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About Europe

Famous Europeans

The following list will contain many names you have recognized because their lives still impact us today as Americans. A group of them deeply influenced the founding fathers and they way they would structure our government and constitution.  

Architects…Designers…
  • 1377 – 1446 Filippo Brunelleschi – Italian Architect
  • 1489 – 1588 Mimar Sinan – Ottoman Architect
  • 1508 – 1580 Andrea Palladio – Venetian Architect
  • 1632 – 1723 Christopher Wren – English Architect
  • 1852 – 1926 Antonio Gaudi – Spanish Catalan Architect
  • 1883 – 1969 Walter Gropius – German Architect
  • 1886 – 1969 Ludwig Mies van der Rohe – German Architect
  • 1887 – 1965 Le Corbusier – Swiss French Architect, Urban Planner
  • 1898 – 1976 Alvar Aalto – Finnish Architect
  • 1910 – 1961 Eero Saarinen – Finnish Architect & Industrial Designer
  • 1918 – 2008 Jørn Oberg Utzon – Danish Architect
Artists…Painters…Sculptors…
  • 67 – 1337 Giotto di Bondone – Italian Early Renaissance Painter
  • 1378 – 1455 Lorenzo Ghiberti – Italian Early Renaissance Sculptor
  • 1386 – 1466 Donato Bardi “Donatello” – Italian Early Renaissance Sculptor
  • 1390 – 1441 Jan van Eyck – Netherlandish Northern Renaissance Painter
  • 1430 – 1515 Giovanni Bellini – Italian High Renaissance Painter
  • 1445 – 1510 Sandro Botticelli – Italian Early Renaissance Painter
  • 1452 – 1519 Leonardo Da Vinci – Italian High Renaissance Painter & Scientist
  • 1471 – 1529 Albrecht Dürer – German Northern Renaissance Painter & Engraver
  • 1475 – 1564 Michelangelo Buonarroti – Italian High Renaissance Painter & Sculptor
  • 1480 – 1538 Albrecht Altdorfer – German Northern Renaissance Painter & Engraver
  • 1483 – 1520 Raffaello Sanzio da Urbino “Raphael” – Italian High Renaissance Painter
  • 1488 – 1576 Tiziano Vecellio “Titian” – Italian High Renaissance Painter
  • 1500 – 1571 Benvenuto Cellini – Italian Mannerist Sculptor & Goldsmith
  • 1541 – 1614 El Greco – Greek born Spanish Mannerist Painter
  • 1571 – 1610 Michelangelo Merisi “Caravaggio” – Italian Baroque Painter
  • 1577 – 1640 Peter Paul Rubens – Flemish Baroque Painter
  • 1593 – 1656 Artemisia Gentileschi – Italian Baroque Painter 
  • 1598 – 1680 Gianlorenzo Bernini – Italian Baroque Painter & Sculptor
  • 1599 – 1641 Antoon van Dyck – Flemish Baroque Painter 
  • 1599 – 1660 Diego Velázquez – Spanish Baroque Painter
  • 1606 – 1669 Rembrandt van Rijn – Dutch Baroque Painter & Engraver
  • 1632 – 1675 Johannes Vermeer – Dutch Baroque Painter
  • 1696 – 1770 Giovanni Tiepolo – Italian Rococo Painter
  • 1727 – 1788 Thomas Gainsborough – English Rococo / Romantic Painter
  • 1746 – 1828 Francisco de Goya – Spanish Rococo / Romantic Painter & Printmaker
  • 1832 – 1883 Édouard Manet – French Realist / Impressionist Painter
  • 1834 – 1917 Edgar Degas – French Realist / Impressionist Painter & Sculptor
  • 1839 – 1906 Paul Cézanne – French Post-Impressionist Painter
  • 1840 – 1926 Claude Monet – French Impressionist Painter
  • 1840 – 1917 Auguste Rodin – French Sculptor
  • 1841 – 1919 Pierre-Auguste Renior – French Impressionist Painter
  • 1853 – 1890 Vincent van Gogh – Dutch Post-Impressionist Painter
  • 1859 – 1891 Georges Seurat – French Pointillist Painter
  • 1848 – 1903 Paul Gauguin – French Post-Impressionist Painter
  • 1861 – 1918 Gustav Klimt – Austrian Art Nouveau Painter
  • 1863 – 1944 Edvard Munch – Norwegian Symbolist / Expressionist Painter
  • 1864 – 1901 Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec – French Post-Impressionist Painter & Printmaker
  • 1866 – 1944 Wassily Kandinsky – Russian born French Expressionist Painter
  • 1869 – 1954 Henri Matisse – French Fauvist Painter & Sculptor
  • 1872 – 1944 Piet Mondrian – Dutch Neo-Plasticist Painter 
  • 1876 – 1957 Constantin Brâncuși – Romanian Dada Sculptor
  • 1881 – 1973 Pablo Picasso – Cubist Spanish Painter & Sculptor
  • 1887 – 19895 Marc Chagall – Russian born French Painter & Stained Glass Artist
  • 1893 – 1983 Joan Miró – Spanish Surrealist Painter & Sculptor
  • 1904 – 1989 Salvador Dali – Spanish Surrealist Painter
  • 1909 – 1992 Francis Bacon – Irish born British Expressionist Painter
Authors…
  • c. 8th century BCE Homer – Greek Author
  • c. 630 – c. 570 BC Sappho – Greek Poet
  • c. 523 – c. 456 BC Aeschylus – Greek Tragedian Writer
  • 484 – 425 BCE Herodotus – Greek Historian
  • 497 – 406 BCE Sophocles – Greek Tragedian Writer
  • 480 – 406 BCE Euripides – Greek Tragedian Writer
  • 65 – 8 BCE Horace – Roman Poet
  • 90 – 168 Ptolemy – Greco Egyptian Writer
  • 1209 – Franciscan Order founded
  • 1215 – Dominican Order founded
  • 1265 – 1326 Dante Alighieri – Italian Poet
  • 1340 – 1400 Geoffrey Chaucer – English Poet
  • 1547 – 1616 Miguel de Cervantes – Spanish Novelist
  • 1564 – 1616 William Shakespeare – English Poet
  • 1608 – 1674 John Milton – English Poet
  • 1621 – 1695 Jean de La Fontaine – French Fabulist
  • 1622 – 1673 Moliére – French Playwright
  • 1660 – 1731 Daniel Defoe – English Writer & Trader
  • 1694 – 1776 Voltaire – French Writer
  • 1759 – 1796 Robert Burns – Scottish Poet
  • 1749 – 1832 Johann Wolfgang von Goethe – German Literary Author
  • 1770 – 1850 William Wordsworth – English Poet
  • 1775 – 1817 Jane Austen – English Author
  • 1778 – 1863 Brothers Grimm – German Linguist Authors
  • 1788 – 1824 Lord Byron – English Poet
  • 1792 – 1822 Percy Shelley – English Poet
  • 1795 – 1821 John Keats – English Poet
  • 1802 – 1870 Alexandre Dumas – French Writer
  • 1802 – 1885 Victor Hugo – French Writer & Poet
  • 1816 – 1855 Charlotte Brontë –  English Novelist
  • 1818 – 1848 Emily Brontë – English Novelist
  • 1821 – 1881 Fyodor Dostoyevsky – Russian Novelist
  • 1832 – 1898 Lewis Carroll –  English Mathematician & Author
  • 1828 – 1910 Leo Tolstoy – Russian Novelist
  • 1828 – 1905 Jules Verne – French Novelist
  • 1799 – 1837 Alexander Pushkin – Russian Author
  • 1840 – 1928 Thomas Hardy – English Novelist
  • 1850 – 1894 Robert Louis Stevenson – Scottish Novelist
  • 1854 – 1900 Oscar Wilde – Irish Author
  • 1856 – 1950 George Bernard Shaw – Irish English Playwright
  • 1859 – 1930 Arthur Conan Doyle – English Writer
  • 1860 – 1904 Anton Chekhov – Russian Physician/Writer
  • 1865 – 1936 Rudyard Kipling – English Writer
  • 1865 – 1939 W.B. Yeats – Irish Poet
  • 1866 – 1946 H.G.Wells – English Writer
  • 1981 – 1922 Marcel Proust – French Novelists & Essayist
  • 1882 – 1941 Virginia Woolf –  English Writer
  • 1882 – 1941 James Joyce – Irish Novelist
  • 1883 – 1924 Franz Kafka – Czech German Writer
  • 1885 – 1930 D.H. Lawrence – English Writer & Poet
  • 1888 – 1965 T. S. Eliot –  British Essayist
  • 1890 – 1976 Agatha Christie –  English Writer
  • 1892 – 1973 J.R.R.Tolkien – English Writer
  • 1898 – 1963 C. S. Lewis – Irish Author
  • 1903 – 1950 George Orwell – English Novelist
  • 1914 – 1953 Dylan Thomas – Welsh Poet
  • 1918 – 2008 Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn – Russian Novelist
Buisness & Industrial Leaders…
  • 1725 – 1803 Arthur Guiness – Irish Brewer
  • 1821 – 1892 Louis Vuitton – French Designer & Businessman
  • 1835 – 1919 Andrew Carnegie – Scottish Business Magnate & Industrialist
  • 1859 – 1940 Édouard Michelin – French Tire Industrialist
  • 1864 – 1909 Fernand, 1872 – 1903 Marcel, 1877- 1944 Louis Renault – French Automotive Industrialist brothers
  • 1881 – 1953 Guccio Gucci – Italian Business Fashion Retailer
  • 1889 – 1988 Enzio Ferarri – Italian Automotive Industrialist
  • 1892 – 1976 John Paul Getty – British Petrol Industrialist
  • 1906 – 1975 Aristotle Socrates Onassis – Greek Shipping Magnate
  • 1921 – 2003 Gianni Agnelli – Italian Automotive Industrialist
  • 1926 – 2000 Feodor Ingvar Kamprad – Swedish Business Magnate
Composer’s…
  • 1678 – 1741 Antonio Vivaldi – Italian Composer
  • 1685 – 1750 J.S. Bach – German Composer
  • 1685 – 1759 George Friderc Handel – German Composer
  • 1732 – 1809 Joseph Haydn – Austrian Composer
  • 1756 – 1791 Wolfgang Mozart – Austrian Composer
  • 1770 – 1827 Ludwig van Beethoven – German Composer
  • 1792 – 1868 Gioacchino Rossini – Italian Composer
  • 1797 – 1828 Franz Schubert – Austrian Composer
  • 1803 – 1869 Hector Berlioz – French Composer
  • 1804 – 1849 Johann Strauss –  Austrian Composer
  • 1809 – 1847 Felix Mendelssohn – German Composer
  • 1810 – 1849 Fryderyk Chopin – Polish Composer
  • 1810 – 1856 Robert Schumann –  German Composer
  • 1811 – 1886 Franz Liszt – Hungarian Composer
  • 1813 – 1883 Richard Wagner – German Composer
  • 1813 – 1901 Giuseppe Verdi – Italian Composer
  • 1833 – 1897 Johannes Brahms – German Composer
  • 1838 – 1875 Georges Bizet – French Composer
  • 1839 – 1881 Modest Mussorgsky – Russian Composer
  • 1840 – 1893 Pyotr Tchaikovsky – Russian Composer
  • 1841 – 1904 Antonín Dvořák – Czech Composer
  • 1843 – 1907 Edvard Grieg – Norwegian Composer
  • 1844 – 1903 Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov – Russian Composer
  • 1858 – 1924 Giacomo Puccini – Italian Composer
  • 1860 – 1911 Gustav Mahler –  Austro-Bohemian Composer
  • 1862 – 1918 Claude Debussy – French Composer
  • 1864 – 1949 Richard Strauss – German Composer
  • 1873 – 1943 Sergei Rachmaninoff – Russian Composer
  • 1875 – 1937 Maurice Ravel – French Composer
  • 1881 – 1945 Béla Bartók – Hungarian Composer
  • 1882 – 1971 Igor Stravinsky – Russian Composer
  • 1891 – 1953 Sergei Prokofiev – Russian Composer
  • 1910 – 1975 Dimitri Shostakovich – Russian Composer
  • 1942 – xxxx Paul McCartney – English Song Composer
Emperors…Dictators
  • 100 – 44 BCE Julius Caesar – Roman Dictator
  • 63BCE – 14AD Augustus Caesar – Roman Emperor
  • 42BCE – 37AD Tiberius – Roman Emperor
  • 9 – 79 Vespasian – Roman Emperor
  • 53 – 117 Trajan – Roman Emperor
  • 76 – 138 Hadrian – Roman Emperor
  • 121 – 180 Marcus Aurelius – Roman Emperor
  • 244 – 311 Diocletian – Roman Emperor
  • 272 – 337 Constantine the Great – Roman Emperor
  • 406 – 453 Attila the Hun – Hun Ruler
  • 482 – 565 Justinian – Byzantine Emperor
  • 747 – 814 Charlemagne – Holy Roman Emperor
  • 907 – 935 Wenceslas I – Duke of Bohemia
  • 912 – 973 Otto the Great – German Holy Roman Emperor
  • 958 – 1015 Vladimir the Great –Grand Prince of Kiev
  • 1122 – 1190 Frederick I ( Barbarossa) – German Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1316 – 1378 Charles IV (Wenceslaus) –  Bohemian Holy Roman Emperor
  • 494 – 1566 Sulieman I ( The Magnificent) –  Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
  • 1500 – 1558 Charles V – Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1530 – 1584 Ivan the Terrible – Grand Prince of Moscow
  • 1640 – 1705 Leopold I – Austrian Holy Roman Emperor 
  • 1672 – 1725 Peter the Great – Emperor of Russia
  • 1729 – 1796 Catherine the Great – Emperor of Russia
  • 1741 – 1790 Joseph II Habsburg – Austrian Holy Roman Emperor
  • 1769 – 1821 Napoleon Bonapart – French Military Leader & Emperor
  • 1818 – 1881 Alexander II – Emperor of Russia
  • 1859 – 1941 Wilhelm II –  German Emperor of Prussia 
  • 1878 – 1953 Joseph Stalin – Soviet Union Premier
  • 1883 – 1945 Benito Mussolini – Italian Fascist Duce
  • 1889 – 1945 Aldof Hitler – Austrian born German Nazi Leader
Engineers…
  • 287 – 212 BCE Archimedes – Greek Engineer, Mathematician, Astronomer
  • 1736 – 1819 James Watt – Scottish Engineer, Inventor & Chemist
  • 1771 – 1833 Richard Trevithick – British Mining Engineer
  • 1781 – 1848 George Stephenson – English Civil Engineer
  • 1806 – 1859 Isambard Kingdom Brunel – English Engineer
  • 1832 – 1923 Gustave Eiffel – French Engineer
  • 1834 – 1900 Gottlieb Wilhelm Daimler – German Industrial Engineer
  • 1844 – 1929 Karl Benz – German Engineer
  • 1858 – 1913 Rudolf Diesel – German Engineer
  • 1875 – 1951 Ferdinand Porsche – Austrian/German Automotive Engineer
Explorers…
  • 950 – 1003 Eric the Red – Norse Explorer
  • 970 – 1020 Lief Erikson – Norse Explorer
  • 1254 – 1324 Marco Polo – Venetian Merchant Traveller
  • 1450 – 1499 John Cabot – Italian Navigator for England
  • 1450 – 1500 Bartolomeu Diaz – Portuguese Explorer
  • 1451 – 1506 Christopher Columbus – Italian Explorer for Spain
  • 1454 – 1512 Amerigo Vespucci – Italian Explorer
  • 1460 – 1520 Vasco de Gama – Portuguese Explorer
  • 1474 – 1521 Juan Ponce de Léon – Spanish Explorer
  • 1475 – 1519 Vasco de Balboa – Spanish Explorer
  • 1478 – 1541 Francisco Pizarro – Spanish Conquistador
  • 1480 – 1521 Ferdinand Magellan – Portuguese Explorer
  • 1485 – 1547 Hrnán Cortés – Spanish Conquistador
  • 1491 – 1551 Jacques Cartier – French Explorer
  • 1496 – 1542 Hernando de Soto – Spanish Conquistador
  • 1510 – 1554 Francisco de Coronado – Spanish Conquistador
  • 1540 – 1597 Sir Francis Drake – English Privateer
  • 1552 – 1618 Sir Walter Raleigh – English Writer & Explorer
  • 1565 – 1611 Henry Hudson – English Explorer
  • 1574 – 1635 Samuel de Champlain – French Navigator
  • 1598 – 1642 Jean Nicolet – French Explorer
  • 1637 – 1675 Jaqcues Marquette – French Explorer & Jesuit Missionary
  • 1728 – 1770 Pyotr Krenitsyn – Russian Explorer
  • 1728 – 1779 James Cook – English Explorer
  • 1790 – 1855 William Parry – English Explorer
  • 1813 – 1873 David Livingstone – Scottish Explorer
  • 1872 – 1928 Roald Amundsen –  Norwegian Explorer
  • 1910 – 1997 Jacques Cousteau – French Explorer & Conservationist 
Fashion Designers…
  • 1835 – 1926 Thomas Burberry – English Designer
  • 1867 – 1946 Jeanne Lanvin – French Fashion Designer
  • 1883 – 1971 Coco Channel – French Designer
  • 1890 – 1973 Elsa Schiaparelli – Italian Fashion Designer
  • 1898 – 1960 Salvatore Ferragamo – Italian Shoe Designer
  • 1922 – xxxx Pierre Cardin – Italian Fashion Designer
  • 1927 – 2018 Hubert de Givenchy – French Fashion Designer
  • 1905 – 1957 Christian Dior – French Fashion Designer
  • 1933 – 2019 Karl Lagerfeld – German Designer, Photographer
  • 1934 – xxxx Giorgio Armani – Italian Fashion Designer
  • 1936 – 2008 Yves Saint Laurent – French Fashion Designer
  • 1949 – xxxx Miuccia Prada – Italian Designer
Humanitarians…
  • 1820 – 1910 Florence Nightingale – English Social Reformer
  • 1875 – 1965 Albert Schweitzer – German Theologian
  • 1908 – 1974 Oskar Schindler –  German Industrialist
  • 1910 – 1997 Mother Teresa – Albanian Missionary
  • 1912 – 1947 Raoul Wallenberg –  Swedish Architect
  • 1913 – 2002 Per Anger – Swedish Diplomat

Monarchs… To view a more detailed list go to our European Monarchs post.

Islands of Europe…
  • 356 – 323 BCE Alexander the Great – King of Macedon
  • 466 – 511 Clovis I – King of the Franks
  • 940 – 996 Hugh Capet – King of the Franks
  • 990 – 1035 Cnut the Great – King of Denmark
  • 1122 – 1204 Eleanor of Aquitaine – Queen of France
  • 1274 – 1329 Robert the Bruce – King of Scots
  • 1310 – 1370 Casimir III the Great – King of Poland
  • 1451 – 1504 Isabella I – Queen of Castile & Leon
  • 1452 – 1516 Ferdinand II – King of Aragon
  • 1443 – 1490 Matthias Corvinus – King of Hungary
  • 1491 – 1547 Henry VIII – King of England
  • 1527 – 1598 Philip II – King of Spain
  • 1533 – 1603 Elizabeth I – Queen of England
  • 1594 – 1632 Gustav II Adolphus – King of Sweden
  • 1629 – 1696 John III Sobieski –  King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania
  • 1638 – 1715 Louis XIV (the Sun King) – King of France
  • 1712 – 1786 Fredrick II the Great – King of Prussia
Performers…Entertainers…
  • 1844 – 1923 Sara Bernhardt – French Actor
  • 1873 – 1921 Enrico Caruso – Italian Tenor
  • 1876 – 1973 Pablo Casals – Spanish Catalan Cellist
  • 1889 – 1977 Charlie Chaplin – English Comic Actor
  • 1899 – 1980 Alfred Hitchcock – English Film Director & Producer
  • 1901 – 1992 Marlene Dietrich – German Actor & Entertainer
  • 1907 – 1989 Lawrence Olivier – English Actor & Director
  • 1914 – 2000 Alec Guinness – English Actor
  • 1914 – 2000 Heddy Lamarr – Austrian Actor & Inventor 
  • 1915 – 1963 Édith Piaf – French Singer
  • 1920 – 1993 Federico Fellini  – Italian Film Director & Writer
  • 1923 – 2007 Marcel Marceau – French Actor & Mime Artists
  • 1940 – 1980 John Lennon – English Musician / Composer
Philosophers…
  • 469 – 399 BCE Socrates – Greek Philosopher
  • 460 – 370 BCE Democritus – Greek Philosopher
  • 423 – 348 BCE Plato – Greek Philosopher
  • 384 – 322- BCE Aristotle – Greek Philosopher
  • 341 – 270 BCE Epicurus – Greek Philosopher
  • 1079 – 1142 Peter Abelard – French medieval Philosopher & Theologian
  • 1320 – 1384 John Wycliffe – English Philosopher
  • 1478 – 1535 Thomas More – English Philosopher
  • 1503 – 1566 Nostradamus – French Apothecal & Seer
  • 1588 – 1679 Thomas Hobbes – English Philosopher
  • 1596 – 1650 Rene Descartes – French  Philosopher
  • 1632 – 1704 John Locke – English Philosopher
  • 1712 – 1778 Jean Jaques Rousseau – Swiss Philosopher
  • 1724 – 1804 Immanuel Kant – German Philosopher
  • 1689 – 1755 Baron de Montesquieu – French Lawyer& Philosopher
  • 1806 – 1873 John Stuart Mill –  English Utilitarian Philosopher
  • 1818 – 1883 Karl Marx – German Philosopher
  • 1844 – 1900 Friedrich Nietzsche – German Philosopher
  • 1905 – 1980 Jean-Paul Sarte –  French Philosopher
Physicians…
  • 460 – 370 BCE Hippocrates – Greek Physician
  • 129 – 200 Galen – Greek Physician
  • 1578 – 1657 William Harvey –  English Physician
  • 1749 – 1823 Edward Jenner – English Physician
  • 1827 – 1912 Joseph Lister –  English Surgeon
  • 1856 – 1939 Sigmund Freud – Austrian Neurologist
  • 1860 – 1926 Willem Einthoven – Dutch Physician
  • 1881 – 1955 Alexander Fleming – Scottish Physician
Political Leaders…Revolutionists…
  • 495 – 429 BCE- Pericles – Greek Statesman
  • 111 – 71 BCE Spartacus –Thracian Gladiator
  • 107 – 44 BCE Cicero – Roman Politician
  • 1272 – 1305 William Wallace – Scottish Landowner
  • 1389 – 1464 Cosimo de Medici – Italian Banker
  • 1394 – 1460 Prince Henry the Navigator – Portuguese Politician
  • 1414 – 1431 Joan d’Arc – French Heroine
  • 1469 – 1527 Niccolo Machiavelli – Italian Historian
  • 1469 – 1492 Lorenzo de Medici – Italian Statesman & magnate
  • 1561 – 1626 Sir Francis Bacon – English Lord Chancellor
  • 1599 – 1658 Oliver Cromwell – English Parliamentarian & Military Leader
  • 1749 – 1832 Johnan Wolfgang von Goethe – German Writer & Statesman
  • 1804 – 1881 Benjamin Disraeli – British Prime Minister to Queen Victoria
  • 1807 – 1882 Giuseppe Garibaldi – Italian Independence Leader
  • 1815 – 1894 Otto Von Bismarck – Prussian Statesman
  • 1876 – 1967 Konrad Adenauer – German Chancellor after WW II 
  • 1870 – 1924 Vladimir Lenin – Russian Revolutionary
  • 1874 – 1965 Winston Churchill – British Prime Minister
  • 1881 – 1938 Mustafa Kemal “Ataturk” – Leader & Founder of modern day Turkey
  • 1888 – 1935 (T.E.) Lawrence of Arabia – English Archaeologist & Military Leader
  • 1890 – 1922 Michael Collins – Irish Revolutionary
  • 1890 – 1970 Charles de Gaulle – President of France
  • 1913 – 1992 Willy Brandt – German Chancellor
  • 1931 – xxxx Mikhail Gorbachev – Leader & Reformer of the Soviet Union 
  • 1943 – xxxx Lech Walesa – Polish Solidarity Movement Leader
Religious Leaders…Reformers…
  • 390 – 461 St. Patrick – Bishop of Ireland
  • 480 – 543 St. Benedict of Nursia – Benedictine Order founder, Patron Saint of Europe  
  • 1030 – 1079 Stanisław of Szczepanów – Polish Bishop
  • 1118 – 1170 Thomas Becket – English Martyr
  • 1128 – 1201 Absalon – Danish Bishop
  • 1181 – 1226 Francis of Assisi – Italian Catholic Friar
  • 1225 – 1274 Tomas Aquinas – Italian Priest
  • 1360 – 1415 Jan Hus – Czech Priest
  • 1483 – 1546 Martin Luther – German Priest
  • 1494 – 1536 William Tyndale – English Protestant Reformer
  • 1509 – 1564 John Calvin – French Theologian
  • 1703 – 1791 John Wesley – English Theologian
  • 1920 – 2005 John Paul II – Polish Pope
Scientists…Inventors…Mathematicians…
  • 570 – 495 BCE Pythagoras – Greek Mathematician
  • 325 – 270 BCE Euclid – Greek Mathematician
  • 1398 – 1468 Johannes Gutenberg – German Printer
  • 1473 – 1543 Nicolaus Copernicus – Polish Mathematician
  • 1564 – 1642 Galileo Galilei – Italian Astronomer
  • 1571 – 1630 Joannes Kepler – German Mathematician
  • 1623 – 1662 Blaise Pascal –  French Mathematician
  • 1643 – 1727 Isaac Newton – English Physicist 
  • 1650 – 1715 Thomas Savery – English Inventor
  • 1743 – 1820 Joseph Banks – English Botanist
  • 1745 – 1827 Alessandro Volta –  Italian Physicist
  • 1686 – 1736 Daniel Fahrenheit – German Physicist
  • 1778 – 1829 Humphry Davy – Cornish Chemist
  • 1791 – 1871 Charles Babbage – English Mathematician
  • 1809 – 1852 Louis Braille –  French Educator & Inventor
  • 1809 – 1882 Charles Darwin – English Naturalist
  • 1813 – 1898 Henry Bessemer – English Inventor
  • 1822 – 1895 Louis Pasteur – French Biologist & Chemist
  • 1833 – 1896 Alfred Nobel – Swedish Chemist
  • 1847 – 1922 Alexander Graham Bell – Scottish Scientist
  • 1856 – 1943 Nikola Tesla – Serbian Inventor
  • 1858 – 1947 Max Planck – German Quantum Physicist
  • 1867 – 1934 Marie Currie – Polish French Physicist
  • 1874 – 1037 Guglielmo Marconi – Italian Inventor
  • 1879 – 1955 Albert Einstein – German Physicist
  • 1901 – 1954 Enrico Fermi – Italian Physicist
  • 1928 – 1954 Alan Turing – English Mathematician & Theoretical Computer Scientist
  • 1942 – 2018 Stephan Hawking – English Physicist & Cosmologist
  • 1955 – xxxx Tim Berners-Lee –  English Computer Scientist