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About Europe

Languages of Europe

There are over 80 languages use in Europe with every country having an official language and some secondary ones. Some of these secondary languages are recognized as regional dialects only.  European countries recognize 23 total official languages.

Languages used mostly use are of the Indo-European family with just several languages from the non-Indo-European family. Of the Indo-European languages English is the most common language used throughout most of Europe. Other widely used languages are French, German, Italian and Spanish.

Each country has it’s official language and several countries have two or more. Belgium has Dutch and French as it’s official languages while Switzerland recognized four. Each official country language is more prevalent in one area than another.

There are also regional languages spoken in small areas throughout Europe. These languages can be official languages of the region along with the official language of the country. In the northeast section of Spain, around Barcelona, Catalan is an official language, as well as Spanish the official language of Spain. In Wales, English and Welsh are both official languages.

The chart below are the languages categorized in their tongues.

Language Chart_edited-2

Europe is very multi-lingual and in some countries they may have several official languages. In addition they may have other languages that are the official language for that region along with the national language. This accommodates minor ethnic groups who have no country but, whose indigenous people’s home has resided within the boundries of another country for many years. This preserves the language by being  taught in schools as well as, used in legal documentation and records.

Flag_of_Albania copy

 

Albania

  • Official: Albanian
  • RegionalAromanian, Greek, Macedonian
Flag_of_Andorra

 

Andorra

  • Official: Catalan
Flag_of_Austria

Austria

  • Ofiicial: German
  • Regional: Burgenland Croatian, Hungarian, Slovene
Flag_of_Belarus

 

Belarus

  • Official: Belarusian, Russian
  • Regional: Polish, Ukrainian, Yiddish
Flag_of_Belgium

 

Belgium

  • Official: Dutch, French, German
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina

 

Bosnia Hezegovina

  • Official: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Bulgaria

Bulgaria

  • Official: Bulgarian
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Croatia

Croatia

  • Official: Croatian
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Cyprus

 

 Cyprus

  • Official: Greek, Turkish
  • Regional: Armenian, Cypriot Arabic
Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic

 

Czechia

  • Official: Czech
  • RegionalBelarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Romani, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, Slovak, Ukrainian 
Flag_of_Denmark

 

Denmark

  • Official: Danish
  • Regional: Faroese, Greenlandic, German

Flag_of_Estonia

 

Estonia

  • Official: Estonian
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Finland

 

Finland

  • Official: Finnish, Swedish
  • Regional: Sámi
Flag_of_France

 

France

  • Official: French
  • RegionalAlsatian, Catalan, Basque, Breton, Corsican, Occitan
Flag_of_Germany

 

Germany

  • Official: German
  • Regional: 
  • Danish, Frisian, Low German, Romany, Sorbian, Turkish
Flag_of_Greece

Greece

  • Official: Greek
  • Regional:
Flag_of_the_Vatican_City

 

Holy See – Vatican City

  • Official: Latin
  • Regional: French, Italian
Flag_of_Hungary

Hungary

  • Official: Hungarian
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Iceland

 

Iceland

  • Official: Icelandic
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Ireland

Ireland

  • Official: Irish, English
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Italy

 

Italy

  • Official: Italian
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Latvia

 

Latvia

  • Official: Latvian
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Liechtenstein

 

Liechtenstein

  • Official: German
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Lithuania

 

Lithuania

  • Official:Lithuanian
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Luxembourg

 

Luxembourg

  • Official: Luxembourgish, French, German
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Malta

 

Malta

  • Official: Maltese, English
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Moldova

 

Moldova

  • Official: Moldovan, Romanian
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Monaco

 

Monaco

  • Official: French
  • Regional: Monégasque, Italian, Occitan, English
Flag_of_Montenegro

 

Montenegro

  • Official:
  • RegionalAlbanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Flag_of_the_Netherlands

Netherlands

  • Official: Dutch
  • RegionalWest Frisian, Papiamento, English
Flag_of_Macedonia

 

North Macedonia

  • Official: Macedonian, Albanian
  • RegionalAromanian, Bosnian, Romani, Serbian,Turkish
Flag_of_Norway

 

Norway

  • Official:Norwegian, Sámi
  • RegionalKven, Romani, Romanes
Flag_of_Poland

 

Poland

  • Official: Polish
  • Regional:  Kashubian
Flag_of_Portugal

 

Portugal

  • Official: Portuguese
  • RegionalMirandese
Flag_of_Romania

Romania

  • Official: Romanian
  • Regional: Albanian, Armenian, Bulgarian , Czech, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Macedonian,  Polish, Romani, Russian, Ruthenian, Serbian, Slovak, Ukrainian, Yiddish 
Flag_of_Russia

Russia

  • Official: Russian
  • Regional: Abaza, Adyghe, Chechen, Crimean Tartar, Kabardian, Ingush, Ossetian, Udmurt, Ukrainian
Flag_of_San_Marino

 

San Marino

  • Official: Italian
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Serbia

Serbia

  • Official: Serbian
  • RegionalAlbanian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Hungarian, Romanian, Rusyn, Slovak
Flag_of_Slovakia

Slovakia

  • Official: Slovak
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Slovenia

 

Slovenia

  • Official: Slovene
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Spain

 

Spain

  • Official: Spanish
  • Regional: Basque, Catalan, Galician, Occitan 
Flag_of_Sweden

Sweden

  • Official: Swedish
  • Regional: Finnish, Meänkieli, Sámi, Romani, Yiddish
Flag_of_Switzerland

 

Switzerland

  • Official: German, French, Italian, Romansh
  • Regional:
Flag_of_Turkey

Turkey

  • Official: Turkish
  • Regional: Arabic, Kabardian,  Kurmanji, Zaza
Flag_of_Ukraine

Ukraine

  • Official: Ukrainian
  • RegionalBelarusian, Bulgarian, Crimean Tartar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Ukrainian, Yiddish 
Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom

 

Untied Kingdom

  • Official: English
  • Regional: Cornish, Irish, Scots, Scottish Gaelic, Ulster Scots, Welsh
  

Before you go learn some common phrases for the language of the country you will be visiting. Locals will appreciate to communicate in their native language. Not to worry many Europeans speak english well. The main languages in most use are Indo-European and non. In addition to the primary languages listed below there are many regional languages spoken in small areas throughout Europe.