About Europe

Languages of Europe

There are over 80 languages use in Europe with every country having an official language and some secondary ones. Some of these secondary languages are recognized as regional dialects only.  European countries recognize 23 total official languages.

Languages used mostly use are of the Indo-European family with just several languages from the non-Indo-European family. Of the Indo-European languages English is the most common language used throughout most of Europe. Other widely used languages are French, German, Italian and Spanish.

Each country has it’s official language and several countries have two or more. Belgium has Dutch and French as it’s official languages while Switzerland recognized four. Each official country language is more prevalent in one area than another.

There are also regional languages spoken in small areas throughout Europe. These languages can be official languages of the region along with the official language of the country. In the northeast section of Spain, around Barcelona, Catalan is an official language, as well as Spanish the official language of Spain. In Wales, English and Welsh are both official languages.

The chart below are the languages categorized in their tongues.

Language Chart_edited-2

Europe is very multi-lingual and in some countries they may have several official languages. In addition they may have other languages that are the official language for that region along with the national language. This accommodates minor ethnic groups who have no country but, whose indigenous people’s home has resided within the boundries of another country for many years. This preserves the language by being  taught in schools as well as, used in legal documentation and records.

 🇦🇱 Albania

Official: Albanian
Regional: Aromanian, Greek, Macedonian

🇦🇩 Andorra

Official: Catalan

🇦🇹 Austria

Official: German
Regional: Burgenland Croatian, Hungarian, Slovene

🇧🇾 Belarus

Official: Belarusian, Russian
Regional: Polish, Ukrainian, Yiddish

🇧🇪 Belgium

Official: Dutch, French, German

🇧🇦 Bosnia & Herzegovina

Official: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian

🇧🇬 Bulgaria

Official: Bulgarian

🇭🇷 Croatia

Official: Croatian

🇨🇾 Cyprus

Official: Greek, Turkish
Regional: Armenian, Cypriot Arabic

🇨🇿 Czechia

Official: Czech
Regional: Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Romani, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, Slovak, Ukrainian 

🇩🇰 Denmark

Official: Danish
Regional: Faroese, Greenlandic, German

🇪🇪 Estonia

Official: Estonian

🇫🇮 Finland

Official: Finnish, Swedish
Regional: Sámi

🇫🇷 France

Official: French
Regional: Alsatian, Catalan, Basque, Breton, Corsican, Occitan

🇩🇪 Germany

Official: German
Regional: Danish, Frisian, Low German, Romany, Sorbian, Turkish

🇬🇷 Greece

Official: Greek

🇻🇦 Holy See

Official: Latin
Working : French, Italian

🇭🇺 Hungary

Official: Hungarian

🇮🇸 Iceland

Official: Icelandic

🇮🇪 Ireland

Official: Irish, English

🇮🇹 Italy

Official: Italian Co-Official:French, German
Recognized: Arbëresh, Cimbrian, Franco-Provencal, Ladin, Lombard, Mòcheno, Piedmontese, Sardinian, Sicilian, Venetian

🇱🇻 Latvia

Official: Latvian

🇱🇮 Liechtenstein

Official: German

🇱🇹 Lithuania

Official: Lithuanian

🇱🇺 Luxembourg

Official: Luxembourgish, French, German

🇲🇹 Malta

Official: Maltese, English

🇲🇩 Moldova

Official: Moldovan, Romanian

🇲🇨 Monaco

Official: French
Regional: Monégasque, Italian, Occitan, English

🇲🇪 Montenegro

Regional: Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian

🇳🇱 Netherlands

fficial: Dutch
Regional: West Frisian, Papiamento, English

🇲🇰 North Macedonia

Official: Macedonian, Albanian
Regional: Aromanian, Bosnian, Romani, Serbian,Turkish

🇳🇴 Norway

Official:Norwegian, Sámi
Regional: Kven, Romani, Romanes

🇵🇱 Poland

Official: Polish
Regional:  Kashubian

🇵🇹 Portugal

Official: Portuguese
Regional: Mirandese

🇷🇺 Russia

Official: Russian
Regional: Abaza, Adyghe, Chechen, Crimean Tartar, Kabardian, Ingush, Ossetian, Udmurt, Ukrainian

🇸🇲 San Marino

Official: Italian

🇷🇸 Serbia

Official: Serbian
Regional: Albanian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Hungarian, Romanian, Rusyn, Slovak

🇸🇰 Slovakia

Official: Slovak

🇸🇮 Slovenia

Official: Slovene
Recognized Regional: Hungarian, Italian

🇪🇸 Spain

Official: Spanish
Regional: Basque, Catalan, Galician, Occitan 

🇸🇪 Sweden

Official: Swedish
Regional: Finnish, Meänkieli, Sámi, Romani, Yiddish

🇨🇭 Switzerland

Official: German, French, Italian, Romansh

🇹🇷 Turkey

Official: Turkish
Regional: Arabic, Kabardian,  Kurmanji, Zaza

🇺🇦 Ukraine

Official: Ukrainian
Regional: Belarusian, Bulgarian, Crimean Tartar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Ukrainian, Yiddish

🇬🇧 United Kingdom
🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 England

Official: English
Regional: Cornish, French Jèrriais, Irish, Manx, Scots, Ulster Scots, Welsh

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Scotland

Recognized Languages: English, Scots, Scottish Gaelic

🏴󠁧󠁢󠁷󠁬󠁳󠁿 Wales

Official: Welsh, English

Language Translating…

Before you go learn some common phrases for the language of the country you will be visiting. Locals will appreciate to communicate in their native language. Not to worry many Europeans speak english well. The main languages in most use are Indo-European and non. In addition to the primary languages listed below there are many regional languages spoken in small areas throughout Europe.

Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian all use the cryllic alphabet and Greek use the Greek alphabet. Unless you can read those alphabets the translator may not be of much help. However, even in those countries major signage can also be labeled with the latin alphabet and sometimes in English.

You can find a language translator apps for your mobile device or go to Goggle translate on the internet.