Europe has some of the world’s greatest museums and there are plenty to choose from in all of the countries. When European countries colonized across the globe their archaeologists discovered many of the of the ancient sites in Egypt, China, India, Mesopotamia, etc. They uncovered ancient cites, tombs and civilizations  all but lost centuries ago. The artifacts they uncovered where sent back to their museums in Europe. Today some of these artifacts have become controversial between the countries of their origin and the European museums they are kept in. Some pieces have been return museums in other countries while others remain unresolved. In addition Europe has had explosive periods of learning and progressive thinking. The eras of the Greeks , the Romans, the Renaissance, the Age of Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution all gave us great contributions in the arts, sciences, literature, architecture and culture. So much of which is exhibited in the museums across Europe.

Museums can be classified as one or multiple classifications below;

Aquarium / Oceanographic

Film / Photography
Food / Drink
Historic House / Site
Historical Society
Living History

Natural History
Nature Center
Transport / Railroad

Art museums can also be called Galleries. Collections can fall into one category or another stressing the period or form of art. Most are either classical collections or modern and in some cases unique or niche art categories. 

Europe’s Most Attended & Popular Museums…

British Museum – London, England

Europe’s Most Attended & Popular Museums…

The list includes art museums, history museums, natural history museums, science museums, rare significant archaeological sites, historical monuments, and many palace or castle museums. Those with attendance figures have the most annual visitors. 2019 attendance source: Art Newspaper for 2019. Those with no attendance are are highly regarded and extremely popular.

RankMuseumCity CountryAnnual Visitors
2Château de VersaillesVersailles🇫🇷France8,132,518
3Roman Colosseum/ Forum/ PalatineRome 🇮🇹Italy7,036,104
4Vatican MuseumsVatican City🇻🇦Holy See6,882,931
5The British MuseumLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England6,239,983
6Tate ModernLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England6,098,340
7National GalleryLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England6,011,007
8Natural History MuseumLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England5,226,000
9Museo Reina SofiaMadrid🇪🇸Spain4,956,529
10The State Hermitage MuseumSaint Petersburg🇷🇺Russia4,956,529
11Victoria and Albert MuseumLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England3,967,566
12Schloß SchönbrunnVienna🇦🇹Austria3,796,000
13Musée d'OrsayParis🇫🇷France3,651,616
14Centre PompidouParis🇫🇷France3,551,544
15Royal Łazienki MuseumWarsaw🇵🇱Poland3,521,617
16Museo del PradoMadrid🇪🇸Spain3,497,345
17Pompeii SitePompeii🇮🇹Italy3,383,415
18Science MuseumLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England3,286,000
19Museum of King Jan III's Palace at WilanówWarsaw🇵🇱Poland3,151,385
20Somerset HouseLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England3,143,626
21Moscow Kremlin MuseumsMoscow🇷🇺Russia3,101,550
22Science MuseumLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England2,841,772
23Tretyakov GalleryMoscow🇷🇺Russia2,835,836
24Royal Museums GreenwichLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England2,607,099
25The State Russian MuseumSaint Petersburg🇷🇺Russia2,394,400
27Cité des Sciences er de l'industrieParis🇫🇷France2,231,000
28Le Gallerie Degli UffiziFlorence🇮🇹Italy2,230,914
29National Museums of ScotlandEdinburgh🇬🇧🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿UK - Scotland2,210,024
30Van Gogh MuseumAmsterdam🇳🇱Netherlands2,190,000
31Auschwitz-Birkenau State MuseumOświęcim🇵🇱Poland2,152,610
32Wawel Royal CastleKraków🇵🇱Poland1,911,186
33Kunst Historiches Museum WeinVienna🇦🇹Austria1,839,027
34Kelvingrove Art Gallery & MuseumGlasgow🇬🇧🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿UK - Scotland1,832,097
35City of Prague MuseumPrague🇨🇿Czechia1,827,485
36Tate BritainLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England1,808,523
37Acropolis MuseumAthens🇬🇷Greece1,760,315
38National Museum of DenmarkCopenhagen🇩🇰Denmark1,729,101
40Galleria Dell'Accademia di FirenzeFlorence🇮🇹Italy1,704,776
41National Portrait GalleryLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England1,634,934
42Scottish National GalleryEdinburgh🇬🇧🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿UK - Scotland1,583,231
43Cracow Saltworks Museum in WieliczkaWeileczka🇵🇱Poland1,572,458
44Vasa MuseumStockholm🇸🇪Sweden1,487,997
45Pushkin State Museum of Fine ArtsMoscow🇷🇺Russia1,481,300
46Musée de l'ArmeeParis🇫🇷France1,434,000
47Riverside MuseumGlasgow🇬🇧🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿UK - Scotland1,355,359
48The Royal Castle in WarsawWarsaw🇵🇱Poland1,256,720
49Skansen MuseumStockholm🇸🇪Sweden1,250,868
50Royal Academy of ArtsLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England1,248,882
51Anne Frank HouseAmsterdam🇳🇱Netherlands1,226,000
53Museum of European & Mediterranean Civilizations (MUCEM)Marseille🇫🇷France1,207,663
54Petite PalaisParis🇫🇷France1,203,810
55National Museum of KrakówKraków🇵🇱Poland1,196,207
56Guggenheim BilbaoBilbao🇪🇸Spain1,190,669
57Saatchi GalleryLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England1,160,729
58Castel Sant'AngeloRome🇮🇹Italy1,155,244
59Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza NationalMadrid🇪🇸Spain1,129,270
60National MuseumPrague🇨🇿Czechia1,125,637
61Musée du quay BranlyParis🇫🇷France1,112,423
62Teatre Museo DalíFigures🇪🇸Spain1,105,169
63Royal Museums of Fine ArtBrussels🇧🇪Belgium1,091,280
64National Museum of the Royal NavyPortsmouth🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England1,081,909
65Grand PalaisParis🇫🇷France1,075,187
66Museu Fundação de SerralvesPorto🇵🇹Portugal1,074,200
66CaixaForum MadridMadrid🇪🇸Spain947,298
67Imperial War MuseumLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England1,073,935
68Museu PicassoBarcelona🇪🇸Spain1,072,887
68Museu Nacional d'Art de CatalunyaBarcelona🇪🇸Spain891,346
69Foundation Louis VuittonParis🇫🇷France1,065,000
69Ashmolean MuseumOxford🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England882,494
70Museo Coleção BerardoLisbon🇵🇹Portugal1,060,544
70Garage MuseumMoscow🇷🇺Russia881,954
71Musée de l'OrangerieParis🇫🇷France1,014,021
71CaixaForum BarcelonaBarcelona🇪🇸Spain863,605
72Museum of LondonLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England856,559
73Museo EgizioTurin🇮🇹Italy849,163
74Merseyside Maritime MuseumLiverpool🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England840,675
75Museum of LiverpoolLiverpool🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England802,722
76Oxford University MuseumOxford🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England768,487
77The HofburgVienna🇦🇹Austria727,000
78National Railway MuseumYork🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England718,000
79Prague National GalleryPrague🇨🇿Czechia711,928
80Stedelijk MuseumAmsterdam🇳🇱Netherlands703,000
81Tate LiverpoolLiverpool🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England628,024
N/ALiechtenstein MuseumVienna🇦🇹AustriaN/A
N/ANaturahistoriches MuseumVienna🇦🇹AustriaN/A
N/AKoninklijk Museum van SchoneAntwerp🇧🇪BelgiumN/A
N/ARoyal Museum of Fine ArtsAntwerp🇧🇪BelgiumN/A
N/AThe Groeninge MuseumBruges🇧🇪BelgiumN/A
N/ATunnel MuseumSarajevo🇧🇦Bosnia HerzegovinaN/A
N/AJewish Museum in PraguePrague🇨🇿Czechia716,918
N/AMuseum KampaPrague🇨🇿CzechiaN/A
N/ANy Carlsberg GlyptoteketCopenhagen🇩🇰DenmarkN/A
N/ANational Gallery of DenmarkCopenhagen🇩🇰DenmarkN/A
N/AThe Ateneum MuseumHelsinki🇫🇮FinlandN/A
N/AFinnish National GalleryHelsinki🇫🇮FinlandN/A
N/ASara Hildén Art MuseumTampere🇫🇮FinlandN/A
N/AMusée Toulouse-LautrecAlbi🇫🇷FranceN/A
N/ALa Masion et les Jardins De Claude Monet Giverny🇫🇷FranceN/A
N/AMusée MatisseNice🇫🇷FranceN/A
N/AMarc Chagall National MuseumNice🇫🇷FranceN/A
N/AMusée National PicassoParis🇫🇷FranceN/A
N/AMusée RodinParis🇫🇷FranceN/A
N/AMusée PicassoParis🇫🇷FranceN/A
N/AMusée de Cluny le monde médievalParis🇫🇷FranceN/A
N/AMuseum of Modern ArtParis🇫🇷FranceN/A
N/AMusée Marmottan MonetParis🇫🇷FranceN/A
N/ACarnavalet MuseumParis🇫🇷FranceN/A
N/APergamon MuseumBerlin🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/ANeues MuseumBerlin🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/AAltes MuseumBerlin🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/ATopography of TerrorBerlin🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/ADDR MuseumBerlin🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/AAlte Nationalgalerie Berlin🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/AZwinger Dresden🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/AGreen VaultDresden🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/AOld Masters Picture GalleryDresden🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/AInternational Maritime MuseumHamburg🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/AGutenberg MuseumMainz🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/ANeanderthal MuseumMettmann🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/ADeutsches MuseumMunich🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/AAlte PinakothekenMunich🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/ANeue PinakothekMunich🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/APinakothek der ModerneMunich🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/ADocumentation Center Nürmberg🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/AGermanisches NationalmuseumNürmberg🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/AMercedes-Benz MuseumStuttgart🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/AHamburger KunsthalleHamburg🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/AOld Masters Picture GalleryDresden🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/ADeutsches Historisches MuseumBerlin🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/ABMW Welt & MuseumMunich🇩🇪GermanyN/A
N/AAncient Agora & MuseumAthens🇬🇷Greece642,640
N/ABenaki MuseumAthens🇬🇷GreeceN/A
N/ANational Archaeological MuseumAthens🇬🇷GreeceN/A
N/AArchaeological Museum of DelphiDelphi🇬🇷GreeceN/A
N/AHungarian National GalleryBudapest🇭🇺HungaryN/A
N/AMuseum of Fine ArtsBudapest🇭🇺HungaryN/A
N/ANational Gallery of IrelandDublin🇮🇪IrelandN/A
N/ATrinity Library Book of KellsDublin🇮🇪IrelandN/A
N/ARoyal Palace of CasertaCaserta🇮🇹ItalyN/A
N/ABargello National MuseumFlorence🇮🇹ItalyN/A
N/APalazzo VecchioFlorence🇮🇹ItalyN/A
N/ASanta Maria delle Grazie ( The Last Supper)Milan🇮🇹ItalyN/A
N/ANational Archaeological MuseumNaples🇮🇹ItalyN/A
N/AGalleria BorgheseRome🇮🇹ItalyN/A
N/ACapitoline MuseumsRome🇮🇹ItalyN/A
N/AMuseo Nazionale RomanoRome🇮🇹ItalyN/A
N/ALa Galleria NazionaleRome🇮🇹ItalyN/A
N/AMuseo dell'Opera del Duomo Siena🇮🇹ItalyN/A
N/APalazzo DucaleVenice🇮🇹ItalyN/A
N/AGallerie dell" Accademia Venice🇮🇹ItalyN/A
N/APeggy Guggenheim Museum Venice🇮🇹ItalyN/A
N/ACa D'OroVenice🇮🇹ItalyN/A
N/AMelngalvju NamsRiga🇱🇻LatviaN/A
N/ATassen MuseumAmsterdam🇳🇱NetherlandsN/A
N/AViking Ship MuseumOslo🇳🇴NorwayN/A
N/AMunch MuseumOslo🇳🇴NorwayN/A
N/ABiskupinie Archaeological MuseumGasawa🇵🇱PolandN/A
N/AMuzeum of Karykatury (Caricature)Warsaw🇵🇱PolandN/A
N/AWarsaw Uprising MuseumWarsaw🇵🇱PolandN/A
N/AMuzeum Ziemi PałuckiejWenecji🇵🇱PolandN/A
N/AMuseu Calouste Gulbenkian Lisbon🇵🇹PortugalN/A
N/A(MMAA) Museo Nacional de Arte Antiga Lisbon🇵🇹PortugalN/A
N/ABran CastleBran🇷🇴Romania844,024
N/ADimitrie Gusti" National Village MuseumBucharest🇷🇴Romania880,000
N/AErata Museum & Galleries of Contemporary Art Saint Petersburg🇷🇺RussiaN/A
N/AMenshikov Palace Saint Petersburg🇷🇺RussiaN/A
N/AMuseo PicassoBarcelona🇪🇸SpainN/A
N/ACentre de Cultura ContemporániaBarcelona🇪🇸SpainN/A
N/AMuseo de Arte Abstracto Español Cuenca🇪🇸SpainN/A
N/ARoyal Palace of MadridMadrid🇪🇸SpainN/A
N/ANational Archaeological MuseumMadrid🇪🇸SpainN/A
N/ASeville Museum of Fine Arts Sevilla🇪🇸SpainN/A
N/AMuseu de les Ciències Valencia🇪🇸SpainN/A
N/AInstitut Valencia d’Art Modern Valencia🇪🇸SpainN/A
N/AMuseum of Santa CruzToledo🇪🇸SpainN/A
N/AABBA The MuseumStockholm🇸🇪SwedenN/A
N/ANationalmuseum of ArtStockholm🇸🇪SwedenN/A
N/ANobel Prize MuseumStockholm🇸🇪SwedenN/A
N/AThe Olympic MuseumLausanne🇨🇭SwitzerlandN/A
N/AIstanbul ModernIstanbul🇹🇷TurkeyN/A
N/ABirmingham Museum & Art galleryBirmingham🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England602,634
N/ABeamish MuseumCounty Durham🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England747,651
N/AWorld MuseumLiverpool🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England672,120
N/AMuseum of LiverpoolLiverpool🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England802,722
N/AChurchill War RoomsLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England534,723
N/AHorniman MuseumLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - England942,971
N/AThe British LibraryLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - EnglandN/A
N/AThe CourtauldLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - EnglandN/A
N/AThe Wallace CollectionLondon🇬🇧 🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿UK - EnglandN/A
N/ATitanic BelfastBelfast🇬🇧 UK - Northern IrelandN/A
N/ANational War MuseumEdinburgh🇬🇧🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿UK - Scotland764,079

Museum Directory

Babylon’s Ishtar Gate at the Pergamon Museum, Berlin

Total Museums by Country…

Data Source: EGMUS (European Group on Museum Statistics). Countries not publishing statistics are indicated with n/a .

🇦🇱 Albania n/a
🇦🇩 Andorra n/a
🇦🇹 Austria 549
🇧🇾 Belarus 155
🇧🇪 Belgium 162
🇧🇦 Bosnia & Herzegovina 35
🇧🇬 Bulgaria 191
🇭🇷 Croatia 284
🇨🇾 Cyprus 286
🇨🇿 Czechia 286
🇩🇰 Denmark 209
🇪🇪 Estonia 250
🇫🇮 Finland 327
🇫🇷 France 1,224
🇩🇪 Germany 6,741
🇬🇷 Greece 176
🇻🇦Holy See 1
🇭🇺 Hungary 732
🇮🇸 Iceland n/a
🇮🇪 Ireland 230
🇮🇹 Italy 472
🇱🇻 Latvia 153
🇱🇹 Lithuania 107
🇱🇮 Liechtenstein n/a
🇱🇺 Luxembourg 549
🇲🇹 Malta n/a
🇲🇩 Moldova n/a
🇲🇨 Monaco n/a
🇲🇪 Montenegro n/a
🇳🇱 Netherlands 694
🇲🇰 North Macedonia 23
🇳🇴 Norway 127
🇵🇱 Poland 949
🇵🇹 Portugal 680
🇷🇴 Romania 787
🇷🇺 Russia n/a
🇸🇲 San Marino n/a
🇷🇸 Serbia 149
🇸🇰 Slovakia 159
🇸🇮 Slovenia 93
🇪🇸 Spain 1,461
🇸🇪 Sweden 370
🇨🇭 Switzerland 1,129
🇹🇷 Turkey n/a
🇺🇦 Ukraine n/a
🇬🇧 United Kingdom 1,732
Museum Directory Sites

ArtCyclopedia – A guide to European art museums with exceptional collections of art.
Culture 24 – A guide to museums, public galleries, libraries, archives, heritage sites and science centers. It has over 5,000 listings.
European-Museums – EuroEducation’s Guide to Art, Culture, History and Science
The European Museums Network – Search for Museums by location and read features about current exhibits and activities.
Museums at Night – Provides information on after hours cultural events at museums, galleries and heritage sites.
Odysseas – Complete directory of museums in Greece provided by the Greece Ministry of Culture and Sports.