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Ireland

Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600 and 150 B.C. Invasions by Norsemen that began in the late 8th century were finally ended when King Brian BORU defeated the Danes in 1014. Norman invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions. The Irish famine of the mid-19th century saw the population of the island drop by one third through starvation and emigration. For more than a century after that the population of the island continued to fall only to begin growing again in the 1960s. Over the last 50 years, Ireland’s high birthrate has made it demographically one of the youngest populations in the EU. The modern Irish state traces its origins to the failed 1916 Easter Monday Uprising that touched off several years of guerrilla warfare resulting in independence from the UK in 1921 for 26 southern counties; six northern (Ulster) counties remained part of the UK. Unresolved issues in Northern Ireland erupted into years of violence known as the “Troubles” that began in the 1960s. The Government of Ireland was part of a process along with the UK and US Governments that helped broker what is known as The Good Friday Agreement in Northern Ireland in 1998. This initiated a new phase of cooperation between the Irish and British Governments. Ireland was neutral in World War II and continues its policy of military neutrality. Ireland joined the European Community in 1973 and the euro-zone currency union in 1999. The economic boom years of the Celtic Tiger (1995-2007) saw rapid economic growth, which came to an abrupt end in 2008 with the meltdown of the Irish banking system. Today the economy is recovering, fueled by large and growing foreign direct investment, especially from US multi-nationals.

Tourism Information…

Ireland Jumpo into
www.ireland.com/en-us
discover ireland
www.discoverireland.ie
The Best of Ireland..
Ireland's Most Popular Sights...
  • Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  
  • Blarney Castle & Gardens
  • Burren Nat. park – County Clare
  • Slieve League – Carrick
  • Dingle Peninsula
  • Dublin
    • Kilmainham Gaol
    • Book of Kells -Old Library
    • Guinness Storehouse
  • Wild Atlantic Way -Galway
  • Connemara Nat. Park -Galway
  • Glendalough
  • Ring of Kerry
  • Killarney
  • Cliffs of Moher-Liscannor
  • Waterford
  • Hook Head-Wexford

Flag_of_IrelandCounties of Ireland…

Carlow
Carlow
Cavan
Cavan
Clare
Clare
Cork
Cork
Donegal
Donegal
Dublin
Dublin
Galway
Galway
Kerry
Kerry
Kildare
Kildare
Kilkenny
Kilkenny
Laois
Laois
Lietrum
Lietrum
Limerick
Limerick
longford
Longford
louthA
Louth
Mayo
Mayo
Meath
Meath
Monaghan
Monaghan
Offlay
Offlay
Roscommon
Roscommon
Sligo
Sligo
Tippery
Tipperary
Waterford
Waterford
Westmeath
Westmeath
Wexford
Wexford
Wicklow
Wicklow
 
 

Country Information...
 
Capital Dublin
Largest City Dublin
Government Unitary Parliamentary Constitutional Republic
Currency Euro (€)
Area total: 70,273 km2 water: 1,390 km2 land: 68,883 km2 ranked 120th
Population 4,952,473 (July 2016 est.) ranked 122nd
Language English (official, the language generally used), Irish (Gaelic or Gaeilge) (official, spoken by approximately 38.7% of the population as a first or second language in 2011; mainly spoken in areas along the western coast)
Ethnic Groups Irish 84.5%, other white 9.8%, Asian 1.9%, black 1.4%, mixed and other 0.9%, unspecified 1.6% (2011 est.)
Religion Roman Catholic 84.7%, Church of Ireland 2.7%, other Christian 2.7%, Muslim 1.1%, other 1.7%, unspecified 1.5%, none 5.7% (2011 est.)
Electricity 230V, 50Hz (United Kingdom plug)
Country code +353
Internet TLD .ie
Time Zone /Summer UTC / UTC+1 (summer)
Drives on the Left
Anthem “Amhrán na bhFiann” “The Soldiers’ Song”
President Michael D. Higgins
Prime Minister Leo Varadkar
Holidays and Observances in Ireland in 2020
Date   Name Type
Jan 1 Wednesday New Year’s Day National holiday
Mar 17 Tuesday St. Patrick’s Day National holiday
Mar 20 Friday March Equinox Season
Apr 10 Friday Good Friday Observance
Apr 12 Sunday Easter Observance
Apr 13 Monday Easter Monday National holiday
May 4 Monday May Day National holiday
Jun 1 Monday June Bank Holiday National holiday
Jun 20 Saturday June Solstice Season
Aug 3 Monday August Bank Holiday National holiday
Sep 22 Tuesday September Equinox Season
Oct 26 Monday October Bank Holiday National holiday
Dec 21 Monday December Solstice Season
Dec 24 Thursday Christmas Eve Observance
Dec 25 Friday Christmas Day National holiday
Dec 26 Saturday St. Stephen’s Day National holiday
Dec 31 Thursday New Year’s Eve Observance