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Holy See – The Vatican

Popes in their secular role ruled portions of the Italian peninsula for more than a thousand years until the mid-19th century, when many of the Papal States were seized by the newly united Kingdom of Italy. In 1870, the pope’s holdings were further circumscribed when Rome itself was annexed. Disputes between a series of “prisoner” popes and Italy were resolved in 1929 by three Lateran Treaties, which established the independent state of Vatican City and granted Roman Catholicism special status in Italy. In 1984, a concordat between the Holy See and Italy modified certain of the earlier treaty provisions, including the primacy of Roman Catholicism as the Italian state religion. Present concerns of the Holy See include religious freedom, threats against minority Christian communities in Africa and the Middle East, sexual misconduct by clergy, international development, interreligious dialogue and reconciliation, and the application of church doctrine in an era of rapid change and globalization. About 1.2 billion people worldwide profess Catholicism – the world’s largest Christian faith.

🇻🇦Holy See Tourism Information…

St. Peters Basilica .info

Turismo Roma

Vatican .com

🇻🇦The Best of the Vatican

 Piazza San Pietro
Saint Peter’s Basilica
Sistine Chapel
Vatican Museum

🇻🇦Holy See Country Information…

Capital:

Vatican City

Largest City:

Vatican City

Government:

Theocracy/elective Absolute Monarchy

Currency:

Euro (€)

Area:

total: 0 sq km Ranked 257th land: 0.44 sq km water: 0 sq km 

Climate:

Temperate; mild, rainy winters (September to May) with hot, dry summers (May to September)

Population:

1,000 (2015 est.) ranked 236th

Language:

Italian, Latin, French, various other languages

Ethnic Groups:

Italians, Swiss, other

Religion:

Roman Catholic (100% and official)

Electricity:

230V, 50Hz (European plug C, F, L )

Telephone Code:

+39

Local Emergency Phone Number:

Ambulance: 113; Fire: 115; Police: 112

Internet TLD:

.va

Time Zone:

CET (UTC+1) / Summer CEST (UTC+2) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March, ends last Sunday in October

Road Driving Side:

Right

Anthem:

Inno e Marcia Pontificale  (Italian) “Pontifical Anthem and March”

Sovereign:

Pope Francis

🇻🇦Holidays and Observances in Vatican City (Holy See) in 2021
Date NameType
Jan 1FridayNew Year’s DayNational holiday
Jan 6WednesdayEpiphanyNational holiday
Feb 11ThursdayAnniversary of the foundation of Vatican CityNational holiday
Mar 13SaturdayAnniversary of the election of Pope FrancisNational holiday
Mar 19FridaySt Joseph’s DayNational holiday
Mar 20SaturdayMarch EquinoxSeason
Mar 28SundayDaylight Saving Time startsClock change/Daylight Saving Time
Apr 2FridayGood FridayObservance
Apr 3SaturdayHoly SaturdayObservance
Apr 4SundayEaster SundayNational holiday
Apr 5MondayEaster MondayNational holiday
Apr 23FridaySt George’s FeastNational holiday
May 1SaturdayFeast of St Joseph the WorkerNational holiday
May 13ThursdayAscension DayNational holiday
Jun 3ThursdayCorpus DominiNational holiday
Jun 21MondayJune SolsticeSeason
Jun 29TuesdayThe Feasts of Saints Peter and PaulNational holiday
Aug 15SundayDay of the Assumption of MaryNational holiday
Aug 16MondayAssumption Day HolidayNational holiday
Sep 22WednesdaySeptember EquinoxSeason
Oct 31SundayDaylight Saving Time endsClock change/Daylight Saving Time
Nov 1MondayAll Saints’ DayNational holiday
Nov 2TuesdayAll Souls’ DayNational holiday
Dec 8WednesdayFeast of the Immaculate ConceptionNational holiday
Dec 21TuesdayDecember SolsticeSeason
Dec 24FridayChristmas EveObservance
Dec 25SaturdayChristmas DayNational holiday
Dec 26SundaySt Stephen’s DayNational holiday
Dec 31FridayNew Year’s EveObservance