Following its heyday as a global maritime power during the 15th and 16th centuries, Portugal lost much of its wealth and status with the destruction of Lisbon in a 1755 earthquake, occupation during the Napoleonic Wars, and the independence of Brazil, its wealthiest colony, in 1822. A 1910 revolution deposed the monarchy; for most of the next six decades, repressive governments ran the country. In 1974, a left-wing military coup installed broad democratic reforms. The following year, Portugal granted independence to all of its African colonies. Portugal is a founding member of NATO and entered the EC (now the EU) in 1986.
The Best of Portugal...
Portugal's Most Popular Sights...
Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.
Douro River Valley
Roman Temple ruins
Monument to the Discoveries
Praça do Comércio
Sao Jorge Castle
25 da Abril Bridge
Cais da Riberia
Palácio da Bolsa
Castle of the Moors
Districts of Portugal
Unitary semi-presidential republic[
total:92,212 km2 ranked (111th)
10,833,816 (July 2016 est.) Ranked (83rd)
Portuguese (official), Mirandese (official, but locally used)
homogeneous Mediterranean stock; citizens of black African descent who immigrated to mainland during decolonization number less than 100,000; since 1990 East Europeans have entered Portugal
Roman Catholic 81%, other Christian 3.3%, other (includes Jewish, Muslim, other) 0.6%, none 6.8%, unspecified 8.3%