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Serbia

The Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes was formed in 1918; its name was changed to Yugoslavia in 1929. Communist Partisans resisted the Axis occupation and division of Yugoslavia from 1941 to 1945 and fought nationalist opponents and collaborators as well. The military and political movement headed by Josip Broz “TITO” (Partisans) took full control of Yugoslavia when their domestic rivals and the occupiers were defeated in 1945. Although communists, TITO and his successors (Tito died in 1980) managed to steer their own path between the Warsaw Pact nations and the West for the next four and a half decades. In 1989, Slobodan MILOSEVIC became president of the Republic of Serbia and his ultranationalist calls for Serbian domination led to the violent breakup of Yugoslavia along ethnic lines. In 1991, Croatia, Slovenia, and Macedonia declared independence, followed by Bosnia in 1992. The remaining republics of Serbia and Montenegro declared a new Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (FRY) in April 1992 and under MILOSEVIC’s leadership, Serbia led various military campaigns to unite ethnic Serbs in neighboring republics into a “Greater Serbia.” These actions ultimately failed and, after international intervention, led to the signing of the Dayton Peace Accords in 1995.
MILOSEVIC retained control over Serbia and eventually became president of the FRY in 1997. In 1998, an ethnic Albanian insurgency in the formerly autonomous Serbian province of Kosovo provoked a Serbian counterinsurgency campaign that resulted in massacres and massive expulsions of ethnic Albanians living in Kosovo. The MILOSEVIC government’s rejection of a proposed international settlement led to NATO’s bombing of Serbia in the spring of 1999. Serbian military and police forces withdrew from Kosovo in June 1999, and the UN Security Council authorized an interim UN administration and a NATO-led security force in Kosovo. FRY elections in late 2000 led to the ouster of MILOSEVIC and the installation of democratic government. In 2003, the FRY became the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro, a loose federation of the two republics. Widespread violence predominantly targeting ethnic Serbs in Kosovo in March 2004 led to more intense calls to address Kosovo’s status, and the UN began facilitating status talks in 2006. In June 2006, Montenegro seceded from the federation and declared itself an independent nation. Serbia subsequently gave notice that it was the successor state to the union of Serbia and Montenegro.
In February 2008, after nearly two years of inconclusive negotiations, Kosovo declared itself independent of Serbia – an action Serbia refuses to recognize. At Serbia’s request, the UN General Assembly (UNGA) in October 2008 sought an advisory opinion from the International Court of Justice (ICJ) on whether Kosovo’s unilateral declaration of independence was in accordance with international law. In a ruling considered unfavorable to Serbia, the ICJ issued an advisory opinion in July 2010 stating that international law did not prohibit declarations of independence. In late 2010, Serbia agreed to an EU-drafted UNGA Resolution acknowledging the ICJ’s decision and calling for a new round of talks between Serbia and Kosovo, this time on practical issues rather than Kosovo’s status. Serbia and Kosovo signed the first agreement of principles governing the normalization of relations between the two countries in April 2013 and are in the process of implementing its provisions. Prime Minister Aleksandar VUCIC, has promoted an ambitious goal of Serbia joining the EU by 2020. Under his leadership, in January 2014 Serbia opened formal negotiations for accession.

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Serbia Tourism Information…

Serbia
www.serbia.travel

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Serbia Tourism Information…

Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  
Belgrade Ada Ciganlija
Avala Tower
Belgrade Fortress
Crkva Svetog Marka
Festung Kalemegdan
Knez Mihalova
Danube River
Military Museum
Museum of Aviation
Skadarlija
St. Sava Temple
Nikola Tesla Museum
Tito Mausoleum
Kopaonik National Park
Niš Nis Fortress
Skull Tower
Novi Sad Danube Park
Dunavaska Street
Svetozar Miletic Square
Petrovaradina Clock Tower
The Fortress
Subotica
Studenica Monastery
Zenum Gardos-Tower of Sibinjanin Janko
Zemunski kej 
Zlatibor Sirogojno

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Serbia Country Information…

Capital:

Belgrade

Largest City:

Belgrade

Government:

Parliamentary Republic

Currency:

Serbian dinar (RSD)

Area:

88,361 km (34,116 sq. mi)  Ranked (113th)

Climate:

In the north, continental climate (cold winters and hot, humid summers with well-distributed rainfall); in other parts, continental and Mediterranean climate (relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall and hot, dry summers and autumns)

Population:

7,143,921 ranked 103rd

Language:

Serbian (official) 88.1%, Hungarian 3.4%, Bosnian 1.9%, Romany 1.4%, other 3.4%, undeclared or unknown 1.8%
note: Serbian, Hungarian, Slovak, Romanian, Croatian, and Rusyn are official in Vojvodina (2011 est.)

Ethnic Groups:

Serb 83.3%, Hungarian 3.5%, Romany 2.1%, Bosniak 2%, other 5.7%, undeclared or unknown 3.4% (2011 est.)

Religion:

Serbian Orthodox 84.6%, Catholic 5%, Muslim 3.1%, Protestant 1%, atheist 1.1%, other 0.8%, undeclared or unknown 4.5% (2011 est.)

Electricity:

230V, 50Hz (European plug C, F )

Telephone Code:

+381

Local Emergency Phone Number:

94

Internet TLD:

.rs

Time Zone:

CET (UTC+1) Summer CEST (UTC+2) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March, ends last Sunday in October

Road Driving Side:

Right

Anthem:

Боже правде / Bože pravde
“God of Justice”

President:

Aleksandar Vučić

Prime Minister:

Ana Brnabić

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Holidays and Observances in Serbia in 2020

Date NameType
Jan 1WednesdayNew Year’s DayNational holiday
Jan 2ThursdaySecond Day of New Year’s DayNational holiday
Jan 7TuesdayOrthodox Christmas DayNational holiday, Orthodox
Jan 14TuesdayOrthodox New YearObservance, Orthodox
Jan 27MondaySpirituality Day/St Sava’s DayObservance
Feb 15SaturdayStatehood Day of the Republic of SerbiaNational holiday
Feb 17MondayStatehood Day of the Republic of Serbia (Day 2)National holiday
Mar 20FridayMarch EquinoxSeason
Apr 17FridayOrthodox Good FridayNational holiday, Orthodox
Apr 18SaturdayOrthodox Holy SaturdayNational holiday, Orthodox
Apr 19SundayOrthodox Easter DayNational holiday, Orthodox
Apr 20MondayOrthodox Easter MondayNational holiday, Orthodox
Apr 22WednesdayHolocaust Remembrance DayObservance
May 1FridayLabor holidayNational holiday
May 2SaturdayLabor holiday second dayNational holiday
May 9SaturdayVictory DayObservance
Jun 20SaturdayJune SolsticeSeason
Jun 28SundaySt Vitus DayObservance
Sep 22TuesdaySeptember EquinoxSeason
Oct 21WednesdayWorld War II Victims Remembrance DayObservance
Nov 11WednesdayArmistice DayNational holiday
Dec 21MondayDecember SolsticeSeason
Dec 31ThursdayNew Year’s EveObservance