Dates & Time

Abbreviated dates in Europe are written using the day first, the month and then the year. Be very careful when reviewing bookings or tickets on trains, hotels, tours,  events, etc.

Independence DayVE Day end of WW IIArmistice end of WWI Christmas
July 4, 1776May 8, 1945November 11, 1918December 25, 2011
Time Zones …

When traveling, east to west or west to east, one can easily get jet lag. That’s when your body has been condition to eat or sleep at a certain time and your now in a different time zone when those activities are hours apart. Your body is telling to eat and sleep at your normal time but, you are now doing those activities at a different time. You’ll most likely be able to stay up late at night but, getting up in the morning could be a challenge.

As a reference the grid below reflects the difference in hours between Europe and US time zones. When Greenwich or Universal Time is 12:00 noon the corresponding times are displayed for the other US and european times zones. As an example, at that same time New York is 7:00 am (EST), Rome is 1:00 pm or 13:00 (CET)

Times in Major Cities

European Time Zones for major cities

Greenwich Mean Time UTC

🇬🇧 Belfast
🇪🇸 Canary Islands
🇮🇪 Dublin
🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Edinburg
🏴󠁧󠁢󠁳󠁣󠁴󠁿 Glasgow
🇵🇹 Lisbon
🇬🇧 Liverpool
🇬🇧 London
🇬🇧 Manchester
🇵🇹 Porto
🇮🇸 Reykjavik

Central Europe Time UTC+1

🇪🇸 Barcelona
🇩🇪 Berlin
🇧🇪 Brussels
🇭🇺 Budapest
🇩🇰 Copenhagen
🇵🇱 Kraków
🇪🇸 Madrid
🇫🇷 Paris
🇨🇿 Prague
🇮🇹 Rome
🇸🇪 Stockholm
🇮🇹 Venice
🇦🇹 Vienna

Eastern Europe Time UTC+2

🇬🇷 Athens
🇨🇾 Cyprus
🇷🇴 Bucharest
🇫🇮 Helsinki
🇺🇦 Kyiv
🇱🇻 Riga
🇧🇬 Sofia
🇪🇪 Tallinn
🇱🇹 Vilnius

Turkey Time / Moscow Time UTC+3

🇹🇷 Ankara
🇹🇷 Antalya
🇹🇷 Istanbul
🇧🇾 Minsk
🇷🇺 Moscow
🇷🇺 St. Petersburg

indicates these cities do not recognize Daylight Savings Time

Eastern Time UTC-5

New York
Washington DC

Central Time UTC-6

Kansas City
New Orleans
St. Louis

Mountain Time UTC-7

El Paso
Salt Lake City

cities do not observe Daylight Savings

Pacific Time UTC-8

Las Vegas
Los Angles
San Diego
San Francisco

UTC - Coordinated Universal Time

GMT = Greenwich Mean Time UTC +0 (BST = British Summer Time, WEST = Western European Summer Time, WET = Western European Time)
CET = Central European Time UTC +1 (CEST Central European Summer Time)
EET = Eastern European Time UTC +2 (EEST = Eastern European Summer Time)
MSKS = Moscow Time UTC +3
TRT = Turkey Time UTC +3

Change to Daylight Savings Time at 2 am- March 28, 2021
Change to Regular Time at 2 am - October 31, 2021
Belarus, Iceland and Russia have no time change to daylight savings in the summer months. Autonomous Republic of the Crimea has recently changed their time to MSK Moscow Time

24 Hour Clock...

Europe uses a 24 hour clock (military time) for official timetables. Things that use schedules like buses, trains, etc., use the 24 hour clock. Instead of using two 12 hour segments, am and pm, it is one 24 hour segment. After 12:00 midnight hours start from 1:00 to 12:00 noon just like in the US but instead of 1:00 pm it will now be 13:00. The hours go up accordingly until 24:00 or 12:00 midnight.

USA am / Europe amUSA pm /Europe pm
1:00 am/ 1:001:00 pm /13:00
2:00 am/ 2:002:00 pm /14:00
3:00 am/ 3:003:00 pm /15:00
4:00 am/ 4:004:00 pm /16:00
5:00 am/ 5:005:00 pm /17:00
6:00 am/ 6:006:00 pm /18:00
7:00 am/ 7:007:00 pm /19:00
8:00 am/ 8:008:00 pm /20:00
9:00 am/ 9:009:00 pm /21:00
10:00 am/ 10:0010:00 pm /22:00
11:00 am/ 11:0011:00 pm /23:00
12:00 noon/ 12:0012:00 midnight /24:00

To quickly calculate afternoon times just subtract 12 from the time. If the time is 15:30 subtract 12 from that and you get 3:30 pm.