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Ukriane

Ukraine was the center of the first eastern Slavic state, Kyivan Rus, which during the 10th and 11th centuries was the largest and most powerful state in Europe. Weakened by internecine quarrels and Mongol invasions, Kyivan Rus was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and eventually into the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth. The cultural and religious legacy of Kyivan Rus laid the foundation for Ukrainian nationalism through subsequent centuries. A new Ukrainian state, the Cossack Hetmanate, was established during the mid-17th century after an uprising against the Poles. Despite continuous Muscovite pressure, the Hetmanate managed to remain autonomous for well over 100 years. During the latter part of the 18th century, most Ukrainian ethnographic territory was absorbed by the Russian Empire. Following the collapse of czarist Russia in 1917, Ukraine achieved a short-lived period of independence (1917-20), but was reconquered and endured a brutal Soviet rule that engineered two forced famines (1921-22 and 1932-33) in which over 8 million died. In World War II, German and Soviet armies were responsible for 7 to 8 million more deaths. Although Ukraine achieved independence in 1991 with the dissolution of the USSR, democracy and prosperity remained elusive as the legacy of state control and endemic corruption stalled efforts at economic reform, privatization, and civil liberties.

A peaceful mass protest referred to as the “Orange Revolution” in the closing months of 2004 forced the authorities to overturn a rigged presidential election and to allow a new internationally monitored vote that swept into power a reformist slate under Viktor YUSHCHENKO. Subsequent internal squabbles in the YUSHCHENKO camp allowed his rival Viktor YANUKOVYCH to stage a comeback in parliamentary (Rada) elections, become prime minister in August 2006, and be elected president in February 2010. In October 2012, Ukraine held Rada elections, widely criticized by Western observers as flawed due to use of government resources to favor ruling party candidates, interference with media access, and harassment of opposition candidates. President YANUKOVYCH’s backtracking on a trade and cooperation agreement with the EU in November 2013 – in favor of closer economic ties with Russia – and subsequent use of force against students, civil society activists, and other civilians in favor of the agreement led to a three-month protest occupation of Kyiv’s central square. The government’s use of violence to break up the protest camp in February 2014 led to all out pitched battles, scores of deaths, international condemnation, a failed political deal, and the president’s abrupt departure for Russia. New elections in the spring allowed pro-West president Petro POROSHENKO to assume office in June 2014; he was succeeded by Volodymyr ZELENSKY in May 2019.

Tourism Information...
Ukraine
www.traveltoukraine.org
http://www.ukraine.com
www.wumag.kiev.ua
www.wumag.kiev.ua
 
The Best of Ukraine... 
Ukraine's Most Popular Sights...

Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  

  • Chernobyl Exclusion Zone
    • Prypiat Ghost Town
  • Chernivtsi
  • Kamianets-Podilski
    • Kamenet’s Podolsky Castle
  • Kharkiv
  • Kiev 
    • Andriyivski Uziz
    • Independence Square
    • Pechersk Lavra – Caves Monastery
    • Rodina Mat Motherland
    • St. Sophia Cathedral
  • Klevan
    • Tunnel of Love
  •  Lviv
    • Market Square
    • Old Town
    • St. Yura Cathedral
  • Medzhybizh Castle
  • Mukacheve
    • Palanok Castle
  • Odessa
  • Rzhyshchiv
    • Flooded Church of Tranfiguration
  • Vinnytsya
    • Roshen Fountains

Flag_of_UkraineOblasts of the Ukraine…

Flag_of_Cherkasy_Oblast.svg
Cherkasy
Flag_of_Chernihiv_Oblast.svg
Chernihiv
Flag_of_Chernivtsi_Oblast.svg
Chernivtsi
150px-Flag_of_Dnipropetrovsk_Oblast.svg
Dnipropetrovsk
150px-Flag_of_Donetsk_Oblast.svg
Donetsk
150px-Flag_of_Ivano-Frankivsk_Oblast.svg
Ivano-Frankivsk
Flag_of_Kharkiv_Oblast.svg
Kharkiv
Flag_of_Kherson_Oblast.svg
Kherson
Flag_of_Khmelnytskyi_Oblast.svg
Khmelnytskyi
Flag_of_Kiev_Oblast.svg
Kiev
150px-Flag_of_Kirovohrad_Oblast.svg
Kirovohrad
Flag_of_Luhansk_Oblast.svg
Luhansk
Flag_of_Lviv_Oblast.svg
Lviv
Flag_of_Mykolaiv_Oblast.svg
Mykolaiv
Flag_of_Odesa_Oblast.svg
Odessa
150px-Flag_of_Poltava_Oblast.svg
Poltava
Flag_of_Rivne_Oblast.svg
Rivne
Flag_of_Sumy_Oblast.svg
Sumy
Flag_of_Ternopil_Oblast.svg
Ternopil
150px-Flag_of_Vinnytsia_Oblast.svg
Vinnytsia
150px-Flag_of_Volhynian_Oblast.svg
Volyn
150px-Flag_of_Transcarpathian_Oblast.svg
Zakarpattia
Flag_of_Zaporizhia_Oblast.svg
Zaporizhia
150px-Flag_of_Zhytomyr_Oblast.svg
Zhytomyr
 

At this time Crimea has declared itself an Autonomous Republic state.

Sevastopol & Simferopol are in the cur

Country Information...
 
Capital Kiev
Largest City Kiev
Government Unitary semi-presidential republic
Currency Ukrainian hryvnia (UAH)
Area 603,628 km2 ranked; 46th
Population 44,209,733 (July 2016 est.) ranked 32nd
Language Ukrainian (official) 67.5%, Russian (regional language) 29.6%, other (includes small Crimean Tatar-, Moldavian-, and Hungarian-speaking minorities) 2.9% (2001 est.)
note: 2012 legislation enables a language spoken by at least 10% of an oblast’s population to be given the status of “regional language,” allowing for its use in courts, schools, and other government institutions; Ukrainian remains the country’s only official nationwide language
Ethnic Groups Ukrainian 77.8%, Russian 17.3%, Belarusian 0.6%, Moldovan 0.5%, Crimean Tatar 0.5%, Bulgarian 0.4%, Hungarian 0.3%, Romanian 0.3%, Polish 0.3%, Jewish 0.2%, other 1.8% (2001 est.)
Religion Orthodox (includes Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox (UAOC), Ukrainian Orthodox – Kyiv Patriarchate (UOC-KP), Ukrainian Orthodox – Moscow Patriarchate (UOC-MP), Ukrainian Greek Catholic, Roman Catholic, Protestant, Muslim, Jewish
Electricity 230V, 50Hz (European plug)
Country code +380
Internet TLD .ua
Time Zone /Summer (UTC+2) / (UTC+3)
Drives on the Right
Anthem Shche ne vmerla Ukraina
“Ukraine has Not Yet Died”
President Volodymyr Zelenskyy
Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal
Holidays and Observances in Ukraine in 2020
Date   Name Type
Jan 1 Wednesday New Year’s Day National holiday
Jan 7 Tuesday Orthodox Christmas Day National holiday, Orthodox
Jan 14 Tuesday Orthodox New Year Observance, Orthodox
Jan 22 Wednesday Ukrainian Unity Day Observance
Jan 25 Saturday Tatiana Day Observance
Feb 14 Friday Valentine’s Day Observance
Mar 8 Sunday International Women’s Day National holiday
Mar 9 Monday International Women’s Day observed National holiday
Mar 20 Friday March Equinox Season
Mar 29 Sunday Daylight Saving Time starts Clock change/Daylight Saving Time
Apr 1 Wednesday April Fools Observance
Apr 19 Sunday Orthodox Easter Day National holiday, Orthodox
Apr 20 Monday Orthodox Easter Day holiday National holiday, Orthodox
May 1 Friday Labor Day National holiday
May 9 Saturday Victory Day / Memorial Day National holiday
May 10 Sunday Mother’s Day Observance
May 11 Monday Victory Day / Memorial Day observed National holiday
May 16 Saturday Europe Day Observance
May 31 Sunday Kiev Day Observance
Jun 7 Sunday Orthodox Pentecost National holiday, Orthodox
Jun 8 Monday Orthodox Pentecost holiday National holiday, Orthodox
Jun 21 Sunday June Solstice Season
Jun 28 Sunday Constitution Day National holiday
Jun 29 Monday Constitution Day observed National holiday
Jul 5 Sunday Navy Day Observance
Jul 7 Tuesday Kupala Night Observance
Jul 8 Wednesday Family Day Observance
Jul 28 Tuesday Baptism of Kyivan Rus Observance
Aug 24 Monday Independence Day National holiday
Sep 22 Tuesday September Equinox Season
Oct 4 Sunday Teacher’s Day Observance
Oct 14 Wednesday Defenders’ Day National holiday
Oct 25 Sunday Daylight Saving Time ends Clock change/Daylight Saving Time
Nov 9 Monday Cultural Workers and Folk Artists Day Observance
Nov 21 Saturday Dignity and Freedom Day Observance
Dec 6 Sunday Army Day Observance
Dec 19 Saturday St. Nicholas Day Observance, Orthodox
Dec 21 Monday December Solstice Season
Dec 25 Friday Catholic Christmas Day National holiday