Julius Caesar established Florence in 5 the9 BC. In 4th century CE Florence fell under Byzantine and Ostrogothic rule, under Lombard in the 6th and then Charlemagne conquered it in 774. After it became part of Tuscany,  about 1000, Hugh the Great moved from Lucca to Florence and the Golden Age of Florentine Art started. The Republic of Florence existed from 1115 to 1532.  Late in the republic the Italian Renaissance began and Florence became the cultural center of Europe for 400 years. Painting, architecture, sculpture, literature, music, philosophy, science and exploration would  propel a wave of new ideas that would ripple across Europe for decades.  Later in the 18th & 19 centuries Florence would fall under the rule of Austria and then France. Went it unified with Italy it became the capitol from 1865-1871.  It’s beauty is dominated by its Florentine architecture, especially Brunelleschi’s dome on the Duomo. It is because of it’s rich cultural history Florence has become one of the most desired cities in the world to visit.

Regions of Florence…

Campo di Marte
Centro storico (Old Historic center)
San Nicoló
Santo Spirito
Points of Interests in Florence…

Listed are some of the most interesting places to visit and see in Florence.
* UNESCO World Heritage Site. You may sort the table below by alpha name, type of site, classification of site, area and district of Florence

Day Trips from Florence…
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Transportation in Florence…