Categories
Culture

Battlefields / Fortifications

Europe’s history over the centuries is littered with conflict in which great battles were fought. the struggle for power through the ages, religious intolerance, conquering empires and kingdoms would eventually determine what europe is today. Some of those so dramatic that it would have a direct impact on the rest of the world and its history. Early in the twentieth century the rise and unification of powers in europe collied resulting in two world wars which left much destruction and death. So pivotal were these wars that countries from all over the world were forced to aligned with one side or another and even participate in the fighting.

Battles and conflicts took all shapes and sizes, some were gigantic battles fought by thousands over a day to several days.  As Advancing invasion armies approached major cities and fortified military positions a siege could wage on for over a year. As in world war I, fighting in some of these campaigns would last for months. One side could only move their frontal positions several hundred yards after a week of fighting, then loose it all back a month later.

The persecution of religious and ethnic groups would result in slavery, servitude, detention, death and genocide. This would force the persecuted to flee as refugees and others to go into underground resistance fighting.

These historical places can have memorials and monuments in their exact location to mark their place in history. Next to many of them are also the cemeteries of the fallen, castle ruins, etc. that are associated with these battles.

Fortifications in Europe...  

Below are listed sites of fortifications of different classes. Some became parts of old castles or citadel in which a whole city would exists within the fortified walls. Others could be military installations only for the use of the army for defensive purposes.

 Flag_of_Albania copy
Albania
  • Baleč
  • Dagnum  
Flag_of_Austria
Austria
  • Fortress Hohensalzburg
  • Finstermünz Fortress  
Flag_of_Belarus
Belarus
  • Babruysk fortress
  • Brest fortress  
Flag_of_Belgium
Belgium

 Antwerp Providence

  • Fort de Stabroeck
  • Redoute de Berendrecht
  • Redoute de Capellen
  • Fort de Brasschaet
  • Fort de Schooten
  • Redoute de Schilde
  • Fort de Lierre
  • Forte de Wavre-Sainte-Catherine
  • Fort de Breendonck
  • Fort de Liezele
  • Redoute de Puers
  • Fort de Bornhem
  • Fort de Steendorp
  • Redoute d’Oorderen
  • Fort de Zwyndrecht

 Liège Providence

  • Fort de Barchon
  • Fort d’Évegnée
  • Fort de Fléron
  • Fort de Chaudfontaine
  • Fort d’Embourg
  • Fort de Boncelles
  • Fort de Flémalle
  • Fort de Hollogne
  • Fort de Loncin
  • Fort de Lantin
  • Fort de Liers
  • Fort de Pontise
  • Fort de la Chartreuse
  • Citadelle of Liège
  • Fort d’Eben-Emael
  • Fort d’Aubin-Neufchâteau
  • Fort de Battice
  • Fort de Tancrémont

 Namur Providence

  • Fort de Maizeret
  • Fort d’Andoy
  • Fort de Dave
  • Fort de Malonne
  • Fort de Suarlée
  • Fort de Cognelée
  • Fort de Marchovelett  
Flag_of_Bosnia_and_Herzegovina
Bosnia Hercegovina
  • Borač (fortress)
  • Blagaj Fort
  • Bobovac
  • Bužim Fort
  • Citadel Počitelj
  • Fortress of Doboj
  • Fazlagić Tower
  • Glamoč Fortress
  • Hodidjed
  • Kastel Fortress
  • Komotin Fort
  • Maglaj Fortress
  • Pavlovac (fortress)
  • Srebrenik Fortress
  • Vidoski
  • Visočica hill
  • Walled city of JajceZvornik Fortress  
Flag_of_Bulgaria
Bulgaria
  • Markeli
  • Asen’s Fortress
  • Belogradchik Fortress (Kaleto)  
Flag_of_Croatia
Croatia
  • Brod Fortress
  • Dinarić Fortress
  • Knin Fortress
  • Lovrijenac
  • Mirabella Fortress (Peovica)
  • Monkodonja
  • Nečven
  • Nehaj Fortress
  • Nesactium
    • Prevlaka Fortress
  • Prozor Fortress
  • Sisak Fortress
  • St. Michael’s Fortress, Šibenik
  • Starigrad Fortress (Fortica)
  • Tvrđa  
Flag_of_Cyprus
Cyprus
  • Walls of Nicosia
  • Famagusta Gate
  • Kyrenia Gate  
Flag_of_the_Czech_Republic
Czechia
  • Josefov Fortress
  • Roman fort, Mušov
  • Stachelberg
  • Terezín
  • Vitrified fort  
Flag_of_Denmark
Denmark
  • Flakfortet
  • Middelgrundsfortet
  • Trekroner Fort  
Flag_of_Estonia
Estonia
  • Toomemägi
  • Toompea
  • Varbola Stronghold

Peter the Great’s Naval Fortress

  • Aegna
  • Kakumäe
  • Naissaar
  • Suurupi
  • Viimsi  
Flag_of_Finland
Finland
  •  Fortress of Suomenlinnea  
Flag_of_France
France
  • Group Fortifications of Aisne
  • Fort des Ayvelles
  • Bastille (Grenoble)
  • Petit Bé
  • Fort of Beauregard (Besançon)
  • Fort de Bellegarde
  • Fort de Bertheaume
  • Citadel of Besançon
  • Fort des Bordes
  • Fort de Bourlémont
  • Fort Boyard (fortification)
  • Fort of Bregille
  • Fort de Bron
  • Fort de Caluire
  • Fort Carré
  • Citadel of Lille
  • Fort de Condé-sur-Aisne
  • Fort de la Crèche
  • Fort Decaen
  • Fort Déroulède
  • Fort Douaumont
  • Fort Dubois
  • Fort Duchère
  • Fort des Dunes
  • Fort l’Écluse
  • Fort Enet
  • Fort de Feyzin
  • Fort de Brégançon
  • Fort de la Conchée
  • Fort de La Prée
  • Fort de Mutzig
  • Fort du Portalet
  • Fort Fleur d’épée
  • Fort Liberia
  • Fort Mahon
  • Fort National
  • Fort of Justices
  • Fort of Rosemont
  • Fort Rapp
  • Fort Risban
  • Fort Saint-Elme (France)
  • Forts of Metz
  • Group Fortifications Francois-de-Guise
  • Führer Headquarters
  • Fort Gambetta
  • Heurt Fort
  • Fort de Joux
  • Fort Lauvallieres
  • Group Fortification Lorraine
  • Fort Louvois
  • Fort de Loyasse
  • Lunettes of Trois-Châtels and Tousey
  • Group Fortification Marne
  • Meuse-Line
  • Fort du Mont Verdun
  • Fort Montbarey
  • Moselle-Line
  • Fort Ney (Fransecky)
  • Fort of Planoise
  • Questel Fort
  • Fort Saint-Jean (Marseille)
  • Fort Saint-Jean (Lyon)
  • Fort de Saint-Julien
  • Fort Saint-Privat
  • Fortifications of Saint-Quentin
  • Fort de Salses
  • Fort de Seclin
  • Tour Royale, Toulon
  • Fort de Tournoux
  • Fort de Vancia
  • Fort Vaux
  • Group Fortification Verdun
  • Fort de Viraysse
  • Vitrified fort
  • Lines of Weissenburg
  • Group Fortification Yser  
Flag_of_Germany
Germany
  • Ayers Kaserne
  • Wildenstein Castle (Leibertingen)
  • Ehrenbreitstein Fortress
  • Grauerort fortress
  • Königstein Fortress
  • Moritzburg Fortress
  • Petersberg Citadel
  • Saalburg
  • Spandau Citadel
  • Fortress of Ulm
  • Veste Coburg
  • Veste Oberhaus
  • Mainz Citadel  
Flag_of_Greece
Greece
  •  Palamidi
  • New Fortress of Corfu
  • Firka Fortress
  • Fortress of Pantokrator
  • Mystras
  • Monemvasia  
Flag_of_Hungary
Hungary
  • Fuzer Fortress  
Flag_of_Iceland
Iceland
  • Borgarvirki Fortress  
Flag_of_Ireland
Ireland
  • Charles Fort  
Flag_of_Italy
Italy
  • Forte Spagnolo, L’Aquila
  • Fort Bard, Bard
  • Forte a Mare, Brindisi
  • Walls of Genoa
  • Fortress of Orsini
  • Priamar Fortress, Savona
  • Fortress of San Leo, Marche
  • Belvedere, Florence  
Flag_of_Latvia
Latvia
  •  Daugavpils Fortress (Dinaburg)  
Flag_of_Lithuania
Lithuania
  • Apuolė
  • Aukštupėnai mound
  • Karmazinai mound
  • Kernavė
  • Molavėnai
  • Napoleon’s Hill
  • Pilėnai
  • Ukmergė
  • Seventh Fort
  • Ninth Fort
  • Voruta  
Flag_of_Luxembourg
Luxembourg
  • Boch Cassments
  • Boch Promontory
  • Chemin de la Corniche
  • Fort Thüngen
  • Hollow Tooth
  • Holy Ghost Citadel
  • Lambert Redoubt
  • Petrusse Casements
  • Spanish Turret
  • Trois Tours  
Flag_of_Malta
Malta
  • Fort Benghisa
  • Fort Binġemma
  • Fort Cambridge
  • Fort Campbell
  • Fort Chambray
  • Fort Delimara
  • Fort Leonardo
  • Fort Madalena
  • Fort Manoel
  • Fort Mosta
  • Fort Pembroke
  • Fort Ricasoli
  • Fort Rinella
  • Fort Saint Angelo
  • Fort Saint Elmo
  • Fort San Lucian
  • Fort Saint Michael
  • Fort Saint Rocco
  • Fort San Salvatore
  • Fort Spinola
  • Fort Tas-Silġ
  • Fort Tigné
  • Fort Verdala  
Flag_of_the_Netherlands
Netherlands
  • Fort Nassau
  • Fort Bourtange
  • Fort Pampus
  • Fort de Roovere
  • Wierickerschans
  • Fort along Den Ham
  • Fort near De Kwakel
  • Muiden Fortress
  • Fort Vijfhuizen
  • Vuurtoreneiland  
Flag_of_Norway
Norway
  • Akershus Fortress in Oslo
  • Audunborg in Jølster
  • Bergenhus Fortress in Bergen
  • Båhus Fortress
  • Hamarhus Castle in Hamar
  • Isegran in Fredrikstad
  • Steinvikholm Castle in Stjørdal
  • Sverresborg Castle in Trondheim
  • Sverresborg Castle in Bergen
  • Tønsberg Fortress
  • Vardøhus Fortress
  • Fredriksberg fortress
  • Fredriksholm Fortress (Kristiansand)
  • Fredrikstad Fortress
  • Fredriksten Fortress
  • Fredriksværn
  • Kongsvinger Fortress
  • Basmo Fortress
  • Blaker Fortress
  • Christiansfjell Fortress (Elverum)
  • Munkholmen Fortress (Trondheim)
  • Staverns Fortress
  • Christiansholm Fortress (Kristiansand)
  • Christiansø Fortress
  • Kristiansten Fortress (Trondheim)
  • Altenhus Fortress (Alta)
  • Hegra Fortress
  • Kvarven Fort
  • Odderøya Fortress
  • Oscarsborg Fortress
  • Trondenes Fort
  • Meløyvær Fortress
  • Møvik Fortress  
Flag_of_Poland
Poland
  • Kłodzko Fortress
  • Kraków Fortress
  • Międzyrzecz Fortification Region
  • Modlin Fortress
  • Osowiec
  • Poznań Fortress
  • Toruń Fortress
  • Warsaw Fortress  
Flag_of_Portugal
Portugal
  • Belém Tower, Lisbon
  • Fort of Guincho, Cascais
  • Fort of Leça de Palmeira, Porto
  • Castelo da Póvoa, Póvoa de Varzim
  • Fort of São Sebastião de Caparica, Almada
  • Fort of Nossa Senhora da Encarnação, Lagoa
  • Fort of Nossa Senhora da Rocha, Lagoa
  • Fort of Pessegueiro Island, Sines
  • Fort of Santa Catarina, Portimão
  • Fort of São João Baptista, Peniche
  • Fort of São João do Arade, Lagoa
  • Fort of São Pedro do Estoril, Cascais
  • Fort of São João Baptista, Angra do Heroísmo
  • Fort of Greta, Horta
  • Fort of Negrito, Angra do Heroísmo
  • Valença Fortress, Valença  
Flag_of_Russia
Russia
  • Alexandrov Kremlin
  • Astrakhan Kremlin
  • Fort Alexander (St. Petersburg)
  • Gdov Kremlin
  • Ivangorod fortress
  • Kazan Kremlin
  • Kolomna Kremlin
  • Kronstadt
  • Moscow Kremlin
  • Nizhny Novgorod Kremlin
  • Novgorod Kremlin
  • Peter and Paul Fortress, Saint Petersburg
  • Por-Bazhyn, Tuva Republic
  • Tobolsk Kremlin
  • Tula Kremlin  
Flag_of_Spain
Spain
  • Muralla de Santiago de Compostela
  • Fort Chinchilla
  • Fort Jerez de los Caballeros
  • Fort Cartagena
  • Batería de Aspiroz
  • Muelle de Gallineras
  • Fuerte de Punta Carnero
  • Fuerte de San García
  • Batería de San Genís
  • Fort San Marcos
  • Batería de San Melitón de la Calavera
  • Fort Sancti Petri (San Fernando)
  • Batería de Urrutia
  • Fort Peníscola
  • Fort Molina de Aragón
  • Fort Coria
  • Fort Sant Ferran (Figueres)
  • Fort Cartaya
  • Fort Niebla
  • Fort Cortegana
  • Muralla urbana de Marbella
  • Fort San Felipe
  • Fort Caravaca de la Cruz
  • Fort Olite
  • Fort San Cristóbal
  • Fort Bellver
  • Alcázar of Segovia
  • Fort Berlanga de Duero
  • Fort Toledo
  • Fort Encinas de Esgueva
  • Fort Peñafiel
  • Fort Simancas
  • Fort Villalba de los Alcores
  • Aljaferia  
Flag_of_Sweden
Sweden
  • Bodens fästning
  • Carlsten
  • Bohus Fästning
  • Karlsborg Fortress  
Flag_of_Switzerland
Switzerland
  • Fort de Champillon
  • Fort de Chillon
  • Mueterschwanderberg  
Flag_of_Turkey
Turkey
  • Anadoluhisarı
  • Casemates of İbrahim Pasha
  • Diyarbakır Fortress
  • Rumelihisarı
  • Yedikule Fortress  
Flag_of_Ukraine
Ukraine
  • Arabat Fortress
  • Borysohlibska Fortress
  • Charax, Crimea
  • Chufut-Kale
  • Kerch (fortress)
  • Khadjibey
  • Khortytsia
  • Khotyn Fortress
  • Kiev Fortress
  • Kodak Fortress
  • Letychiv Fortress
  • Lysa Hora (Kiev)
  • Medzhybizh Fortress
  • Okopy, Ternopil Oblast
  • Ukrainian line
  • Yeni-Kale   
Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom
United Kingdom

Flag_of_England

England
  • Maunsell Sea Forts
  • Dymchurch Redoubt
  • Eastbourne Redoubt
  • Fort Burgoyne
  • Admiralty Pier Turret
  • Dover Western Heights
  • Littlehampton Redoubt
  • Newhaven Fort
  • Saxon Shore Forts
  • Shoreham Redoubt
  • Coalhouse Fort
  • Cliffe Fort
  • New Tavern Fort
  • Shornmead Fort
  • Slough Fort
  • Tilbury Fort
  • Fort Horsted
  • Fort Amherst
  • Fort Borstal
  • Fort Bridgewood
  • Fort Clarence
  • Fort Darnet
  • Fort Luton
  • Fort Hoo
  • Fort Pitt
  • Garrison Point Fort
  • Grain Fort & Grain Tower Battery
  • Crookhorn Redoubt
  • Fort Fareham
  • Farlington Redoubt
  • Fort Nelson
  • Fort Southwick
  • Fort Purbrook
  • Fort Wallington
  • Fort Widley
  • Fort Blockhouse
  • Fort Brockhurst
  • Fort Elson
  • Fort Gilkicker
  • Fort Grange
  • Fort Monckton
  • Fort Rowner
  • Fort Cumberland
  • Lumps Fort
  • Horse Sand Fort
  • No Mans Land Fort
  • Spitbank Fort
  • St Helens Fort
  • Liscard Battery
  • Fort Perchrock
  • Bath Side Battery
  • Beacon Hill Battery
  • Harwich Redoubt
  • Landguard Fort
  • Shotley Battery
  • Weymouth
  • Nothe Fort
  • Chudleigh Fort
  • Berry Head
  • Bristol Channel
  • Brean Down Fort
  • Bayard’s Cove Fort
  • Royal Citadel
  • Agaton Fort
  • Breakwater Fort
  • Cawsand Fort
  • Crownhill Fort
  • Ernesettle Fort
  • Fort Bovisand
  • Picklecombe Fort
  • Polhawn Fort
  • Fort Scraesdon
  • Fort Tregantle
  • Whitesand Bay Battery
  • Woodlands Fort
  • Verne Citadel
  • East Weare Battery
  • High Angle Battery
  • Blacknor Fort  
  • The Humber Forts
  • Fort Paull
  • The Tyne Turrets 

Flag_of_Scotland

Scotland
  • Bennachie
  • Tap o’ Noth
  • White Caterthun and Brown Caterthun
  • An Caisteal, Coll
  • Dùn Cholla, Colonsay
  • Dùn Dubh, Coll
  • Dùn Eibhinn, Colonsay
  • Dùn Meadhonach, Colonsay
  • Dùn Morbhaidh, Coll
  • Dunadd
  • Dun Skeig, Kintyre
  • Castle Law, Dumyat
  • Doon of May
  • Grennan Hill
  • Tynron Doon 
  • Black Castle
  • Blackcastle Hill
  • Chesters Hill Fort 
  • Traprain Law
  • White Castle
  • Arthur’s Seat
  • Blackford Hill
  • Clatchard Craig
  • Norman’s Law
  • Dunearn
  • Dun Evan
  • Dun Ringill
  • Craig Phadrig, Inverness 
  • Castle Law
  • Cluny Hill
  • Doune of Relugas
  • Knock of Alves
  • Moredun Top hill fort, Moncreiffe Hill
  • Edin’s Hall Broch
  • Eildon Hill
  • Peniel Heugh
  • Black Hill 
  • Dumyat
  • Gillies Hill
  • Dumbarton Rock
  • Bowden hill fort
  • Peace Knowe hill fort
  • Castlethorn hill fort
  • Cockleroy hill fort
  • Dùn Èistean

Flag_of_Wales

Wales
  • Dale Fort
  • Fort Hubberstone
  • Popton Fort
  • Pill Fort
  • Chapel Bay Fort
  • South Hook Fort
  • Fort Scoveston
  • Stack Rock Fort
  • Thorn Island Fort
  • St Catherine’s Fort
  • Fort Belan  
Major Historical Battles..

This table shows battles that had major consequences in determining the history of Europe. What would have Europe been today had the Ottomans’s captured Vienna. Would the most of Europe be under the influence of the Islamic faith? What if Napoleon had defeated the Coalition at Waterloo? Would France’s strength have occupied more of Europe and prohibiting the rise of Germany power, thus thwarting the conflicts that led to World War I? If no World War I would there have been a World War II? So significant where these results that Europe, as it is today, for better or worse, could be very different.   

Event Conflict Present Day Location Date
Battle of Marathon Greco – Persian War Attica, Greece 490 BC
Sea Battle of Salamis Greco – Persian War Salamis, Greece 480 BC
Battle of Syracuse Peloponnesian War Sicily 415-413 BC
Battle of Cannae 2nd Punic War Canna, Italy 8/2/216 BC
Battle of Metaurus 2nd Punic War Marche, Italy 207 BC
Battle of Alesia Roman-Gallic Wars Bourgeois, France 51 BC
Sea Battle of Actium Antony’s Civil War off Actium, Greece 31 BC
Battle of Teutoburg Forest (Arminius) Roman-Germanic Wars Kalkriese, Germany 9/9 AD
Melvin Bridge Battle Tetrarchy Civil War Rome, Italy 10/28/312
Sea Battle of Hellespont Wars of Constantine The Dardanelles, Turkey 7/324
Battle of Adrianople Gothic War Edirne, Turkey 8/9/378
Battle of Catalonian Fields (Câhlons) Hunnic Invasion Champagne, France 6/20/451
Siege of Constantinople Arab-Byzintine Wars Istanbul, Turkey 718
Uprising of Covadanga Reconquista Covadanga, Spain 718-722
Battle of Toulouse Reconquista Toulouse, France 721
Battle of Tours (Poitiers) Reconquista Tours, France 10/10/732
Battle of Hastings Norman Conquest Hastings, England 10/14/1066
Battle of Gvozd Mountain War of Croatian Succession Petra Gora, Croatia 1097
Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa Reconquista Las Navas de Tolosa, Spain 7/16/1212
Battle of Bouvines Anglo-French War Bouvines, France 1214
Battle of Sluys Hundred Years War Sluis, Netherlands 6/24/1340
Battle of Nájera Castilian Civil War Nájera, Spain 4/3/1367
Battle of Aljubarrotta Portuguese Crisis  Aljubarrotta, Portugal 8/14/1385
Battle of Sempach Swiss Expansion War Sempach, Switzerland 7/9/1386
Battle of Kosovo Serbian-Ottoman Wars Pristina, Serbia 6/15/1389
Agincourt Campaign Hundred Years War Agincourt, France 10/25/1415
Siege of Orléans Hundred Years War Orleans, France 10/12/1428-5/8/1429
Battle of Formigny Hundred Years War Formigny, France 4/15/1450
Siege of Constantinople Byzintine-Ottoman Wars Istanbul, Turkey 4/6-5/29/1453
Battle of Lochmaben Fair Anglo-Scottish Wars Lochmaben, Scotland 7/22/1484
Battle of Crevola Transalpine Conflict Crevoladossola, Italy 4/28/1487
Battle of Sauchieburn Rebellion against James III Stirling, Scotland 6/11/1488
Siege & War of Granada Reconquista Granada, Spain 4/1491-1/1492
Battle Krbrava Field Croatian-Ottoman War Lika, Croatia 9/9/1493
Battle of Rotebro Dano-Swedish War Rotor, Sweden 9/28/1497
Battle of Marignano War of the League of Cambrai Melegnano, Italy 9/13-14/1515
Battle of Mohács Ottoman – Hungarian Wars Mohács, Hungary 8/29/1526
Siege of Vienna Ottoman Hapsburg Wars Vienna, Austria 9/27-10/15/1529
Battle of Mühlberg Schmalkaldic War Mühlberg, Germany 4/24/1547
Siege of Narva Livonia War Narva, Estonia 4-6/1558
Siege of Szigetvár Ottoman-Hasbburg Wars Szigetvár, Hungary 8/6-9/8/1566
Battle of Heiligerlee Eighty Years War Heiligerlee, Netherlands 5/23/1568
Battle of Lepanto Holy League vs. Ottoman Empire Gulf of Patras, Ionian Sea, Greece 10/7/1571
St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre French Wars of Religion Paris, France 8/23-24/1572
The Spanish Armada Anglo-Spanish War English Channel 8/8/1588
Battle of Sisak Croatian-Ottoman War Sisak, Croatia 6/22/1593
Battle of White Mt. Thirty Years War Bílá Hora, Czechia 11/8/1620
Siege of Breda Anglo-Spanish Wars Breda, Netherlands 8/28/1624-6/5/1625
Battle of Lützen Thirty Years War Lützen, Germany 11/6-16/1632
Battle of Nördlingen Thirty Years War Nördlingen, Germany 9/5-6/1634
Battle of Wittstock Thirty Years War Wittstock, Germany 10/4/1636
Battle of Naseby 1st English Civil War Naseby, England 6/14/1645
Battle of Vienna Ottoman Invasion Vienna, Austria 9/12/1683
Action at La Hogue War of the Grand Alliance Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue, France 5/21-24/1692
Battle of Zenta Great Turkish War Senta, Serbia 9/11/1697
Battle of Blenheim War of Spanish Succession Höchstädt, Germany 8/13/1704
Battle of Ramillies War of Spanish Succession Ramillies, Belgium 5/23/1706
Battle of Pultowa (Poltava) Great Northern War Poltava, Ukraine 6/27-28/1709
Battle of Denain War of Spanish Succession Deanna, France 7/24/1712
Battle of Fontenoy War of Austrian Succession Tourney, Belgium 5/11/1745
Battle of Leuthen Third Silesian War Lutynia, Poland 12/5/1757
Siege of Gibraltar American Revolutionary War Gibraltar 6/24/1779-2/7/1783
Battle of Valmy French Revolutionary Wars Valmy, France 9/20/1792
Battle of Marengo War of the 2nd Coalition Spinetta-Marengo, Italy 6/14/1800
Battle of Austerlitz Napoleonic Wars Brno, Czech Rep. 12/2/1805
Sea Battle of Trafalgar War of the 3rd Coalition Cape Trafalgar, Spain 10/1805
Battle of Borodino Napoleonic Wars Borodin, Russia 9/7/1812
Battle of Vitoria Peninsula Wars Vitoria, Spain 6/21/1813
Battle of Leipzig War of the 6th Coalition Leipzig, Germany 10/16-19/1813
Battle of Waterloo War of the 7th Coalition Waterloo, Belgium  6/18/1815
Battle of Akhalzic Russo-Turkish War 1828-29 Akhaltsikhe, Georgia 3/4/1829
Siege of Sevastopol Crimean War Sevastopol, Ukraine 10/17/1854 – 9/9/1855
Battle of Solferino 2nd Italian War of Independence Solferino, Italy 6/24/1859
Sea Battle of Lissa 3rd Italian War of Independence Lisa, Croatia 7/20/1866
Battle of Sedan Franco-Prussian War Sedan, France 9/1-2/1870
Battle of Shipka Pass Russo-Turkish War 1877-78 Shipka Pass, Bulgaria 1877-1878
WORLD WAR I   Europe 1914 -1918
First Battle of Marne  WW I Marne, France 9/6 – 10/1914
Gallipoli Campaign WW I Dardanellles, Turkey 4/25/1915-1/9/1916
Battle of Jutland WW I North Sea 5/31 – 6/1/1916
Battle of the Somme WW I La Boiselle, France 7/1 – 11/18/1916
Battle of Verdun WW I Verdun, France 2/21- 12/18/1916
Battle of Ypres WW I Ypres, Belgium 1914-1918
Brusilov Offensive WW I Lviv, Lutsk & Kovel, Ulkraine 6/4 – 9/20/1916
Battle of Amiens WW I Amiens, France 8/8-11/1918
Battle of Vittorio-Veneto WW I Vittorio, Italy 10/24-11/4/1918
Battle of Warsaw Polish-Soviet War Warsaw, Poland 8/13/1920
Battle of Belchite Spanish Civil War Belchite, Spain 8/24-9/7/1937
WORLD WAR II   Europe 1939-1945
Battle of Sedan WW II Sedan, France 5/12-15/1940
Battle of Brody WW II Broday, Ukraine 6/1941
2nd Battle of Kharkov WW II Kharkov, Ukraine 5/1942
Siege of Leningrad WW II Leningrad, Soviet Union 9/8/1941-1/27/1944
Battle of Stalingrad WW II Stalingrad, Soviet Union 11/1942-1/1943
Battle of Kursk WW II Kursk, Soviet Union 7-8/ 1943
Battle of Monte Cassino WW II Cassino, Italy 1-5/1944
Battle of Anzio WW II Anzio, Italy 1-6/ 1944
D Day Invasion WW II Normandy, France 6/6/1944
Battle of Arnhem WW II Netherlands 9/17-26/1944
Battle of the Bulge WW II Bastogne, Belgium 12/16/1944-1/25/1945
Battle of Remagen WW II Remagen, Germany 3/7-15/1945
Battle of Berlin WW II Berlin, Germany 4-6/1945

 

Locate tour operators that specialize in war remembrance, battlefield & military tours at out Tour Types post.