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Italy

 

Italy became a nation-state in 1861 when the regional states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King Victor EMMANUEL II. An era of parliamentary government came to a close in the early 1920s when Benito MUSSOLINI established a Fascist dictatorship. His alliance with Nazi Germany led to Italy’s defeat in World War II. A democratic republic replaced the monarchy in 1946 and economic revival followed. Italy is a charter member of NATO and the European Economic Community (EEC). It has been at the forefront of European economic and political unification, joining the Economic and Monetary Union in 1999. Persistent problems include sluggish economic growth, high youth and female unemployment, organized crime, corruption, and economic disparities between southern Italy and the more prosperous north.

Tourism Information... 
Italia.com
www.italia.it/en
https://www.italyguides.it/en
The Best of Italy...

Central ITALY

 Abruzzo

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 Lazio

  • Cities:
    • ROME
      • Modern Centre(Piazza Barberini, Servian Walls, Termini Station, Trevi Fountain)
      • Old Rome(Campo de’Fiori, Fountain of Neptune, Fountain of Four Rivers, Largo do Torre Argentina, Pantheon, Pizza Novana, Santa Maria Minerva Obelisk, Sant’lvo alla Saplenza)
      • Vatican( Castel Sant’Angelo, Raphael’s Papal apartments, St. Peter’s Basilca, Sistine Chapel, Vatican Museum)
      • Colosseo( Capitoline Museum, Arch of Constntine, The Colosseum, The Forum, Palatine Hill, Trajan’s Markets, Vittorio Emanuele Monument)
      • North Centre( Ara Pacis, Borghese Gardens, Piazza del Popolo, Piazza di Spagna, Spanish Steps, Villa Borghese)
      • Trastevere( Isola Tiberina, Janiculum Hill)
      • Aventino-Testaccio: ( Baths of Caracalla, Circus Maximus, Pyramid of Gaius Cestius, Servian Wall, Temple of Vesta)
      • Esquilino- San Giovanni: ( San Giovanni in Laterano, Santa Maria Maggiore)
      • Nomentano: ( Santa Costanza, Villa Tortonia )
      • Outer North: ( Olympic Stadium)
      • Outer South: ( Appian Way, Aurelain Walls, Catacombs of San Callisto & San Domitilla & San Sebastiano, 
      • Ostia: ( Antica Rome’s Old Sea port, ruins and theatre)
    • Anzio
    • Civitavecchia
    • Tivoli (Hadrian’s Villa, Villa D’Este) 
  • Towns:
    • Monte Cassino, 
    • Viterbo
  • Villages: 
    • Civita de Bagnoregio
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 Marche

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 Tuscany

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 Umbria

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Northeast ITALY

 Emilia-Romagne

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 Friuli-Venezia-Giulia

  • Cities: Rome
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 Trentino-Alto-Adige

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 Veneto

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Northwest ITALY

 Aosta Valley

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 Liguria

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 Lombardy

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 Piedmont

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 Sardinia

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 Sicily

  • Cities: Messina, Palermo, Syracuse
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Southern ITALY

 Apulia

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 Basilicata

  • Cities: Rome
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 Calabria

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 Campania

  • Cities: Naples
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 Molise

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 Italy's Most Popular Sights...

Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  

  • Amalfi Coast
    • Isle of Capri
    • Paestum
    • Positano
    • Salerno
    • Sorrento
  • Arrezo
  • Assisi
    • Basilica Papale San Francesco D’Assisi
  • Civita di Bagnoregio
  • Bologna
  • Cinque Terre
  • Dolomite Alps
    • Cortina d’Ampezzo
  • Florence
    • Duomo Santa Maria dei Fiore
    • Piazza della Signoria
    • Accademia Gallery & The David
    • Uffizi Gallery
    • Ponte Vecchio
    • Palazzo Pitti
  • Genoa
  • Italian Lake District
    • Lakes Como,  Lugano & Maggiore
  • Lucca
  • Matera
  • Milan
    • Milan Cathedral & Piazza
    • Da Vince’s “Last Supper” Santa Maria delle Grazie
    • La Scala Opera House
    • Galleria Vittorio Emanuele
  • Naples
    • Mt Vesuvius
  • Orvieto
  • Padua
  • Pisa
    • Leaning Tower
  • Pompeii & Herculaneum
  • Portofino
  • Ravenna
    • Basilica San Vitale
  • Rimini
  • Rome
    • Basilica di Santa maria Maggiore
    • Castel Sant’Angelo
    • Carcalla Baths
    • Colosseum
    • Pantheon
    • The Forum & Palatine Hill
    • Villa Borghese & Gallery
    • Piazza Navona
    • Trevi Fountain
    • Spanish Steps
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari
  • Siena
    • Piazza del Campo
    • Siena Cathedral
  • Sicily
    • Messina
    • Mt. Etna
    • Palermo
    • Syracuse
    • Valle dei Templi
  • Trieste
  • Turin
  • Tuscany
    • San Gimignano
  • Urbino – Palazzo Ducale
  • Venice
    • Grand Canal & Venice Lagoon
    • St. Mark’s Square & Basilica
    • Doge’s Palace & Bridge of Sighs
    • Rialto Bridge
    • Murano
    • Campanile di San Marco
    • Peggy Guggenheim Museum
  • Verona & Lago di Garda

Country Information...
 
Capital Rome
Largest City Rome
Government Unitary Parliamentary Constitutional Republic
Currency Euro (€)
Area total: 301,340km – ranked 72nd water: 7,200km land: 294,140km
Population 62,007,540 (July 2016 est.) ranked 24th
Language Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d’Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)
Ethnic Groups Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)
Religion Christian 80% (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehovah’s Witnesses and Protestants), Muslim (about 800,000 to 1 million), atheist and agnostic 20%
Electricity 230V, 50Hz (European or Italian “L” plug)
Calling code +39
Emergencies dial 112
Internet TLD .it
Time Zone /Summer (DST) CET (UTC+1) / CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the Right
Anthem Il Canto degli Italiani  (Italian) The Song of the Italians
President Sergio Mattarella
Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni
Holidays and Observances in Italy in 2020
Date   Name Type
Jan 1 Wednesday New Year’s Day National holiday
Jan 6 Monday Epiphany National holiday
Mar 20 Friday March Equinox Season
Apr 10 Friday Good Friday Observance
Apr 12 Sunday Easter Sunday Observance
Apr 13 Monday Easter Monday National holiday
Apr 25 Saturday Liberation Day National holiday
Apr 25 Saturday The Feast of St Mark (Venice) Local holiday
May 1 Friday Labor Day / May Day National holiday
Jun 2 Tuesday Republic Day National holiday
Jun 20 Saturday June Solstice Season
Jun 24 Wednesday The Feast of St. John (Florence, Genoa, Turin) Local holiday
Jun 29 Monday The Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul (Rome) Local holiday
Aug 15 Saturday Assumption of Mary National holiday
Aug 15 Saturday Ferragosto Observance
Sep 19 Saturday The Feast of Saint Januarius (Naples) Local holiday
Sep 22 Tuesday September Equinox Season
Nov 1 Sunday All Saints’ Day National holiday
Dec 7 Monday The Feast of St. Ambrose (Milan) Local holiday
Dec 8 Tuesday Feast of the Immaculate Conception National holiday
Dec 21 Monday December Solstice Season
Dec 25 Friday Christmas Day National holiday
Dec 26 Saturday St. Stephen’s Day National holiday
Dec 31 Thursday New Year’s Eve Observance