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Countries

Italy

Italy became a nation-state in 1861 when the regional states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King Victor Emmanuel II. An era of parliamentary government came to a close in the early 1920s when Benito Mussolini established a Fascist dictatorship. His alliance with Nazi Germany led to Italy’s defeat in World War II. A democratic republic replaced the monarchy in 1946 and economic revival followed. Italy is a charter member of NATO and the European Economic Community (EEC). It has been at the forefront of European economic and political unification, joining the Economic and Monetary Union in 1999. Persistent problems include sluggish economic growth, high youth and female unemployment, organized crime, corruption, and economic disparities between southern Italy and the more prosperous north.

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Italy Tourism Information…

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The Best of Italy…

Here is a Break down of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  

Central Italy
Northeast Italy
Northwest Italy
Southern Italy
Amalfi Coast Isle of Capri
Paestum
Positano
Salerno
Sorrento
Arrezo
Assisi Basilica Papale San Francesco D’Assisi
Civita di Bagnoregio
Bologna
Cinque Terre
Dolomite Alps Cortina d’Ampezzo
Florence Duomo Santa Maria dei Fiore
Piazza della Signoria
Accademia Gallery & The David
Uffizi Gallery
Ponte Vecchio
Palazzo Pitti
Genoa
Italian Lake District Lakes Como,  Lugano & Maggiore
Lucca
Matera
Milan Milan Cathedral & Piazza
Da Vince’s “Last Supper” Santa Maria delle Grazie
La Scala Opera House
Galleria Vittorio Emanuele
Naples Mt Vesuvius
Orvieto
Padua
Pisa Leaning Tower
Pompeii & Herculaneum
Portofino
Ravenna Basilica San Vitale
Rimini
Rome Basilica di Santa maria Maggiore
Castel Sant’Angelo
Carcalla Baths
Colosseum
Pantheon
The Forum & Palatine Hill
Villa Borghese & Gallery
Piazza Navona
Trevi Fountain
Spanish Steps
Sardinia Cagliari
Siena Piazza del Campo
Siena Cathedral
Sicily Messina
Mt. Etna
Palermo
Syracuse
Valle dei Templi
Trieste
Turin
Tuscany San Gimignano
Urbino – Palazzo Ducale
Venice Grand Canal & Venice Lagoon
St. Mark’s Square & Basilica
Doge’s Palace & Bridge of Sighs
Rialto Bridge
Murano
Campanile di San Marco
Peggy Guggenheim Museum
Verona & Lago di Garda

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Italy Country Information…

Capital:

Rome

Largest City:

Rome

Government:

Unitary Parliamentary Constitutional Republic

Currency:

Euro (€)

Area:

Total: 301,340km – ranked 72nd water: 7,200km land: 294,140km

Climate:

Predominantly Mediterranean; alpine in far north; hot, dry in south

Population:

62,007,540 (July 2016 est.) ranked 24th

Language:

Italian (official), German (parts of Trentino-Alto Adige region are predominantly German speaking), French (small French-speaking minority in Valle d’Aosta region), Slovene (Slovene-speaking minority in the Trieste-Gorizia area)

Ethnic Groups:

Italian (includes small clusters of German-, French-, and Slovene-Italians in the north and Albanian-Italians and Greek-Italians in the south)

Religion:

Christian 80% (overwhelmingly Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehovah’s Witnesses and Protestants), Muslim (about 800,000 to 1 million), atheist and agnostic 20%

Electricity:

230V, 50Hz (European plug C, F, L)

Telephone Code:

+39

Local Emergency Phone Number:

Ambulance: 112, 118; Fire: 112, 115; Police: 112, 113

Internet TLD:

.it

Time Zone:

CET (UTC+1) Summer (UTC+2) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March, ends last Sunday in October

Road Driving Side:

Right

Anthem:

Il Canto degli Italiani  (Italian) The Song of the Italians

President:

Sergio Mattarella

Prime Minister:

Giuseppe Conte

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Holidays and Observances in Italy in 2020…

Date NameType
Jan 1WednesdayNew Year’s DayNational holiday
Jan 6MondayEpiphanyNational holiday
Mar 20FridayMarch EquinoxSeason
Apr 10FridayGood FridayObservance
Apr 12SundayEaster SundayObservance
Apr 13MondayEaster MondayNational holiday
Apr 25SaturdayLiberation DayNational holiday
Apr 25SaturdayThe Feast of St Mark (Venice)Local holiday
May 1FridayLabor Day / May DayNational holiday
Jun 2TuesdayRepublic DayNational holiday
Jun 20SaturdayJune SolsticeSeason
Jun 24WednesdayThe Feast of St. John (Florence, Genoa, Turin)Local holiday
Jun 29MondayThe Feast of St. Peter and St. Paul (Rome)Local holiday
Aug 15SaturdayAssumption of MaryNational holiday
Aug 15SaturdayFerragostoObservance
Sep 19SaturdayThe Feast of Saint Januarius (Naples)Local holiday
Sep 22TuesdaySeptember EquinoxSeason
Nov 1SundayAll Saints’ DayNational holiday
Dec 7MondayThe Feast of St. Ambrose (Milan)Local holiday
Dec 8TuesdayFeast of the Immaculate ConceptionNational holiday
Dec 21MondayDecember SolsticeSeason
Dec 25FridayChristmas DayNational holiday
Dec 26SaturdaySt. Stephen’s DayNational holiday
Dec 31ThursdayNew Year’s EveObservance