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Bosnia Hercegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina declared sovereignty in October 1991 and independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs. The Bosnian Serbs – supported by neighboring Serbia and Montenegro – responded with armed resistance aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining Serb-held areas to form a “Greater Serbia.” In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak-Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties initialed a peace agreement that ended three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995).

The Dayton Peace Accords retained Bosnia and Herzegovina’s international boundaries and created a multiethnic and democratic government charged with conducting foreign, diplomatic, and fiscal policy. Also recognized was a second tier of government composed of two entities roughly equal in size: the predominantly Bosniak-Bosnian Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the predominantly Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (RS). The Federation and RS governments are responsible for overseeing most government functions. Additionally, the Dayton Accords established the Office of the High Representative to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the agreement. The Peace Implementation Council at its conference in Bonn in 1997 also gave the High Representative the authority to impose legislation and remove officials, the so-called “Bonn Powers.” An original NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops assembled in 1995 was succeeded over time by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR). In 2004, European Union peacekeeping troops (EUFOR) replaced SFOR. Currently, EUFOR deploys around 600 troops in theater in a security assistance and training capacity.

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Bosnia & Herzegovina Tourism Information…

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The Best of Bosnia & Herzegovina…

Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  
Una National Park- Bihac
Brčko
Pliva Waterfalls-Jajce
Medjugorje
 Mostar Blagaj tekija
Kravice Falls
Stari Most
Poctelj
Sarajevo  Bascarsija
Vrelo Bosne
War Tunnel
Trebinje
Tuzla
Visegrad

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Bosnia & Herzegovina Country Information…

Capital:

Sarajevo

Largest City:

Sarajevo

Government:

Federal Democratic Republic

Currency:

Convertible Mark (BAM)

Area:

Total: 51,197 sq km land: 51,187 sq km (19,741 sq mi) – Ranked: 125th water: 10 sq km 

Climate:

Hot summers and cool winters; areas of high elevation have short, cool summers and long, severe winters; mild, rainy winters along coast

Population:

3,861,912 (July 2016 est.) ranked 129th

Language:

Bosnian (official) 52.9%, Serbian (official) 30.8%, Croatian (official) 14.6%, other 1.6%, no answer 0.2% (2013 est.)

Ethnic Groups:

Bosniak 50.1%, Serb 30.8%, Croat 15.4%, other 2.7%, not declared/no answer 1%
note: the methodology remains disputed and Republika Srspka authorities refuse to recognize the results; Bosniak has replaced Muslim as an ethnic term in part to avoid confusion with the religious term Muslim – an adherent of Islam (2013 est.)

Religion:

Muslim 50.7%, Orthodox 30.7%, Roman Catholic 15.2%, atheist 0.8%, agnostic 0.3%, other 1.2%, undeclared/no answer 1.1% (2013 est.)

Electricity:

230V, 50Hz (European plug C, F, )

Telephone Code:

+387

Local Emergency Phone Number:

Ambulance: 124; Fire: 123; Police: 122

Internet TLD:

.ba

Time Zone:

CET (UTC+1) / summer CEST (UTC+2) daylight saving time: +1hr, begins last Sunday in March, ends last Sunday in October

Road Driving Side:

Right

Anthem:

Državna himna Bosne i Hercegovine
National Anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Chairman of the Presidency:

Milorad Dodik

 
CapitalSarajevo
Largest CitySarajevo
GovernmentFederal Democratic Republic
CurrencyConvertible Mark (BAM)
Area51,129 sq km ranked 127th
Population3,861,912 (July 2016 est.) ranked 129th
LanguageBosnian (official) 52.9%, Serbian (official) 30.8%, Croatian (official) 14.6%, other 1.6%, no answer 0.2% (2013 est.)
Ethnic GroupsBosniak 50.1%, Serb 30.8%, Croat 15.4%, other 2.7%, not declared/no answer 1%
note: the methodology remains disputed and Republika Srspka authorities refuse to recognize the results; Bosniak has replaced Muslim as an ethnic term in part to avoid confusion with the religious term Muslim – an adherent of Islam (2013 est.)
ReligionMuslim 50.7%, Orthodox 30.7%, Roman Catholic 15.2%, atheist 0.8%, agnostic 0.3%, other 1.2%, undeclared/no answer 1.1% (2013 est.)
Electricity230V, 50Hz (European plug)
Country code+387
Internet TLD.ba
Time ZoneUTC+1
Drives on theRight
AnthemDržavna himna Bosne i Hercegovine
National Anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Chairman of the PresidencySefik Dzaferovic
Chairman of the CouncilZoran Tegeltija

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Holidays and Observances in Bosnia & Herzegovina in 2021

Date NameTypeDetails
Jan 1FridayNew Year’s DayPublic holiday 
Jan 2SaturdayNew Year’s (Day 2)Public holiday 
Jan 6WednesdayOrthodox Christmas EveOptional Holiday 
Jan 7ThursdayOrthodox Christmas DayOptional Holiday 
Jan 9SaturdayDay of the Republika SrpskaLocal holidayRS
Jan 14ThursdayOrthodox New YearLocal holiday, OrthodoxRS
Feb 14SundayValentine’s DayObservance 
Mar 1MondayIndependence DayLocal holidayBiH
Mar 8MondayMothers’ DayObservance 
Mar 8MondayBrčko District Establishment DayLocal holidayBrčko
Mar 20SaturdayMarch EquinoxSeason 
Apr 2FridayGood FridayOptional Holiday 
Apr 3SaturdayHoly SaturdayObservance 
Apr 4SundayEaster SundayOptional Holiday 
Apr 5MondayEaster MondayOptional Holiday 
Apr 30FridayOrthodox Good FridayOptional Holiday 
May 1SaturdayLabor DayPublic holiday 
May 1SaturdayOrthodox Holy SaturdayObservance, Orthodox 
May 2SundayOrthodox Easter SundayOptional Holiday 
May 3MondayLabor Day (Day 2)Public holiday 
May 3MondayOrthodox Easter MondayOptional Holiday 
May 9SundayVictory DayWorking holidayBiH
May 9SundayVictory DayLocal holidayRS
May 13ThursdayEnd of RamadanOptional Holiday 
Jun 20SundayFathers’ DayObservance 
Jun 21MondayJune SolsticeSeason 
Jul 20TuesdayFeast of the SacrificeOptional Holiday 
Sep 22WednesdaySeptember EquinoxSeason 
Oct 31SundayHalloweenObservance 
Nov 1MondayAll Saints’ DayLocal holidayBiH*
Nov 21SundayDayton Peace Agreement DayLocal holidayRS
Nov 25ThursdayStatehood DayLocal holidayBiH
Dec 21TuesdayDecember SolsticeSeason 
Dec 24FridayChristmas EveOptional HolidayAll except Brčko
Dec 25SaturdayChristmas DayOptional Holiday 
Dec 31FridayNew Year’s EveObservance