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Russia

Founded in the 12th century, the Principality of Muscovy was able to emerge from over 200 years of Mongol domination (13th-15th centuries) and to gradually conquer and absorb surrounding principalities. In the early 17th century, a new ROMANOV Dynasty continued this policy of expansion across Siberia to the Pacific. Under PETER I (ruled 1682-1725), hegemony was extended to the Baltic Sea and the country was renamed the Russian Empire. During the 19th century, more territorial acquisitions were made in Europe and Asia. Defeat in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-05 contributed to the Revolution of 1905, which resulted in the formation of a parliament and other reforms. Repeated devastating defeats of the Russian army in World War I led to widespread rioting in the major cities of the Russian Empire and to the overthrow in 1917 of the imperial household. The communists under Vladimir LENIN seized power soon after and formed the USSR. The brutal rule of Iosif STALIN (1928-53) strengthened communist rule and Russian dominance of the Soviet Union at a cost of tens of millions of lives. After defeating Germany in World War II as part of an alliance with the US (1939-1945), the USSR expanded its territory and influence in Eastern Europe and emerged as a global power. The USSR was the principal adversary of the US during the Cold War (1947-1991). The Soviet economy and society stagnated in the decades following Stalin’s rule, until General Secretary Mikhail GORBACHEV (1985-91) introduced glasnost (openness) and perestroika (restructuring) in an attempt to modernize communism, but his initiatives inadvertently released forces that by December 1991 splintered the USSR into Russia and 14 other independent republics.
Following economic and political turmoil during President Boris YELTSIN’s term (1991-99), Russia shifted toward a centralized authoritarian state under the leadership of President Vladimir PUTIN (2000-2008, 2012-present) in which the regime seeks to legitimize its rule through managed elections, populist appeals, a foreign policy focused on enhancing the country’s geopolitical influence, and commodity-based economic growth. Russia faces a largely subdued rebel movement in Chechnya and some other surrounding regions, although violence still occurs throughout the North Caucasus.
Tourism Information...
Russia federal agency
www.russiatourism.ru/en
Travel all russia copy
www.travelallrussia.com
express to Russia
www.expresstoryussia.com
Russian Tourist office
www.visitrussia.org.uk
The Best of Russia...
Russia's Most Popular Sights...
 Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  
  • The Golden Ring
  • Kaliningrad
    • Curonian Split
  • Kronstadt 
    • Saint Nicolas Cathedral
  • Kazan
  • Karelia 
    • Kizi Island
  • Moscow
    • The Kremlin
    • Pushkin Museum
    • Red Square
    • St. Basil’s Cathedral
  • Mt. Elbrus & The Caucasus
  • Nizhny Novgorod
  • Grand Palace-Peterhof
  • Sochi
  • St. Petersburg
    • The Hermitage & Winter Palace
    • Catherine Palace
    • Peter Paul Fortress
    • Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood
  • Suzdal
  • Volgograd 
    • The Motherland Calls’ Sculpture
    • Battlefields of Volgograd
  • Yekaterinburg

Flag_of_RussiaAreas of the Russian Federation…

City Districts   Okrugs
Moscow.svg
Moscow
Saint_Petersburg_Russia.svg
St. Petersburg
 
Nenets_District.svg
Nenets
Krais      
Krasnodar_Krai.svg
Krasnodar
Perm_Krai.svg
Perm
Stavropol_Krai.svg
Stavropol
 
Oblasts      
Arkhangelsk_Oblast.svg
Arkhangelsk
Astrakhan_Oblast.svg
Astrakhan
Belgorod_Oblast.svg
Belgorod
Bryansk_Oblast.svg
Bryansk
Ivanovo_Oblast.svg
Ivanovo
Kaliningrad_Oblast.svg
Kaliningrad
Kaluga_Oblast.svg
Kaluga
Kirov_Region.svg
Kirov
Kostroma_Oblast.svg
Kostroma
Kursk_Oblast
Kursk
Leningrad_Oblast.svg
Leningrad
Lipetsk_Oblast.svg
Lipetsk
Moscow_oblast.svg
Moscow
Murmansk_Oblast.svg
Murmansk
Nizhny_Novgorod_Region.svg
Nizhny-Novgorod
Novgorod_Oblast.svg
Novgorod
Orenburg_Oblast
Orenburg
Oryol_Oblast
Oryol
Penza_Oblast
Penza
Pskov_(Pskov_oblast)
Pskov
Rostov_Oblast.svg
Rostov
Ryazan_Oblast.svg
Ryazan
Samara_Oblast.svg
Samara
Saratov_Oblast.svg
Saratov
Smolensk_oblast.svg
Smolensk
Tambov_Oblast.svg
Tambov
Tula_Oblast.svg
Tula
Tver_Oblast.svg
Tver
Ulyanovsk_Oblast.svg
Ulyanovsk
Vladimiri_Oblast
Vladimir
Volgograd_Oblast.svg
Volgograd
Vologda_oblast.svg
Vologda
Voronezh_Oblast.svg
Voronezh
Yaroslavl_Oblast.svg
Yaroslav
   
Republics    
Adygea.svg
Rep. of Adygea
Bashkortostan.svg
Rep. of Bashkortostan
Chechen_Republic.svg
Chechen Rep.
Chuvashia.svg
Chuvash Rep.
Dagestan.svg
Rep. of Dagestan
Ingushetia.svg
Rep. of Ingushetia
Kabardino-Balkaria.svg
Kabardino-Balkar Rep.
Kalmykia.svg
Rep. of Kalmykia
Karachay-Cherkessia.svg
Karachay-Cherkess Rep.
Karelia.svg
Rep. of Karelia
Komi.svg
Komi Rep.
Mari_El.svg
Mari-El Rep.
Mordovia.svg
Rep. of Mordovia
North_Ossetia.svg
Rep. of North Ossetia-Alania
Tatarstan.svg
Rep. of Tatarstan
Udmurtia.svg
Udmurt Rep.
 

 Country Information...
 
Capital Moscow
Largest City Moscow
Government Federal semi-presidential constitutional republic
Currency Russian Ruble (Pуб.)
Area total: 17,098,242 km2 water: 720,500 km2 land: 16,377,742 km2 ranked 1st
Population
142,355,415 (July 2016 est.) ranked 10th
Language Russian (official) 85.7%, Tatar 3.2%, Chechen 1%, other 10.1% note: data represent native language spoken (2010 est.)
Ethnic Groups Russian 77.7%, Tatar 3.7%, Ukrainian 1.4%, Bashkir 1.1%, Chuvash 1%, Chechen 1%, other 10.2%, unspecified 3.9%
Religion Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.) note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule; Russia officially recognizes Orthodox Christianity, Islam, Judaism, and Buddhism as traditional religions
Electricity 230V, 50Hz (European plug)
Country code +7
Internet TLD .ru
Time Zone  UTC+3 (Europe area only)
Drives on the Right
Anthem “Государственный гимн Российской Федерации” “Gosudarstvenny gimn Rossiyskoy Federatsii”  (transliteration) “State Anthem of the Russian Federation”
President Vladimir Putin
Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev
Holidays and Observances in Russia in 2020
Date   Name Type
Jan 1 Wednesday New Year’s Day National holiday
Jan 2 Thursday New Year Holiday Week National holiday
Jan 3 Friday New Year Holiday Week National holiday
Jan 6 Monday New Year Holiday Week National holiday
Jan 7 Tuesday Orthodox Christmas Day National holiday, Orthodox
Jan 8 Wednesday New Year Holiday Week National holiday
Jan 14 Tuesday Old New Year Observance
Feb 14 Friday Valentine’s Day Observance
Feb 23 Sunday Defender of the Fatherland Day National holiday
Feb 24 Monday Defender of the Fatherland Day observed National holiday
Feb 27 Thursday Special Operations Forces Day Observance
Mar 8 Sunday International Women’s Day National holiday
Mar 9 Monday International Women’s Day observed National holiday
Mar 20 Friday March Equinox Season
Mar 22 Sunday Isra and Mi’raj Muslim
Apr 19 Sunday Orthodox Easter Day Observance, Orthodox
Apr 24 Friday Ramadan starts Muslim
May 1 Friday Spring and Labor Day National holiday
May 9 Saturday Victory Day National holiday
May 11 Monday Victory Day observed National holiday
May 19 Tuesday Lailat al-Qadr Muslim
May 24 Sunday Eid al-Fitr Muslim
Jun 12 Friday Russia Day National holiday
Jun 21 Sunday June Solstice Season
Jul 31 Friday Eid al-Adha Muslim
Aug 20 Thursday Muharram Muslim
Sep 1 Tuesday Day of Knowledge Observance
Sep 22 Tuesday September Equinox Season
Oct 29 Thursday The Prophet’s Birthday Muslim
Nov 4 Wednesday Unity Day National holiday
Dec 21 Monday December Solstice Season