Bosnia Hercegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina declared sovereignty in October 1991 and independence from the former Yugoslavia on 3 March 1992 after a referendum boycotted by ethnic Serbs. The Bosnian Serbs – supported by neighboring Serbia and Montenegro – responded with armed resistance aimed at partitioning the republic along ethnic lines and joining Serb-held areas to form a “Greater Serbia.” In March 1994, Bosniaks and Croats reduced the number of warring factions from three to two by signing an agreement creating a joint Bosniak-Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina. On 21 November 1995, in Dayton, Ohio, the warring parties initialed a peace agreement that ended three years of interethnic civil strife (the final agreement was signed in Paris on 14 December 1995).

The Dayton Peace Accords retained Bosnia and Herzegovina’s international boundaries and created a multiethnic and democratic government charged with conducting foreign, diplomatic, and fiscal policy. Also recognized was a second tier of government composed of two entities roughly equal in size: the predominantly Bosniak-Bosnian Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the predominantly Bosnian Serb-led Republika Srpska (RS). The Federation and RS governments are responsible for overseeing most government functions. Additionally, the Dayton Accords established the Office of the High Representative to oversee the implementation of the civilian aspects of the agreement. The Peace Implementation Council at its conference in Bonn in 1997 also gave the High Representative the authority to impose legislation and remove officials, the so-called “Bonn Powers.” An original NATO-led international peacekeeping force (IFOR) of 60,000 troops assembled in 1995 was succeeded over time by a smaller, NATO-led Stabilization Force (SFOR). In 2004, European Union peacekeeping troops (EUFOR) replaced SFOR. Currently, EUFOR deploys around 600 troops in theater in a security assistance and training capacity.

Tourism Information...
The Best of Bosnia Hercegovina...
Bosnia Hercegovina's Most Popular Sights...
Here is a list of some of the most interesting and visited places. Cities or areas listed will always have more than just one thing see and do. With the popular cities or areas we list some of the best known, which should go on everyone’s, must see list when they visit.  
  • Una National Park- Bihac
  • Brčko
  • Pliva Waterfalls-Jajce
  • Medjugorje
  •  Mostar
    • Blagaj tekija
    • Kravice Falls
    • Stari Most
  • Poctelj
  • Sarajevo 
    • Bascarsija
    • Vrelo Bosne
    • War Tunnel
  • Trebinje
  • Tuzla
  • Visegrad

Flag_of_Bosnia_and_HerzegovinaCantons of Bosnia Herzegovina…

Bosnian Podrinj
Canton 10
Canton 10
Central Bosnia
Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Republika Srpska
West Herzegovina


Country Information...
Capital Sarajevo
Largest City Sarajevo
Government Federal Democratic Republic
Currency Convertible Mark (BAM)
Area 51,129 sq km ranked 127th
Population 3,861,912 (July 2016 est.) ranked 129th
Language Bosnian (official) 52.9%, Serbian (official) 30.8%, Croatian (official) 14.6%, other 1.6%, no answer 0.2% (2013 est.)
Ethnic Groups Bosniak 50.1%, Serb 30.8%, Croat 15.4%, other 2.7%, not declared/no answer 1%
note: the methodology remains disputed and Republika Srspka authorities refuse to recognize the results; Bosniak has replaced Muslim as an ethnic term in part to avoid confusion with the religious term Muslim – an adherent of Islam (2013 est.)
Religion Muslim 50.7%, Orthodox 30.7%, Roman Catholic 15.2%, atheist 0.8%, agnostic 0.3%, other 1.2%, undeclared/no answer 1.1% (2013 est.)
Electricity 230V, 50Hz (European plug)
Country code +387
Internet TLD .ba
Time Zone UTC+1
Drives on the Right
Anthem Državna himna Bosne i Hercegovine
National Anthem of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Chairman of the Presidency Sefik Dzaferovic
Chairman of the Council Zoran Tegeltija
Holidays and Observances in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2020
Date   Name Type Details
Jan 1 Wednesday New Year’s Day Public holiday  
Jan 2 Thursday New Year’s (Day 2) Public holiday  
Jan 6 Monday Orthodox Christmas Eve Optional Holiday  
Jan 7 Tuesday Orthodox Christmas Day Optional Holiday  
Jan 9 Thursday Day of the Republika Srpska Local holiday RS
Jan 14 Tuesday Orthodox New Year Local holiday, Orthodox RS
Feb 14 Friday Valentine’s Day Observance  
Mar 1 Sunday Independence Day Local holiday BiH
Mar 8 Sunday Mothers’ Day Observance  
Mar 8 Sunday Brčko District Establishment Day Local holiday Brčko
Mar 20 Friday March Equinox Season  
Apr 10 Friday Good Friday Optional Holiday  
Apr 11 Saturday Holy Saturday Observance  
Apr 12 Sunday Easter Sunday Optional Holiday  
Apr 13 Monday Easter Monday Optional Holiday  
Apr 17 Friday Orthodox Good Friday Optional Holiday  
Apr 18 Saturday Orthodox Holy Saturday Observance, Orthodox  
Apr 19 Sunday Orthodox Easter Sunday Optional Holiday  
Apr 20 Monday Orthodox Easter Monday Optional Holiday  
May 1 Friday Labor Day Public holiday  
May 2 Saturday Labor Day (Day 2) Public holiday  
May 9 Saturday Victory Day Local holiday RS
May 9 Saturday Victory Day Working holiday BiH
May 24 Sunday End of Ramadan Optional Holiday  
Jun 20 Saturday June Solstice Season  
Jun 21 Sunday Fathers’ Day Observance  
Jul 31 Friday Feast of the Sacrifice Optional Holiday  
Sep 22 Tuesday September Equinox Season  
Oct 31 Saturday Halloween Observance  
Nov 1 Sunday All Saints’ Day Local holiday BiH*
Nov 21 Saturday Dayton Peace Agreement Day Local holiday RS
Nov 25 Wednesday Statehood Day Local holiday BiH
Dec 21 Monday December Solstice Season  
Dec 24 Thursday Christmas Eve Optional Holiday All except Brčko
Dec 25 Friday Christmas Day Optional Holiday RS
Dec 31 Thursday New Year’s Eve Observance