Holy See – The Vatican

Popes in their secular role ruled portions of the Italian peninsula for more than a thousand years until the mid-19th century, when many of the Papal States were seized by the newly united Kingdom of Italy. In 1870, the pope’s holdings were further circumscribed when Rome itself was annexed. Disputes between a series of “prisoner” popes and Italy were resolved in 1929 by three Lateran Treaties, which established the independent state of Vatican City and granted Roman Catholicism special status in Italy. In 1984, a concordat between the Holy See and Italy modified certain of the earlier treaty provisions, including the primacy of Roman Catholicism as the Italian state religion. Present concerns of the Holy See include religious freedom, threats against minority Christian communities in Africa and the Middle East, sexual misconduct by clergy, international development, interreligious dialogue and reconciliation, and the application of church doctrine in an era of rapid change and globalization. About 1.2 billion people worldwide profess Catholicism – the world’s largest Christian faith.

Tourism Information...


The Vatican's Most Popular Sights...
Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  
  •  Piazza San Pietro
  • Saint Peter’s Basilica
  • Sistine Chapel
  • Vatican Museum

Stato della Città del Vaticano

Vatican City State

Country Information...
Capital Vatican City
Largest City Vatican City
Government Theocracy/elective absolute monarchy
Currency Euro (€)
Area 0.44 sq km – ranked 249th
Population 1,000 (2015 est.) ranked 236th
Language Italian, Latin, French, various other languages
Ethnic Groups Italians, Swiss, other
Religion Roman Catholic (100% and official)
Electricity 230V, 50Hz (European or Italian plug)
Country code +39
Internet TLD .va
Time Zone CET (UTC+1) / Summer CEST (UTC+2)
Drives on the Right
Anthem Inno e Marcia Pontificale  (Italian) Pontifical Anthem and March”
Sovereign Pope Francis
Holidays and Observances in Vatican City (Holy See) in 2020
Date   Name Type
Jan 1 Wednesday New Year’s Day National holiday
Jan 6 Monday Epiphany National holiday
Feb 11 Tuesday Anniversary of the foundation of Vatican City National holiday
Mar 13 Friday Anniversary of the election of Pope Francis National holiday
Mar 19 Thursday St Joseph’s Day National holiday
Mar 20 Friday March Equinox Season
Mar 29 Sunday Daylight Saving Time starts Clock change/Daylight Saving Time
Apr 10 Friday Good Friday Observance
Apr 11 Saturday Holy Saturday Observance
Apr 12 Sunday Easter Sunday National holiday
Apr 13 Monday Easter Monday National holiday
Apr 23 Thursday St George’s Feast National holiday
May 1 Friday Feast of St Joseph the Worker National holiday
May 21 Thursday Ascension Day National holiday
Jun 11 Thursday Corpus Domini National holiday
Jun 20 Saturday June Solstice Season
Jun 29 Monday The Feasts of Saints Peter and Paul National holiday
Aug 15 Saturday Day of the Assumption of Mary National holiday
Aug 16 Sunday Assumption Day Holiday National holiday
Sep 22 Tuesday September Equinox Season
Oct 25 Sunday Daylight Saving Time ends Clock change/Daylight Saving Time
Nov 1 Sunday All Saints’ Day National holiday
Nov 2 Monday All Souls’ Day National holiday
Dec 8 Tuesday Feast of the Immaculate Conception National holiday
Dec 21 Monday December Solstice Season
Dec 24 Thursday Christmas Eve Observance
Dec 25 Friday Christmas Day National holiday
Dec 26 Saturday St Stephen’s Day National holiday
Dec 31 Thursday New Year’s Eve Observance