There are over 80 languages use in Europe with every country having an official language and some secondary ones. Some of these secondary languages are recognized as regional dialects only. European countries recognize 23 total official languages.
Languages used mostly use are of the Indo-European family with just several languages from the non-Indo-European family. Of the Indo-European languages English is the most common language used throughout most of Europe. Other widely used languages are French, German, Italian and Spanish.
Each country has it’s official language and several countries have two or more. Belgium has Dutch and French as it’s official languages while Switzerland recognized four. Each official country language is more prevalent in one area than another.
There are also regional languages spoken in small areas throughout Europe. These languages can be official languages of the region along with the official language of the country. In the northeast section of Spain, around Barcelona, Catalan is an official language, as well as Spanish the official language of Spain. In Wales, English and Welsh are both official languages.
The chart below are the languages categorized in their tongues.
Europe is very multi-lingual and in some countries they may have several official languages. In addition they may have other languages that are the official language for that region along with the national language. This accommodates minor ethnic groups who have no country but, whose indigenous people’s home has resided within the boundries of another country for many years. This preserves the language by being taught in schools as well as, used in legal documentation and records.
Regional: Aromanian, Greek, Macedonian
Regional: Burgenland Croatian, Hungarian, Slovene
Official: Belarusian, Russian
Regional: Polish, Ukrainian, Yiddish
Official: Dutch, French, German
🇧🇦 Bosnia & Herzegovina
Official: Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Official: Greek, Turkish
Regional: Armenian, Cypriot Arabic
Regional: Belarusian, Bulgarian, Croatian, German, Greek, Hungarian, Polish, Romani, Russian, Rusyn, Serbian, Slovak, Ukrainian
Regional: Faroese, Greenlandic, German
Official: Finnish, Swedish
Regional: Alsatian, Catalan, Basque, Breton, Corsican, Occitan
Regional: Danish, Frisian, Low German, Romany, Sorbian, Turkish
🇻🇦 Holy See
Working : French, Italian
Official: Irish, English
Official: Italian Co-Official:French, German
Recognized: Arbëresh, Cimbrian, Franco-Provencal, Ladin, Lombard, Mòcheno, Piedmontese, Sardinian, Sicilian, Venetian
Official: Luxembourgish, French, German
Official: Maltese, English
Official: Moldovan, Romanian
Regional: Monégasque, Italian, Occitan, English
Regional: Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian
Regional: West Frisian, Papiamento, English
🇲🇰 North Macedonia
Official: Macedonian, Albanian
Regional: Aromanian, Bosnian, Romani, Serbian,Turkish
Regional: Kven, Romani, Romanes
Regional: Abaza, Adyghe, Chechen, Crimean Tartar, Kabardian, Ingush, Ossetian, Udmurt, Ukrainian
🇸🇲 San Marino
Regional: Albanian, Bosnian, Bulgarian, Croatian, Hungarian, Romanian, Rusyn, Slovak
Recognized Regional: Hungarian, Italian
Regional: Basque, Catalan, Galician, Occitan
Regional: Finnish, Meänkieli, Sámi, Romani, Yiddish
Official: German, French, Italian, Romansh
Regional: Arabic, Kabardian, Kurmanji, Zaza
Regional: Belarusian, Bulgarian, Crimean Tartar, Gagauz, German, Greek, Hebrew, Hungarian, Polish, Romanian, Russian, Slovak, Ukrainian, Yiddish
🇬🇧 United Kingdom
Regional: Cornish, French Jèrriais, Irish, Manx, Scots, Ulster Scots, Welsh
Recognized Languages: English, Scots, Scottish Gaelic
Official: Welsh, English
Before you go learn some common phrases for the language of the country you will be visiting. Locals will appreciate to communicate in their native language. Not to worry many Europeans speak english well. The main languages in most use are Indo-European and non. In addition to the primary languages listed below there are many regional languages spoken in small areas throughout Europe.
Belarusian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Russian, Serbian, Ukrainian all use the cryllic alphabet and Greek use the Greek alphabet. Unless you can read those alphabets the translator may not be of much help. However, even in those countries major signage can also be labeled with the latin alphabet and sometimes in English.
You can find a language translator apps for your mobile device or go to Goggle translate on the internet.