 in Scotland), Welsh (about 20% of the population of Wales), Irish (about 10% of the population of Northern Ireland), Cornish (some 2,000 to 3,000 in Cornwall) (2012 est.)

Ethnic Groups:

white 87.2%, black/African/Caribbean/black British 3%, Asian/Asian British: Indian 2.3%, Asian/Asian British: Pakistani 1.9%, mixed 2%, other 3.7% (2011 est.)

Religion:

Christian (includes Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 59.5%, Muslim 4.4%, Hindu 1.3%, other 2%, unspecified 7.2%, none 25.7% (2011 est.)

Electricity:

230V, 50Hz (European plug G)

Telephone Code:

+44

Local Emergency Phone Number:

112, 999

Internet TLD:

.uk

Time Zone:

Summer: UTC +1winter: UTC daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March, ends last Sunday in October; note: applies to the United Kingdom proper, not to its crown dependencies or overseas territories

Road DrivingSide:

Left

Anthem:

“God Save The Queen”

Monarch:

Queen Elizabeth II

Prime Minister:

Boris Johnson

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Holidays and Observances in United Kingdom in 2020…

Date NameTypeDetails
Jan 1WednesdayNew Year’s DayBank holiday 
Jan 2Thursday2nd JanuaryLocal Bank HolidayScotland
Jan 6MondayEpiphanyChristian 
Jan 7TuesdayOrthodox Christmas DayOrthodox 
Jan 14TuesdayOrthodox New YearOrthodox 
Jan 25SaturdayBurns NightLocal observanceScotland
Jan 25SaturdayChinese New YearObservance 
Feb 10MondayTu B’Shevat (Arbor Day)Jewish holiday 
Feb 14FridayValentine’s DayObservance 
Feb 21FridayMaha ShivaratriHindu Holiday 
Feb 25TuesdayCarnival / Shrove TuesdayChristian 
Feb 26WednesdayCarnival / Ash WednesdayChristian 
Mar 1SundaySt. David’s DayObservanceWales
Mar 9MondayHoliHindu Holiday 
Mar 10TuesdayPurimJewish holiday 
Mar 17TuesdaySt Patrick’s DayLocal Bank HolidayNIR
Mar 20FridayMarch EquinoxSeason 
Mar 22SundayIsra and Mi’rajMuslim 
Mar 22SundayMothering SundayObservance 
Mar 29SundayDaylight Saving Time startsClock change/Daylight Saving Time 
Apr 5SundayPalm SundayChristian 
Apr 9ThursdayMaundy ThursdayChristian 
Apr 9ThursdayFirst day of PassoverJewish holiday 
Apr 10FridayGood FridayBank holiday 
Apr 11SaturdayHoly SaturdayChristian 
Apr 12SundayEaster SundayObservance, Christian 
Apr 13MondayEaster MondayCommon local holidayENG, NIR, WAL
Apr 13MondayEaster MondayObservanceScotland
Apr 16ThursdayLast day of PassoverJewish holiday 
Apr 17FridayOrthodox Good FridayOrthodox 
Apr 18SaturdayOrthodox Holy SaturdayOrthodox 
Apr 19SundayOrthodox EasterOrthodox 
Apr 20MondayOrthodox Easter MondayOrthodox 
Apr 21TuesdayYom HaShoahJewish commemoration 
Apr 22WednesdayStephen Lawrence DayObservance 
Apr 23ThursdaySt. George’s DayObservance 
Apr 23ThursdayShakespeare DayObservance 
Apr 24FridayRamadan StartMuslim 
Apr 29WednesdayYom HaAtzmautJewish holiday 
May 8FridayEarly May Bank Holiday / VE DayBank holiday 
May 12TuesdayLag B’OmerJewish holiday 
May 19TuesdayLaylatul Qadr (Night of Power)Muslim 
May 21ThursdayAscension DayChristian 
May 24SundayEid ul FitrMuslim 
May 25MondaySpring Bank HolidayBank holiday 
May 29FridayShavuotJewish holiday 
May 31SundayPentecostChristian 
Jun 1MondayWhit MondayChristian 
Jun 7SundayTrinity SundayChristian 
Jun 11ThursdayCorpus ChristiChristian 
Jun 13SaturdayQueen’s BirthdayObservance 
Jun 20SaturdayJune SolsticeSeason 
Jun 21SundayFather’s DayObservance 
Jun 22MondayWindrush DayObservance 
Jul 12SundayBattle of the BoyneLocal Bank HolidayNIR
Jul 13MondayBattle of the Boyne observedLocal Bank HolidayNIR
Jul 30ThursdayTisha B’AvJewish holiday 
Jul 31FridayEid ul AdhaMuslim 
Aug 3MondayRaksha BandhanHindu Holiday 
Aug 3MondaySummer Bank HolidayCommon local holidayScotland
Aug 12WednesdayJanmashtamiHindu Holiday 
Aug 15SaturdayAssumption of MaryChristian 
Aug 20ThursdayMuharram/Islamic New YearMuslim 
Aug 22SaturdayGanesh ChaturthiHindu Holiday 
Aug 29SaturdayAshuraMuslim 
Aug 31MondaySummer Bank HolidayCommon local holidayENG, NIR, WAL
Sep 19SaturdayRosh HashanaJewish holiday 
Sep 22TuesdaySeptember EquinoxSeason 
Sep 28MondayYom KippurJewish holiday 
Oct 3SaturdayFirst day of SukkotJewish holiday 
Oct 4SundayFeast of St Francis of AssisiChristian 
Oct 9FridayHoshana RabbahJewish holiday 
Oct 10SaturdayShemini AtzeretJewish holiday 
Oct 11SundaySimchat TorahJewish holiday 
Oct 17SaturdayNavaratriHindu Holiday 
Oct 25SundayDussehraHindu Holiday 
Oct 25SundayDaylight Saving Time endsClock change/Daylight Saving Time 
Oct 29ThursdayMilad un Nabi (Mawlid)Muslim 
Oct 31SaturdayHalloweenObservance 
Nov 1SundayAll Saints’ DayChristian 
Nov 2MondayAll Souls’ DayChristian 
Nov 5ThursdayGuy Fawkes DayObservance 
Nov 8SundayRemembrance SundayObservance 
Nov 14SaturdayDiwali/DeepavaliHindu Holiday 
Nov 29SundayFirst Sunday of AdventObservance 
Nov 30MondaySt Andrew’s DayLocal Bank HolidayScotland
Dec 8TuesdayFeast of the Immaculate ConceptionChristian 
Dec 11FridayFirst Day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
Dec 18FridayLast day of HanukkahJewish holiday 
Dec 21MondayDecember SolsticeSeason 
Dec 24ThursdayChristmas EveObservance 
Dec 25FridayChristmas DayBank holiday 
Dec 26SaturdayBoxing DayBank holiday 
Dec 28MondaySubstitute Bank Holiday for Boxing DayBank holiday 
Dec 31ThursdayNew Year’s EveObservance