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About Europe

Demographics

Demographic statistics can vary depending on how one currently defines boarders. In recent years independence, disputed and occupied areas of some countries have anded to this confusion. Russians do make up the largest portion of the population with Germans second. The following are totals for European ethno-linguistic groups that reside not within just within their countries but, also in other European countries as a whole.

Block Title

Russians – 100 m
Germans – 93 m
French – 72 m
British – 66 m
Italians – 60 m

Ukrainians – 38-55 m
Spaniards – 41-50 m
Poles – 38-45 m
Romanians – 20-25 m
Dutch – 15-25 m
Turks – 10-20 m

Portuguese – 15 m
Greeks – 15 m
Czechs – 10 m
Hungarians – 10 m
Serbs – 10 m

While most of Europe is of caucasian European ancestry, Europe is seeing and ever growing minority population similar to the US. Since World War II Europe’s population has had an overall negative growth rate. Immigration can always change the face of a culture and just like in the US., the need for laborers and workers, has been filled primarily by immigrants from other countries. France has had growth with north African immigrants and Germany with Turkish. Recently a wave of refugees seeking asylum from conflicts in the Middle East. There is some opposition to this immigration also a, as people are afraid it will change the country they live and not for the better. For more detailed information on ethno-linguistics groups by country, go to our ➾ People of Europe page.  

Religion has also changed in most of Europe. While dominated by christianity for centuries, some countries have growing numbers of non-believers. As well, the influx of immigrants have brought a rise of other faiths, mainly Islam. Listed below on this page are some statistics on population and languages.

Population…

Europe is the 3rd most populous continent behind Asia and Africa with a population of 739 million.  Today is about 12% of the worlds total population with its height at 28% in 1913.

Being the second smallest continent makes it rather densely populated at 72.9 inhabitants per km, second behind Asia. However, Europe’s population growth rate is one of the smallest at 0.212% with the world rate at 1.89%.

The Europe Union has an estimated 2016 population of 513,949,445 making it the third most populated country behind China and India.

Country2020 est.world shareworld rankurban pop.%
🇷🇺 Russia141,722,2051.87%973.0%
🇷🇺 Europe Russia113,112,40614.26 %
🇹🇷 Turkey82,017,5141.06 %1873.4%
🇩🇪 Germany80,159,6621.07 %1976%
🇫🇷 France67,848,1560.85%2181%
🇬🇧 United Kingdom65,761,1170.87%2281%
🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 England53,012,456
🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Scotland5,404,700
🏴󠁧󠁢󠁷󠁬󠁳󠁿 Wales3,113,200
N. Ireland3,113,200
🇮🇹 Italy62,402,6590.77%2371%
🇪🇸 Spain50,015,7920.60%2983%
🇺🇦 Ukraine43,922,9390.57%3370%
🇵🇱 Poland38,282,3250.49%3761%
🇷🇴 Romania21,302,8930.25%5961%
🇳🇱 Netherlands17,280,3970.22%6792%
🇧🇪 Belgium11,720,7160.15%8096%
🇨🇿 Czechia10,702,4980.14%8575%
🇬🇷 Greece10,607,0510.14%8679%
🇵🇹 Portugal10,302,6740.13%8968%
🇸🇪 Sweden10,202,4910.13%9186%
🇭🇺 Hungary9,771,8270.13%9374%
🇧🇾Belarus9,477,9180.12%9475%
🇦🇹 Austria8,859,4490.114%9758.3%
🇨🇭Switzerland8,403,9940.11%10074%
🇷🇸 Serbia7,012,1650.092%10555.6%
🇧🇬 Bulgaria6,966,8990.092%10673.9%
🇩🇰 Denmark5,869,4100.076%11587.7%
🇫🇮Finland5,571,6650.072%11684.2%
🇳🇴 Norway5,467,4390.069%11980.5%
🇸🇰Slovakia5,440,6020.071%12053.6%
🇮🇪  Ireland5,176,5690.063%12263.2%
🇭🇷 Croatia4,227,7460.054%12759.0%
🇧🇦 Bosnia Herzegovina3,835,5860.047%13139.8%
🇲🇩 Moldova3,364,4960.047%13345.0%
🇦🇱 Albania3,074,5790.038%13657.4%
🇱🇹 Lithuania2,731,4640.037%14166.5%
🇲🇰 North Macedonia2,125,9710.027%14757.1%
🇸🇮 Slovenia2,102,6780.027%14849.6%
🇽🇰 Kosovo1,932,7740.023%150N/A
🇱🇻Latvia1,881,2320.025%15367.4%
🇨🇾 Cyprus1,266,6760.011%15766.9%
🇪🇪 Estonia1,228,6240.017%15867.5%
🇱🇺 Luxembourg628,3810.0079%16990.2%
🇲🇪 Montenegro609,8590.0082%17164.0%
🇲🇹 Malta457,2670.0057%17595.4%
🇮🇸 Iceland350,7340.0046%17894.1
🇯🇪 Jersey101,0730.0041%196N/A
🇮🇲 Isle of Man (UK)90,4990.0011%199N/A
🇦🇩 Andorra77,0000.001%201N/A
🇬🇬 Guernsey67,0520.0082%204N/A
🇩🇰 Faroe Islands51,6280.00067%20943%
🇱🇮 Liechtenstein39,1370.0005%21314.3%
🇲🇨 Monaco39,0000.0005%214100%
🇸🇲 San Marino34,2320.00044%21692.4%
🇬🇮 Gibraltar29,5810.00044%218100%
🇳🇴 Svalbard2,926N/A230N/A
🇻🇦 Holy See – Vatican1,0000.00001%236100%
Data Source CIA World Factbook

Being the second smallest continent makes it rather densely populated at 72.9 inhabitants per km, second behind Asia. Most European countries are more densely populated that the Untied States rate of 86 people per square mile.

However, Europe’s population growth rate is one of the smallest at 0.212% with the world rate at 1.89%. Table below is ranked by population destiny. Monaco having the highest destiny of people per square mile and Iceland with the lowest.

CountryArea (sq.mi)Density (sq.mi)Annual Growth RateGrowth Rank
🇲🇨 Monaco.7848,14500.65162
🇻🇦 Holy See – Vatican.174,7090.03236
🇲🇹 Malta1223,7840.55168
🇸🇲 San Marino241,4140.78142
🇳🇱 Netherlands16,0331,0750.30202
🇧🇪 Belgium11,7879690.63165
🇬🇧 United Kingdom93,7887020.65163
🏴󠁧󠁢󠁥󠁮󠁧󠁿 England50,3011,098
N. Ireland5,456344
🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Scotland30,981174
🏴󠁧󠁢󠁷󠁬󠁳󠁿 Wales8,023388
🇱🇮 Liechtenstein626140.7665
🇱🇺 Luxembourg9986031.8057
🇩🇪 Germany137,9036010.20207
🇨🇭 Switzerland15,9405311.21127
🇮🇹 Italy116,336521-0.08183
🇦🇩 Andorra179448-1.59193
🇽🇰 Kosovo4,2124221.08151
🇨🇾 Cyprus2,2763761.1594
🇨🇿 Czechia30,4513500.13213
🇩🇰 Denmark16,6403470.48179
🇫🇷 France210,0263210.45184
🇵🇱 Poland120,728319-0.03209
🇵🇹 Portugal35,556290-0.44192
🇸🇰 Slovakia18,9332870.13214
🇦🇹 Austria32,3862720.63164
🇭🇺 Hungary35,919272-0.29216
🇲🇩 Moldova13,067272-0.09231
🇹🇷 Turkey302,5352671.5898
🇸🇮 Slovenia7,8272640.29202
🇦🇱 Albania11,0822590.31175
🇪🇸 Spain195,364238-0.17130
🇷🇸 Serbia29,913231-0.40224
🇷🇴 Romania92,043212-0.56221
🇬🇷 Greece50,949212-0.40204
🇲🇰 North Macedonia9,9282100.08217
🇭🇷 Croatia21,831189-0.43226
🇺🇦 Ukraine232,820181-0.50223
🇧🇦 Bosnia Herzegovina19,772179-0.03210
🇮🇪 Ireland27,1331760.31201
🇧🇬 Bulgaria42,858166-0.26229
🇧🇾 Belarus80,1551190.03215
🇲🇪 Montenegro5,3331170.12215
🇱🇹 Lithuania25,212111-1.27232
🇱🇻 Latvia24,92878-1.30233
🇪🇪 Estonia17,50575-0.25228
🇸🇪 Sweden173,860580.78156
🇳🇴 Norway125,013411.25123
🇫🇮 Finland130,666410.43190
🇷🇺 Russia6,612,093230.04219
🇷🇺 Europe Russia3,992,50027.22
🇮🇸 Iceland39,682 90.61166
Data Source CIA World Factbook
For information on other demographic categories of Europe, go to the links below.

The People of Europe

The Languages of Europe

Religions of Europe