Categories
Cities

Florence

Julius Caesar established Florence in 5 the9 BC. In 4th century CE Florence fell under Byzantine and Ostrogothic rule, under Lombard in the 6th and then Charlemagne conquered it in 774. After it became part of Tuscany,  about 1000, Hugh the Great moved from Lucca to Florence and the Golden Age of Florentine Art started. The Republic of Florence existed from 1115 to 1532.  Late in the republic the Italian Renaissance began and Florence became the cultural center of Europe for 400 years. Painting, architecture, sculpture, literature, music, philosophy, science and exploration would  propel a wave of new ideas that would ripple across Europe for decades.  Later in the 18th & 19 centuries Florence would fall under the rule of Austria and then France. Went it unified with Italy it became the capitol from 1865-1871.  It’s beauty is dominated by its Florentine architecture, especially Brunelleschi’s dome on the Duomo. It is because of it’s rich cultural history Florence has become one of the most desired cities in the world to visit.

Regions of Florence…
Bellosguardo
Campo di Marte
Castello
Centro storico (Old Historic center)
Isolotto-Legnaia
Novoli
Rifredi
San Nicoló
Santo Spirito
Statuto
Points of Interests in Florence…

NameTypeClassAreaDistrict
Amerigo VespucciTransportationAirportCastello
Piazza della RepublicaLandmarkCity SquareCentro Storico
Firenze Santa Maria NovellaTransportationTrain StationCentro Storico
Archaeological MuseumMuseumArchaeologyCentro Storico
BaptisteryLandmark-ReligiousBaptism BldgCentro Storico
BargelloMuseumArtCentro Storico
Boboli GardensNaturalGardensArno South BankBellosguardo
Galleria degli UffiziMuseumArtCentro Storico
Galleria dell'AccademiaMuseumArtCentro Storico
Giotto's TowerLandmarkBell TowerCentro Storico
Great Synagogue and Jewish Museum of FlorenceLandmark-ReligiousSynagogueCentro Storico
Impruneta's SpaLeisureSpaTerme di Firenze
Loggia dei LanziMuseumSulptureCentro Storico
Museo dell'Opera del DuomMuseumArtCentro Storico
Museo GalileoMuseumScience HistoryCentro Storico
Museo HorneMuseumArtCentro Storico
Museo MariniMuseumArt SculptureCentro Storico
Museo NovecentoMuseumArtCentro Storico
Museo Stefano BardiniMuseum / NaturalGardensArno South BankBellosguardo
Natural History MuseumMuseumHistoryCentro Storico
OrsanmicheleLandmark-ReligiousChurchCentro Storico
Palazzo DavanzatiLandmarkHouseCentro Storico
Palazzo PIttiLandmarkPalaceArno South BankBellosguardo
Palazzo VecchioLandmarkCity HallCentro Storico
Piazza del DuomoLandmarkCity SquareCentro Storico
Piazza della SignoriaLandmarkCity SquareCentro Storico
Piazzale MichelangeloLandmarkPlazaArno South BankSan Niccolò
Ponte VecchioLandmarkBridgeCentro Storico
San LorenzoLandmark-ReligiousChurchCentro Storico
San Marco ConventLandmark-ReligiousConventCentro Storico
San Miniato al MonteLandmark-ReligiousChurchArno South BankSan Niccolò
Santa CroceLandmark-ReligiousChurchCentro Storico
Santa FelicitaLandmark-ReligiousChurchArno South BankBellosguardo
Santa Maria del CarmineLandmark-ReligiousChurchCentro StoricoBellosguardo
Santa Maria del FioreLandmark-ReligiousCathederalCentro Storico
Santa Maria NovellaLandmark-ReligiousBasilicaCentro Storico
Stibbert MuseumMuseumMilitaryStatuto
Day Trips from Florence…
  • Arrezo
  • Bologna
  • Chianti wine region
  • Cinque Terra 🏛
  • Cortona
  • Greve
  • Lucca
  • Montalcino
  • Montepulcino
  • Pienza 🏛
  • Pisa 🏛
  • Portovenere
  • Ravenna 🏛
  • Rome 🏛
  • San Gimignano 🏛
  • Siena 🏛
  • Volterra
  • Val d’Orcia 🏛

Transportation in Florence…

✈️ Airports

Florence has two choices with airports. Amerigo Vespucci International Airport is Florence’s own airport. Pisa International a larger airport and sometimes a better option.
FLR Florence Amerigo Vespucci International Airport – This airport has limited flights and connections that may not work with your travel agenda. Located 4 km northwest of the city. A Volainbus shuttle runs between SMN station and the airport. Also local bus service and Prato bus which runs from the CAP bus stop across from SMN Station.
PSA Pisa-Galileo Galilei International Airport This airport has a better selection of flights and connections. Located 2 km south of Pisa or 85 km from Florence. Direct buses depart from Piazzale Montelungo bus terminal across from SMN train station in Florence to Pisa airport.

🚊 Public Transportation

Suburban TrainTrenitalia
Florence Train Stations
Santa Maria Novella – Is the main station in the city center. Most international & high speed trains leave and depart from here.
Firenze Campo di Marte station- All regional trains going south form Santa Maria Novella stop here.
Firenze Rifredi station – Regional trains stop here and it links lines with trains to Viareggio, Pisa and Livorno.

Light Rail / TramATAF
T1 line, Villa Costanza ↔︎ Careggi-Ospedale
T2 line, Santa Maria Novella railway station ↔︎ Aerpoorto Peretola

City BusATAF (bus route map)
76 routes (+4 city center routes, +4 night routes)

BicycleMobike
Transit Cards / PassesFirenzecard